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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2291
Cicero, On Fate, 41
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

31 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 30.15, 30.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

30.15. רְאֵה נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַחַיִּים וְאֶת־הַטּוֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּוֶת וְאֶת־הָרָע׃ 30.19. הַעִידֹתִי בָכֶם הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַחַיִּים וְהַמָּוֶת נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה וּבָחַרְתָּ בַּחַיִּים לְמַעַן תִּחְיֶה אַתָּה וְזַרְעֶךָ׃ 30.15. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil," 30.19. I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that I have set before thee life and death, the blessing and the curse; therefore choose life, that thou mayest live, thou and thy seed;"
2. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 1.16-1.20 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.16. רַחֲצוּ הִזַּכּוּ הָסִירוּ רֹעַ מַעַלְלֵיכֶם מִנֶּגֶד עֵינָי חִדְלוּ הָרֵעַ׃ 1.17. לִמְדוּ הֵיטֵב דִּרְשׁוּ מִשְׁפָּט אַשְּׁרוּ חָמוֹץ שִׁפְטוּ יָתוֹם רִיבוּ אַלְמָנָה׃ 1.18. לְכוּ־נָא וְנִוָּכְחָה יֹאמַר יְהוָה אִם־יִהְיוּ חֲטָאֵיכֶם כַּשָּׁנִים כַּשֶּׁלֶג יַלְבִּינוּ אִם־יַאְדִּימוּ כַתּוֹלָע כַּצֶּמֶר יִהְיוּ׃ 1.19. אִם־תֹּאבוּ וּשְׁמַעְתֶּם טוּב הָאָרֶץ תֹּאכֵלוּ׃ 1.16. Wash you, make you clean, Put away the evil of your doings From before Mine eyes, Cease to do evil;" 1.17. Learn to do well; Seek justice, relieve the oppressed, Judge the fatherless, plead for the widow." 1.18. Come now, and let us reason together, Saith the LORD; Though your sins be as scarlet, They shall be as white as snow; Though they be red like crimson, They shall be as wool." 1.19. If ye be willing and obedient, Ye shall eat the good of the land;" 1.20. But if ye refuse and rebel, Ye shall be devoured with the sword; For the mouth of the LORD hath spoken."
3. Plato, Phaedrus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

246a. that that which moves itself is nothing else than the soul,—then the soul would necessarily be ungenerated and immortal. Concerning the immortality of the soul this is enough; but about its form we must speak in the following manner. To tell what it really is would be a matter for utterly superhuman and long discourse, but it is within human power to describe it briefly in a figure; let us therefore speak in that way. We will liken the soul to the composite nature of a pair of winged horses and a charioteer. Now the horses and charioteers of the gods are all good and
4. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

5. Aristotle, Interpretation, 9 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Aristotle, Eudemian Ethics, 2.7 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, 2.4, 3.3, 3.5 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

8. Aristotle, Rhetoric, 2.8-2.9 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

9. Cicero, On Divination, 2.61 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.61. Quorum omnium causas si a Chrysippo quaeram, ipse ille divinationis auctor numquam illa dicet facta fortuito naturalemque rationem omnium reddet; nihil enim fieri sine causa potest; nec quicquam fit, quod fieri non potest; nec, si id factum est, quod potuit fieri, portentum debet videri; nulla igitur portenta sunt. Nam si, quod raro fit, id portentum putandum est, sapientem esse portentum est; saepius enim mulam peperisse arbitror quam sapientem fuisse. Illa igitur ratio concluditur: nec id, quod non potuerit fieri, factum umquam esse, nec, quod potuerit, id portentum esse; 2.61. If I were to ask Chrysippus the causes of all the phenomena just mentioned, that distinguished writer on divination would never say that they happened by chance, but he would find an explanation for each of them in the laws of nature. For he would say: Nothing can happen without a cause; nothing actually happens that cannot happen; if that has happened which could have happened, then it should not be considered a portent; therefore there are no such things as portents. Now if a thing is to be considered a portent because it is seldom seen, then a wise man is a portent; for, as I think, it oftener happens that a mule brings forth a colt than that nature produces a sage. Chrysippus, in this connexion, gives the following syllogism: That which could not have happened never did happen; and that which could have happened is no portent; therefore, in any view, there is no such thing as a portent.
10. Cicero, On Fate, 11-16, 20-23, 25-29, 3, 30-34, 36, 39-40, 42-45, 47-48, 5-10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

