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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



1218
Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 2


nanAfter this it came to pass that the upper classes and the people were divided by party-strife for a long period, for the form of government was in all respects oligarchical; indeed, the poor were in a state of bondage to the rich, both themselves, their wives, and their children, and were called Pelatae (bond-slaves for hire), and Hektemori (paying a sixth of the produce as rent); for at this rate of hire they used to work the lands of the rich. Now, the whole of the land was in the hands of a few, and if the cultivators did not pay their rents, they became subject to bondage, both they and their children, and were bound to their creditors on the security of their persons, up to the time of Solon. For he was the first to come forward as the champion of the people. The hardest and bitterest thing then to the majority was that they had no share in the offices of government; not but what they were dissatisfied with everything else, for in nothing, so to say, had they any share.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Solon, Fragments, 36 (7th cent. BCE - 6th cent. BCE)

2. Thucydides, The History of The Peloponnesian War, 1.20.2, 1.89, 1.100, 1.108, 1.126.3-1.126.12, 6.54-6.59, 8.48-8.49, 8.52-8.56, 8.65-8.69, 8.81-8.82, 8.84, 8.86, 8.89, 8.97 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1.20.2. The general Athenian public fancy that Hipparchus was tyrant when he fell by the hands of Harmodius and Aristogiton; not knowing that Hippias, the eldest of the sons of Pisistratus, was really supreme, and that Hipparchus and Thessalus were his brothers; and that Harmodius and Aristogiton suspecting, on the very day, nay at the very moment fixed on for the deed, that information had been conveyed to Hippias by their accomplices, concluded that he had been warned, and did not attack him, yet, not liking to be apprehended and risk their lives for nothing, fell upon Hipparchus near the temple of the daughters of Leos, and slew him as he was arranging the Panathenaic procession. 1.126.6. Whether the grand festival that was meant was in Attica or elsewhere was a question which he never thought of, and which the oracle did not offer to solve. For the Athenians also have a festival which is called the grand festival of Zeus Meilichios or Gracious, viz. the Diasia. It is celebrated outside the city, and the whole people sacrifice not real victims but a number of bloodless offerings peculiar to the country. However, fancying he had chosen the right time, he made the attempt. 1.126.7. As soon as the Athenians perceived it, they flocked in, one and all, from the country, and sat down, and laid siege to the citadel.
3. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 12.4 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4. Plutarch, Precepts of Statecraft, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Plutarch, Solon, 15.2-15.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15.2. But those things wherein he hoped to find them open to persuasion or submissive to compulsion, these he did, Combining both force and justice together, Solon, Frag. 36. 14 (Bergk) as he says himself. Therefore when he was afterwards asked if he had enacted the best laws for the Athenians, he replied, The best they would receive. Now later writers observe that the ancient Athenians used to cover up the ugliness of things with auspicious and kindly terms, giving them polite and endearing names. 15.3. Thus they called harlots companions, taxes contributions, the garrison of a city its guard, and the prison a chamber. But Solon was the first, it would seem, to use this device, when he called his cancelling of debts a disburdenment. For the first of his public measures was an enactment that existing debts should be remitted, and that in future no one should lend money on the person of a borrower.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham, as defense lawyer Hidary, Rabbis and Classical Rhetoric: Sophistic Education and Oratory in the Talmud and Midrash (2017) 252
androgyne, or hermaphroditus Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
apatouria Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546, 577, 612
aristotle Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50; Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 671
athenaion politeia Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 671
athens Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
baptism Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
bourriot, f. Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 625, 627
christianity Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
citizenship, honorary Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609, 610
citizenship Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577, 612
clothing white Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
colors Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
crown, orgeones Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 610
delos, and ionians Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
demotionidai Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
dikastai kata dêmous Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577
diodorus siculus Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 671
dyeing Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
epakreis, epakria Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 547
eranos Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
erechtheus Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
eupatridai Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 627
evolution Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 628
fire Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
fission Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
geleontes Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
gennêtês Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 627
gernet, l. Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 625
heavenly court advocates, in rabbinic literature' Hidary, Rabbis and Classical Rhetoric: Sophistic Education and Oratory in the Talmud and Midrash (2017) 252
heavenly court advocates Hidary, Rabbis and Classical Rhetoric: Sophistic Education and Oratory in the Talmud and Midrash (2017) 252
hero Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 628
homogalaktes Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 627, 628
ion Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
ionians Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
kerykes Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 627
knowledge Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
koironidai Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609
kos Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609
koureion Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
krokonidai Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609, 627
kyrene Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577
lamb Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577
leschê Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 627, 628
light Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
matter Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
meion Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
military call-up, organization Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 547
mixing Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
moralia Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
name Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 628
oath, in phratry Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 610
oenophyta Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 671
oligarchic conspiracy/revolution (nan Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 671
orgeones Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 610
oschophoria Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 610
passions Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
patra Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 628
patronymic Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 628
phratry Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577, 609, 610, 612, 625
plataia Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609
plutarchs lives, life of solon Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
priestess, local Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609
ritual theories of Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
roussel, d. Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 625
salaminioi Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 612
salamis Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577
samos Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 609
seisachtheia Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
solon Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
sparta, and athens, institutions Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 547
stoics Leão and Lanzillotta, A Man of Many Interests: Plutarch on Religion, Myth, and Magic (2019) 50
synoikia Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
theseus, and synoikia Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546
thiasos Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 577, 610, 612
thirtieth-day rite Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 328
thucydides, son of melesias, manuscript traditionnan Rengakos and Tsakmakis, Brill's Companion to Thucydides (2006) 671
tribes, pre-kleisthenic Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 546, 547
trittys Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 547
unification Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
valentinians Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
vision of god, purification before Blidstein, Purity Community and Ritual in Early Christian Literature (2017) 127
voting Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 610, 612
women, and assocations Humphreys, Kinship in Ancient Athens: An Anthropological Analysis (2018) 610