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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



909
Anon., Testament Of Reuben, 5


nanFor evil are women, my children; and since they have no power or strength over man, they use wiles by outward attractions, that they may draw him to themselves.,And whom they cannot bewitch by outward attractions, him they overcome by craft.,For moreover, concerning them, the angel of the Lord told me, and taught me, that women are overcome by the spirit of fornication more than men, and in their heart they plot against men; and by means of their adornment they deceive first their minds, and by the glance of the eye instill the poison, and then through the accomplished act they take them captive.,For a woman cannot force a man openly, but by a harlot's bearing she beguiles him. Flee, therefore, fornication,,my children, and command your wives and your daughters, that they adorn not their heads and faces to deceive the mind: because every woman who useth these wiles hath been reserved for eternal punishment.,For thus they allured the Watchers who were before the flood; for as these continually beheld them, they lusted after them, and they conceived the act in their mind; for they changed themselves into the shape of men, and appeared to them when they were with their husbands.,And the women lusting in their minds after their forms, gave birth to giants, for the Watchers appeared to them as reaching even unto heaven.,Therefore was Joseph comely in appearance and goodly to look upon, because no wickedness dwelt in him;,for some of the trouble of the spirit the face manifesteth. And now, my children, Make your hearts good before the Lord, And your ways straight before men.,And ye shall find grace before the Lord and men. Beware, therefore, of fornication, For fornication is mother of all evils, Separating from God, and bringing near to Beliar.,For I have seen it inscribed in the writing of Enoch that your sons shall be corrupted in fornication, and shall do harm to the sons of Levi with the sword.,But they shall not be able to withstand Levi; for he shall wage the war of the Lord, and shall conquer all your hosts.,And they shall be few in number, divided in Levi and Judah, and there shall be none of you for sovereignty, even as also our father prophesied in his blessings.,And thereupon the angel opened to me the gates of heaven, and I saw the holy temple, and upon a throne of glory the Most High.,And He said to me: Levi, I have given thee the blessings of the priesthood until I come and sojourn in the midst of Israel.,Then the angel brought me down to the earth, and gave me a shield and a sword, and said to me: Execute vengeance on Shechem because of Dinah, thy sister, and I will be with thee because the Lord hath sent me.,And I destroyed at that time the sons of Hamor, as it is written in the heavenly tables.,And I said to him: I pray thee, O Lord, tell me Thy name, that I may call upon Thee in a day of tribulation.,And he said: I am the angel who intercedeth for the nation of Israel that they may not be smitten utterly, for every evil spirit attacketh it.,And after these things I awaked, and blessed the Most High, and the angel who intercedeth for the nation of Israel and for all the righteous.,Observe, therefore, my children, the commandments of the Lord, And keep His law; Depart from wrath, And hate lying, That the Lord may dwell among you, And Beliar may flee from you.,Speak truth each one with his neighbour. So shall ye not fall into wrath and confusion; But ye shall be in peace, having the God of peace, So shall no war prevail over you. ,Love the Lord through all your life, And one another with a true heart.,I know that in the last days ye shall depart from the Lord, And ye shall provoke Levi unto anger, And fight against Judah; But ye shall not prevail against them, For an angel of the Lord shall guide them both; For by them shall Israel stand.,And whensoever ye depart from the Lord, ye shall walk in all evil and work the abominations of the Gentiles, going a-whoring after women of the lawless ones, while with all wickedness the spirits of wickedness work in you. ,[For I have read in the book of Enoch, the righteous, that your prince is Satan, and that all the spirits of wickedness and pride will conspire to attend constantly on the sons of Levi, to cause them to sin before the Lord.,And my sons will draw near to Levi. And sin with them in all things; And the sons of Judah will be covetous, Plundering other men's goods like lions.] ,Therefore shall ye be led away [with them] into captivity, And there shall ye receive all the plagues of Egypt, And all the evils of the Gentiles.,And so when ye return to the Lord ye shall obtain mercy, And He shall bring you into His sanctuary, And He shall give you peace.,And there shall arise unto you from the tribe of [Judah and of] Levi the salvation of the Lord; And he shall make war against Beliar. And execute an everlasting vengeance on our enemies;,And the captivity shall he take from Beliar [the souls of the saints], And turn disobedient hearts unto the Lord, And give to them that call upon him eternal peace.,And the saints shall rest in Eden, And in the New Jerusalem shall the righteous rejoice, And it shall be unto the glory of God for ever.,And no longer shall