11. Cicero, Lucullus, 37-38, 30 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

12. Cicero, Tusculan Disputations, 3.75, 4.16-4.21, 4.72 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.75. additur ad hanc definitionem a Zenone recte, ut illa opinio praesentis mali sit recens. hoc autem verbum sic interpretantur, ut non tantum illud recens esse velint, quod paulo ante acciderit, sed quam diu in illo opinato malo vis quaedam insit, ut ut s et X vigeat et habeat quandam viriditatem, tam diu appelletur appellatur K recens. ut Artemisia illa, Mausoli Cariae regis uxor, quae nobile illud Halicarnasi alicarnasi X fecit sepulcrum, quam diu vixit, vixit in luctu eodemque etiam confecta contabuit. huic erat illa opinio cotidie recens; quae tum denique non appellatur appellabatur X corr. V 2 recens, cum vetustate exaruit. Haec igitur officia sunt consolantium, tollere aegritudinem funditus aut sedare aut detrahere aut detr. V ( ss. 2 ) quam plurumum aut supprimere nec pati manare longius aut ad alia traducere. 4.16. Sed singulis in singulis G ( exp. 2 ) perturbationibus partes eiusdem generis plures subiciuntur, ut aegritudini invidentia— utendum est enim docendi dicendi V 1 causa verbo minus usitato, quoniam invidia non in eo qui invidet solum dicitur, sed etiam in eo cui invidetur ut... 369, 3 invidetur Non. 443, 19 —, aemulatio, obtrectatio, misericordia, angor, luctus, maeror, aerumna, dolor, lamentatio, sollicitudo, molestia, adflictatio, adflectatio K 1 R 1 desperatio, et si quae sunt de genere eodem. sub metum autem subiecta sunt pigritia, pudor, terror, timor, pavor, exanimatio, examinatio GK 1 conturbatio, formido, voluptati voluptatis X -ti s vol uptatis V ( ss. rec ) malivolentia... 9 similia Non. 16, 24 s. l. lactare ( sed in textu laetans) malev. hic 370, 21 et 395, 6 X maliv. hic Non. ( 370, 21 R 2 ) malivolentia laetans laetari H malo alieno, laet. m. al. addit C., ut appareat cur mal. voluptati subiciatur delectatio, iactatio et similia, lubidini libidinis V rec inimicitiae Non. ira, excandescentia, odium, inimicitia, discordia, ludisne ira... inimicitiae discordia Non. 103, 12 indigentia, desiderium et cetera eius modi. Haec St. fr. 3, 415. 410. 403. 398 cf. om- nino fr. 391–416, quae graecas harum definitionum formas exhibent. autem definiunt hoc modo: invidentiam esse dicunt aegritudinem susceptam propter alterius res secundas, quae nihil noceant invidenti. 4.17. (nam si qui qui quid K 1 (d eras. ) RH doleat eius rebus secundis a quo ipse laedatur, non recte dicatur invidere, ut si Hectori haectori X (ut ... Agamemno om. H) Agamemno; qui autem, cui alterius commoda comoda GRV 1 nihil noceant, tamen eum doleat is frui, is frui is R rec s frui se GR 1 V (se exp. rec ) K 2 fuisse K 1 invideat profecto.) aemulatio autem dupliciter illa quidem dicitur, ut et in laude et in vitio nomen hoc sit; nam et imitatio virtutis aemulatio dicitur— sed ea nihil hoc loco utimur; est enim laudis—, et et om. G est aemulatio aegritudo, est aegritudo aemulatio G 1 si eo eo ea H quod concupierit alius potiatur, ipse careat. obtrectatio autem est, ea quam intellegi zhlotupi/an zelotypian GRV (n ut sequens u in r. ) H (i pro y) zelo t ypiam K volo, aegritudo ex eo, quod alter quoque potiatur eo quod ipse concupiverit. 4.18. misericordia est aegritudo ex miseria alterius iniuria iniuria K laborantis (nemo enim parricidae patricidae G 1 V aut proditoris supplicio subpl. KH misericordia commovetur); angor aegritudo premens, luctus aegritudo ex eius qui carus fuerit interitu acerbo, maeror aegritudo flebilis, aerumna aegritudo laboriosa, dolor aegritudo crucians, lamentatio aegritudo cum eiulatu, sollicitudo aegritudo cum cogitatione, molestia aegritudo permanens, adflictatio adflictio V (G 1 in lemmate mg. ) aegritudo cum vexatione corporis, desperatio aegritudo sine ulla rerum expectatione meliorum. Quae autem subiecta sunt sub metum, ea sic definiunt: pigritiam metum consequentis laboris,. 