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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



2269
Cicero, Academica, 1.45
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

11 results
1. Plato, Gorgias, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

527e. and those the greatest of all—we are so sadly uneducated. Let us therefore take as our guide the doctrine now disclosed, which indicates to us that this way of life is best—to live and die in the practice alike of justice and of all other virtue. This then let us follow, and to this invite every one else; not that to which you trust yourself and invite me, for it is nothing worth, Callicles.
2. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

890b. Clin. What a horrible statement you have described, Stranger! And what widespread corruption of the young in private families as well as publicly in the States! Ath. That is indeed true, Clinias. What, then, do you think the lawgiver ought to do, seeing that these people have been armed in this way for a long time past? Should he merely stand up in the city and threaten all the people that unless they affirm that the gods exist and conceive them in their minds to be such as the law maintains and so likewise with regard to the beautiful and the just and all the greatest things
3. Plato, Phaedrus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

262d. the two discourses contain an example of the way in which one who knows the truth may lead his hearers on with sportive words; and I, Phaedrus, think the divinities of the place are the cause thereof; and perhaps too, the prophets of the Muses, who are singing above our heads, may have granted this boon to us by inspiration; at any rate, I possess no art of speaking. Phaedrus. So be it; only make your meaning clear. Socrates. Read me the beginning of Lysias’ discourse.
4. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

392a. in our youth great laxity in turpitude. Most assuredly. What type of discourse remains for our definition of our prescriptions and proscriptions? We have declared the right way of speaking about gods and daemons and heroes and that other world. We have. Speech, then, about men would be the remainder. Obviously. It is impossible for us, my friend, to place this here. Why? Because I presume we are going to say that so it is that both poet
5. Plato, Sophist, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Plato, Symposium, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Cicero, Academica, 1.13, 1.39, 1.43-1.44, 1.46 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

