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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2285
Cicero, On Friendship, 18
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

25 results
1. Homer, Odyssey, 4.242-4.246, 9.32 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

2. Cicero, On Friendship, 21, 27, 4-5, 12 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3. Cicero, On The Ends of Good And Evil, 3.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.11. de quibus cupio scire quid sentias. Egone quaeris, inquit, inquit N inquam quid sentiam? quos bonos viros, fortes, iustos, moderatos aut audivimus in re publica fuisse aut ipsi vidimus, qui sine ulla doctrina naturam ipsam secuti multa laudabilia fecerunt, eos melius a natura institutos fuisse, quam institui potuissent a philosophia, si ullam aliam probavissent praeter eam, quae nihil aliud in bonis haberet nisi honestum, nihil nisi turpe in malis; ceterae philosophorum disciplinae, omnino alia magis alia, sed tamen omnes, quae rem ullam virtutis expertem expertem virtutis BE aut in bonis aut in malis numerent, eas non modo nihil adiuvare arbitror neque firmare, firmare affirmare (adfirmare A). ' Aut confirmare cum Or. scribendum est aut potius firmare, cui ex altero verbo (adiuvare) praepositio adhaesit' Mdv. quo meliores simus, sed ipsam depravare naturam. nam nisi hoc optineatur, id solum bonum esse, quod honestum sit, nullo modo probari possit beatam vitam virtute effici. quod si ita sit, cur cur N om. ABERV opera philosophiae sit danda nescio. si enim sapiens aliquis miser esse possit, ne ego istam gloriosam memorabilemque virtutem non magno aestimandam putem. 3.11.  "That all sounds very fine, Cato," I replied, "but are you aware that you share your lofty pretensions with Pyrrho and with Aristo, who make all things equal in value? I should like to know what your opinion is of them." "My opinion?" he said. "You ask what my opinion is? That those good, brave, just and temperate men, of whom history tells us, or whom we have ourselves seen in our public life, who under the guidance of Nature herself, without the aid of any learning, did many glorious deeds, — that these men were better educated by nature than they could possibly have been by philosophy had they accepted any other system of philosophy than the one that counts Moral Worth the only good and Moral Baseness the only evil. All other philosophical systems — in varying degrees no doubt, but still all, — which reckon anything of which virtue is not an element either as a good or an evil, do not merely, as I hold, give us no assistance or support towards becoming better men, but are actually corrupting to the character. Either this point must be firmly maintained, that Moral Worth is the sole good, or it is absolutely impossible to prove that virtue constitutes happiness. And in that case I do not see why we should trouble to study philosophy. For if anyone who is wise could be miserable, why, I should not set much value on your vaunted and belauded virtue.
4. Cicero, On Duties, 3.16 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.16. Itaque iis omnes, in quibus est virtutis indoles, commoventur. Nec vero, cum duo Decii aut duo Scipiones fortes viri commemorantur, aut cum Fabricius aut Aristides iustus nominatur, aut ab illis fortitudinis aut ab hoc iustitiae tamquam a sapiente petitur exemplum; nemo enim horum sic sapiens, ut sapientem volumus intellegi, nec ii, qui sapientes habiti et nominati, M. Cato et C. Laelius, sapientes fuerunt, ne illi quidem septem, sed ex mediorum officiorum frequentia similitudinem quandam gerebant speciemque sapientium. 3.16.  Accordingly, such duties appeal to all men who have a natural disposition to virtue. And when the two Decii or the two Scipios are mentioned as "brave men" or Fabricius is called "the just," it is not at all that the former are quoted as perfect models of courage or the latter as a perfect model of justice, as if we had in one of them the ideal "wise man." For no one of them was wise in the sense in which we wish to have "wise" understood; neither were Marcus Cato and Gaius Laelius wise, though they were so considered and were surnamed "the wise." Not even the famous Seven were "wise." But because of their constant observance of "mean" duties they bore a certain semblance and likeness to wise men.
5. Cicero, De Oratore, 3.65 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Cicero, Republic, 3.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.7. fuisse sapientiam, tamen hoc in ratione utriusque generis interfuit, quod illi verbis et artibus aluerunt naturae principia, hi autem institutis et legibus. Pluris vero haec tulit una civitas, si minus sapientis, quoniam id nomen illi tam restricte tenent, at certe summa laude dignos, quoniam sapientium praecepta et inventa coluerunt. Atque etiam, quot et sunt laudandae civitates et fuerunt, quoniam id est in rerum natura longe maximi consilii, constituere eam rem publicam, quae possit esse diuturna, si singulos numeremus in singulas, quanta iam reperiatur virorum excellentium multitudo! Quodsi aut Italiae Latium aut eiusdem Sabinam aut Volscam gentem, si Samnium, si Etruriam, si magnam illam Graeciam conlustrare animo voluerimus, si deinde Assyrios, si Persas, si Poenos, si haec
7. Cicero, Pro Archia, 16, 15 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

