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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



927
Anon., The Life Of Adam And Eve, 43.2
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1. Septuagint, Tobit, 3.17, 5.4, 7.8, 8.2, 9.1, 9.5, 11.2, 11.7, 12.15, 13.4 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.17. And Raphael was sent to heal the two of them: to scale away the white films of Tobits eyes; to give Sarah the daughter of Raguel in marriage to Tobias the son of Tobit, and to bind Asmodeus the evil demon, because Tobias was entitled to possess her. At that very moment Tobit returned and entered his house and Sarah the daughter of Raguel came down from her upper room. 5.4. So he went to look for a man; and he found Raphael, who was an angel 8.2. As he went he remembered the words of Raphael, and he took the live ashes of incense and put the heart and liver of the fish upon them and made a smoke. 12.15. I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels who present the prayers of the saints and enter into the presence of the glory of the Holy One. 13.4. Make his greatness known there,and exalt him in the presence of all the living;because he is our Lord and God,he is our Father for ever.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 13.8, 32.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

13.8. מֵאֱלֹהֵי הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבֹתֵיכֶם הַקְּרֹבִים אֵלֶיךָ אוֹ הָרְחֹקִים מִמֶּךָּ מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ וְעַד־קְצֵה הָאָרֶץ׃ 32.6. הֲ־לַיְהוָה תִּגְמְלוּ־זֹאת עַם נָבָל וְלֹא חָכָם הֲלוֹא־הוּא אָבִיךָ קָּנֶךָ הוּא עָשְׂךָ וַיְכֹנְנֶךָ׃ 13.8. of the gods of the peoples that are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth;" 32.6. Do ye thus requite the LORD, O foolish people and unwise? Is not He thy father that hath gotten thee? Hath He not made thee, and established thee?"
3. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 4.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.3. וּבְכָל־מְדִינָה וּמְדִינָה מְקוֹם אֲשֶׁר דְּבַר־הַמֶּלֶךְ וְדָתוֹ מַגִּיעַ אֵבֶל גָּדוֹל לַיְּהוּדִים וְצוֹם וּבְכִי וּמִסְפֵּד שַׂק וָאֵפֶר יֻצַּע לָרַבִּים׃ 4.3. And in every province, whithersoever the king’s commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews, and fasting, and weeping, and wailing; and many lay in sackcloth and ashes."
4. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 2.2, 11.5, 12.13, 12.27, 12.29, 33.22 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.2. וַתַּהַר הָאִשָּׁה וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתֵּרֶא אֹתוֹ כִּי־טוֹב הוּא וַתִּצְפְּנֵהוּ שְׁלֹשָׁה יְרָחִים׃ 2.2. וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל־בְּנֹתָיו וְאַיּוֹ לָמָּה זֶּה עֲזַבְתֶּן אֶת־הָאִישׁ קִרְאֶן לוֹ וְיֹאכַל לָחֶם׃ 11.5. וּמֵת כָּל־בְּכוֹר בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מִבְּכוֹר פַּרְעֹה הַיֹּשֵׁב עַל־כִּסְאוֹ עַד בְּכוֹר הַשִּׁפְחָה אֲשֶׁר אַחַר הָרֵחָיִם וְכֹל בְּכוֹר בְּהֵמָה׃ 12.13. וְהָיָה הַדָּם לָכֶם לְאֹת עַל הַבָּתִּים אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם שָׁם וְרָאִיתִי אֶת־הַדָּם וּפָסַחְתִּי עֲלֵכֶם וְלֹא־יִהְיֶה בָכֶם נֶגֶף לְמַשְׁחִית בְּהַכֹּתִי בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם׃ 12.27. וַאֲמַרְתֶּם זֶבַח־פֶּסַח הוּא לַיהוָה אֲשֶׁר פָּסַח עַל־בָּתֵּי בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּמִצְרַיִם בְּנָגְפּוֹ אֶת־מִצְרַיִם וְאֶת־בָּתֵּינוּ הִצִּיל וַיִּקֹּד הָעָם וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוּוּ׃ 12.29. וַיְהִי בַּחֲצִי הַלַּיְלָה וַיהוָה הִכָּה כָל־בְּכוֹר בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מִבְּכֹר פַּרְעֹה הַיֹּשֵׁב עַל־כִּסְאוֹ עַד בְּכוֹר הַשְּׁבִי אֲשֶׁר בְּבֵית הַבּוֹר וְכֹל בְּכוֹר בְּהֵמָה׃ 33.22. וְהָיָה בַּעֲבֹר כְּבֹדִי וְשַׂמְתִּיךָ בְּנִקְרַת הַצּוּר וְשַׂכֹּתִי כַפִּי עָלֶיךָ עַד־עָבְרִי׃ 2.2. And the woman conceived, and bore a son; and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months." 11.5. and all the first-born in the land of Egypt shall die, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the first-born of the maid-servant that is behind the mill; and all the first-born of cattle." 12.13. And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are; and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt." 12.27. that ye shall say: It is the sacrifice of the LORD’s passover, for that He passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.’ And the people bowed the head and worshipped." 12.29. And it came to pass at midnight, that the LORD smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the first-born of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the first-born of cattle." 33.22. And it shall come to pass, while My glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a cleft of the rock, and will cover thee with My hand until I have passed by."
5. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 3.15-3.17, 3.22, 4.12, 4.25, 5.6-5.8, 6.1-6.4, 12.16, 20.2, 23.6, 23.19, 35.27-35.28, 39.23, 45.15, 49.29-49.31, 50.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.15. וְאֵיבָה אָשִׁית בֵּינְךָ וּבֵין הָאִשָּׁה וּבֵין זַרְעֲךָ וּבֵין זַרְעָהּ הוּא יְשׁוּפְךָ רֹאשׁ וְאַתָּה תְּשׁוּפֶנּוּ עָקֵב׃ 3.16. אֶל־הָאִשָּׁה אָמַר הַרְבָּה אַרְבֶּה עִצְּבוֹנֵךְ וְהֵרֹנֵךְ בְּעֶצֶב תֵּלְדִי בָנִים וְאֶל־אִישֵׁךְ תְּשׁוּקָתֵךְ וְהוּא יִמְשָׁל־בָּךְ׃ 3.17. וּלְאָדָם אָמַר כִּי־שָׁמַעְתָּ לְקוֹל אִשְׁתֶּךָ וַתֹּאכַל מִן־הָעֵץ אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִיךָ לֵאמֹר לֹא תֹאכַל מִמֶּנּוּ אֲרוּרָה הָאֲדָמָה בַּעֲבוּרֶךָ בְּעִצָּבוֹן תֹּאכֲלֶנָּה כֹּל יְמֵי חַיֶּיךָ׃ 3.22. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם׃ 4.12. כִּי תַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה לֹא־תֹסֵף תֵּת־כֹּחָהּ לָךְ נָע וָנָד תִּהְיֶה בָאָרֶץ׃ 4.25. וַיֵּדַע אָדָם עוֹד אֶת־אִשְׁתּוֹ וַתֵּלֶד בֵּן וַתִּקְרָא אֶת־שְׁמוֹ שֵׁת כִּי שָׁת־לִי אֱלֹהִים זֶרַע אַחֵר תַּחַת הֶבֶל כִּי הֲרָגוֹ קָיִן׃ 5.6. וַיְחִי־שֵׁת חָמֵשׁ שָׁנִים וּמְאַת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד אֶת־אֱנוֹשׁ׃ 5.7. וַיְחִי־שֵׁת אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידוֹ אֶת־אֱנוֹשׁ שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים וּשְׁמֹנֶה מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת׃ 5.8. וַיִּהְיוּ כָּל־יְמֵי־שֵׁת שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה וּתְשַׁע מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיָּמֹת׃ 6.1. וַיְהִי כִּי־הֵחֵל הָאָדָם לָרֹב עַל־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּבָנוֹת יֻלְּדוּ לָהֶם׃ 6.1. וַיּוֹלֶד נֹחַ שְׁלֹשָׁה בָנִים אֶת־שֵׁם אֶת־חָם וְאֶת־יָפֶת׃ 6.2. וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ׃ 6.2. מֵהָעוֹף לְמִינֵהוּ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה לְמִינָהּ מִכֹּל רֶמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה לְמִינֵהוּ שְׁנַיִם מִכֹּל יָבֹאוּ אֵלֶיךָ לְהַחֲיוֹת׃ 6.3. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה לֹא־יָדוֹן רוּחִי בָאָדָם לְעֹלָם בְּשַׁגַּם הוּא בָשָׂר וְהָיוּ יָמָיו מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה׃ 6.4. הַנְּפִלִים הָיוּ בָאָרֶץ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וְגַם אַחֲרֵי־כֵן אֲשֶׁר יָבֹאוּ בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים אֶל־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם וְיָלְדוּ לָהֶם הֵמָּה הַגִּבֹּרִים אֲשֶׁר מֵעוֹלָם אַנְשֵׁי הַשֵּׁם׃ 12.16. וּלְאַבְרָם הֵיטִיב בַּעֲבוּרָהּ וַיְהִי־לוֹ צֹאן־וּבָקָר וַחֲמֹרִים וַעֲבָדִים וּשְׁפָחֹת וַאֲתֹנֹת וּגְמַלִּים׃ 20.2. וַיֹּאמֶר אַבְרָהָם אֶל־שָׂרָה אִשְׁתּוֹ אֲחֹתִי הִוא וַיִּשְׁלַח אֲבִימֶלֶךְ מֶלֶךְ גְּרָר וַיִּקַּח אֶת־שָׂרָה׃ 23.6. שְׁמָעֵנוּ אֲדֹנִי נְשִׂיא אֱלֹהִים אַתָּה בְּתוֹכֵנוּ בְּמִבְחַר קְבָרֵינוּ קְבֹר אֶת־מֵתֶךָ אִישׁ מִמֶּנּוּ אֶת־קִבְרוֹ לֹא־יִכְלֶה מִמְּךָ מִקְּבֹר מֵתֶךָ׃ 23.19. וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן קָבַר אַבְרָהָם אֶת־שָׂרָה אִשְׁתּוֹ אֶל־מְעָרַת שְׂדֵה הַמַּכְפֵּלָה עַל־פְּנֵי מַמְרֵא הִוא חֶבְרוֹן בְּאֶרֶץ כְּנָעַן׃ 35.27. וַיָּבֹא יַעֲקֹב אֶל־יִצְחָק אָבִיו מַמְרֵא קִרְיַת הָאַרְבַּע הִוא חֶבְרוֹן אֲשֶׁר־גָּר־שָׁם אַבְרָהָם וְיִצְחָק׃ 35.28. וַיִּהְיוּ יְמֵי יִצְחָק מְאַת שָׁנָה וּשְׁמֹנִים שָׁנָה׃ 39.23. אֵין שַׂר בֵּית־הַסֹּהַר רֹאֶה אֶת־כָּל־מְאוּמָה בְּיָדוֹ בַּאֲשֶׁר יְהוָה אִתּוֹ וַאֲשֶׁר־הוּא עֹשֶׂה יְהוָה מַצְלִיחַ׃ 45.15. וַיְנַשֵּׁק לְכָל־אֶחָיו וַיֵּבְךְּ עֲלֵיהֶם וְאַחֲרֵי כֵן דִּבְּרוּ אֶחָיו אִתּוֹ׃ 49.29. וַיְצַו אוֹתָם וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם אֲנִי נֶאֱסָף אֶל־עַמִּי קִבְרוּ אֹתִי אֶל־אֲבֹתָי אֶל־הַמְּעָרָה אֲשֶׁר בִּשְׂדֵה עֶפְרוֹן הַחִתִּי׃ 49.31. שָׁמָּה קָבְרוּ אֶת־אַבְרָהָם וְאֵת שָׂרָה אִשְׁתּוֹ שָׁמָּה קָבְרוּ אֶת־יִצְחָק וְאֵת רִבְקָה אִשְׁתּוֹ וְשָׁמָּה קָבַרְתִּי אֶת־לֵאָה׃ 50.13. וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֹתוֹ בָנָיו אַרְצָה כְּנַעַן וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֹתוֹ בִּמְעָרַת שְׂדֵה הַמַּכְפֵּלָה אֲשֶׁר קָנָה אַבְרָהָם אֶת־הַשָּׂדֶה לַאֲחֻזַּת־קֶבֶר מֵאֵת עֶפְרֹן הַחִתִּי עַל־פְּנֵי מַמְרֵא׃ 3.15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; they shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise their heel.’" 3.16. Unto the woman He said: ‘I will greatly multiply thy pain and thy travail; in pain thou shalt bring forth children; and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.’" 3.17. And unto Adam He said: ‘Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying: Thou shalt not eat of it; cursed is the ground for thy sake; in toil shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life." 3.22. And the LORD God said: ‘Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.’" 4.12. When thou tillest the ground, it shall not henceforth yield unto thee her strength; a fugitive and a wanderer shalt thou be in the earth.’" 4.25. And Adam knew his wife again; and she bore a son, and called his name Seth: ‘for God hath appointed me another seed instead of Abel; for Cain slew him.’" 5.6. And Seth lived a hundred and five years, and begot Enosh." 5.7. And Seth lived after he begot Enosh eight hundred and seven years, and begot sons and daughters." 5.8. And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years; and he died." 6.1. And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them," 6.2. that the sons of nobles saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives, whomsoever they chose." 6.3. And the LORD said: ‘My spirit shall not abide in man for ever, for that he also is flesh; therefore shall his days be a hundred and twenty years.’" 6.4. The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of nobles came in unto the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; the same were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown." 12.16. And he dealt well with Abram for her sake; and he had sheep, and oxen, and he-asses, and men-servants, and maid-servants, and she-asses, and camels." 20.2. And Abraham said of Sarah his wife: ‘She is my sister.’ And Abimelech king of Gerar sent, and took Sarah." 23.6. ’Hear us, my lord: thou art a mighty prince among us; in the choice of our sepulchres bury thy dead; none of us shall withhold from thee his sepulchre, but that thou mayest bury thy dead.’" 23.19. And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre—the same is Hebron—in the land of Canaan." 35.27. And Jacob came unto Isaac his father to Mamre, to Kiriatharba—the same is Hebron—where Abraham and Isaac sojourned." 35.28. And the days of Isaac were a hundred and fourscore years." 39.23. The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing that was under his hand, because the LORD was with him; and that which he did, the LORD made it to prosper." 45.15. And he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them; and after that his brethren talked with him." 49.29. And be charged them, and said unto them: ‘I am to be gathered unto my people; bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite," 49.30. in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a burying-place." 49.31. There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah." 50.13. For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field, for a possession of a burying-place, of Ephron the Hittite, in front of Mamre."
6. Hebrew Bible, Malachi, 1.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.6. בֵּן יְכַבֵּד אָב וְעֶבֶד אֲדֹנָיו וְאִם־אָב אָנִי אַיֵּה כְבוֹדִי וְאִם־אֲדוֹנִים אָנִי אַיֵּה מוֹרָאִי אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת לָכֶם הַכֹּהֲנִים בּוֹזֵי שְׁמִי וַאֲמַרְתֶּם בַּמֶּה בָזִינוּ אֶת־שְׁמֶךָ׃ 1.6. A son honoureth his father, And a servant his master; If then I be a father, Where is My honour? And if I be a master, Where is My fear? Saith the LORD of hosts Unto you, O priests, that despise My name. And ye say: ‘Wherein have we despised Thy name?’"
7. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 9.20 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