1.13. Tum ille: 'Istuc quidem considerabo, nec vero sine te. sed de te ipso quid est' inquit quod audio? Quanam inquam de re? VA. Relictam a te veterem Academiam Academiam Bentl. iam *g*d inquit, tractari autem novam. Quid ergo inquam Antiocho id magis licuerit nostro familiari, remigrare in domum veterem e nova, quam nobis in novam e vetere? certe enim recentissima quaeque sunt correcta et emendata maxime. quamquam Antiochi magister Philo, pholo *g magnus vir ut tu existimas estimas vel ex(s)t- *g ipse, †negaret negat Dav. negare solet Pl. in libris, quod coram etiam ex ipso audiebamus, duas Academias esse, erroremque eorum qui ita putarent coarguit. VA. Est inquit ut dicis; sed ignorare te non arbitror quae contra Philonis Antiochus scripserit. scripsit gf 1.39. cumque eas perturbationes antiqui naturales esse dicerent et rationis expertes aliaque in parte animi cupiditatem alia in alia Lb. rationem collocarent, ne his quidem assentiebatur; nam et perturbationes voluntarias esse putabat opinionisque iudicio suscipi et omnium perturbationum matrem esse arbitrabatur arb. matr. esse rw immoderatam quandam intemperantiam. Haec fere de moribus. De naturis autem sic sentiebat, primum ut in ut in ut s ? Asc. uti Bai. quattuor initiis rerum illis quintam hanc naturam, ex qua superiores sensus et et etiam Reid mentem effici rebantur, non adhiberet; statuebat enim ignem esse ipsam naturam quae quidque gigneret et mentem atque sensus. discrepabat etiam ab isdem, quod nullo modo arbitrabatur arbitrabantur *g quicquam effici posse ab ea quae expers esset corporis, cuius generis Xenocrates et superiores etiam animum esse dixerant, nec vero aut quod efficeret aliquid aut quod efficeretur posse esse non corpus. 1.43. Quae cum dixisset et, del. s ? Man. Breviter sane minimeque obscure exposita est inquam a te Varro et veteris Academiae ratio et Stoicorum. horum horum Goer. uerum *g*d esse autem arbitror, ut ut sm et n ut ab p 1 ab x at g 2 fx at ab *d om. g 1 Antiocho nostro familiari placebat, correctionem veteris Academiae potius quam aliquam novam disciplinam putandam. Tum tum s tunc *g*d Varro Tuae duae *d sunt nunc partes inquit qui ab antiquorum ratione ratione nunc *d desciscis descistis m p nf deciscis p 1 desistis g et ea quae ab Arcesila novata sunt probas, docere doce p 2 p 1 rw quod et qua de causa discidium dissidium mgf desidium sn factum sit, ut videamus satisne ista sit iusta defectio. 1.44. Tum ego Cum Zenone inquam “ut accepimus Arcesilas sibi omne certamen instituit, non pertinacia aut studio vincendi ut quidem mihi quidem mihi *gp videtur, sed earum rerum obscuritate, quae ad confessionem ignorationis adduxerant Socratem et vel ut iam ante et iam ante Dav. ad Lact. epit. 32 et ueluti amantes *g*d Socratem Democritum Anaxagoram Empedoclem omnes paene veteres, qui nihil cognosci nihil percipi nihil sciri posse dixerunt, angustos sensus imbecillos inbecilles p 1 sgf animos brevia curricula vitae et et om. sgf ut Democritus cf. p. 43, 13 in profundo veritatem esse demersam, demersam gfx dim- smnp m diuersam *d opinionibus et institutis omnia teneri, nihil veritati ueritate *g relinqui, deinceps deinceps denique Bentl. densis IACvHeusde ' Cic. filopla/twn ' ( 1836 ) 236 n. 1 omnia tenebris circumfusa esse dixerunt. cf. Lact. inst. 3, 4, 11. 28, 12 s. 30, 6 Democr. fr. 117 Deiels Emped. fr. 2 D. ( Kranz Herm. 47, 29 n. 2 ) 1.46. Hanc Academiam novam appellant, quae mihi vetus videtur, si quidem Platonem ex illa vetere numeramus, cuius in libris nihil affirmatur et in utramque partem multa disseruntur, de omnibus quaeritur nihil certi dicitur—sed tamen illa quam exposuisti exposuisti Dur. exposui *g*d ; an a Cicerone neglegenter scriptum ? vetus, haec nova nominetur. quae usque ad Carneadem perducta, producta mn (per in ras. p ) qui quartus ab Arcesila fuit, in eadem Arcesilae ratione permansit. Carneades autem nullius philosophiae partis ignarus et, ut cognovi ex is qui illum audierant maximeque ex Epicureo Epicureo ms -ZZZo *g*d Zenone, qui cum ab eo plurimum dissentiret unum tamen praeter ceteros mirabatur, incredibili quadam fuit facultate et to fuit īo facultate et do m 1, īo del. et do ctrina m 2 ; et to om. *dn et co pia dicendi Chr. ” quid autem stomachatur stomachetur Sig. Mnesarchus, quid Antipater digladiatur Non. p. 65 (digladiari) digladiatur F 1 -etur cett. cum Carneade tot voluminibus? *
8. Cicero, On The Ends of Good And Evil, 2.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.2. sed et illum, quem nominavi, et ceteros sophistas, ut e Platone intellegi potest, lusos videmus a Socrate. is enim percontando percontando A 2 percun- tando NV percunctando A 1 BE per cunctando R atque interrogando elicere solebat eorum opiniones, quibuscum disserebat, ut ad ea, ea haec R quae ii ii hi BER hii A hij NV respondissent, si quid videretur, diceret. qui mos cum a posterioribus non esset retentus, Arcesilas archesilas A acesilaos N achesilas V eum revocavit instituitque ut ii, qui se audire vellent, non de se quaererent, sed ipsi dicerent, quid sentirent; quod cum dixissent, ille contra. sed eum eum om. RNV qui audiebant, quoad poterant, defendebant sententiam suam. apud ceteros autem philosophos, qui quaesivit aliquid, tacet; quod quidem iam fit etiam etiam om. BER in Academia. ubi enim is, qui audire vult, ita dixit: 'Voluptas mihi videtur esse summum bonum', perpetua oratione contra disputatur, ut facile intellegi possit eos, qui aliquid sibi videri sibi aliquid (aliquit E) videri BE aliquid videri sibi V dicant, non ipsos in ea sententia esse, sed audire velle contraria. Nos commodius agimus. 2.2.  But we read how Socrates made fun of the aforesaid Gorgias, and the rest of the Sophists also, as we can learn from Plato. His own way was to question his interlocutors and by a process of cross-examination to elicit their opinions, so that he might express his own views by way of rejoinder to their answers. This practice was abandoned by his successors, but was afterwards revived by Arcesilas, who made it a rule that those who wished to hear him should not ask him questions but should state their own opinions; and when they had done so he argued against them. But whereas the pupils of Arcesilas did their best to defend their own position, with the rest of the philosophers the student who has put a question is then silent; and indeed this is nowadays the custom even in the Academy. The would‑be learner says, for example, 'The Chief Good in my opinion is pleasure,' and the contrary is then maintained in a formal discourse; so that it is not hard to realize that those who say they are of a certain opinion do not actually hold the view they profess, but want to hear what can be argued against it.
9. Plutarch, On Stoic Self-Contradictions, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Diogenes Laertius, Lives of The Philosophers, 4.33, 4.42 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

