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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2338
Cicero, Lucullus, 37
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

13 results
1. Cicero, On Fate, 42, 41 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2. Cicero, On The Ends of Good And Evil, 3.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.21. prima est enim conciliatio hominis ad ea, quae sunt secundum naturam. simul autem cepit intellegentiam vel notionem potius, quam appellant e)/nnoian illi, viditque rerum agendarum ordinem et, ut ita dicam, concordiam, multo eam pluris aestimavit extimavit V estimabit (existim. E extim. N) ABERN quam omnia illa, quae prima primū (ū ab alt. m. in ras. ) N primo V dilexerat, atque ita cognitione et ratione collegit, ut statueret in eo collocatum summum illud hominis per se laudandum et expetendum bonum, quod cum positum sit in eo, quod o(mologi/an Stoici, nos appellemus convenientiam, si placet,—cum igitur in eo sit id bonum, quo omnia referenda sint, sint ABERNV honeste facta honeste facta Mdv. omnia honeste (honesta B) facta ipsumque honestum, quod solum solum BE om. rell. in bonis ducitur, quamquam post oritur, tamen id solum vi sua et dignitate expetendum est; eorum autem, quae sunt prima naturae, propter se nihil est expetendum. 3.21.  Man's first attraction is towards the things in accordance with nature; but as soon as he has understanding, or rather become capable of 'conception' — in Stoic phraseology ennoia — and has discerned the order and so to speak harmony that governs conduct, he thereupon esteems this harmony far more highly than all the things for which he originally felt an affection, and by exercise of intelligence and reason infers the conclusion that herein resides the Chief Good of man, the thing that is praiseworthy and desirable for its own sake; and that inasmuch as this consists in what the Stoics term homologia and we with your approval may call 'conformity' — inasmuch I say as in this resides that Good which is the End to which all else is a means, moral conduct and Moral Worth itself, which alone is counted as a good, although of subsequent development, is nevertheless the sole thing that is for its own efficacy and value desirable, whereas none of the primary objects of nature is desirable for its own sake.
3. Cicero, On The Nature of The Gods, 1.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.10. Those however who seek to learn my personal opinion on the various questions show an unreasonable degree of curiosity. In discussion it is not so much weight of authority as force of argument that should be demanded. Indeed the authority of those who profess to teach is often a positive hindrance to those who desire to learn; they cease to employ their own judgement, and take what they perceive to be the verdict of their chosen master as settling the question. In fact I am not disposed to approve the practice traditionally ascribed to the Pythagoreans, who, when questioned as to the grounds of any assertion that they advanced in debate, are said to have been accustomed to reply 'He himself said so,' 'he himself' being Pythagoras. So potent was an opinion already decided, making authority prevail unsupported by reason.
4. Cicero, On Duties, 3.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.21. Detrahere igitur alteri aliquid et hominem hominis incommodo suum commodum augere magis est contra naturam quam mors, quam paupertas, quam dolor, quam cetera, quae possunt aut corpori accidere aut rebus externis. Nam principio tollit convictum humanum et societatem. Si enim sic erimus affecti, ut propter suum quisque emolumentum spoliet aut violet alterum, disrumpi necesse est, eam quae maxime est secundum naturam, humani generis societatem. 3.21.  Well then, for a man to take something from his neighbour and to profit by his neighbour's loss is more contrary to Nature than is death or poverty or pain or anything else that can affect either our person or our property. For, in the first place, injustice is fatal to social life and fellowship between man and man. For, if we are so disposed that each, to gain some personal profit, will defraud or injure his neighbour, then those bonds of human society, which are most in accord with Nature's laws, must of necessity be broken.
5. Cicero, Lucullus, 101-109, 11, 110-113, 119, 12, 123, 13, 132-133, 136, 14, 144-146, 15-36, 38-62, 64, 69-70, 73, 77-78, 82-85, 98-100 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

6. Epictetus, Discourses, 1.1.7-1.1.12 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Seneca The Younger, On Anger, 2.1.1-2.1.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Seneca The Younger, Letters, 113.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Gellius, Attic Nights, 7.2.11-7.2.12, 19.1.14-19.1.21 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Sextus, Against The Mathematicians, 7.151-7.157, 8.397 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

11. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 7.49, 7.65-7.66, 7.177 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