9.20. And sometimes the cloud was a few days upon the tabernacle; according to the commandment of the LORD they remained encamped, and according to the commandment of the LORD they journeyed."
8. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 7.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

7.16. מַרְבַדִּים רָבַדְתִּי עַרְשִׂי חֲטֻבוֹת אֵטוּן מִצְרָיִם׃ 7.16. I have decked my couch with coverlets, With striped cloths of the yarn of Egypt."
9. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 16.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.8. שִׁוִּיתִי יְהוָה לְנֶגְדִּי תָמִיד כִּי מִימִינִי בַּל־אֶמּוֹט׃ 16.8. I have set the LORD always before me; Surely He is at my right hand, I shall not be moved."
10. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 1.17, 1.24, 8.25 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.17. וַתֹּאמֶר לוֹ אֲדֹנִי אַתָּה נִשְׁבַּעְתָּ בַּיהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לַאֲמָתֶךָ כִּי־שְׁלֹמֹה בְנֵךְ יִמְלֹךְ אַחֲרָי וְהוּא יֵשֵׁב עַל־כִּסְאִי׃ 8.25. וְעַתָּה יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁמֹר לְעַבְדְּךָ דָוִד אָבִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ לּוֹ לֵאמֹר לֹא־יִכָּרֵת לְךָ אִישׁ מִלְּפָנַי יֹשֵׁב עַל־כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל רַק אִם־יִשְׁמְרוּ בָנֶיךָ אֶת־דַּרְכָּם לָלֶכֶת לְפָנַי כַּאֲשֶׁר הָלַכְתָּ לְפָנָי׃ 1.17. And she said unto him: ‘My lord, thou didst swear by the LORD thy God unto thy handmaid: Assuredly Solomon thy son shall reign after me, and he shall sit upon my throne." 8.25. Now therefore, O LORD, the God of Israel, keep with Thy servant David my father that which Thou hast promised him saying: There shall not fail thee a man in My sight to sit on the throne of Israel, if only thy children take heed to their way, to walk before Me as thou hast walked before Me."
11. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 26.24 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