4.33. Some represent him as emulous of Pyrrho as well. He was devoted to dialectic and adopted the methods of argument introduced by the Eretrian school. On account of this Ariston said of him:Plato the head of him, Pyrrho the tail, midway Diodorus.And Timon speaks of him thus:Having the lead of Menedemus at his heart, he will run either to that mass of flesh, Pyrrho, or to Diodorus.And a little farther on he introduces him as saying:I shall swim to Pyrrho and to crooked Diodorus.He was highly axiomatic and concise, and in his discourse fond of distinguishing the meaning of terms. He was satirical enough, and outspoken. 4.42. There he had always shunned discussion over the wine; and when Aridices, proposing a certain question, requested him to speak upon it, he replied, The peculiar province of philosophy is just this, to know that there is a time for all things. As to the charge brought against him that he was the friend of the mob, Timon, among many other things, has the following:So saying, he plunged into the surrounding crowd. And they were amazed at him, like chaffinches about an owl, pointing him out as vain, because he was a flatterer of the mob. And why, insignificant thing that you are, do you puff yourself out like a simpleton?And yet for all that he was modest enough to recommend his pupils to hear other philosophers. And when a certain youth from Chios was not well pleased with his lectures and preferred those of the above-mentioned Hieronymus, Arcesilaus himself took him and introduced him to that philosopher, with an injunction to behave well.
11. Augustine, Contra Academicos, 3.38 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
academy, new Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
aenesidemus Bett, How to be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Scepticism (2019) 37
antigonus of carystus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
apology Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
arcesilaus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224; Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
argument on both sides Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
assent Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
aulus gellius Bett, How to be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Scepticism (2019) 37
burnyeat, m. Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
chrysippus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
cicero, on academic sceptics Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
cicero (academic allegiance) Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
crantor Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
crates (academic) Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
crates of athens Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
determinism, dialectic Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
dialectic Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
eleatic stranger Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
epoche Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
frede, d. Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
imitation (mimêsis) Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
katalepsis, kataleptic impression Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
knowledge Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
lysis (dialogue) Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
peripatetics Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
philosophy Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
photius Bett, How to be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Scepticism (2019) 37
plato, theory of forms Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
plato, zenos relation to Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
platonism, platonists Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
polemo Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224; Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
scepticism, academic Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
sextus empiricus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
skepticism, academic Bett, How to be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Scepticism (2019) 37
skeptics, academic Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
socrates, influence on scepticism Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
socrates Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224; Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
sophist Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
statesman Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
stoicism Bett, How to be a Pyrrhonist: The Practice and Significance of Pyrrhonian Scepticism (2019) 37
symposium Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
theophrastus Tarrant et al, Brill's Companion to the Reception of Plato in Antiquity (2018) 62
tranquillity, truth' Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 110
wisdom Ebrey and Kraut, The Cambridge Companion to Plato, 2nd ed (2022) 141
xenophon Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
zeno of citium, and platos theaetetus Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224
zeno of citium, epistemology of Long, From Epicurus to Epictetus Studies in Hellenistic and Roman Philosophy (2006) 224