7.49. The Stoics agree to put in the forefront the doctrine of presentation and sensation, inasmuch as the standard by which the truth of things is tested is generically a presentation, and again the theory of assent and that of apprehension and thought, which precedes all the rest, cannot be stated apart from presentation. For presentation comes first; then thought, which is capable of expressing itself, puts into the form of a proposition that which the subject receives from a presentation. 7.65. for here the agent includes himself in the sphere of his action. The oblique cases are genitive, dative, and accusative.A judgement is that which is either true or false, or a thing complete in itself, capable of being denied in and by itself, as Chrysippus says in his Dialectical Definitions: A judgement is that which in and by itself can be denied or affirmed, e.g. `It is day,' `Dion is walking.' The Greek word for judgement (ἀξίωμα) is derived from the verb ἀξιοῦν, as signifying acceptance or rejection; for when you say It is day, you seem to accept the fact that it is day. Now, if it really is day, the judgement before us is true, but if not, it is false. 7.66. There is a difference between judgement, interrogation, and inquiry, as also between imperative, adjurative, optative, hypothetical, vocative, whether that to which these terms are applied be a thing or a judgement. For a judgement is that which, when we set it forth in speech, becomes an assertion, and is either false or true: an interrogation is a thing complete in itself like a judgement but demanding an answer, e.g. Is it day? and this is so far neither true nor false. Thus It is day is a judgement; Is it day? an interrogation. An inquiry is something to which we cannot reply by signs, as you can nod Yes to an interrogation; but you must express the answer in words, He lives in this or that place. 7.177. 6. SPHAERUSAmongst those who after the death of Zeno became pupils of Cleanthes was Sphaerus of Bosporus, as already mentioned. After making considerable progress in his studies, he went to Alexandria to the court of King Ptolemy Philopator. One day when a discussion had arisen on the question whether the wise man could stoop to hold opinion, and Sphaerus had maintained that this was impossible, the king, wishing to refute him, ordered some waxen pomegranates to be put on the table. Sphaerus was taken in and the king cried out, You have given your assent to a presentation which is false. But Sphaerus was ready with a neat answer. I assented not to the proposition that they are pomegranates, but to another, that there are good grounds for thinking them to be pomegranates. Certainty of presentation and reasonable probability are two totally different things. Mnesistratus having accused him of denying that Ptolemy was a king, his reply was, Being of such quality as he is, Ptolemy is indeed a king.
12. Augustine, Contra Academicos, 3.41 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

13. Stoic School, Stoicor. Veter. Fragm., 2.836, 2.847, 2.1000



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
(lekta) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
academic freedom Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
agency / agent, human Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
alexandria Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
antiochus of ascalon Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
appearance (phantasia, impression) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
appearances (kataleptic) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
approval / adprobatio Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131, 141
arcesilaus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
argument Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57, 141
assent (sunkatathesis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191, 424
assent / adsensio / adsensus / συγκατάθεσις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131, 132, 141
athens Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
augustinus a. Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
carneades of cyrene Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
chrysippus Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191, 424
cicero Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191, 424
clitomachus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 141
cognitive / cognition Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
composition Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
cosmos (visible world, universe) / cosmology Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191, 424
criterium / criterion Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 132
destiny / fate Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
determinism and free will Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
dialectical (ad hominem) argument Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
diogenes laertius Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
division / divisio / diairesis Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 132
dogmatism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
epictetus Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
epistemology Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
epochē / ἐποχή Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 141
evidence / ἐνάργεια Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131
evil Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
false belief / false judgment / false opinion Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
freedom (eleutheria) / free (eleutheros) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
good (moral) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
goods (external, material, conventional) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
impulse (hormē) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
judg(e)ment Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
judgment (krisis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
kataleptic representation / comprehensive representation / καταληπτικὴ φαντασία Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 131, 132
lucullus l. licinius Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
metaphor Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
nature (phusis) / natural, cosmos / universe Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
necessity / necessitas / necessarium / ἀνάγκη Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 132
negotium Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
new academy Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
notion / notitia / ἔννοια Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 132
otium Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
perception / comprehensio / κατάληψις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 131, 141
perfect (teleios) / perfection (teleiōsis) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
philo of larissa Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
plato Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
platonism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
plutarch Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
power (in nostra potestate) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 424
principatum / ἡγεμονικόν Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131, 132
probable / probability / probabilitas / πιθανόν Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 141
radical Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
reason (human) / rational faculty (logos, logistikon) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
representation / φαντασία Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131, 132, 141
roman books Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
scepticism Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25, 57
seneca Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
seneca l. anneus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131
socrates/socratic Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
socrates Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
sosus Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
soul / mind (psuchē, animus) vii, intellect (nous) / thoughts (dianoiai) Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
soul / mind (psuchē, animus) vii Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191, 424
stoa/stoicism Fuhrer and Soldo, Fallibility and Fallibilism in Ancient Philosophy and Literature (2024) 70
stobaeus Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
stoicism / stoic / stoa Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
tradition Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 57
varro m. terentius Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
verisimilaritude / veri simile / εἰκός Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 25
virtue / moral virtue (aretē)' Lee, Moral Transformation in Greco-Roman Philosophy of Mind: Mapping the Moral Milieu of the Apostle Paul and His Diaspora Jewish Contemporaries (2020) 191
what depends on us / in nostra potestate / τὸ ἐφ᾽ἡμῖν Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 132
will / voluntas / βούλησις Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131, 132
zeno of citium Maso, CIcero's Philosophy (2022) 131, 132