4.19. . . terrorem metum pudorem metum dedecoris add. Sey. ( ai)sxu/nh fo/bos a)doci/as pudorem metum sanguinem diffundentem Bai. ( cf. Gell. 19, 6 ); quae coniungenda videntur : pudorem metum dedecoris sanguinem diffundentem concutientem, ex quo fit ut pudorem rubor, terrorem pallor et tremor et dentium crepitus consequatur, laboris; Terrorem metum mali adp. K 1 Terrorem in Timorem corr. et verba terrorem ... 15 consequatur in mg. add. K 2 timorem metum metu mientem V ( add. rec ) metu mentem GKRH mali adpropinquantis, pavorem metum mali... 16 metum add. G 2 in mg. mentem loco loquo K 1 moventem, ex quo illud Ennius: ennius X enni V rec M s (et We. coll. nat. deor. 2, 60 fat. 35 off. 2, 89 al. ) Enn. Alcm. 23 tum pavor sapientiam omnem mi omne mmihi ( vel mihi omnem) exanimato expectorat fere de orat. 3, 154. 218 Non. 16, 7. omnem mihi ex anima expectaret X (expectorat K 2 expectoret B ex- pelleret V rec ) exanimato expectorat ex ... 18 expectorat om. H, exanimationem metum subsequentem et quasi comitem pavoris, conturbationem metum excutientem cogitata, formidinem metum permanentem. 4.20. Voluptatis autem partes hoc modo describunt, descr. cf. 366, 18 describit K 1 ut malevolentia sit voluptas ex malo alterius sine emolumento suo, delectatio declaratio K 1 voluptas suavitate auditus animum deleniens; et qualis est haec aurium, tales sunt oculorum et tactionum sunt toculorum et actionum Non. L 1 sunt et ocul. B adorationum K 1 et odorationum et saporum, qualis haec ... 3 saporum Non. 227, 9 quae sunt omnes unius generis ad perfundendum animum tamquam inliquefactae voluptates. iactatio est voluptas gestiens et se efferens insolentius. 4.21. Quae autem libidini subiecta sunt, ea sic definiuntur, ut ira sit libido poeniendi poen. ex pen. V 2 pun. HV rec eius qui videatur laesisse iniuria, excandescentia autem sit ira nascens et modo modo W ( o)rgh\ e)narxome/nh ) sine modo Non. existens, excandescentia... 9 existens Non. 103, 14 desistens V 3 quae qu/mwsis Graece dicitur, odium Qg M w ClC fere X ira inveterata, inimicitia ira ulciscendi tempus observans, discordia ira acerbior intimo animo animo Lb. ( cf. Th. 1. 1. 4, 940 ) odio et corde concepta, indigentia Idigentia K 1 libido inexplebilis, desiderium libido eius, qui nondum adsit, videndi. distinguunt distingunt X illud etiam, ut libido sit earum rerum, quae dicuntur de quodam aut quibusdam, quae kathgorh/mata K a TH G opphm a T L fere X dialectici appellant, ut habere divitias, capere honores, indigentia diligentia X indigentia s V 3 quod verum videtur, etsi Cic. non bene expressit spa/nin duplici sensu adhiberi ( de re cf. St. fr. 3, 91 rerum ipsarum sit, sit Man. est ( def. Küh. ) ut honorum, ut St. fr. 3, 379 pecuniae. ut pec. et pec. H 4.72. Stoici vero et sapientem amaturum esse St. fr. 3, 652 dicunt et amorem ipsum conatum amicitiae faciendae ex pulchritudinis specie definiunt. qui si qui si quin V quis est in rerum natura sine sollicitudine, sine desiderio, sine cura, sine suspirio, sit sane; vacat enim omni libidine; haec autem de libidine oratio est. sin autem est aliquis amor, ut est certe, qui nihil absit aut non multum ab insania, qualis in Leucadia est: si quidem sit quisquam Turpil. 115 deus, cui cuii Ribb. ad V ego sim curae —
13. Andronicus of Rhodes, On Emotions, 3-6, 2 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