26.24. וְהִנֵּה כַּאֲשֶׁר גָּדְלָה נַפְשְׁךָ הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה בְּעֵינָי כֵּן תִּגְדַּל נַפְשִׁי בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה וְיַצִּלֵנִי מִכָּל־צָרָה׃ 26.24. And, behold, as thy life was much esteemed this day in my eyes, so let my life be much esteemed in the eyes of the Lord, and let him deliver me out of all tribulation."
12. Hebrew Bible, 2 Samuel, 4.8-4.12, 5.3-5.10, 5.13 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.8. וַיָּבִאוּ אֶת־רֹאשׁ אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת אֶל־דָּוִד חֶבְרוֹן וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֶל־הַמֶּלֶךְ הִנֵּה־רֹאשׁ אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת בֶּן־שָׁאוּל אֹיִבְךָ אֲשֶׁר בִּקֵּשׁ אֶת־נַפְשֶׁךָ וַיִּתֵּן יְהוָה לַאדֹנִי הַמֶּלֶךְ נְקָמוֹת הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה מִשָּׁאוּל וּמִזַּרְעוֹ׃ 4.9. וַיַּעַן דָּוִד אֶת־רֵכָב וְאֶת־בַּעֲנָה אָחִיו בְּנֵי רִמּוֹן הַבְּאֵרֹתִי וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם חַי־יְהוָה אֲשֶׁר־פָּדָה אֶת־נַפְשִׁי מִכָּל־צָרָה׃ 4.11. אַף כִּי־אֲנָשִׁים רְשָׁעִים הָרְגוּ אֶת־אִישׁ־צַדִּיק בְּבֵיתוֹ עַל־מִשְׁכָּבוֹ וְעַתָּה הֲלוֹא אֲבַקֵּשׁ אֶת־דָּמוֹ מִיֶּדְכֶם וּבִעַרְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן־הָאָרֶץ׃ 4.12. וַיְצַו דָּוִד אֶת־הַנְּעָרִים וַיַּהַרְגוּם וַיְקַצְּצוּ אֶת־יְדֵיהֶם וְאֶת־רַגְלֵיהֶם וַיִּתְלוּ עַל־הַבְּרֵכָה בְּחֶבְרוֹן וְאֵת רֹאשׁ אִישׁ־בֹּשֶׁת לָקָחוּ וַיִּקְבְּרוּ בְקֶבֶר־אַבְנֵר בְּחֶבְרוֹן׃ 5.4. בֶּן־שְׁלֹשִׁים שָׁנָה דָּוִד בְּמָלְכוֹ אַרְבָּעִים שָׁנָה מָלָךְ׃ 5.6. וַיֵּלֶךְ הַמֶּלֶךְ וַאֲנָשָׁיו יְרוּשָׁלִַם אֶל־הַיְבֻסִי יוֹשֵׁב הָאָרֶץ וַיֹּאמֶר לְדָוִד לֵאמֹר לֹא־תָבוֹא הֵנָּה כִּי אִם־הֱסִירְךָ הַעִוְרִים וְהַפִּסְחִים לֵאמֹר לֹא־יָבוֹא דָוִד הֵנָּה׃ 5.7. וַיִּלְכֹּד דָּוִד אֵת מְצֻדַת צִיּוֹן הִיא עִיר דָּוִד׃ 5.8. וַיֹּאמֶר דָּוִד בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא כָּל־מַכֵּה יְבֻסִי וְיִגַּע בַּצִּנּוֹר וְאֶת־הַפִּסְחִים וְאֶת־הַעִוְרִים שנאו [שְׂנֻאֵי] נֶפֶשׁ דָּוִד עַל־כֵּן יֹאמְרוּ עִוֵּר וּפִסֵּחַ לֹא יָבוֹא אֶל־הַבָּיִת׃ 5.9. וַיֵּשֶׁב דָּוִד בַּמְּצֻדָה וַיִּקְרָא־לָהּ עִיר דָּוִד וַיִּבֶן דָּוִד סָבִיב מִן־הַמִּלּוֹא וָבָיְתָה׃ 5.13. וַיִּקַּח דָּוִד עוֹד פִּלַגְשִׁים וְנָשִׁים מִירוּשָׁלִַם אַחֲרֵי בֹּאוֹ מֵחֶבְרוֹן וַיִּוָּלְדוּ עוֹד לְדָוִד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת׃ 4.8. And they brought the head of Ish-boshet to David to Ĥevron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ish-boshet the son of Sha᾽ul thy enemy, who sought thy life; and the Lord has avenged my lord the king this day of Sha᾽ul and of his seed." 4.9. And David answered Rekhav and Ba῾ana his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Be᾽eroti, and said to them, As the Lord lives, who has redeemed my soul out of all adversity," 4.10. when one told me, saying, Behold, Sha᾽ul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Żiqlag, which was the reward I gave him for his tidings:" 4.11. how much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth?" 4.12. And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Ĥevron. But they took the head of Ish-boshet, and buried it in the tomb of Avner in Ĥevron." 5.4. David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years." 5.6. And the king and his men went to Yerushalayim to the Yevusi, the inhabitants of the land: who spoke to David, saying, Unless thou remove even the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in here: thinking, David cannot come in here." 5.7. Nevertheless David took the stronghold of Żiyyon: that is the city of David." 5.8. And David said on that day, Whoever smites the Yevusi, and gets up to the aqueduct, and smites the lame and the blind (that are hated of David’s soul) – therefore the saying, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house." 5.9. So David dwelt in the stronghold and called it the city of David. And David built round about from the Millo and inward." 5.10. And David went on, and grew great, and the Lord God of hosts was with him." 5.13. And David took more concubines and wives of Yerushalayim, after he had come from Ĥevron: and more sons and daughters were born to David."
13. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 14.11, 22.16, 26.19, 63.16 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

14.11. הוּרַד שְׁאוֹל גְּאוֹנֶךָ הֶמְיַת נְבָלֶיךָ תַּחְתֶּיךָ יֻצַּע רִמָּה וּמְכַסֶּיךָ תּוֹלֵעָה׃ 22.16. מַה־לְּךָ פֹה וּמִי לְךָ פֹה כִּי־חָצַבְתָּ לְּךָ פֹּה קָבֶר חֹצְבִי מָרוֹם קִבְרוֹ חֹקְקִי בַסֶּלַע מִשְׁכָּן לוֹ׃ 26.19. יִחְיוּ מֵתֶיךָ נְבֵלָתִי יְקוּמוּן הָקִיצוּ וְרַנְּנוּ שֹׁכְנֵי עָפָר כִּי טַל אוֹרֹת טַלֶּךָ וָאָרֶץ רְפָאִים תַּפִּיל׃ 63.16. כִּי־אַתָּה אָבִינוּ כִּי אַבְרָהָם לֹא יְדָעָנוּ וְיִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא יַכִּירָנוּ אַתָּה יְהוָה אָבִינוּ גֹּאֲלֵנוּ מֵעוֹלָם שְׁמֶךָ׃ 14.11. Thy pomp is brought down to the nether-world, And the noise of thy psalteries; the maggot is spread under thee, And the worms cover thee.’" 22.16. What hast thou here, and whom hast thou here, that thou hast hewed thee out here a sepulchre, Thou that hewest thee out a sepulchre on high, And gravest a habitation for thyself in the rock?" 26.19. Thy dead shall live, my dead bodies shall arise— Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust— For Thy dew is as the dew of light, And the earth shall bring to life the shades." 63.16. For Thou art our Father; for Abraham knoweth us not, and Israel doth not acknowledge us; Thou, O LORD, art our Father, Our Redeemer from everlasting is Thy name."
14. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 3.19, 31.9 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3.19. וְאָנֹכִי אָמַרְתִּי אֵיךְ אֲשִׁיתֵךְ בַּבָּנִים וְאֶתֶּן־לָךְ אֶרֶץ חֶמְדָּה נַחֲלַת צְבִי צִבְאוֹת גּוֹיִם וָאֹמַר אָבִי תקראו־[תִּקְרְאִי־] לִי וּמֵאַחֲרַי לֹא תשובו [תָשׁוּבִי׃] 31.9. בִּבְכִי יָבֹאוּ וּבְתַחֲנוּנִים אוֹבִילֵם אוֹלִיכֵם אֶל־נַחֲלֵי מַיִם בְּדֶרֶךְ יָשָׁר לֹא יִכָּשְׁלוּ בָּהּ כִּי־הָיִיתִי לְיִשְׂרָאֵל לְאָב וְאֶפְרַיִם בְּכֹרִי הוּא׃ 3.19. But I said: ‘How would I put thee among the sons, And give thee a pleasant land, The goodliest heritage of the nations! ’ And I said: ‘Thou shalt call Me, My father; And shalt not turn away from following Me.’" 31.9. They shall come with weeping, And with supplications will I lead them; I will cause them to walk by rivers of waters, In a straight way wherein they shall not stumble; For I am become a father to Israel, And Ephraim is My first-born."
15. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 23.41, 28.7 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

23.41. וְיָשַׁבְתְּ עַל־מִטָּה כְבוּדָּה וְשֻׁלְחָן עָרוּךְ לְפָנֶיהָ וּקְטָרְתִּי וְשַׁמְנִי שַׂמְתְּ עָלֶיהָ׃ 28.7. לָכֵן הִנְנִי מֵבִיא עָלֶיךָ זָרִים עָרִיצֵי גּוֹיִם וְהֵרִיקוּ חַרְבוֹתָם עַל־יְפִי חָכְמָתֶךָ וְחִלְּלוּ יִפְעָתֶךָ׃ 23.41. and sattest upon a stately bed, with a table prepared before it, whereupon thou didst set Mine incense and Mine oil." 28.7. Therefore, behold, I will bring strangers upon thee, The terrible of the nations; And they shall draw their swords against the beauty of thy wisdom, And they shall defile thy brightness. ."
16. Hebrew Bible, 1 Chronicles, 29.10 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

