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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



1212
Aristophanes, Wasps, 1019
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

22 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 18.9-18.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

18.9. כִּי אַתָּה בָּא אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ נֹתֵן לָךְ לֹא־תִלְמַד לַעֲשׂוֹת כְּתוֹעֲבֹת הַגּוֹיִם הָהֵם׃ 18.11. וְחֹבֵר חָבֶר וְשֹׁאֵל אוֹב וְיִדְּעֹנִי וְדֹרֵשׁ אֶל־הַמֵּתִים׃ 18.12. כִּי־תוֹעֲבַת יְהוָה כָּל־עֹשֵׂה אֵלֶּה וּבִגְלַל הַתּוֹעֵבֹת הָאֵלֶּה יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מוֹרִישׁ אוֹתָם מִפָּנֶיךָ׃ 18.13. תָּמִים תִּהְיֶה עִם יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ׃ 18.14. כִּי הַגּוֹיִם הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה יוֹרֵשׁ אוֹתָם אֶל־מְעֹנְנִים וְאֶל־קֹסְמִים יִשְׁמָעוּ וְאַתָּה לֹא כֵן נָתַן לְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ׃ 18.9. When thou art come into the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not learn to do after the abominations of those nations." 18.10. There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, one that useth divination, a soothsayer, or an enchanter, or a sorcerer," 18.11. or a charmer, or one that consulteth a ghost or a familiar spirit, or a necromancer." 18.12. For whosoever doeth these things is an abomination unto the LORD; and because of these abominations the LORD thy God is driving them out from before thee." 18.13. Thou shalt be whole-hearted with the LORD thy God." 18.14. For these nations, that thou art to dispossess, hearken unto soothsayers, and unto diviners; but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do."
2. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 28.7-28.14 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 8.19, 29.4 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

8.19. וְכִי־יֹאמְרוּ אֲלֵיכֶם דִּרְשׁוּ אֶל־הָאֹבוֹת וְאֶל־הַיִּדְּעֹנִים הַמְצַפְצְפִים וְהַמַּהְגִּים הֲלוֹא־עַם אֶל־אֱלֹהָיו יִדְרֹשׁ בְּעַד הַחַיִּים אֶל־הַמֵּתִים׃ 29.4. וְשָׁפַלְתְּ מֵאֶרֶץ תְּדַבֵּרִי וּמֵעָפָר תִּשַּׁח אִמְרָתֵךְ וְהָיָה כְּאוֹב מֵאֶרֶץ קוֹלֵךְ וּמֵעָפָר אִמְרָתֵךְ תְּצַפְצֵף׃ 8.19. And when they shall say unto you: ‘Seek unto the ghosts and the familiar spirits, that chirp and that mutter; should not a people seek unto their God? on behalf of the living unto the dead" 29.4. And brought down thou shalt speak out of the ground, And thy speech shall be low out of the dust; And thy voice shall be as of a ghost out of the ground, And thy speech shall chirp out of the dust."
4. Aristophanes, Acharnians, 665 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

665. δεῦρο Μοῦς' ἐλθὲ φλεγυρὰ πυρὸς ἔχουσα μένος ἔντονος ̓Αχαρνική.
5. Aristophanes, Birds, 737-739, 724 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

724. ἕξετε χρῆσθαι μάντεσι Μούσαις
6. Aristophanes, Women of The Assembly, 883, 882 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

882. παίζουσα. πῶς ἂν περιλάβοιμ' αὐτῶν τινὰ
7. Aristophanes, Knights, 506, 505 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

505. ὦ παντοίας ἤδη Μούσης
8. Aristophanes, Peace, 774-780, 773 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

773. γενναιοτάτου τῶν ποιητῶν
9. Aristophanes, Frogs, 1302-1303, 1305-1308, 356, 873, 1301 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1301. οὗτος δ' ἀπὸ πάντων †μὲν φέρει, πορνιδίων†
10. Aristophanes, The Women Celebrating The Thesmophoria, 108-110, 41-43, 107 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

107. ἄγε νυν ὄλβιζε Μοῦσα
11. Aristophanes, Wasps, 1029-1037, 1051-1052, 1062, 1064-1065, 1016 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