Jerusalem endure desolation, Nor Israel be led captive; For the Lord shall be in the midst of it [living amongst men], And the Holy One of Israel shall reign over it [in humility and in poverty; and he who believeth on Him shall reign amongst men in truth].,For in the fortieth year of my life, I saw a vision on the Mount of Olives, on the east of Jerusalem, that the sun and the moon were standing still.,And behold Isaac, the father of my father, said to us; Run and lay hold of them, each one according to his strength; and to him that seizeth them will the sun and moon belong.,And we all of us ran together, and Levi laid hold of the sun, and Judah outstripped the others and seized the moon, and they were both of them lifted up with them.,And when Levi became as a sun, lo, a certain young man gave to him twelve branches of palm; and Judah was bright as the moon, and under their feet were twelve rays.,[And the two, Levi and Judah, ran, and laid hold of them.],And, a bull upon the earth, with two great horns, and an eagle's wings upon its back; and we wished to seize him; but could not.,But Joseph came, and seized him, and ascended up with him on high.,And I saw, for I was there, and behold a holy writing appeared to us, saying: Assyrians, Medes, Persians, [Chaldeans,] Syrians, shall possess in captivity the twelve tribes of Israel.,Hatred, therefore, is evil, for it constantly mateth with lying, speaking against the truth; and it maketh small things to be great, and causeth the light to be darkness, and calleth the sweet bitter, and teacheth slander, and kindleth wrath, and stirreth up war, and violence and all covetousness; it filleth the heart with evils and devilish poison.,These things, therefore, I say to you from experience, my children, that ye may drive forth hatred, which is of the devil, and cleave to the love of God. Righteousness casteth out hatred, humility destroyeth envy.,For he that is just and humble is ashamed to do what is unjust, being reproved not of another, but of his own heart, because the Lord looketh on his inclination.,He speaketh not against a holy man, because the fear of God overcometh hatred.,For fearing lest he should offend the Lord, he will not do wrong to any man, even in thought.,These things I learnt at last, after I had repented concerning Joseph.,For true repentance after a godly sort destroyeth ignorance, and driveth away the darkness, and enlighteneth the eyes, and giveth knowledge to the soul, and leadeth the mind to salvation.,And those things which it hath not learnt from man, it knoweth through repentance.,For God brought upon me a disease of the liver; and had not the prayers of Jacob my father succoured me, it had hardly failed but my spirit had departed.,For by what things a man transgresseth by the same also is he punished .,Since, therefore, my liver was set mercilessly against Joseph, in my liver too I suffered mercilessly, and was judged for eleven months, for so long a time as I had been angry against Joseph.,Ye see, my children, how that there are two in all things, one against the other, and the one is hidden by the other: in wealth (is hidden) covetousness, in conviviality drunkenness, in laughter grief, in wedlock profligacy.,Death succeedeth to life, dishonour to glory, night to day, and darkness to light; [and all things are under the day, just things under life, unjust things under death;] wherefore also eternal life awaiteth death.,Nor may it be said that truth is a lie, nor right wrong; for all truth is under the light, even as all things are under God.,All these things, therefore, I proved in my life, and I wandered not from the truth of the Lord, and I searched out the commandments of the Most High, walking according to all my strength with singleness of face unto that which is good.,And again, at another time she said unto me: If thou wilt not commit adultery, I will kill my husband by poison; and take thee to be my husband.,I therefore, when I heard this, rent my garments, and said unto her: Woman, reverence God, and do not this evil deed, lest thou be destroyed; for know indeed that I will declare this thy device unto all men.,She therefore, being afraid, besought that I would not declare this device.,And she departed soothing me with gifts, and sending to me every delight of the sons of men.,If, therefore, ye also have a good mind, then will both wicked men be at peace with you, and the profligate will reverence you and turn unto good; and the covetous will not only cease from their inordinate desire, but even give the objects of their covetousness to them that are afflicted.,If ye do well, even the unclean spirits will flee from you; and the beasts will dread you.,For where there is reverence for good works and light in the mind, even darkness fleeth away from him.,For if any one does violence to a holy man, he repenteth; for the holy man is merciful to his reviler, and holdeth his peace.,And if any one betrayeth a righteous man, the righteous man prayeth: though for a little he be humbled, yet not long after he appeareth far more glorious, as was Joseph my brother.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 28.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

28.16. אָרוּר אַתָּה בָּעִיר וְאָרוּר אַתָּה בַּשָּׂדֶה׃ 28.16. Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field."