15. quaeret quispiam: 'quid? illi ipsi summi viri quorum virtutes litteris proditae sunt istane doctrina quam tu effers laudibus eruditi fuerunt?' difficile est hoc de omnibus confirmare, sed tamen est certum quid quod GEea respondeam. ego multos homines excellenti animo ac virtute fuisse sine doctrina, et sine doctrina et Schütz : et ( om. p : etiam b χ1 ) sine doctrina codd. naturae ipsius habitu prope divino per se ipsos et moderatos et gravis exstitisse fateor; etiam illud adiungo, saepius ad laudem atque virtutem naturam sine doctrina naturae ... doctrina om. Ee quam sine natura valuisse doctrinam. atque idem ego hoc hoc GEe : om. cett. contendo, cum ad naturam eximiam et et GEe : atque cett. inlustrem accesserit ratio quaedam conformatioque oratio ς b1gp conformatio GE : confirmatio cett. doctrinae, tum illud nescio quid praeclarum ac singulare solere exsistere.
8. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, 1.1, 5.116 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.1. Cum 1 et 5 extr. imit. Paschasius Radb. Expos. in ps. 44 l. I praef. in. defensionum laboribus senatoriisque muneribus aut omnino aut magna ex parte essem aliquando liberatus, rettuli rettuli s retuli X Pasch. cf. p. 344, 24 me, Brute, te hortante maxime ad ea studia, quae retenta animo, remissa temporibus, longo intervallo intermissa revocavi, et cum omnium artium, quae ad rectam vivendi viam pertinerent, ratio et disciplina studio sapientiae, quae philosophia dicitur, contineretur, hoc mihi Latinis cf. Lact. inst. 3,14, 13 litteris litteris at libris V 2 inlustrandum putavi, non quia philosophia Graecis et litteris et doctoribus percipi non posset, sed meum semper hoc supra semper add. V 2 iudicium fuit omnia nostros aut invenisse per se sapientius quam Graecos aut accepta ab illis fecisse meliora, quae quidem digna statuissent, in quibus elaborarent. 5.116. In surditate vero quidnam est mali? erat surdaster sudaster GRV 1 ( corr. 1 ) M. Crassus, in ...7 Crassus Non. 176, 22 erat... Crassus Prisc. GL. 2.114,16 sed aliud molestius, quod male audiebat, etiamsi, ut mihi videbatur, iniuria. Epicurei Epicurei s ( etiam F) del. ( vel operarii subst. ) Dav. nostri Graece fere nesciunt nec Graeci Latine. ergo hi hic V in illorum et illi in horum sermone surdi, omnesque item item Urb. 323 ( s. XV ) Man. id X om. F s nos in is is his X eis F linguis quas non intellegimus, quae sunt innumerabiles, surdi profecto sumus. at at FH(?)BR e corr. vocem citharoedi citaroedi GV citharędi KH (e) non audiunt . aut X ne ne nec K stridorem quidem serrae, serrae F s fere X tum cum acuitur, aut grunditum, grunditum X Non. grunnitum FR 2 V b cum iugulatur, suis aut... 15 suis Non. 114,26 nec, cum quiescere volunt, fremitum murmurantis maris; et si cantus eos forte delectant, primum cogitare debent, ante quam hi sint inventi, multos beate vixisse sapientes, deinde multo maiorem percipi posse legendis his quam audiendis voluptatem.
9. Horace, Letters, 1.1.106 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

10. Horace, Sermones, 1.3 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.3. I therefore have thought myself under an obligation to write somewhat briefly about these subjects, in order to convict those that reproach us of spite and voluntary falsehood, and to correct the ignorance of others, and withal to instruct all those who are desirous of knowing the truth of what great antiquity we really are. 1.3. 7. For our forefathers did not only appoint the best of these priests, and those that attended upon the divine worship, for that design from the beginning, but made provision that the stock of the priests should continue unmixed and pure; 1.3. Besides all this, Ramesses, the son of Amenophis, by Manetho’s account, was a young man, and assisted his father in his war, and left the country at the same time with him, and fled into Ethiopia: but Cheremon makes him to have been born in a certain cave, after his father was dead, and that he then overcame the Jews in battle, and drove them into Syria, being in number about two hundred thousand.
11. Philo of Alexandria, That Every Good Person Is Free, 63 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