1016. μέμψασθαι γὰρ τοῖσι θεαταῖς ὁ ποιητὴς νῦν ἐπιθυμεῖ.
12. Hebrew Bible, 2 Chronicles, 33.6 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

33.6. וְהוּא הֶעֱבִיר אֶת־בָּנָיו בָּאֵשׁ בְּגֵי בֶן־הִנֹּם וְעוֹנֵן וְנִחֵשׁ וְכִשֵּׁף וְעָשָׂה אוֹב וְיִדְּעוֹנִי הִרְבָּה לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה לְהַכְעִיסוֹ׃ 33.6. He also made his children to pass through the fire in the valley of the son of Hinnom; and he practised soothsaying, and used enchantments, and practised sorcery, and appointed them that divined by a ghost or a familiar spirit; he wrought much evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him."
13. Plato, Laws, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

642d. not by outward compulsion but by inner disposition. Thus, so far as I am concerned, you may speak without fear and say all you please. Clin. My story, too, Stranger, when you hear it, will show you that you may boldly say all you wish. You have probably heard how that inspired man Epimenides, who was a family connection of ours, was born in Crete ; and how ten years before the Persian War, in obedience to the oracle of the god, he went to Athens and offered certain sacrifices which the god had ordained; and how, moreover, when the Athenians were alarmed at the Persians’ expeditionary force
14. Plato, Sophist, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

252c. Theaet. How so? Str. Because they are obliged in speaking of anything to use the expressions to be, apart, from the rest, by itself, and countless others; they are powerless to keep away from them or avoid working them into their discourse; and therefore there is no need of others to refute them, but, as the saying goes, their enemy and future opponent is of their own household whom they always carry about with them as they go, giving forth speech from within them, like the wonderful Eurycles.
15. Aristotle, Athenian Constitution, 21 (4th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

16. Anon., Testament of Judah, 23.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

17. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 3.224-3.226 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

3.224. of wickedness, male will consort with male 3.225. 225 And children they will place in dens of shame; 3.226. And in those days there shall be among men
18. Philo of Alexandria, On Dreams, 1.220 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1.220. For we read that Joseph had a "coat of many Colours," not being sprinkled with the sacred purifications, by means of which he might have known that he himself was only a compound of dust and water, and not being able to touch that thoroughly white and most shining raiment, virtue. But being clothed in the much-variegated web of political affairs, with which the smallest possible portion of truth is mixed up; and also many and large portions of plausible, probable, and likely falsehoods, from which all the sophists of Egypt, and all the augurs, and ventriloquists, and sorcerers spring; men skilful in juggling, and in incantations, and in tricks of all kinds, from whose treacherous arts it is very difficult to escape.
19. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 6.327-6.330 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.327. 2. Now Saul, the king of the Hebrews, had cast out of the country the fortune-tellers, and the necromancers, and all such as exercised the like arts, excepting the prophets. But when he heard that the Philistines were already come, and had pitched their camp near the city Shunem, situate in the plain, he made haste to oppose them with his forces; 6.328. and when he was come to a certain mountain called Gilboa, he pitched his camp over-against the enemy; but when he saw the enemy’s army he was greatly troubled, because it appeared to him to be numerous, and superior to his own; and he inquired of God by the prophets concerning the battle, that he might know beforehand what would be the event of it. 6.329. And when God did not answer him, Saul was under a still greater dread, and his courage fell, foreseeing, as was but reasonable to suppose, that mischief would befall him, now God was not there to assist him; yet did he bid his servants to inquire out for him some woman that was a necromancer and called up the souls of the dead, that So he might know whether his affairs would succeed to his mind;
20. New Testament, Acts, 16.16 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

16.16. It happened, as we were going to prayer, that a certain girl having a spirit of divination met us, who brought her masters much gain by fortune telling.
21. Plutarch, On The Obsolescence of Oracles, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