2. Anon., 1 Enoch, 7.1, 10.7, 11.1-11.2, 12.1-12.6, 15.8-15.12, 16.1-16.2, 60.6-60.19, 86.1-86.4 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

7.1. And all the others together with them took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in unto them and to defile themselves with them, and they taught them charm 11.1. And in those days I will open the store chambers of blessing which are in the heaven, so as to send 11.2. them down upon the earth over the work and labour of the children of men. And truth and peace shall be associated together throughout all the days of the world and throughout all the generations of men.' 12.1. Before these things Enoch was hidden, and no one of the children of men knew where he wa 12.2. hidden, and where he abode, and what had become of him. And his activities had to do with the Watchers, and his days were with the holy ones. 12.3. And I Enoch was blessing the Lord of majesty and the King of the ages, and lo! the Watcher 12.4. called me -Enoch the scribe- and said to me: 'Enoch, thou scribe of righteousness, go, declare to the Watchers of the heaven who have left the high heaven, the holy eternal place, and have defiled themselves with women, and have done as the children of earth do, and have taken unto themselve 12.5. wives: 'Ye have wrought great destruction on the earth: And ye shall have no peace nor forgivene 12.6. of sin: and inasmuch as they delight themselves in their children, The murder of their beloved ones shall they see, and over the destruction of their children shall they lament, and shall make supplication unto eternity, but mercy and peace shall ye not attain.' 15.8. And now, the giants, who are produced from the spirits and flesh, shall be called evil spirits upon 15.9. the earth, and on the earth shall be their dwelling. Evil spirits have proceeded from their bodies; because they are born from men and from the holy Watchers is their beginning and primal origin; 15.12. hunger and thirst, and cause offences. And these spirits shall rise up against the children of men and against the women, because they have proceeded from them. 16.1. From the days of the slaughter and destruction and death of the giants, from the souls of whose flesh the spirits, having gone forth, shall destroy without incurring judgement -thus shall they destroy until the day of the consummation, the great judgement in which the age shall be 16.2. consummated, over the Watchers and the godless, yea, shall be wholly consummated.' And now as to the watchers who have sent thee to intercede for them, who had been aforetime in heaven, (say 60.6. long-suffering towards those who dwell on the earth. And when the day, and the power, and the punishment, and the judgement come, which the Lord of Spirits hath prepared for those who worship not the righteous law, and for those who deny the righteous judgement, and for those who take His name in vain-that day is prepared, for the elect a covet, but for sinners an inquisition. 60.7. And on that day were two monsters parted, a female monster named Leviathan, to dwell in the 60.8. abysses of the ocean over the fountains of the waters. But the male is named Behemoth, who occupied with his breast a waste wilderness named Duidain, on the east of the garden where the elect and righteous dwell, where my grandfather was taken up, the seventh from Adam, the first 60.9. man whom the Lord of Spirits created. And I besought the other angel that he should show me the might of those monsters, how they were parted on one day and cast, the one into the abysse 60.11. And the other angel who went with me and showed me what was hidden told me what is first and last in the heaven in the height, and beneath the earth in the depth, and at the ends of the 60.12. heaven, and on the foundation of the heaven. And the chambers of the winds, and how the winds are divided, and how they are weighed, and (how) the portals of the winds are reckoned, each according to the power of the wind, and the power of the lights of the moon, and according to the power that is fitting: and the divisions of the stars according to their names, and how all the division 60.13. are divided. And the thunders according to the places where they fall, and all the divisions that are made among the lightnings that it may lighten, and their host that they may at once obey. 60.14. For the thunder has places of rest (which) are assigned (to it) while it is waiting for its peal; and the thunder and lightning are inseparable, and although not one and undivided, they both go together 60.15. through the spirit and separate not. For when the lightning lightens, the thunder utters its voice, and the spirit enforces a pause during the peal, and divides equally between them; for the treasury of their peals is like the sand, and each one of them as it peals is held in with a bridle, and turned back by the power of the spirit, and pushed forward according to the many quarters of the earth. 60.16. And the spirit of the sea is masculine and strong, and according to the might of his strength he draws it back with a rein, and in like manner it is driven forward and disperses amid all the mountain 60.17. of the earth. And the spirit of the hoar-frost is his own angel, and the spirit of the hail is a good 60.18. angel. And the spirit of the snow has forsaken his chambers on account of his strength -There is a special spirit therein, and that which ascends from it is like smoke, and its name is frost. And the spirit of the mist is not united with them in their chambers, but it has a special chamber; for its course is glorious both in light and in darkness, and in winter and in summer, and in its chamber is an angel. 86.1. And again I saw with mine eyes as I slept, and I saw the heaven above, and behold a star fell 86.2. from heaven, and it arose and eat and pastured amongst those oxen. And after that I saw the large and the black oxen, and behold they all changed their stalls and pastures and their cattle, and began 86.3. to live with each other. And again I saw in the vision, and looked towards the heaven, and behold I saw many stars descend and cast themselves down from heaven to that first star, and they became 86.4. bulls amongst those cattle and pastured with them [amongst them]. And I looked at them and saw, and behold they all let out their privy members, like horses, and began to cover the cows of the oxen
3. Anon., Jubilees, 4.15 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.15. And in the seventh jubilee in the third week Enos took Nôâm his sister to be his wife, and she bare him a son in the third year of the fifth week, and he called his name Ke.
4. Anon., Testament of Naphtali, 3.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.5. In like manner the Watchers also changed the order of their nature, whom the Lord cursed at the flood, on whose account He made the earth without inhabitants and fruitless.