29.10. Wherefore David blessed the LORD before all the congregation; and David said: ‘Blessed be Thou, O LORD, the God of Israel our father, for ever and ever."
17. Hebrew Bible, Nehemiah, 3.14 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

3.14. וְאֵת שַׁעַר הָאַשְׁפּוֹת הֶחֱזִיק מַלְכִּיָּה בֶן־רֵכָב שַׂר פֶּלֶךְ בֵּית־הַכָּרֶם הוּא יִבְנֶנּוּ וְיַעֲמִיד דַּלְתֹתָיו מַנְעֻלָיו וּבְרִיחָיו׃ 3.14. And the dung gate repaired Malchijah the son of Rechab, the ruler of the district of Beth-cherem; he built it, and set up the doors thereof, the bolts thereof, and the bars thereof."
18. Septuagint, Tobit, 3.17, 5.4, 7.8, 8.2, 9.1, 9.5, 11.2, 11.7, 12.15, 13.4 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.17. And Raphael was sent to heal the two of them: to scale away the white films of Tobits eyes; to give Sarah the daughter of Raguel in marriage to Tobias the son of Tobit, and to bind Asmodeus the evil demon, because Tobias was entitled to possess her. At that very moment Tobit returned and entered his house and Sarah the daughter of Raguel came down from her upper room. 5.4. So he went to look for a man; and he found Raphael, who was an angel 8.2. As he went he remembered the words of Raphael, and he took the live ashes of incense and put the heart and liver of the fish upon them and made a smoke. 9.1. Then Tobias called Raphael and said to him 9.5. So Raphael made the journey and stayed over night with Gabael. He gave him the receipt, and Gabael brought out the money bags with their seals intact and gave them to him. 11.7. Raphael said, "I know, Tobias, that your father will open his eyes. 12.15. I am Raphael, one of the seven holy angels who present the prayers of the saints and enter into the presence of the glory of the Holy One. 13.4. Make his greatness known there,and exalt him in the presence of all the living;because he is our Lord and God,he is our Father for ever.
19. Anon., 1 Enoch, 9.1-9.10, 10.9, 20.7, 24.6, 40.9, 60.8, 68.2-68.5, 89.62, 89.66-89.67, 89.73-89.75, 90.14, 90.19-90.20 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

9.1. And then Michael, Uriel, Raphael, and Gabriel looked down from heaven and saw much blood being 9.1. borne giants, and the whole earth has thereby been filled with blood and unrighteousness. And now, behold, the souls of those who have died are crying and making their suit to the gates of heaven, and their lamentations have ascended: and cannot cease because of the lawless deeds which are 9.2. hed upon the earth, and all lawlessness being wrought upon the earth. And they said one to another: 'The earth made without inhabitant cries the voice of their cryingst up to the gates of heaven. 9.3. And now to you, the holy ones of heaven, the souls of men make their suit, saying, 'Bring our cause 9.4. before the Most High.' And they said to the Lord of the ages: 'Lord of lords, God of gods, King of kings, and God of the ages, the throne of Thy glory (standeth) unto all the generations of the 9.5. ages, and Thy name holy and glorious and blessed unto all the ages! Thou hast made all things, and power over all things hast Thou: and all things are naked and open in Thy sight, and Thou seest all 9.6. things, and nothing can hide itself from Thee. Thou seest what Azazel hath done, who hath taught all unrighteousness on earth and revealed the eternal secrets which were (preserved) in heaven, which 9.7. men were striving to learn: And Semjaza, to whom Thou hast given authority to bear rule over his associates. And they have gone to the daughters of men upon the earth, and have slept with the 9.9. women, and have defiled themselves, and revealed to them all kinds of sins. And the women have 10.9. through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin.' And to Gabriel said the Lord: 'Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, and against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children of fornication and] the children of the Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]: send them one against the other that they may destroy each other in 20.7. one of the holy angels, who is set over the spirits, who sin in the spirit. Gabriel, one of the holy 24.6. Then answered Michael, one of the holy and honoured angels who was with me, and was their leader. 40.9. een and whose words I have heard and written down' And he said to me: 'This first is Michael, the merciful and long-suffering: and the second, who is set over all the diseases and all the wounds of the children of men, is Raphael: and the third, who is set over all the powers, is Gabriel: and the fourth, who is set over the repentance unto hope of those who inherit eternal life, is named Phanuel.' 60.8. abysses of the ocean over the fountains of the waters. But the male is named Behemoth, who occupied with his breast a waste wilderness named Duidain, on the east of the garden where the elect and righteous dwell, where my grandfather was taken up, the seventh from Adam, the first 68.2. of the Parables. And on that day Michael answered Raphael and said: ' The power of the spirit transports and makes me to tremble because of the severity of the judgement of the secrets, the judgement of the angels: who can endure the severe judgement which has been executed, and before 68.3. which they melt away ' And Michael answered again, and said to Raphael: ' Who is he whose heart is not softened concerning it, and whose reins are not troubled by this word of judgement 68.4. (that) has gone forth upon them because of those who have thus led them out ' And it came to pass when he stood before the Lord of Spirits, Michael said thus to Raphael: ' I will not take their part under the eye of the Lord; for the Lord of Spirits has been angry with them because they do 68.5. as if they were the Lord. Therefore all that is hidden shall come upon them for ever and ever; for neither angel nor man shall have his portion (in it), but alone they have received their judgement for ever and ever. 89.62. I have commanded them. And every excess and the destruction which will be wrought through the shepherds, record (namely) how many they destroy according to my command, and how many according to their own caprice: record against every individual shepherd all the destruction he 89.66. those sheep into the hand of the lions. And the lions and tigers eat and devoured the greater part of those sheep, and the wild boars eat along with them; and they burnt that tower and demolished 89.67. that house. And I became exceedingly sorrowful over that tower because that house of the sheep was demolished, and afterwards I was unable to see if those sheep entered that house. 89.73. house; but the wild boars tried to hinder them, but they were not able. And they began again to build as before, and they reared up that tower, and it was named the high tower; and they began again to place a table before the tower, but all the bread on it was polluted and not pure. 89.74. And as touching all this the eyes of those sheep were blinded so that they saw not, and (the eyes of) their shepherds likewise; and they delivered them in large numbers to their shepherds for 89.75. destruction, and they trampled the sheep with their feet and devoured them. And the Lord of the sheep remained unmoved till all the sheep were dispersed over the field and mingled with them (i.e. the 90.19. And I saw till a great sword was given to the sheep, and the sheep proceeded against all the beasts of the field to slay them, and all the beasts and the birds of the heaven fled before their face. And I saw that man, who wrote the book according to the command of the Lord, till he opened that book concerning the destruction which those twelve last shepherds had wrought, and showed that they had destroyed much more than their predecessors, before the Lord of the sheep. And I saw till the Lord of the sheep came unto them and took in His hand the staff of His wrath, and smote the earth, and the earth clave asunder, and all the beasts and all the birds of the heaven fell from among those sheep, and were swallowed up in the earth and it covered them. 10. Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to the son of Lamech,,and said to him: 'Go to Noah and tell him in my name 'Hide thyself!' and reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come,upon the whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it. And now instruct him that he may escape,and his seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world.' And again the Lord said to Raphael: 'Bind Azazel hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening,in the desert, which is in Dudael, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may,not see light. And on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire. And heal the earth which the angels have corrupted, and proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may heal the plague, and that all the children of men may not perish through all the secret things that the,Watchers have disclosed and have taught their sons. And the whole earth has been corrupted",through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin.' And to Gabriel said the Lord: 'Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, and against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children of fornication and] the children of the Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]: send them one against the other that they may destroy each other in,battle: for length of days shall they not have. And no request that they (i.e. their fathers) make of thee shall be granted unto their fathers on their behalf; for they hope to live an eternal life, and,that each one of them will live five hundred years.' And the Lord said unto Michael: 'Go, bind Semjaza and his associates who have united themselves with women so as to have defiled themselves,with them in all their uncleanness. And when their sons have slain one another, and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their consummation, till the judgement that is,for ever and ever is consummated. In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and",to the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for ever. And whosoever shall be condemned and destroyed will from thenceforth be bound together with them to the end of all",generations. And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because,they have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face of the earth and let every evil work come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth appear: and it shall prove a blessing; the works of righteousness and truth' shall be planted in truth and joy for evermore.",And then shall all the righteous escape, And shall live till they beget thousands of children, And all the days of their youth and their old age Shall they complete in peace.,And then shall the whole earth be tilled in righteousness, and shall all be planted with trees and,be full of blessing. And all desirable trees shall be planted on it, and they shall plant vines on it: and the vine which they plant thereon shall yield wine in abundance, and as for all the seed which is sown thereon each measure (of it) shall bear a thousand, and each measure of olives shall yield,ten presses of oil. And cleanse thou the earth from all oppression, and from all unrighteousness, and from all sin, and from all godlessness: and all the uncleanness that is wrought upon the earth,destroy from off the earth. And all the children of men shall become righteous, and all nations,shall offer adoration and shall praise Me, and all shall worship Me. And the earth shall be cleansed from all defilement, and from all sin, and from all punishment, and from all torment, and I will never again send (them) upon it from generation to generation and for ever.
20. Anon., Jubilees, 1.27-1.29, 2.1, 10.10-10.14 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.27. O Lord my God, do not forsake Thy people and Thy inheritance, so that they should wander in the error of their hearts, and do not deliver them into the hands of their enemies, the Gentiles, lest they should rule over them and cause them to sin against Thee. 1.28. Let Thy mercy, O Lord, be lifted up upon Thy people, and create in them an upright spirit 1.29. and let not the spirit of Beliar rule over them to accuse them before Thee, and to ensnare them from all the paths of righteousness, so that they may perish from before Thy face. 2.1. And the angel of the presence spake to Moses according to the word of the Lord, saying: 10.10. And the Lord our God bade us to bind all. 10.11. And the chief of the spirits, Mastêmâ, came and said: "Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; 10.12. for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; 10.13. for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men. 10.14. And He said: "Let the tenth part of them remain before him, and let nine parts descend into the place of condemnation.
21. Anon., Testament of Levi, 17.2, 18.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