14. Ovid, Metamorphoses, 7.297-7.349 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

15. Philo of Alexandria, On The Special Laws, 1.344 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.344. The advocates of the mind and of the outward senses, having put these arguments together, make gods of both of them, the one deifying the first, and the other the last; both classes out of their self-will and self-conceit forgetting the truly living God. On which account the lawgiver very naturally excludes them all from the sacred assembly, calling those who would take away the ideas, broken in the stones, and those too who are utterly atheistical, to whom he has given the appropriate name of eunuchs; and those who are the teachers of an opposite system of theogony, whom he calls the sons of a harlot; and besides all these classes he excludes also the self-willed and self-conceited, some of whom have deified reason, and others have called each separate one of the outward senses gods. For all these men are hastening to the same end, even though they are not all influenced by the same intentions.
16. Philo of Alexandria, On The Contemplative Life, 90, 89 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

89. therefore, being intoxicated all night till the morning with this beautiful intoxication, without feeling their heads heavy or closing their eyes for sleep, but being even more awake than when they came to the feast, as to their eyes and their whole bodies, and standing there till morning, when they saw the sun rising they raised their hands to heaven, imploring tranquillity and truth, and acuteness of understanding. And after their prayers they each retired to their own separate abodes, with the intention of again practising the usual philosophy to which they had been wont to devote themselves.
17. Epictetus, Discourses, 1.4.18-1.4.22, 1.14, 2.8.9-2.8.14 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

18. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 10.277-10.280, 13.172-13.173, 14.172-14.176, 15.3-15.4, 16.397, 17.41-17.45, 18.13, 18.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10.277. All these things did this man leave in writing, as God had showed them to him, insomuch that such as read his prophecies, and see how they have been fulfilled, would wonder at the honor wherewith God honored Daniel; and may thence discover how the Epicureans are in an error 10.278. who cast Providence out of human life, and do not believe that God takes care of the affairs of the world, nor that the universe is governed and continued in being by that blessed and immortal nature, but say that the world is carried along of its own accord, without a ruler and a curator; 10.279. which, were it destitute of a guide to conduct it, as they imagine, it would be like ships without pilots, which we see drowned by the winds, or like chariots without drivers, which are overturned; so would the world be dashed to pieces by its being carried without a Providence, and so perish, and come to nought. 13.172. Now for the Pharisees, they say that some actions, but not all, are the work of fate, and some of them are in our own power, and that they are liable to fate, but are not caused by fate. But the sect of the Essenes affirm, that fate governs all things, and that nothing befalls men but what is according to its determination. 13.173. And for the Sadducees, they take away fate, and say there is no such thing, and that the events of human affairs are not at its disposal; but they suppose that all our actions are in our own power, so that we are ourselves the causes of what is good, and receive what is evil from our own folly. However, I have given a more exact account of these opinions in the second book of the Jewish War. 14.172. When affairs stood thus, one whose name was Sameas, a righteous man he was, and for that reason above all fear, rose up, and said, “O you that are assessors with me, and O thou that art our king, I neither have ever myself known such a case, nor do I suppose that any one of you can name its parallel, that one who is called to take his trial by us ever stood in such a manner before us; but every one, whosoever he be, that comes to be tried by this Sanhedrim, presents himself in a submissive manner, and like one that is in fear of himself, and that endeavors to move us to compassion, with his hair dishevelled, and in a black and mourning garment: 14.173. but this admirable man Herod, who is accused of murder, and called to answer so heavy an accusation, stands here clothed in purple, and with the hair of his head finely trimmed, and with his armed men about him, that if we shall condemn him by our law, he may slay us, and by overbearing justice may himself escape death. 14.174. Yet do not I make this complaint against Herod himself; he is to be sure more concerned for himself than for the laws; but my complaint is against yourselves, and your king, who gave him a license so to do. However, take you notice, that God is great, and that this very man, whom you are going to absolve and dismiss, for the sake of Hyrcanus, will one day punish both you and your king himself also.” 14.175. Nor did Sameas mistake in any part of this prediction; for when Herod had received the kingdom, he slew all the members of this Sanhedrim, and Hyrcanus himself also, excepting Sameas 14.176. for he had a great honor for him on account of his righteousness, and because, when the city was afterward besieged by Herod and Sosius, he persuaded the people to admit Herod into it; and told them that for their sins they would not be able to escape his hands:—which things will be related by us in their proper places. 