5. Dead Sea Scrolls, Ben Sira, 45-50, 44 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

6. Dead Sea Scrolls, Testament of Naphtali, 3.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

7. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 8.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.10. And it waxed great, even to the host of heaven; and some of the host and of the stars it cast down to the ground, and trampled upon them."
8. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 2.51-2.61 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.51. Remember the deeds of the fathers, which they did in their generations; and receive great honor and an everlasting name. 2.52. Was not Abraham found faithful when tested, and it was reckoned to him as righteousness? 2.53. Joseph in the time of his distress kept the commandment, and became lord of Egypt. 2.54. Phinehas our father, because he was deeply zealous, received the covet of everlasting priesthood. 2.55. Joshua, because he fulfilled the command, became a judge in Israel. 2.56. Caleb, because he testified in the assembly, received an inheritance in the land. 2.57. David, because he was merciful, inherited the throne of the kingdom for ever. 2.58. Elijah because of great zeal for the law was taken up into heaven. 2.59. Haniah, Azariah, and Mishael believed and were saved from the flame. 2.60. Daniel because of his innocence was delivered from the mouth of the lions. 2.61. And so observe, from generation to generation, that none who put their trust in him will lack strength.
9. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 16.7-16.9 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

16.7. He was not propitiated for the ancient giants who revolted in their might. 16.8. He did not spare the neighbors of Lot,whom he loathed on account of their insolence. 16.9. He showed no pity for a nation devoted to destruction,for those destroyed in their sins;
10. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 13-17, 12 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

11. New Testament, Apocalypse, 12.4, 12.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.4. His tail drew one third of the stars of the sky, and threw them to the earth. The dragon stood before the woman who was about to give birth, so that when she gave birth he might devour her child. 12.8. They didn't prevail, neither was a place found for him any more in heaven.
12. New Testament, Jude, 6-8, 5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13. Anon., Genesis Rabba, 26.5 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

26.5. וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים (בראשית ו, ב), רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי קָרֵא לְהוֹן בְּנֵי דַיָּנַיָא, רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי מְקַלֵּל לְכָל מַאן דְּקָרֵא לְהוֹן בְּנֵי אֱלָהַיָּא, תָּנֵי רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי כָּל פִּרְצָה שֶׁאֵינָהּ מִן הַגְּדוֹלִים אֵינָהּ פִּרְצָה, כֻּמְרַיָא גָּנְבוּ אֱלָהַיָּא מַאן מוֹמֵי בֵּיהּ אוֹ מַאן מְקָרֵב. וְלָמָּה קוֹרֵא אוֹתָן בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים, רַבִּי חֲנִינָא וְרַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן לָקִישׁ תַּרְוֵיהוֹן אָמְרִין שֶׁהִרְבּוּ יָמִים בְּלֹא צַעַר וּבְלֹא יִסּוּרִין. רַבִּי חָנָא בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי יוֹסֵי אָמַר כְּדֵי לַעֲמֹד עַל הַתְּקוּפוֹת וְעַל הַחִשְׁבוֹנוֹת. רַבָּנָן אָמְרִין כְּדֵי שֶׁיִּטְלוּ שֶׁלָּהֶם וְשֶׁל דּוֹרוֹת הַבָּאִים אַחֲרֵיהֶם. (בראשית ו, ב): כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה, אָמַר רַבִּי יוּדָן טֹבֹת כְּתִיב, מִשֶּׁהָיוּ מְטִיבִין אִשָּׁה לְבַעֲלָהּ הָיָה גָדוֹל נִכְנַס וּבוֹעֲלָהּ תְּחִלָּה, הֲדָא הוּא דִכְתִיב כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה, אֵלּוּ הַבְּתוּלוֹת, (בראשית ו, ב): וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ, אֵלּוּ נְשֵׁי אֲנָשִׁים. מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ, זֶה זָכָר וּבְהֵמָה. רַבִּי הוּנָא בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי אָמַר דּוֹר הַמַּבּוּל לֹא נִמּוֹחוּ מִן הָעוֹלָם עַד שֶׁכָּתְבוּ גִּמּוֹמְסִיּוֹת לְזָכָר וְלִבְהֵמָה. אָמַר רַבִּי שִׂמְלָאי בְּכָל מָקוֹם שֶׁאַתָּה מוֹצֵא זְנוּת, אַנְדְּרוֹלוֹמוּסְיָא בָּאָה לָעוֹלָם וְהוֹרֶגֶת טוֹבִים וְרָעִים. רַבִּי עֲזַרְיָה וְרַבִּי יְהוּדָה בַּר רַבִּי סִימוֹן בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בֶּן לֵוִי אָמַר עַל הַכֹּל הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא מַאֲרִיךְ אַפּוֹ חוּץ מִן הַזְּנוּת, מַאי טַעְמָא וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים וגו', וּמַה כְּתִיב בַּתְרֵיהּ (בראשית ו, ז): וַיֹּאמֶר ה' אֶמְחֶה אֶת הָאָדָם, רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ בַּר לֵוִי בְּשֵׁם פְּדָיָה אָמַר כָּל אוֹתוֹ הַלַּיְלָה הָיָה לוֹט מְבַקֵּשׁ רַחֲמִים עַל הַסְּדוֹמִיִּים וְהָיוּ מְקַבְּלִין מִיָּדוֹ, כֵּיוָן שֶׁאָמְרוּ לוֹ (בראשית יט, ה): הוֹצִיאֵם אֵלִינוּ וְנֵדְעָה אֹתָם לְתַשְׁמִישׁ, אָמְרוּ לוֹ (בראשית יט, יב): עֹד מִי לְךָ פֹה לְלַמֵּד סָנֵגוֹרְיָא עֲלֵיהֶם, מִכָּאן וָאֵילָךְ אֵין לְךָ לְלַמֵּד עֲלֵיהֶם סָנֵגוֹרְיָא.