17.2. And in the first jubilee, the first who is anointed to the priesthood shall be great, and shall speak to God as to a father. And his priesthood shall be perfect with the Lord, [and in the day of his gladness shall he arise for the salvation of the world].
22. Anon., Testament of Reuben, 5.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

5.3. For moreover, concerning them, the angel of the Lord told me, and taught me, that women are overcome by the spirit of fornication more than men, and in their heart they plot against men; and by means of their adornment they deceive first their minds, and by the glance of the eye instill the poison, and then through the accomplished act they take them captive.
23. Dead Sea Scrolls, War Scroll, 7.6, 9.15-9.16, 17.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

24. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 4.11-4.26 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

25. Dead Sea Scrolls, Pesher On The Periods 4Q180, 0 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

26. Dead Sea Scrolls, Testament of Levi, 17.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

27. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 2.45, 8.16, 9.21, 10.5, 10.13, 10.21, 12.1-12.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.45. כָּל־קֳבֵל דִּי־חֲזַיְתָ דִּי מִטּוּרָא אִתְגְּזֶרֶת אֶבֶן דִּי־לָא בִידַיִן וְהַדֶּקֶת פַּרְזְלָא נְחָשָׁא חַסְפָּא כַּסְפָּא וְדַהֲבָא אֱלָהּ רַב הוֹדַע לְמַלְכָּא מָה דִּי לֶהֱוֵא אַחֲרֵי דְנָה וְיַצִּיב חֶלְמָא וּמְהֵימַן פִּשְׁרֵהּ׃ 8.16. וָאֶשְׁמַע קוֹל־אָדָם בֵּין אוּלָי וַיִּקְרָא וַיֹּאמַר גַּבְרִיאֵל הָבֵן לְהַלָּז אֶת־הַמַּרְאֶה׃ 9.21. וְעוֹד אֲנִי מְדַבֵּר בַּתְּפִלָּה וְהָאִישׁ גַּבְרִיאֵל אֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי בֶחָזוֹן בַּתְּחִלָּה מֻעָף בִּיעָף נֹגֵעַ אֵלַי כְּעֵת מִנְחַת־עָרֶב׃ 10.5. וָאֶשָּׂא אֶת־עֵינַי וָאֵרֶא וְהִנֵּה אִישׁ־אֶחָד לָבוּשׁ בַּדִּים וּמָתְנָיו חֲגֻרִים בְּכֶתֶם אוּפָז׃ 10.13. וְשַׂר מַלְכוּת פָּרַס עֹמֵד לְנֶגְדִּי עֶשְׂרִים וְאֶחָד יוֹם וְהִנֵּה מִיכָאֵל אַחַד הַשָּׂרִים הָרִאשֹׁנִים בָּא לְעָזְרֵנִי וַאֲנִי נוֹתַרְתִּי שָׁם אֵצֶל מַלְכֵי פָרָס׃ 10.21. אֲבָל אַגִּיד לְךָ אֶת־הָרָשׁוּם בִּכְתָב אֱמֶת וְאֵין אֶחָד מִתְחַזֵּק עִמִּי עַל־אֵלֶּה כִּי אִם־מִיכָאֵל שַׂרְכֶם׃ 12.1. יִתְבָּרֲרוּ וְיִתְלַבְּנוּ וְיִצָּרְפוּ רַבִּים וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ רְשָׁעִים וְלֹא יָבִינוּ כָּל־רְשָׁעִים וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יָבִינוּ׃ 12.1. וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יַעֲמֹד מִיכָאֵל הַשַּׂר הַגָּדוֹל הָעֹמֵד עַל־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְהָיְתָה עֵת צָרָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־נִהְיְתָה מִהְיוֹת גּוֹי עַד הָעֵת הַהִיא וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יִמָּלֵט עַמְּךָ כָּל־הַנִּמְצָא כָּתוּב בַּסֵּפֶר׃ 12.2. וְרַבִּים מִיְּשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַת־עָפָר יָקִיצוּ אֵלֶּה לְחַיֵּי עוֹלָם וְאֵלֶּה לַחֲרָפוֹת לְדִרְאוֹן עוֹלָם׃ 12.3. וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יַזְהִרוּ כְּזֹהַר הָרָקִיעַ וּמַצְדִּיקֵי הָרַבִּים כַּכּוֹכָבִים לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד׃ 2.45. Forasmuch as thou sawest that a stone was cut out of the mountain without hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the brass, the clay, the silver, and the gold; the great God hath made known to the king what shall come to pass hereafter; and the dream is certain, and the interpretation thereof sure.’" 8.16. And I heard the voice of a man between the banks of Ulai, who called, and said: ‘Gabriel, make this man to understand the vision.’" 9.21. yea, while I was speaking in prayer, the man Gabriel, whom I had seen in the vision at the beginning, being caused to fly swiftly, approached close to me about the time of the evening offering." 10.5. I lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and behold a man clothed in linen, whose loins were girded with fine gold of Uphaz;" 10.13. But the prince of the kingdom of Persia withstood me one and twenty days; but, lo, Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me; and I was left over there beside the kings of Persia." 10.21. Howbeit I will declare unto thee that which is inscribed in the writing of truth; and there is none that holdeth with me against these, except Michael your prince." 12.1. And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book." 12.2. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to reproaches and everlasting abhorrence." 12.3. And they that are wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn the many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever."
28. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 15.8, 15.20 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

15.8. Every debt you owe to the royal treasury and any such future debts shall be canceled for you from henceforth and for all time. 15.20. And it has seemed good to us to accept the shield from them.
29. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 23.1, 23.4, 42.19, 48.25 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

42.19. He declares what has been and what is to be,and he reveals the tracks of hidden things. 42.19. He pours the hoarfrost upon the earth like salt,and when it freezes, it becomes pointed thorns. 48.25. He revealed what was to occur to the end of time,and the hidden things before they came to pass.
30. Septuagint, Judith, 8.15, 12.15 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

8.15. For if he does not choose to help us within these five days, he has power to protect us within any time he pleases, or even to destroy us in the presence of our enemies. 12.15. So she got up and arrayed herself in all her woman's finery, and her maid went and spread on the ground for her before Holofernes the soft fleeces which she had received from Bagoas for her daily use, so that she might recline on them when she ate.
31. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 2.16, 10.7, 14.3, 48.25 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

2.16. We are considered by him as something base,and he avoids our ways as unclean;he calls the last end of the righteous happy,and boasts that God is his father. 10.7. Evidence of their wickedness still remains:a continually smoking wasteland,plants bearing fruit that does not ripen,and a pillar of salt standing as a monument to an unbelieving soul. 14.3. but it is thy providence, O Father, that steers its course,because thou hast given it a path in the sea,and a safe way through the waves
32. Philo of Alexandria, On The Migration of Abraham, 159 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

33. Philo of Alexandria, On The Creation of The World, 74 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

74. Now it was a very appropriate task for God the Father of all to create by himself alone, those things which were wholly good, on account of their kindred with himself. And it was not inconsistent with his dignity to create those which were indifferent since they too are devoid of evil, which is hateful to him. To create the beings of a mixed nature, was partly consistent and partly inconsistent with his dignity; consistent by reason of the more excellent idea which is mingled in them; inconsistent because of the opposite and worse one.
34. Philo of Alexandria, On The Posterity of Cain, 42 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

42. They therefore who say that all thinking, and feeling, and speaking, are the free gifts of their own soul, utter an impious and ungodly opinion, and deserve to be classed among the race of Cain, who, though he was not able to master himself, yet dared to assert that he had absolute possession of all other things; but as for those persons who do not claim all the things in creation as their own, but who ascribe them to the divine grace, being men really noble and sprung out of those who were rich long ago, but of those who love virtue and piety, they may be classed under Seth as the author of their race.
35. Philo of Alexandria, On The Special Laws, 2.21 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2.21. and the reason of this conduct is not merely that they have a virtuous and abstemious disposition by nature, but also that they have enjoyed a good education from their earliest youth, which has taught them to honour what belongs to man rather than what belongs to authority, which also taking up its settled abode in the soul, I may almost say reminds it every day of its humanity, drawing it down from lofty and arrogant thoughts, and reducing it within due bounds, and correcting whatever is unequal by the introduction of equality.
36. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 2.49 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