15.3. But Pollio the Pharisee, and Sameas, a disciple of his, were honored by him above all the rest; for when Jerusalem was besieged, they advised the citizens to receive Herod, for which advice they were well requited. 15.3. He therefore wrote back to him, that if this boy should only go out of the country, all would be in a state of war and uproar, because the Jews were in hopes of a change in the government, and to have another king over them. 15.3. for, in the first place, there were perpetual droughts, and for that reason the ground was barren, and did not bring forth the same quantity of fruits that it used to produce; and after this barrenness of the soil, that change of food which the want of corn occasioned produced distempers in the bodies of men, and a pestilential disease prevailed, one misery following upon the back of another; 15.4. But this Pollio, at the time when Herod was once upon his trial of life and death, foretold, in way of reproach, to Hyrcanus and the other judges, how this Herod, whom they suffered now to escape, would afterward inflict punishment on them all; which had its completion in time, while God fulfilled the words he had spoken. 15.4. When this work [for the foundation] was done in this manner, and joined together as part of the hill itself to the very top of it, he wrought it all into one outward surface, and filled up the hollow places which were about the wall, and made it a level on the external upper surface, and a smooth level also. This hill was walled all round, and in compass four furlongs, [the distance of] each angle containing in length a furlong: 15.4. whence Aelus came. He was one of the stock of the high priests and had been of old a particular friend of Herod; and when he was first made king, he conferred that dignity upon him, and now put him out of it again, in order to quiet the troubles in his family, though what he did was plainly unlawful, for at no other time [of old] was any one that had once been in that dignity deprived of it. 16.397. or, indeed, whether fortune have not greater power than all prudent reasonings; whence we are persuaded that human actions are thereby determined beforehand by an inevitable necessity, and we call her Fate, because there is nothing which is not done by her; 17.41. For there was a certain sect of men that were Jews, who valued themselves highly upon the exact skill they had in the law of their fathers, and made men believe they were highly favored by God, by whom this set of women were inveigled. These are those that are called the sect of the Pharisees, who were in a capacity of greatly opposing kings. A cunning sect they were, and soon elevated to a pitch of open fighting and doing mischief. 17.42. Accordingly, when all the people of the Jews gave assurance of their good-will to Caesar, and to the king’s government, these very men did not swear, being above six thousand; and when the king imposed a fine upon them, Pheroras’s wife paid their fine for them. 17.43. In order to requite which kindness of hers, since they were believed to have the foreknowledge of things to come by divine inspiration, they foretold how God had decreed that Herod’s government should cease, and his posterity should be deprived of it; but that the kingdom should come to her and Pheroras, and to their children. 17.44. These predictions were not concealed from Salome, but were told the king; as also how they had perverted some persons about the palace itself; so the king slew such of the Pharisees as were principally accused, and Bagoas the eunuch, and one Carus, who exceeded all men of that time in comeliness, and one that was his catamite. He slew also all those of his own family who had consented to what the Pharisees foretold; 17.45. and for Bagoas, he had been puffed up by them, as though he should be named the father and the benefactor of him who, by the prediction, was foretold to be their appointed king; for that this king would have all things in his power, and would enable Bagoas to marry, and to have children of his own body begotten. 18.13. and when they determine that all things are done by fate, they do not take away the freedom from men of acting as they think fit; since their notion is, that it hath pleased God to make a temperament, whereby what he wills is done, but so that the will of man can act virtuously or viciously. 18.13. 4. Herod the Great had two daughters by Mariamne, the [grand] daughter of Hyrcanus; the one was Salampsio, who was married to Phasaelus, her first cousin, who was himself the son of Phasaelus, Herod’s brother, her father making the match; the other was Cypros, who was herself married also to her first cousin Antipater, the son of Salome, Herod’s sister. 18.18. 5. The doctrine of the Essenes is this: That all things are best ascribed to God. They teach the immortality of souls, and esteem that the rewards of righteousness are to be earnestly striven for; 18.18. Now Antonia was greatly esteemed by Tiberius on all accounts, from the dignity of her relation to him, who had been his brother Drusus’s wife, and from her eminent chastity; for though she was still a young woman, she continued in her widowhood, and refused all other matches, although Augustus had enjoined her to be married to somebody else; yet did she all along preserve her reputation free from reproach.
19. Plutarch, On Stoic Self-Contradictions, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