14. Babylonian Talmud, Sanhedrin, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

108a. רשעים במשפט וחטאים בעדת צדיקים על כן לא יקומו רשעים במשפט זה דור המבול וחטאים בעדת צדיקים אלו אנשי סדום אמרו לו אינם עומדין בעדת צדיקים אבל עומדין בעדת רשעים,(מרגלים אין להם חלק לעולם הבא שנאמר (במדבר יד, לז) וימותו האנשים מוציאי דבת הארץ רעה במגפה לפני ה' וימותו בעולם הזה במגפה לעולם הבא),דור המדבר אין להם חלק לעולם הבא ואין עומדין בדין שנאמר (במדבר יד, לה) במדבר הזה יתמו ושם ימותו דברי רבי עקיבא ר' אליעזר אומר עליהם הוא אומר (תהלים נ, ה) אספו לי חסידי כורתי בריתי עלי זבח,עדת קרח אינה עתידה לעלות שנאמר (במדבר טז, לג) ותכס עליהם הארץ בעולם הזה ויאבדו מתוך הקהל לעולם הבא דברי ר"ע ר"א אומר עליהם הוא אומר (שמואל א ב, ו) ה' ממית ומחיה מוריד שאול ויעל:, big strongגמ׳ /strong /big ת"ר דור המבול אין להם חלק לעולם הבא שנאמר (בראשית ז, כג) וימח את כל היקום אשר על פני האדמה וימח את כל היקום בעולם הזה וימחו מן הארץ לעולם הבא דברי ר"ע ר"י בן בתירא אומר לא חיין ולא נדונין שנאמר (בראשית ו, ג) לא ידון רוחי באדם לעולם לא דין ולא רוח דבר אחר לא ידון רוחי שלא תהא נשמתן חוזרת לנדנה,ר' מנחם בר יוסף אומר אפילו בשעה שהקב"ה מחזיר נשמות לפגרים מתים נשמתן קשה להם בגיהנם שנאמר (ישעיהו לג, יא) תהרו חשש תלדו קש רוחכם אש תאכלכם,ת"ר דור המבול לא נתגאו אלא בשביל טובה שהשפיע להם הקב"ה ומה כתיב בהם (איוב כא, ט) בתיהם שלום מפחד ולא שבט אלוה עליהם וכתיב (איוב כא, י) שורו עבר ולא יגעיל תפלט פרתו ולא תשכל וכתיב (איוב כא, יא) ישלחו כצאן עויליהם וילדיהם ירקדון וכתיב (איוב כא, יב) ישאו בתוף וכנור וישמחו לקול עוגב וכתיב יבלו ימיהם בטוב ושנותם בנעימים וכתיב וברגע שאול יחתו,והיא גרמה שאמרו לאל (איוב כא, יד) סור ממנו ודעת דרכיך לא חפצנו מה שדי כי נעבדנו ומה נועיל כי נפגע בו אמרו כלום צריכין אנו לו אלא לטיפה של גשמים יש לנו נהרות ומעינות שאנו מסתפקין מהן אמר הקב"ה בטובה שהשפעתי להן בה מכעיסין אותי ובה אני דן אותם שנאמר (בראשית ו, יז) ואני הנני מביא את המבול מים,ר' יוסי אמר דור המבול לא נתגאו אלא בשביל גלגל העין שדומה למים [שנאמר (בראשית ו, ב) ויקחו להם נשים מכל אשר בחרו] לפיכך דן אותן במים שדומה לגלגל העין שנאמר (בראשית ז, יא) נבקעו כל מעינות תהום רבה וארבות השמים נפתחו,א"ר יוחנן דור המבול ברבה קלקלו וברבה נידונו ברבה קלקלו שנאמר (בראשית ו, ה) וירא ה' כי רבה רעת האדם וברבה נידונו שנאמר (בראשית ז, יא) כל מעינות תהום רבה א"ר יוחנן שלשה נשתיירו מהם בלועה דגדר וחמי טבריא ועיניא רבתי דבירם,(בראשית ו, יב) כי השחית כל בשר את דרכו על הארץ א"ר יוחנן מלמד שהרביעו בהמה על חיה וחיה על בהמה והכל על אדם ואדם על הכל א"ר אבא בר כהנא וכולם חזרו חוץ מתושלמי,(בראשית ו, ג) ויאמר ה' לנח קץ כל בשר בא לפני א"ר יוחנן בא וראה כמה גדול כחה של חמס שהרי דור המבול עברו על הכל ולא נחתם עליהם גזר דינם עד שפשטו ידיהם בגזל שנאמר (בראשית ו, יג) כי מלאה הארץ חמס מפניהם והנני משחיתם את הארץ וכתיב (יחזקאל ז, יא) החמס קם למטה רשע לא מהם ולא מהמונם ולא מהמהם ולא נה בהם,א"ר אלעזר מלמד שזקף עצמו כמקל ועמד לפני הקב"ה ואמר לפניו רבש"ע לא מהם ולא מהמונם ולא מהמהם ולא נה בהם,(ואף על נח נחתם גזר דין שנא' ולא נח בהם) תנא דבי ר' ישמעאל אף על נח נחתך גזר דין אלא שמצא חן בעיני ה' שנאמר (בראשית ו, ז) נחמתי כי עשיתם ונח מצא חן בעיני ה',(בראשית ו, ו) וינחם ה' כי עשה את האדם בארץ כי אתא רב דימי אמר אמר הקב"ה יפה עשיתי שתקנתי להם קברות בארץ מאי משמע כתיב הכא וינחם ה' וכתיב התם (בראשית נ, כא) וינחם אותם וידבר על לבם,ואיכא דאמרי לא יפה עשיתי שתקנתי להם קברות בארץ כתיב הכא וינחם וכתיב התם (שמות לב, יד) וינחם ה' על הרעה אשר דבר לעשות לעמו,(בראשית ו, ט) אלה תולדות נח [נח איש צדיק תמים היה בדורותיו] א"ר יוחנן בדורותיו ולא בדורות אחרים וריש לקיש אמר בדורותיו כ"ש בדורות אחרים,א"ר חנינא משל דרבי יוחנן למה הדבר דומה לחבית של יין שהיתה מונחת במרתף של חומץ במקומה ריחה נודף שלא במקומה אין ריחה נודף א"ר אושעיא משל דריש לקיש למה הדבר דומה לצלוחית של פלייטון שהיתה מונחת במקום הטנופת במקומה ריחה נודף וכ"ש במקום הבוסם,(בראשית ז, כג) וימח את כל היקום אשר על פני האדמה אם אדם חטא בהמה מה חטאה,תנא משום רבי יהושע בן קרחה משל לאדם שעשה חופה לבנו והתקין מכל מיני סעודה לימים מת בנו עמד (ובלבל) [ופזר] את חופתו אמר כלום עשיתי