63. for it does not follow, that although the souls of such as contradict those virtuous men are deprived of all liberty for having been completely led away and enslaved by folly and other vices, that on this account the whole human race is so too. But it is no wonder if we do not see numerous companies of those men advancing as it were in a solid body. In the first place, because whatever is exceedingly beautiful is rare; secondly, because men who are removed from the main crowd of inconsiderately judging persons, have abundant leisure for the contemplation of the things of nature, endeavouring, as far as it may be in their power, to correct life in general (for virtue is a thing of great benefit to the whole community); but when they are unable to succeed in their object, by reason of the numbers of absurdities which are continually impeding them in the different cities, which the different passions and vices of the soul have given strength to, they then retire into solitude, in order not to be carried away by the violence and rush of these absurdities, as by a wintry torrent.
12. Epictetus, Discourses, 1.12.3, 2.8.26, 3.24.13, 3.24.18-3.24.20, 4.1.151-4.1.152 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

13. Heraclitus of Ephesus (Attributed Author), Letters, 4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14. Plutarch, Moralia, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15. Seneca The Younger, De Clementia, 1.6.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16. Seneca The Younger, De Constantia Sapientis, 2.1, 7.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

17. Seneca The Younger, On Anger, 2.10.6, 2.28.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

18. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 24.3, 32.1, 42.1, 83.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

19. Tacitus, Annals, 15.62 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15.62.  Seneca, nothing daunted, asked for the tablets containing his will. The centurion refusing, he turned to his friends, and called them to witness that "as he was prevented from showing his gratitude for their services, he left them his sole but fairest possession — the image of his life. If they bore it in mind, they would reap the reward of their loyal friendship in the credit accorded to virtuous accomplishments." At the same time, he recalled them from tears to fortitude, sometimes conversationally, sometimes in sterner, almost coercive tones. "Where," he asked, "were the maxims of your philosophy? Where that reasoned attitude towards impending evils which they had studied through so many years? For to whom had Nero's cruelty been unknown? Nor was anything left him, after the killing of his mother and his brother, but to add the murder of his guardian and preceptor.
20. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, 6.12.98.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

21. Lucian, Philosophies For Sale, 20 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

22. Sextus, Against The Mathematicians, 7.432 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

23. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.119 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.119. They are also, it is declared, godlike; for they have a something divine within them; whereas the bad man is godless. And yet of this word – godless or ungodly – there are two senses, one in which it is the opposite of the term godly, the other denoting the man who ignores the divine altogether: in this latter sense, as they note, the term does not apply to every bad man. The good, it is added, are also worshippers of God; for they have acquaintance with the rites of the gods, and piety is the knowledge of how to serve the gods. Further, they will sacrifice to the gods and they keep themselves pure; for they avoid all acts that are offences against the gods, and the gods think highly of them: for they are holy and just in what concerns the gods. The wise too are the only priests; for they have made sacrifices their study, as also establishing holy places, purifications, and all the other matters appertaining to the gods.
24. Augustine, Letters, 155.2 (7th cent. CE - 7th cent. CE)

25. Heraclitus, Allegoriae, 70



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
amicitia Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
amicus Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
antisthenes Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
arcesilaus Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
augustine of hippo Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
carneades Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
cato Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
cato (marcus porcius cato the younger), sagehood of Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
chrysippus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
cicero, laelius Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
cicero Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 103
clement of alexandria Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
crates Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
cynics/cynicism, origins Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
cynics/cynicism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
dicaearchus Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
diogenes, the cynic Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
empire Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
epictetus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
foolishness Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
friendship, between equals Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
friendship, roman tradition Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
hannibal Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
heracles, an initiate (mustēs) in wisdom Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
heracles, sagehood of Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
heracles/hercules Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
heraclitus, the allegorist Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
homer Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
human and divine matters, heracles as Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
lucilius, gaius Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
macedonius, vicarius africae Conybeare, Abused Bodies in Roman Epic (2000) 63
moderation Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
norden, eduard Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
odysseus, sagehood of Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
panaetius Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
philosopher Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
philosophy Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
phintys, (the) phoenix (bird) Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
posidonius Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
punic wars, second Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
related fabulously about, of cato (marcus porcius cato the younger) Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
related fabulously about, of heracles Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
related fabulously about, of odysseus Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
related fabulously about, of the stoics' Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 103
related fabulously about, of the stoics Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111
sage, rarity of the Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 103, 111
sage Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
scipio africanus, imitatio of alexander the great by Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
scipio africanus, meeting with virtus and voluptas Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
seneca, death of Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
seneca Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 111; Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
silius italicus, and cicero Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
silius italicus, and ennius Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
silius italicus, and homer Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
silius italicus, and lucretius Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
silius italicus, and the tradition on kingship Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
silius italicus, nekyia in Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
socrates Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
stoicism, ethics Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
stoicism, logic Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
stoicism, moral progress Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620
stoicism, ps.-heraclitus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
stoicism, vs. cynics Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
stoicism, wise man Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
stoicism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
tacitus, on seneca Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 621
underworld Augoustakis, Flavian Poetry and its Greek Past (2014) 321
virtue Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
wisdom Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621
wisdom (sophia), in everyday life vs. perfect Brouwer, The Stoic Sage: The Early Stoics on Wisdom, Sagehood and Socrates (2013) 103
wise, man Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 620, 621