20. Plutarch, On Moral Virtue, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

21. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 107.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

22. Valerius Flaccus Gaius, Argonautica, 1.809-1.810, 1.819-1.820, 1.847-1.848 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

23. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, 8.9.33 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

24. Galen, On The Doctrines of Hippocrates And Plato, 4.5.3-4.5.5, 4.6.5-4.6.6 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

25. Gellius, Attic Nights, 7.2.6-7.2.13 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

26. Justin, Second Apology, 7.4-7.6 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

27. Marcus Aurelius Emperor of Rome, Meditations, 3.9, 4.3, 5.1, 5.26, 7.29, 8.13, 9.40, 11.16, 12.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

28. Sextus Empiricus, Against Those In The Disciplines, 9.211 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

29. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.15, 7.46, 7.111-7.114, 7.116, 7.129 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.15. After Zeno's death Antigonus is reported to have said, What an audience I have lost. Hence too he employed Thraso as his agent to request the Athenians to bury Zeno in the Ceramicus. And when asked why he admired him, Because, said he, the many ample gifts I offered him never made him conceited nor yet appear poor-spirited.His bent was towards inquiry, and he was an exact reasoner on all subjects. Hence the words of Timon in his Silli:A Phoenician too I saw, a pampered old woman ensconced in gloomy pride, longing for all things; but the meshes of her subtle web have perished, and she had no more intelligence than a banjo. 7.46. There are two species of presentation, the one apprehending a real object, the other not. The former, which they take to be the test of reality, is defined as that which proceeds from a real object, agrees with that object itself, and has been imprinted seal-fashion and stamped upon the mind: the latter, or non-apprehending, that which does not proceed from any real object, or, if it does, fails to agree with the reality itself, not being clear or distinct.Dialectic, they said, is indispensable and is itself a virtue, embracing other particular virtues under it. Freedom from precipitancy is a knowledge when to give or withhold the mind's assent to impressions. 7.111. They hold the emotions to be judgements, as is stated by Chrysippus in his treatise On the Passions: avarice being a supposition that money is a good, while the case is similar with drunkenness and profligacy and all the other emotions.And grief or pain they hold to be an irrational mental contraction. Its species are pity, envy, jealousy, rivalry, heaviness, annoyance, distress, anguish, distraction. Pity is grief felt at undeserved suffering; envy, grief at others' prosperity; jealousy, grief at the possession by another of that which one desires for oneself; rivalry, pain at the possession by another of what one has oneself. 7.112. Heaviness or vexation is grief which weighs us down, annoyance that which coops us up and straitens us for want of room, distress a pain brought on by anxious thought that lasts and increases, anguish painful grief, distraction irrational grief, rasping and hindering us from viewing the situation as a whole.Fear is an expectation of evil. Under fear are ranged the following emotions: terror, nervous shrinking, shame, consternation, panic, mental agony. Terror is a fear which produces fright; shame is fear of disgrace; nervous shrinking is a fear that one will have to act; consternation is fear due to a presentation of some unusual occurrence; 7.113. panic is fear with pressure exercised by sound; mental agony is fear felt when some issue is still in suspense.Desire or craving is irrational appetency, and under it are ranged the following states: want, hatred, contentiousness, anger, love, wrath, resentment. Want, then, is a craving when it is baulked and, as it were, cut off from its object, but kept at full stretch and attracted towards it in vain. Hatred is a growing and lasting desire or craving that it should go ill with somebody. Contentiousness is a craving or desire connected with partisanship; anger a craving or desire to punish one who is thought to have done you an undeserved injury. The passion of love is a craving from which good men are free; for it is an effort to win affection due to the visible presence of beauty. 7.114. Wrath is anger which has long rankled and has become malicious, waiting for its opportunity, as is illustrated by the lines:Even though for the one day he swallow his anger, yet doth he still keep his displeasure thereafter in his heart, till he accomplish it.Resentment is anger in an early stage.Pleasure is an irrational elation at the accruing of what seems to be choiceworthy; and under it are ranged ravishment, malevolent joy, delight, transport. Ravishment is pleasure which charms the ear. Malevolent joy is pleasure at another's ills. Delight is the mind's propulsion to weakness, its name in Greek (τέρψις) being akin to τρέψις or turning. To be in transports of delight is the melting away of virtue. 7.116. Also they say that there are three emotional states which are good, namely, joy, caution, and wishing. Joy, the counterpart of pleasure, is rational elation; caution, the counterpart of fear, rational avoidance; for though the wise man will never feel fear, he will yet use caution. And they make wishing the counterpart of desire (or craving), inasmuch as it is rational appetency. And accordingly, as under the primary passions are classed certain others subordinate to them, so too is it with the primary eupathies or good emotional states. Thus under wishing they bring well-wishing or benevolence, friendliness, respect, affection; under caution, reverence and modesty; under joy, delight, mirth, cheerfulness. 7.129. Neither do they think that the divergence of opinion between philosophers is any reason for abandoning the study of philosophy, since at that rate we should have to give up life altogether: so Posidonius in his Exhortations. Chrysippus allows that the ordinary Greek education is serviceable.It is their doctrine that there can be no question of right as between man and the lower animals, because of their unlikeness. Thus Chrysippus in the first book of his treatise On Justice, and Posidonius in the first book of his De officio. Further, they say that the wise man will feel affection for the youths who by their countece show a natural endowment for virtue. So Zeno in his Republic, Chrysippus in book i. of his work On Modes of Life, and Apollodorus in his Ethics.
30. Stobaeus, Eclogues, None

31. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 2.351, 2.974-2.975, 2.1000