אלא בשביל בני עכשיו שמת חופה למה לי אף הקב"ה אמר כלום בראתי בהמה וחיה אלא בשביל אדם עכשיו שאדם חוטא בהמה וחיה למה לי,(בראשית ז, כב) מכל אשר בחרבה מתו ולא דגים שבים,דרש ר' יוסי דמן קסרי מאי דכתיב (איוב כד, יח) קל הוא על פני מים תקולל חלקתם בארץ מלמד שהיה נח הצדיק מוכיח בהם ואומר להם עשו תשובה ואם לאו הקב"ה מביא עליכם את המבול ומקפה נבלתכם על המים כזיקין שנאמר קל הוא על פני מים ולא עוד אלא שלוקחין מהם קללה לכל באי עולם שנאמר (איוב כד, יח) תקולל חלקתם בארץ,לא יפנה דרך כרמים מלמד שהיו מפנים דרך כרמים אמר לו ומי מעכב אמר להם פרידה אחת יש לי להוציא מכם 108a. bin judgment, nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous”(Psalms 1:5). b“Therefore the wicked shall not stand in judgment”; thisis referring to bthe generation of the flood,about whom it is written: “The wickedness of man was great upon the earth” (Genesis 6:5). b“Nor sinners in the congregation of the righteous”; these are the people of Sodom,about whom it is written: “And the men of Sodom were wicked and sinners” (Genesis 13:13). The Sages bsaid toRabbi Neḥemya: bThey will not standin judgment for resurrection bin the congregation of the righteous, but they will standin judgment bin the congregation of the wicked. /b, bThe spieswho spread an evil report of their visit to Canaan bhave no share in the World-to-Come, as it is stated: “And those men who spread the evil report about the land died by plague before the Lord”(Numbers 14:37). b“And…died”indicates bin this world; “by plague”indicates bfor the World-to-Come. /b,The members of bthe generation of the wilderness have no share in the World-to-Come and will not stand in judgment, as it is stated: “In this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die”(Numbers 14:35). “They shall be consumed” indicates in this world; “and there they shall die” indicates for the World-to-Come; this is bthe statement of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Eliezer says:The members of the generation of the wilderness were essentially righteous, and babout themthe verse bsays: “Gather My pious together to Me, those that have entered into My covet by offering”(Psalms 50:5). It is they who entered into the covet with God and they will certainly be rewarded in the future., bThe assembly of Korah is not destined to arisefor resurrection, bas it is stated: “And the earth closed upon them”(Numbers 16:33), meaning bin this world,and also: b“And they perished from among the assembly”(Numbers 16:33), meaning bin the World-to-Come;this is bthe statement of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Eliezer says: About themthe verse bsays: “The Lord kills and makes alive; He lowers to the grave, and raises”(I Samuel 2:6), indicating that the assembly of Korah has a share in the World-to-Come.,gemara bThe Sages taughtin a ibaraita /i: The members of bthe generation of the flood have no share in the World-to-Come, as it is stated: “And He obliterated every living thing that was upon the face of the ground,from man to cattle to creeping animal to the birds of the heaven; and they were obliterated from the earth” (Genesis 7:23). b“And He obliterated every living thing”indicates bin this world,whereas b“and they were obliterated from the earth”indicates bfor the World-to-Come;this is bthe statement of Rabbi Akiva. Rabbi Yehuda ben Beteira says:The members of the generation of the flood will bneither live nor be judged, as it is stated: “My soul shall not abide [ iyadon /i] in man forever”(Genesis 6:3), meaning bneitherwill they stand in bjudgment [ idin /i], norshall their bsoulsbe restored to them. bAlternatively, “My soul shall not abide”means btheir souls will not return to their sheaths [ inadan /i],i.e., to their bodies., bRabbi Menaḥem, son of Rabbi Yosef, says: Even at a time when the Holy One, Blessed be He, restores souls to lifeless corpses,the souls of the generation