37. Philo of Alexandria, Questions On Genesis, 1.81 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

38. Anon., 2 Baruch, 50-51, 49 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

39. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 1.2, 4.1, 9.3, 12.1, 13.3, 19.2, 21.2, 22.4, 25.2, 28.3-28.4, 29.3-29.6, 37.5, 39.2, 40.2, 40.6-40.7, 43.1 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

40. Ignatius, To The Ephesians, 18.2, 20.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

18.2. For our God, Jesus the Christ, was conceived in the womb by Mary according to a dispensation, of the seed of David but also of the Holy Ghost; and He was born and was baptized that by His passion He might cleanse water. 20.1. If Jesus Christ should count me worthy through your prayer, and it should be the Divine will, in my second tract, which I intend to write to you, I will further set before you the dispensation whereof I have begun to speak, relating to the new man Jesus Christ, which consisteth in faith towards Him and in love towards Him, in His passion and resurrection
41. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 1.69, 1.230 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.69. All these proved to be of good dispositions. They also inhabited the same country without dissensions, and in a happy condition, without any misfortunes falling upon them, till they died. They also were the inventors of that peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned with the heavenly bodies, and their order.
42. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 1.184 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.184. But envy prevented any effect of Aristobulus’s alacrity, and the hopes of Caesar; for he was taken off by poison given him by those of Pompey’s party; and, for a long while, he had not so much as a burial vouchsafed him in his own country; but his dead body lay [above ground], preserved in honey, until it was sent to the Jews by Antony, in order to be buried in the royal sepulchres.
43. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 9.17, 15.35-15.57 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.17. For if I do this of my own will, Ihave a reward. But if not of my own will, I have a stewardshipentrusted to me. 15.35. But someone will say, "Howare the dead raised?" and, "With what kind of body do they come? 15.36. You foolish one, that which you yourself sow is not made aliveunless it dies. 15.37. That which you sow, you don't sow the body thatwill be, but a bare grain, maybe of wheat, or of some other kind. 15.38. But God gives it a body even as it pleased him, and to eachseed a body of its own. 15.39. All flesh is not the same flesh, butthere is one flesh of men, another flesh of animals, another of fish,and another of birds. 15.40. There are also celestial bodies, andterrestrial bodies; but the glory of the celestial differs from that ofthe terrestrial. 15.41. There is one glory of the sun, another gloryof the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs fromanother star in glory. 15.42. So also is the resurrection of the dead.It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 15.43. It issown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it israised in power. 15.44. It is sown a natural body; it is raised aspiritual body. There is a natural body and there is also a spiritualbody. 15.45. So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a livingsoul." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 15.46. However thatwhich is spiritual isn't first, but that which is natural, then thatwhich is spiritual. 15.47. The first man is of the earth, made ofdust. The second man is the Lord from heaven. 15.48. As is the onemade of dust, such are those who are also made of dust; and as is theheavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 15.49. As we haveborne the image of those made of dust, let's also bear the image of theheavenly. 15.50. Now I say this, brothers, that flesh and blood can'tinherit the Kingdom of God; neither does corruption inheritincorruption. 15.51. Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but wewill all be changed 15.52. in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye,at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will beraised incorruptible, and we will be changed. 15.53. For thiscorruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put onimmortality. 15.54. But when this corruptible will have put onincorruption, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then whatis written will happen: "Death is swallowed up in victory. 15.55. Death, where is your sting?Hades, where is your victory? 15.56. The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 15.57. But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our LordJesus Christ.
44. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.13-4.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.13. But we don't want you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning those who have fallen asleep, so that you don't grieve like the rest, who have no hope. 4.14. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so those who have fallen asleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 4.15. For this we tell you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left to the coming of the Lord, will in no way precede those who have fallen asleep. 4.16. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with God's trumpet. The dead in Christ will rise first 4.17. then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. So we will be with the Lord forever.
45. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 1.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.4. neither to pay attention to myths and endless genealogies, which cause disputes, rather than God's stewardship, which is in faith --
46. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 5.1-5.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

47. New Testament, Acts, 9.34 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9.34. Peter said to him, "Aeneas, Jesus Christ heals you. Get up and make your bed!" Immediately he arose.
48. New Testament, Ephesians, 1.10, 3.2, 3.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.10. to an administration of the fullness of the times, to sum up all things in Christ, the things in the heavens, and the things on the earth, in him; 3.2. if it is so that you have heard of the administration of that grace of God which was given me toward you; 3.9. and to make all men see what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God, who created all things through Jesus Christ;
49. New Testament, Philippians, 3.20-3.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.20. For our citizenship is in heaven, from where we also wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; 3.21. who will change the body of our humiliation to be conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working by which he is able even to subject all things to himself.
50. New Testament, Luke, 1.19, 1.26, 22.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.19. The angel answered him, "I am Gabriel, who stands in the presence of God. I was sent to speak to you, and to bring you this good news. 1.26. Now in the sixth month, the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee, named Nazareth 22.12. He will show you a large, furnished upper room. Make preparations there.
51. New Testament, Mark, 11.8, 14.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.8. Many spread their garments on the way, and others were cutting down branches from the trees, and spreading them on the road. 14.15. He will himself show you a large upper room furnished and ready. Make ready for us there.
52. New Testament, Matthew, 21.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

21.8. A very great multitude spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees, and spread them on the road.
53. Sextus, Against The Mathematicians, 1.268 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