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
(hēgemonikon) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
abel Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
academic / academy, the Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
adam Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
aeson Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
agency Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143, 144
agency / agent, human Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
akrasia Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
alcimede Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
alexander of aphrodisias, on deliberation (βούλευσις) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
alexander of aphrodisias, on what is up to us (ἐφ ἡμῖν) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
alexander of aphrodisias Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145; Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 43; Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
alexandria Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
analogy Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125
animals (general) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
anthropology Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
apatheia (passionlessness) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
appearance (phantasia, impression) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
argument Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 84
aristotelians/aristotelianism, as indeterminists Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
aristotle, on providence (πρόνοια) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
aristotle Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136; Taylor and Hay, Philo of Alexandria: On the Contemplative Life: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2020) 295
assent Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144; Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125; Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 42, 43, 44
assent (sunkatathesis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295, 424
assent (συγκατάθεσις), stoics on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
assent / adsensio / adsensus / συγκατάθεσις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 84
assent homologia Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
atom / atomism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 84
atomism Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
bardaisan of edessa Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 175
body Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144; Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 43, 44
cain Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
carneades of cyrene Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
causality / causa / αἰτία Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
causation, and the rolling cylinder Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
causation Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245; Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 42, 43, 44
cause Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
cause (aitia, aition), as relational Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), auxiliary (sunergon) Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), categories of Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), external Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), perfect (autoteles) Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), preceding their effects Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), principal Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cause (aitia, aition), proximate Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
causes, as bodies Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
causes, causal determinism Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
causes, of assent Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
causes, of impulses Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
causes Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143
cherishing Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
choice Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143
choice will Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
christians, christianity Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27, 216
chrysippus, on action Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
chrysippus Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143, 144; Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27; Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125; Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424; Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136; Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 85; Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
chryssipus Taylor and Hay, Philo of Alexandria: On the Contemplative Life: Introduction, Translation and Commentary (2020) 295
cicero, on chrysippus Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
cicero, on erotic love Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
cicero, on species-level classification Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
cicero Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295, 424; Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
clement of alexandria Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
cognitive theory Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
compatibilism Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136; Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
consensus Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143
cooper, john Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
cosmic sympathy Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
cosmos Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
cosmos (visible world, universe) / cosmology Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
deliberation (βούλευσις) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
demetrius ii Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
democritus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
demons, gnostics on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 175
destiny, concept of Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
destiny / fate Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
determinism Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143, 144; Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232; Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136; Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84, 85
determinism and free will Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
diodorus cronus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 84
disposition Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
divination Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143; Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
doctrine of logos Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
domitian Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
dream Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
eagerness (prothumia) Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
emotions, classified by species Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
emotions, examples of Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
emotions / passions (pathē, pathēmata) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
empedocles Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
epictetus Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125; Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
epicureanism Santangelo, Roman Frugality: Modes of Moderation from the Archaic Age to the Early Empire and Beyond (2013) 17
epicureans Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 89
epicurus Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
eunoia (good intent), as eupathic response Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
eupatheiai, classified by species Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
eupatheiai, include erotic love Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
fairmindedness, all-embracing Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 42
fairmindedness, personal Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 42, 44
false belief / false judgment / false opinion Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
fate Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143; Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46; Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
fate / fatum / εἱμαρμένη Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
fear, and hatred Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
fire Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
fragment, soul as a fragment of cosmos Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125
free will Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
freedom (eleutheria) / free (eleutheros) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
freedom / libertas Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 85
future Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41, 84
galen, accuses stoics of indeterminism Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
genus-level classification Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
gnostics/gnosticism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 175
god, stoic Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125
gods, justin on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 216
gods, philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
gods, platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
gods, stoics on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
good (moral) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
good intent (eunoia), as eupathic response Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
good spirits, as eupathic response Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
goodwill, as eupathic response Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
hasmonean dynasty Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
heraclitus Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46; Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
hirtius a. Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
honor Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
hēgemonikon/central organ of soul, etc. Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125
impressions Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144; Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
impulse (hormē) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
impulses Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
indeterminism/antideterminism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
indeterminism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
inwood, brad Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
jason Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
jealousy Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
jewish law/legal schools, josephus three schools Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