of the flood bwillafflict bthem harshlyas if they were bin Gehenna, as it is stated: “You shall conceive chaff; you shall bring forth straw; your soul is a fire that shall devour you”(Isaiah 33:11)., bThe Sages taughtin a ibaraita( iTosefta /i, iSota3:10): bThe generation of the flood became haughtyand sinned bdue only to theexcessive bgoodness that the Holy One, Blessed be He, bestowed upon them. And what is written concerning them,indicating that goodness? b“Their houses are safe without fear, nor is the rod of God upon them”(Job 21:9). bAnd it is written: “Their bull sires, and will not fall; their cow calves, and does not cast her calf”(Job 21:10). bAnd it is written: “They send forth their little ones like a flock, and their children dance”(Job 21:11). bAnd it is written: “They sing to the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the pipe”(Job 21:12). bAnd it is written: “They shall spend their days in prosperity, and their years in pleasures”(Job 36:11). bAnd it is written: “And peacefully they go down to the grave”(Job 21:13)., bAnd thatsuccess bcausedthem bto say to God: “Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of Your ways. What is the Almighty, that we should serve Him, and what profit should we have if we pray unto Him”(Job 21:14–15). The members of the generation of the flood bsaid: Do we need Him for anything, even forthe bdrop of rainthat He causes to fall? bWe have rivers and springs from which we take our supplyof water; we do not fear Him. bThe Holy One, Blessed be He, said: With the goodness that I bestowed upon them, withthat bthey infuriate Me and with it I will sentence them, as it is stated: “And behold I will bring the flood of water”(Genesis 6:17)., bRabbi Yosei says: The generation of the flood became haughty due only to thecovetousness of the beyeball, which is similar to water, as it is stated:“And the sons of the prominent men saw that the daughters of men were fair; band they took for themselves wives from anyone they chose”(Genesis 6:2). bConsequently,God bpunished them with water, which is similar to an eyeball [ ilegalgal ha’ayin /i], as it is stated: “All the fountains [ imayenot /i] of the great deep were breached, and the flues of heaven were opened”(Genesis 7:11)., bRabbi Yoḥa says:The members of bthe generation of the flood sinned with “great” and were punished with “great.” They sinned with “great,” as it is stated: “And the Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great”(Genesis 6:5). bAnd they were punished with great, as it is stated: “All the fountains of the great deepwere breached” (Genesis 7:11). bRabbi Yoḥa says: Threefountains bofthe great deep that were breached in the flood bremained,and boiling water continues to flow in them as it did during the flood. They are: bBeloa of Gader, and the hot springs of Tiberias, and the great spring of Beiram. /b,With regard to the verse: b“For all flesh had corrupted its way upon the earth”(Genesis 6:12), bRabbi Yoḥa says:This bteaches thatthe people of the generation of the flood bmatedmale bdomesticated animals withfemale bundomesticated animals, andmale bundomesticated animals withfemale bdomesticated animals, and allmale animals bwith humanfemales, band humanmales bwith allfemale animals. bRabbi Abba bar Kahana says: Andafter the flood ball ofthe creatures breturnedto mate with their own species, bexceptfor the bird called itushlami /i,which continued to mate with other species.,With regard to the verse: b“And God said to Noah: The end of all flesh is come before Me,for the earth is filled with robbery through them, and behold, I will destroy them with the earth” (Genesis 6:13), bRabbi Yoḥa says: Come and see how great is the power of robbery, as the generation of the flood violated everyprecept, bbut their sentenceto be destroyed bwas not sealed until they extended