54. Babylonian Talmud, Sotah, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

13a. ואומרת עתידה אמי שתלד בן שמושיע את ישראל וכיון שנולד משה נתמלא כל הבית כולה אור עמד אביה ונשקה על ראשה אמר לה בתי נתקיימה נבואתיך וכיון שהטילוהו ליאור עמד אביה וטפחה על ראשה אמר לה בתי היכן נבואתיך והיינו דכתיב (שמות ב, ד) ותתצב אחותו מרחוק לדעה מה יעשה לו לידע מה יהא בסוף נבואתה,יוסף זכה וכו' מאי שנא מעיקרא דכתיב (בראשית נ, ז) ויעל יוסף לקבור את אביו ויעלו אתו כל עבדי פרעה וגו' והדר (בראשית נ, ח) וכל בית יוסף ואחיו ובית אביו ומאי שנא לבסוף דכתיב (בראשית נ, יד) וישב יוסף מצרימה הוא ואחיו והדר וכל העולים אתו לקבור את אביו,א"ר יוחנן בתחילה עד שלא ראו בכבודן של ישראל לא נהגו בהן כבוד ולבסוף שראו בכבודן נהגו בהן כבוד,דכתיב (בראשית נ, י) ויבאו עד גורן האטד וכי גורן יש לו לאטד א"ר אבהו מלמד שהקיפוהו כתרים לארונו של יעקב כגורן זה שמקיפים לו אטד שבאו בני עשו ובני ישמעאל ובני קטורה,תנא כולם למלחמה באו כיון שראו כתרו של יוסף תלוי בארונו של יעקב נטלו כולן כתריהן ותלאום בארונו של יעקב תנא שלשים וששה כתרים נתלו בארונו של יעקב,(בראשית נ, י) ויספדו שם מספד גדול וכבד מאד תנא אפי' סוסים ואפילו חמורים,(מאילו מאילו) כיון שהגיעו למערת המכפלה אתא עשו קא מעכב אמר להן (בראשית לה, כז) ממרא קרית הארבע היא חברון ואמר רבי יצחק קרית ארבע ארבע זוגות היו אדם וחוה אברהם ושרה יצחק ורבקה יעקב ולאה איהו קברה ללאה בדידיה והאי דפייש דידי הוא,אמרו ליה זבינתה אמר להו נהי דזביני בכירותא פשיטותא מי זביני אמרו ליה אין דכתיב (בראשית נ, ה) בקברי אשר כריתי לי וא"ר יוחנן משום ר"ש בן יהוצדק אין כירה אלא לשון מכירה שכן בכרכי הים קורין למכירה כירה,אמר להו הבו לי איגרתא אמרו ליה איגרתא בארעא דמצרים היא ומאן ניזיל ניזיל נפתלי דקליל כי איילתא דכתיב (בראשית מט, כא) נפתלי אילה שלוחה הנותן אמרי שפר א"ר אבהו אל תקרי אמרי שפר אלא אמרי ספר,חושים בריה דדן תמן הוה ויקירן ליה אודניה אמר להו מאי האי ואמרו ליה קא מעכב האי עד דאתי נפתלי מארעא דמצרים אמר להו ועד דאתי נפתלי מארעא דמצרים יהא אבי אבא מוטל בבזיון שקל קולפא מחייה ארישיה נתרן עיניה ונפלו אכרעא דיעקב פתחינהו יעקב לעיניה ואחיך והיינו דכתיב (תהלים נח, יא) ישמח צדיק כי חזה נקם פעמיו ירחץ בדם הרשע,באותה שעה נתקיימה נבואתה של רבקה דכתיב (בראשית כז, מה) למה אשכל גם שניכם יום אחד ואע"ג דמיתתן לא ביום אחד הואי קבורתן מיהא ביום אחד הואי,ואי לא עסק ביה יוסף אחיו לא הוו מעסקי ביה והכתיב (בראשית נ, יג) וישאו אותו בניו ארצה כנען אמרו הניחו לו כבודו במלכים יותר מבהדיוטות,מי לנו גדול מיוסף כו' ת"ר בא וראה כמה חביבות מצות על משה רבינו שכל ישראל כולן נתעסקו בביזה והוא נתעסק במצות שנאמר (משלי י, ח) חכם לב יקח מצות וגו',ומנין היה יודע משה רבינו היכן יוסף קבור אמרו סרח בת אשר נשתיירה מאותו הדור הלך משה אצלה אמר לה כלום את יודעת היכן יוסף קבור אמרה לו ארון של מתכת עשו לו מצרים וקבעוהו בנילוס הנהר כדי שיתברכו מימיו הלך משה ועמד על שפת נילוס אמר לו יוסף יוסף הגיע העת שנשבע הקב"ה שאני גואל אתכם והגיעה השבועה שהשבעת את ישראל אם אתה מראה עצמך מוטב אם לאו הרי אנו מנוקין משבועתך מיד צף ארונו של יוסף,ואל תתמה היאך ברזל צף שהרי כתיב (מלכים ב ו, ה) ויהי האחד מפיל הקורה ואת הברזל נפל אל המים וגו' אהה אדוני והוא שאול ויאמר איש האלהים אנה נפל ויראהו את המקום ויקצב עץ וישלך שמה ויצף הברזל והלא דברים ק"ו ומה אלישע תלמידו של אליהו ואליהו תלמידו של משה צף ברזל מפניו מפני משה רבינו על אחת כמה וכמה,רבי נתן אומר בקברניט של מלכים היה קבור הלך משה ועמד על קברניט של מלכים אמר יוסף הגיע עת שנשבע הקב"ה שאני גואל אתכם והגיעה שבועה שהשבעת את ישראל אם אתה מראה עצמך מוטב ואם לאו הרי אנו מנוקין משבועתך באותה שעה נזדעזע ארונו של יוסף נטלו משה והביאו אצלו,וכל אותן שנים שהיו ישראל במדבר היו שני ארונות הללו אחד של מת ואחד של שכינה מהלכין זה עם זה והיו עוברין ושבין אומרים מה טיבן של שני ארונות הללו אמרו אחד של מת ואחד של שכינה וכי מה דרכו של מת להלך עם שכינה אמרו 13a. bAndas a child Miriam bwould say: In the future, my mother will give birth to a son who will save the Jewish people. And once Moses was born, the entire house was filled with light. Her father arose and kissed her on her head. He said to her: My daughter, your prophecy has been fulfilled. And once they put him into the river, her father arose and hit her on her head. He said to her: My daughter, where is your prophecy? And this is as it is written: “And his sister stood afar off, to know what would be done to him”(Exodus 2:4), i.e., bto know what will be the ultimateresolution bof her prophecy. /b,§ The mishna teaches: bJoseph meritedto bury his father, resulting in a display of great honor to his father. The Gemara begins its discussion of the burial of Jacob by asking: bWhat is different initially that it is written: “And Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh,the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt” (Genesis 50:7), band afterwardit says in the following verse: b“And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father’s house;only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen” (Genesis 50:8), indicating that the brothers of Joseph were second in importance to the Egyptians? bAnd what is different at the end that it is written: “And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren,” and afterwardit states: b“And all that went up with him to bury his father,after he had buried his father” (Genesis 50:14), placing the brothers before the Egyptians?, bRabbi Yoḥa says: Initially, beforethe Egyptians bsaw the honor of the Jewish people,as the Gemara will soon explain, bthey did not treat themwith bhonor,so the brothers were behind the servants of Pharaoh. bAnd in the end, when they saw their honor, they treatedthe brothers with bhonor. /b,The Gemara explains what honor was accorded to the family of Jacob: bAs it is written: “And they came to the threshing floor of Atad,which is beyond the Jordan, and there they wailed with a very great and sore wailing; and he made a mourning for his father seven days” (Genesis 50:10). The word atad is the name of the boxthorn bush. bAnd does a boxthornbush bhave a threshing floor?Thorns are not collected and eaten. bRabbi Abbahu says:This bteaches that they surrounded the casket of Jacob with crowns, like this threshing floor that is surrounded with boxthorns, because the children of Esau and the children of Ishmael and the children of Keturahall bcameto the burial of Jacob.,A Sage btaught:Initially, bthey all came towage bwarwith the family of Jacob, but bonce they saw the crown of Joseph,the viceroy of Egypt, bhanging on the casket of Jacob, they all took their crowns and hung them on the casket of Jacob.A Sage btaught: Thirty-six crowns were hung on the casket of Jacob.This was the great honor accorded to the family of Jacob.,The Gemara continues its discussion of Jacob’s burial. The verse states: b“And there they wailed with a very great and sore wailing”(Genesis 50:10). It is btaught: Even horses and even donkeysparticipated in the mourning., bOnce they reached the Cave of Machpelah, Esau came and was preventing themfrom burying Jacob there. bHe said to them:It says: “And Jacob came unto Isaac his father to bMamre, to Kiryat Arba, the same is Hebron,where Abraham and Isaac sojourned” (Genesis 35:27). bAnd Rabbi Yitzḥak says:It is called bKiryat Arbabecause there bwere four couplesburied there: bAdam and Eve, Abraham and Sarah, Isaac and Rebecca, Jacob and Leah.Esau said: Jacob bburied Leah in hisspot, band thespot bthat is remaining is mine. /b,The children of Jacob bsaid toEsau: bYou soldyour rights btoJacob. Esau bsaid to them: Though I sold the birthright, did Ialso bsellmy rights to the burial site as ban ordinarybrother? The brothers bsaid to him: Yes,you also sold to Jacob those rights, bas it is writtenthat Joseph stated: “My father made me swear, saying: Behold, I die; bin my grave that I have dug [ ikariti /i] for mein the land of Canaan, there shall you bury me” (Genesis 50:5). bAnd Rabbi Yoḥa says in the name of Rabbi Shimon ben Yehotzadak:The word ikira /iin the verse bis nothing otherthan ba term of a sale [ imekhira /i]sharing a similar root, bbecause in the cities overseas they call a sale ikira /i. /b,Esau bsaid to them: Bring the billof sale bto me,i.e., you can’t prove your claims. bThey said to him: The billof sale bis in the land of Egypt.They said: bAnd who will goto bring it? bNaphtali will go, for he is as fast as a doe, as it is written: “Naphtali is a doe let loose, he gives goodly words”(Genesis 49:21). bRabbi Abbahu says: Do not readit as “ bgoodly words [ iimrei shafer /i]”; rather,read it as iimrei sefer /i,i.e., the words of the book, as he returned to Egypt to retrieve the bill of sale.,The Gemara relates: bHushim, the son of Dan, was there and his ears were heavy,i.e., he was hard of hearing. bHe said to them: Whatis bthisthat is delaying the burial? bAnd they said to him: This one,Esau, bis preventingus from burying Jacob buntil Naphtali comesback bfrom the land of Egyptwith the bill of sale. bHe said to them: And until Naphtali comesback bfrom the land of Egypt willour bfather’s father lie in degradation? He took a club [ ikulepa /i] and hitEsau bon the head,and Esau’s beyes fell out and they fell on the legs of Jacob. Jacob opened his eyes and smiled. And this is that which is written: “The righteous shall rejoice when he sees the vengeance; he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked”(Psalms 58:11)., bAt that moment the prophecy of Rebecca was fulfilled, as it is writtenthat Rebecca said of Jacob and Esau: b“Why should I be bereaved of you both in one day?”(Genesis 27:45), as Rebecca foresaw that the future bereavement for both her sons would be on the same day. The Gemara comments: bAnd although their deaths were not on the same day, in any event their burials were on the same day,as Esau was killed and buried on the same day that Jacob was buried.,The Gemara returns to discuss the involvement of Joseph and his brothers in the burial of their father: bAnd if Joseph would not have dealt withthe burial of Jacob, bwould his brothers not have dealt with it? But isn’t it written: “For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan,and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah” (Genesis 50:13)? Since it is evident that the brothers were involved in the burial, why did they not deal with Jacob’s burial needs from the outset? The Gemara answers: bThey said: AllowJoseph to take care of it, because there is bmore honorfor our father to be prepared for burial bby royalty than by commonpeople b[ ihedyotot /i]. /b,§ It states further in the mishna: bWho, to us,had ba greaterburial bthan Joseph,as it was none other than Moses who involved himself in transporting his coffin. bThe Sages taughtin the iTosefta(4:6–7): bCome and see how beloved mitzvot are to Moses our teacher. As,at the time of the Exodus, ball the Jewish people were involved intaking bthe plunderfrom Egypt, band he was involved inthe performance of bmitzvot, as it is stated: “The wise in heart will take mitzvot”(Proverbs 10:8).,The Gemara asks: bAnd from where did Moses our teacher know where Joseph was buried?The Sages bsaid: Serah, the daughter of Asher, remained from that generationthat initially descended to Egypt with Jacob. bMoses went to herand bsaid to her: Do you know anythingabout bwhere Joseph is buried? She said to him: The Egyptians fashioned a metal casket for him and set it in the Nile [ iNilus /i] Riveras an augury bso that its water would be blessed. Moses went and stood on the bank of the Nile.He bsaid toJoseph: bJoseph, Joseph, the time has arrivedabout bwhich the Holy One, Blessed be He, took an oathsaying bthat I,i.e., God, bwill redeem you. Andthe time for fulfillment of bthe oath that you administered to the Jewish peoplethat they will bury you in Eretz Yisrael bhas arrived. If you show yourself,it is bgood,but bif not, we are clear from your oath. Immediately, the casket of Joseph floatedto the top of the water., bAnd do not wonder how ironcan bfloat, as it is writtenin the verses describing how Elisha was able to cause iron to float: b“But as one was felling a beam, the ax head fell into the water;and he cried, and said: bAlas, my master! For it was borrowed. And the man of God said: Where did it fall? And he showed him the place. And he cut down a stick, and cast it in there, and the iron floated up”(II Kings 6:5–6). bAnd arethese bmatters notinferred ia fortiori /i: And just as Elisha,who was a mere bstudent of Elijah, and Elijahwas a mere bstudent of Moses,as Elijah studied the Torah of Moses, was able to cause the bironto bfloat before him, all the more sowould it float bbefore Moses our teacherhimself.,The Gemara now presents a different version of where Joseph was buried. bRabbi Natan says:Joseph bwas buried in the crypt [ ikabbarnit /i] of kings. Moses went and stood by the crypt of kingsand bsaid: Joseph, the time has arrivedabout bwhich the Holy One, Blessed be He, took an oathsaying bthat: I will redeem you. Andthe time for fulfillment of bthe oath that you administered to the Jewish peoplethat they will bury you in Eretz Yisrael bhas arrived. If you show yourself,it is bgood, but if not, we are clear from your oath. At that moment, the casket of Joseph shookamong the caskets. bMoses took it and brought itover bto himself. /b, bAnd all those years that the Jewish people were in the wilderness, these two arks, onea casket bof a dead man,Joseph, band onethe Ark bof the Divine Presence,i.e., the Ark of the Covet, bwere traveling together, and passersby would say: What is the nature of these two arks? They saidto them: bOneis bof a dead person and oneis bof the Divine Presence.The passersby would ask: bAndin bwhatway is it bthe manner of a dead person to travel with the Divine Presence? They saidin response:
55. Anon., Pirqei De Rabbi Eliezer, 22 (4th cent. CE - 9th cent. CE)