josephus, and judaisms three schools of law Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
josephus Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
josephus essenes, and destiny Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
josephus essenes, as prophets/dream interpreters Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 89
josephus essenes, judaism of Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
josephus essenes Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
judaea, region of, and determinism Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
judaism, second temple Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
judgment (krisis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
justin, on god Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 216
justin, on virtue (ἀρετή) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 216
justin Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 216
klawans, j. Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
love, erotic or sexual, eupathic Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
love, erotic or sexual, ordinary Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
love of god (θεοφιλία) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
love of self (φιλαυτία) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
maccabeus, jonathan, attack by the seleucids Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
maccabeus, jonathan Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
marcus, r. Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 89
marcus (character of div.) Santangelo, Roman Frugality: Modes of Moderation from the Archaic Age to the Early Empire and Beyond (2013) 17
marcus aurelius Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
master argument Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
medea, arg. Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
medea, ovids met. Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
metaphor Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295, 424
mind (animus) Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143
modalities Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 44
moderation (metriopatheia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
nature Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
nature (phusis) / natural, cosmos / universe Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
necessity / necessitas / necessarium / ἀνάγκη Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
necessity ἀνάγκη, chrysippus on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27, 89
notion / notitia / ἔννοια Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 85
omen Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
opinion Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
ovid, akrasia in Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
pantheistic doctrine Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
part of a whole (soul as, etc.) Inwood and Warren, Body and Soul in Hellenistic Philosophy (2020) 125
passions emotions Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
pelias Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
perfect (teleios) / perfection (teleiōsis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
pharisees, and destiny Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
pharisees Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
philo of alexandria, and stoicism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on abel Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on adam Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on cain Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on god Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on love for (one-)self (φιλαυτία) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on love for god/being loved by god (θεοφιλία) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on providence (πρόνοια) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria, on virtue (ἀρετή) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
philo of alexandria Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
pity Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
plato/platonism Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
platonism (middle / imperial) vi–viii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
platonists/platonism/plato, on gods Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
platonists/platonism/plato, on providence (πρόνοια) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
plutarch Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295; Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
pneuma (stoic soul) Struck, Divination and Human Nature: A Cognitive History of Intuition in Classical Antiquity (2016) 202
posidonius Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
power (in nostra potestate) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295, 424
predestination (προόρισις), aristotle and Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
predestination (προόρισις), in stoicism Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
predestination (προόρισις), philo on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
predestination (προόρισις), platonists on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
predestination (προόρισις), providence (πρόνοια, providentia) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
prediction Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143
primary cause Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
principle / principium / archē / ἀρχή Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
principle of bivalence Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
proairesis\u2003 Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
prophecy, essenes and Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 89
quintus (character of div.) Santangelo, Roman Frugality: Modes of Moderation from the Archaic Age to the Early Empire and Beyond (2013) 17
random / randomness Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
reaching (orexis) Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
reason (human) / rational faculty (logos, logistikon) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
responsibility, human Jedan, Stoic Virtues: Chrysippus and the Religious Character of Stoic Ethics (2009) 44
responsibility, moral, for actions and emotions Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
sadducees (tsedukim/tseduqim), josephus portrayal of Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
sadducees (tsedukim/tseduqim) Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88
sage (wise person) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
self-determination free will Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
self-mastery (enkrateia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
self-sufficiency (autarkēs, autonomy) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
sextus empiricus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
sicknesses (nosemata), conflated with pathe Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
soul Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
soul / mind (psuchē, animus) vii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295, 424
stilpo Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 41
stoa Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
stobaeus iohannes Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
stoic Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
stoicism, ethics Wynne, Horace and the Gift Economy of Patronage (2019) 122
stoicism, fate Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
stoicism, xi Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
stoicism Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136; Santangelo, Roman Frugality: Modes of Moderation from the Archaic Age to the Early Empire and Beyond (2013) 17
stoicism / stoic / stoa Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
stoics, analysis of causation Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
stoics, and antecedent causes Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245
stoics/stoicism, on assent (συγκατάθεσις) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
stoics/stoicism, on god/zeus Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
stoics/stoicism, on providence (πρόνοια, providentia) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
stoics/stoicism, philo and Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
stoics/stoicism Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
stoics Hankinson, Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought (1998) 245; Struck, Divination and Human Nature: A Cognitive History of Intuition in Classical Antiquity (2016) 202; Taylor, The Essenes, the Scrolls, and the Dead Sea (2012) 88, 89
strength (ischus) / strengthen Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
suicide Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
swerve (atomic) Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 144
swerve / deviation / clinamen / παρέγκλισις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
sympathy Bezzel and Pfeiffer, Prophecy and Hellenism (2021) 46
system Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143
theory Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 84
tibullus Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
tradition Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 85
training (askēsis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 295
tullius cicero, m., de diuinatione Santangelo, Roman Frugality: Modes of Moderation from the Archaic Age to the Early Empire and Beyond (2013) 17
tullius cicero, q. Santangelo, Roman Frugality: Modes of Moderation from the Archaic Age to the Early Empire and Beyond (2013) 17
up to us/depending on us/in our power (ἐφ ἡμῖν), alexander of aphrodisias on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
up to us/depending on us/in our power (ἐφ ἡμῖν) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 145
vergil, amata in aeneid Williams and Vol, Philosophy in Ovid, Ovid as Philosopher (2022) 269
virtue' Wynne, Horace and the Gift Economy of Patronage (2019) 122
virtue Linjamaa, The Ethics of The Tripartite Tractate (NHC I, 5): A Study of Determinism and Early Christian Philosophy of Ethics (2019) 136
virtue (ἀρετή, virtus), justin on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 216
virtue (ἀρετή, virtus), philo of alexandria on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 89
virtue (ἀρετή, virtus), plato on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 27
virtus, pelias attitude to Agri, Reading Fear in Flavian Epic: Emotion, Power, and Stoicism (2022) 59
voelke, andré-jean Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
voluntary (ἑκών, ἑκούσιος, voluntarius), gnostics on Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 175
welcoming Graver, Stoicism and Emotion (2007) 232
what depends on us / in nostra potestate / τὸ ἐφ᾽ἡμῖν Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 85
will (voluntas) Atkins, The Cambridge Companion to Cicero's Philosophy (2021) 143, 144
will (βούλησις, voluntas) Brouwer and Vimercati, Fate, Providence and Free Will: Philosophy and Religion in Dialogue in the Early Imperial Age (2020) 175