414e. Their presence and power wise men are ever telling us we must look for in Nature and in Matter, where it is manifested, the originating influence being reserved for the Deity, as is right. Certainly it is foolish and childish in the extreme to imagine that the god himself after the manner of ventriloquists (who used to be called 'Eurycleis,' but now 'Pythones') enters into the bodies of his prophets and prompts their utterances, employing their mouths and voices as instruments. For if he allows himself to become entangled in men's needs, he is prodigal with his majesty and he does not observe the dignity and greatness of his preeminence.""You are right," said Cleombrotus; "but since it is hard to apprehend
22. Plutarch, Solon, 12.1-12.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12.1. Now the Cylonian pollution had for a long time agitated the city, ever since Megacles the archon had persuaded Cylon and his fellow conspirators, who had taken sanctuary in the temple of Athena, to come down and stand their trial. About 636 B.C. Cf. Hdt. 5.71 ; Thuc. 1.126 . They fastened a braided thread to the image of the goddess and kept hold of it, but when they reached the shrine of the Erinyes on their way down, the thread broke of its own accord, upon which Megacles and his fellow-archons rushed to seize them, on the plea that the goddess refused them the rights of suppliants. Those who were outside of sacred precincts were stoned to death, and those who took refuge at the altars were slaughtered there; only those were spared who made supplication to the wives of the archons. 12.2. Therefore the archons were called polluted men and were held in execration. The survivors of the followers of Cylon also recovered strength, and were forever at variance with the descendants of Megacles. At this particular time the quarrel was at its height and the people divided between the two factions. Solon, therefore, being now in high repute, interposed between them, along with the noblest of the Athenians, and by his entreaties and injunctions persuaded the men who were held to be polluted to submit to a trial, and to abide by the decision of three hundred jurors selected from the nobility. 12.3. Myron of Phlya conducted the prosecution, and the family of Megacles was found guilty. Those who were alive were banished, and the bodies of the dead were dug up and cast forth beyond the borders of the country. During these disturbances the Megarians also attacked the Athenians, who lost Nisaea, and were driven out of Salamis once more. The city was also visited with superstitious fears and strange appearances, and the seers declared that their sacrifices indicated pollutions and defilements which demanded expiation. 12.4. Under these circumstances they summoned to their aid from Crete Epimenides of Phaestus, who is reckoned as the seventh Wise Man by some of those who refuse Periander a place in the list. See note on Plut. Sol. 3.5, and cf. Aristot. Const. Ath. 1 . He was reputed to be a man beloved of the gods, and endowed with a mystical and heaven-sent wisdom in religious matters. Therefore the men of his time said that he was the son of a nymph named Balte, and called him a new Cures. The Curetes were Cretan priests of Idaean Zeus, who took their name from the demi-gods to whose care Rhea was said to have committed the infant Zeus. On coming to Athens he made Solon his friend, assisted him in many ways, and paved the way for his legislation.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
agathon Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 117
apollo Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
apollo (god), sanctuary at delphi Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
aristophanes Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 117, 119; Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
aristotle, athenian constitution Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
bacchylides Castagnoli and Ceccarelli, Greek Memories: Theories and Practices (2019) 119
balaam Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
body Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
cultural memory, oracles and divination Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
death Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
deceit Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
deception Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
delphi, oracle Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
delphi, pythian apollo Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
delphi, sanctuary of apollo Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
delphi Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
divination, artificial Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
dreams Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
eurycleis Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
evil Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
god, promise of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
idol/idolatry Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
inspiration Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
jesus christ, in luke-acts Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
jew/jewish, conceptions of the spirit Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
jew/jewish, literature/ authors Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
johnston, sarah iles Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
judah (tribe) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
katz, j. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
lamprias' "151.0_319.0@law, god's" '151.0_319.0@oracles Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
literature Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
mouth, serpent, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
oracles, delphi Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
oracles, divination Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
oracles, drawing of lots Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
oracles, independent diviners (pythones) Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
oracles, natural vs. technical methods' Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
oracles, pythia Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
oracles, pythian apollo Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
paul (saul) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
philo judaeus Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
plutarch Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
prophecy Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
pythia Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
pythones Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
pythonic spirit Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
samuel Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
saul Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
serpent Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
sibyl Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
spirit, characterizations as, breath (life itself) Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
spirit, characterizations as, voice Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
spirit, modes of presence, indwelling Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
spirit, modes of presence, poured out upon Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
spirit, modes of presence, prompting Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
spirit, modes of presence, receiving of Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319
testament of eve Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
throne Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 510
volk, k. Eidinow and Kindt, The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Greek Religion (2015) 480
witch of endor Levison, Filled with the Spirit (2009) 319