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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2338
Cicero, Lucullus, 77-78
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

12 results
1. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 1.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.10. Those however who seek to learn my personal opinion on the various questions show an unreasonable degree of curiosity. In discussion it is not so much weight of authority as force of argument that should be demanded. Indeed the authority of those who profess to teach is often a positive hindrance to those who desire to learn; they cease to employ their own judgement, and take what they perceive to be the verdict of their chosen master as settling the question. In fact I am not disposed to approve the practice traditionally ascribed to the Pythagoreans, who, when questioned as to the grounds of any assertion that they advanced in debate, are said to have been accustomed to reply 'He himself said so,' 'he himself' being Pythagoras. So potent was an opinion already decided, making authority prevail unsupported by reason.
2. Cicero, Lucullus, 101-109, 11, 110-113, 119, 12, 123, 13, 132-133, 136, 14, 144-146, 15-62, 64, 69-70, 73, 78, 82-85, 98-100 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3. Cicero, Academica Posteriora, 40 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

4. Longinus, On The Sublime, 15.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5. Plutarch, On Common Conceptions Against The Stoics, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria, 6.2.29 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.2.29.  But how are we to generate these emotions in ourselves, since emotion is not in our own power? I will try to explain as best I may. There are certain experiences which the Greeks call φαντασίαι, and the Romans visions, whereby things absent are presented to our imagination with such extreme vividness that they seem actually to be before our very eyes.
7. Seneca The Younger, On Anger, 2.1.1-2.1.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 117.13 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Sextus, Against The Mathematicians, 7.150-7.157, 7.248, 7.253-7.260, 7.402-7.410, 7.424, 7.426, 8.70 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

10. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.46, 7.49-7.51, 7.54, 7.63, 7.65-7.66 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.46. There are two species of presentation, the one apprehending a real object, the other not. The former, which they take to be the test of reality, is defined as that which proceeds from a real object, agrees with that object itself, and has been imprinted seal-fashion and stamped upon the mind: the latter, or non-apprehending, that which does not proceed from any real object, or, if it does, fails to agree with the reality itself, not being clear or distinct.Dialectic, they said, is indispensable and is itself a virtue, embracing other particular virtues under it. Freedom from precipitancy is a knowledge when to give or withhold the mind's assent to impressions. 7.49. The Stoics agree to put in the forefront the doctrine of presentation and sensation, inasmuch as the standard by which the truth of things is tested is generically a presentation, and again the theory of assent and that of apprehension and thought, which precedes all the rest, cannot be stated apart from presentation. For presentation comes first; then thought, which is capable of expressing itself, puts into the form of a proposition that which the subject receives from a presentation. 7.50. There is a difference between the process and the outcome of presentation. The latter is a semblance in the mind such as may occur in sleep, while the former is the act of imprinting something on the soul, that is a process of change, as is set forth by Chrysippus in the second book of his treatise of the Soul (De anima). For, says he, we must not take impression in the literal sense of the stamp of a seal, because it is impossible to suppose that a number of such impressions should be in one and the same spot at one and the same time. The presentation meant is that which comes from a real object, agrees with that object, and has been stamped, imprinted and pressed seal-fashion on the soul, as would not be the case if it came from an unreal object. 7.51. According to them some presentations are data of sense and others are not: the former are the impressions conveyed through one or more sense-organs; while the latter, which are not data of sense, are those received through the mind itself, as is the case with incorporeal things and all the other presentations which are received by reason. of sensuous impressions some are from real objects and are accompanied by yielding and assent on our part. But there are also presentations that are appearances and no more, purporting, as it were, to come from real objects.Another division of presentations is into rational and irrational, the former being those of rational creatures, the latter those of the irrational. Those which are rational are processes of thought, while those which are irrational have no name. Again, some of our impressions are scientific, others unscientific: at all events a statue is viewed in a totally different way by the trained eye of a sculptor and by an ordinary man. 7.54. The standard of truth they declare to be the apprehending presentation, i.e. that which comes from a real object – according to Chrysippus in the twelfth book of his Physics and to Antipater and Apollodorus. Boethus, on the other hand, admits a plurality of standards, namely intelligence, sense-perception, appetency, and knowledge; while Chrysippus in the first book of his Exposition of Doctrine contradicts himself and declares that sensation and preconception are the only standards, preconception being a general notion which comes by the gift of nature (an innate conception of universals or general concepts). Again, certain others of the older Stoics make Right Reason the standard; so also does Posidonius in his treatise On the Standard. 7.63. To the department dealing with things as such and things signified is assigned the doctrine of expressions, including those which are complete in themselves, as well as judgements and syllogisms and that of defective expressions comprising predicates both direct and reversed.By verbal expression they mean that of which the content corresponds to some rational presentation. of such expressions the Stoics say that some are complete in themselves and others defective. Those are defective the enunciation of which is unfinished, as e.g. writes, for we inquire Who? Whereas in those that are complete in themselves the enunciation is finished, as Socrates writes. And so under the head of defective expressions are ranged all predicates, while under those complete in themselves fall judgements, syllogisms, questions, and inquiries. 7.65. for here the agent includes himself in the sphere of his action. The oblique cases are genitive, dative, and accusative.A judgement is that which is either true or false, or a thing complete in itself, capable of being denied in and by itself, as Chrysippus says in his Dialectical Definitions: A judgement is that which in and by itself can be denied or affirmed, e.g. `It is day,' `Dion is walking.' The Greek word for judgement (ἀξίωμα) is derived from the verb ἀξιοῦν, as signifying acceptance or rejection; for when you say It is day, you seem to accept the fact that it is day. Now, if it really is day, the judgement before us is true, but if not, it is false. 7.66. There is a difference between judgement, interrogation, and inquiry, as also between imperative, adjurative, optative, hypothetical, vocative, whether that to which these terms are applied be a thing or a judgement. For a judgement is that which, when we set it forth in speech, becomes an assertion, and is either false or true: an interrogation is a thing complete in itself like a judgement but demanding an answer, e.g. Is it day? and this is so far neither true nor false. Thus It is day is a judgement; Is it day? an interrogation. An inquiry is something to which we cannot reply by signs, as you can nod Yes to an interrogation; but you must express the answer in words, He lives in this or that place.
11. Augustine, Contra Academicos, 3.41 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

12. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 1.60, 2.53-2.54



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
(lekta) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
aelius aristides Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
agency / agent, human Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
alexandria Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
animals (general) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
antiochus of ascalon Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
aporia Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
appearance (phantasia, impression) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
appearances (kataleptic) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
arcesilaus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
argument Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
art gallery, in petronius satyrica Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
asclepius Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
assent (sunkatathesis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
assent / adsensio / adsensus / συγκατάθεσις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 130
athens Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
atticus t. pomponius Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 130
augustinus a. Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
carneades of cyrene Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
cebes, tabula Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
cicero, m. tullius Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
cicero Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
clitomachus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 130
cognitive / cognition Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
criterium / criterion Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
diogenes laertius Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
doctrines (dogma, decreta) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
dogmatism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
dreams Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
ekphrasis, in petronius satyrica Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
emotions / passions (pathē, pathēmata) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
epictetus Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
epistemology Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
evil Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
homoeroticism, in petronius satyrica Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
impulse (hormē) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
kataleptic representation / comprehensive representation / καταληπτικὴ φαντασία Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 130
knowledgeable patient Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
knowledgeable patient (see also patient, informed) Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
longinus, Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
lover, as viewer of erotic art Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
lucullus l. licinius Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
negotium Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
new academy Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
orthodoxy Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
otium Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
perception / comprehensio / κατάληψις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 130
pergamum Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
petronius, satyrica, figure of encolpius Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
petronius, satyrica Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
phantasia Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
philo of larissa Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
plato Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
platonism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
plutarch Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
probable / probability / probabilitas / πιθανόν Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 130
reason (human) / rational faculty (logos, logistikon) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
representation / φαντασία Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 130
ritual Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
roman books Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
satire, roman, and ekphrasis Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
scepticism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
seneca Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
senses / sense-perception (aisthēsis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
sextus empiricus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 130
socrates Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
sosus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
soul / mind (psuchē, animus) vii, intellect (nous) / thoughts (dianoiai) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
soul / mind (psuchē, animus) vii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
stoic philosophy Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
stoicism / stoic / stoa Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
subjectivism, in petronius satyrica Elsner, Roman Eyes: Visuality and Subjectivity in Art and Text (2007) 186
supplication Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
temple healing/medicine Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
tradition Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
value (axia) / valuation Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
varro m. terentius Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
verisimilaritude / veri simile / εἰκός Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
vice (kakos) / viciousness (kakia) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
virtue / moral virtue (aretē)' Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 188
visual communication Petridou, Homo Patiens: Approaches to the Patient in the Ancient World (2016) 456
zeno of citium Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 130