56. Anon., 2 Enoch, 71.1

57. Anon., 4 Ezra, 2.12, 7.36, 7.123, 8.52

2.12. The tree of life shall give them fragrant perfume, and they shall neither toil nor become weary. 7.36. Then the pit of torment shall appear, and opposite it shall be the place of rest; and the furnace of hell shall be disclosed, and opposite it the paradise of delight. 8.52. because it is for you that paradise is opened, the tree of life is planted, the age to come is prepared, plenty is provided, a city is built, rest is appointed, goodness is established and wisdom perfected beforehand.
58. Anon., Semahot, 8.1, 12.9



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 265, 273, 455, 899, 997, 1028
acherusian sea (lake) Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 899, 1021
adam, condition of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
adam, deathbed of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
adam, disease (illness) of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
adam, joy of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 915
adam, pardoning of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
adam, plight of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
adam, tomb of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
adam/ʾadam Van der Horst, Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2014) 4
angel/angelic passim see also archangel, humanity, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800
anger, wild Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
anger Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 902
archangel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 273, 275, 278, 455, 778, 800, 967
arculf' Van der Horst, Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2014) 4
ascent, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67, 455, 902, 1021
ascent, frightful Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
ascent, soul, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902, 1021
ascent Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 902
ashes Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
asleep Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275, 800, 997, 1028
astray Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 1056
authority, paul, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
authority Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
autobiography, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
beast, wild Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
beast Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401
beauty Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
belief Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401
bidding, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
birth, cain, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 219
birth, seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278
blood of abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
blow, trumpet, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
body, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 278, 455, 899, 997, 1028
body, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 67, 95, 219, 275, 278, 455, 738, 800, 899, 901, 967, 970, 997, 1028, 1056
body, christ (jesus), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
body, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 997, 1056
body, moses, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
body Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 307, 778, 997, 1021, 1056
bowls, libation Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 1021
burial, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67, 219, 455, 997, 1056
burial, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 67, 95, 275, 1028, 1056
burial, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67, 95, 275, 455, 778, 899, 997, 1056
cain Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 273, 455, 701, 738, 997, 1056
caveat Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 997
chariot, cherubim, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899
cherubim Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 899, 967
children, seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 273
children Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701
christian/christianity Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800
cloud Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
condemnation Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
creation, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67
daughters Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 967
david Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 899, 970, 997
day, cosmic ordering, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401, 701, 778, 901, 915
day, final Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899
day, god (lord), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401
day, great Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401, 701, 901, 967
day, judgment, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 401, 402, 701, 738, 901
day, peleg, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
day, resurrection, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 275, 278, 401, 402, 455, 701, 738, 778, 901, 902, 970, 997, 1021
day, seventh Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275, 455, 970
day, six Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 275, 278, 455, 970
day, three Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 1021
death, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 95, 273, 455
death, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21
deception Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
descent, adam (s body), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
descent, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
descent Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
disease and pain Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
dust Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 1028
eclipse Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
eschatological Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 701
ethiopians Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67
eve, dream of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219
eve, grief of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401
eve, ignorance of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
eve, lament of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
eve, pain of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
eve, seeds of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701
eve, statement of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
eye Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307, 901
fate, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 738
flesh, adam, from Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402, 902
fragrances Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 899, 901, 970, 997, 1028
frankincense Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
fruit Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701, 738
gabriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 800, 915, 967, 1056
giant Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
glory, loss of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 902
god, all, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 1056
god, all virtue, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278
god, anger of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
god, authoritative one, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 899
god, father, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899
god, father of the whole creation, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 899, 901
god, gods entry into paradise Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899, 1028
god, hands of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
god, light of the whole creation, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
god, mountain of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 1028
god, presence of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 899, 901
god, promise of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 265
god, sons of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
god, word of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 915
gold Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
grace Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 738, 902
groaning, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278
ham Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
hands, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
hannah Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
harvest Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401
head Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307, 701, 997
heart, evil Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402, 902
heart Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
heaven, third Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 278, 455, 778, 899, 901, 902, 915, 967
holiness Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 402
hunger Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
immortality Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 738
incense Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
inheritance Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
israel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 778, 970
japheth Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
joy, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 915
joy, paradise, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402, 902
joy Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
judgment Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401, 701, 901, 902, 1021
kingdom Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
linen Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 455, 899, 967, 970, 997, 1021
messiah/messianic Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701
michael, mediator (intercessor), as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
michael, refusal (rejection or denial) of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
michael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 265, 273, 275, 278, 455, 778, 800, 899, 915, 967, 970, 997, 1021, 1028, 1056
moon Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67, 275, 902, 1028, 1056
moses Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800, 970
mourning Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67, 95, 1021
mouth, cain, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
mouth, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
myrrh Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
mystery Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 275, 899, 902, 1028
nakedness Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
noah Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
oil, fragrance, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970, 1056
oil, mercy, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275, 307
oil Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970, 1021
oxen, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273, 275, 307
oxen, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
paradise, traveling (journey or foray) to/from Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
pardoning of adam Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
peace Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
pharaoh Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899, 915
plant of paradise Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 1028
plea, seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
poor Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800
prayers, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
prayers, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219, 278, 899, 1056
progeny, seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
raphael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800, 967
rebellion, animals, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
rebellion Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
regions, paradise, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 901, 997, 1028, 1056
regions, three Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 1021
regions Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
repentance, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899
repentance Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
restoration, dominion, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902, 915
restoration Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
resurrection, promise of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67
resurrection Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 265, 402, 738, 970, 997
retelling Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 997
rib Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278
sackcloth Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
sarah Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 915
sariel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 967
satan, jealousy of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
satan Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 701
saul Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
seal, abels tomb (grave), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110
seal, adams tomb (grave), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 455
seal, triangular Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 278, 455
seal Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 1021
seeds, divine Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
seeds, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701
seeds Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
serpent Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701
seth, birth of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278
seth, children of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 273
seth, head of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
seth, plea of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
seth, progeny of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
seth, revealer of mysteries, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275
sex/sexual Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 800, 901
shem Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
silk Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278
sin, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 901
sin, human Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800
sinner Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
sons (sonship), adam and eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95, 273
sons (sonship), god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 95
sons (sonship), seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
soul, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 275, 455, 902, 1021
soul, righteous Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
spices Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 219
spirit, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 1056
strength Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 307
submission, animals to humans, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 401, 902
sun Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67, 275, 902, 1028, 1056
sword Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
symbolism Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110
temptation, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21
temptation Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 1021
tent Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 970
testament of eve Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 21, 265, 278
thorns/thorny plants Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 970
throne, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 899
throne, immovable Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 899
throne Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701, 899, 915
tomb, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
tomb Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 110, 278, 455, 997
torah Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 701, 778
tree, life, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265, 402, 738, 899
tree Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 738, 901
trumpet Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 275, 967
uriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 278, 800, 915, 967, 1056
virtue, seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
virtue Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 273
vision, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67
vision, seth, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 67
voice, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
voice, frightful Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
voice, god (lord), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902
walls of paradise (or garden) Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 901
washing, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455, 899, 1021
washing Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 455
wealth Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 800
wickedness, guarding yourself from all Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 265
wine Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 1021
worship Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 902