their handsand engaged bin robbery, as it is stated: “For the earth is filled with robbery through them, and behold, I will destroy them with the earth”(Genesis 6:13). bAnd it is written: “Robbery is risen up into a rod of wickedness; nothing comes from them, nor from their multitude, nor from any of them, nor shall there be wailing [ ino’ah /i] for them”(Ezekiel 7:11)., bRabbi Elazar says:This bteaches thatrobbery bstraightened itself like a rod and stood before the Holy One, Blessed be He, and said before Him: Master of the Universe: “Nothing comes from them, nor from their multitude, nor from any of them, nor shall there be wailing for them,”i.e., none of the robbers are fit to exist., bAnd the sentence of Noah was also sealed;he was going to die with the rest of the generation of the flood, bas it is stated: Nor shall there be iNo’aḥfor them.The Gemara interprets the term spelled inun /i, iheh /i, in the aforementioned verse, as if it were spelled inun /i, iḥet /i. bThe school of Rabbi Yishmael taught: The sentence of Noah was also decided; buthe was spared through the kindness of God due to the fact bthat he found favor in the eyes of God, as it is stated: “For I regret that I have made them. And Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord”(Genesis 6:7–8). The juxtaposition of the term “and Noah” to the phrase “for I regret that I have made them” indicates that Noah should have been killed as well.,It is written: b“ iVayyinaḥemthe Lord that He made man on the earth [ iba’aretz /i]”(Genesis 6:6). The meaning of the term “ ivayyinaḥem /i” is subject to a dispute. bWhen Rav Dimi camefrom Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia, bhe saidin explanation: bThe Holy One, Blessed be He, said: I did well that I prepared graves forpeople bin the earth [ iba’aretz /i].The Gemara asks: bFrom whereis it binferredthat the term “ ivayyinaḥem /i” has a positive connotation? The Gemara answers: bIt is written here: “ iVayyinaḥem /i,” and it is written there: “And he comforted them [ ivayenaḥem otam /i] and spoke to their heart”(Genesis 50:21)., bAnd there arethose bwho saythat the term “ ivayyinaḥem /i” has a different meaning: bI did not do well that I prepared graves forpeople bin the earth,as I should not have created them in order to destroy them. From where is it inferred that the term “ ivayyinaḥem /i” has a negative connotation? bIt is written here: “ iVayyinaḥem /i,” and it is written there: “And the Lord regretted [ ivayyinaḥem /i] the evil that He thought to do to His people”(Exodus 32:14).,§ With regard to the verse: b“These are the generations of Noah; Noah was a righteous man, and wholehearted in his generations”(Genesis 6:9), bRabbi Yoḥa says:Relative to the other people bof his generationhe was righteous and wholehearted, bbut notrelative to those bof other generations. And Reish Lakish says: In his generationhe was righteous and wholehearted despite being surrounded by bad influences; ball the more sowould he have been considered righteous and wholehearted bin other generations. /b, bRabbi Ḥanina says:There is ba parablefor the statement bof Rabbi Yoḥa; to what is this matter comparable?It is comparable bto a barrel of wine that was placed in a cellarwhere bvinegaris stored; bin its place, its fragrance diffuses,i.e., is noticeable, relative to the odor of the vinegar. When it is bnot in its placesurrounded by vinegar, bits fragrance does not diffuse,and its pleasant odor is not sensed. bRabbi Oshaya says:There is ba parablefor the statement bof Reish Lakish; to what is this matter comparable?It is comparable bto a flask of perfume [ ipalyaton /i] that was placed in a location of filth. In its place its fragrance diffusesdespite the ambient odor, band all the more sois its fragrance noticeable if it is placed bin a locationwhere there is bperfume. /b,With regard to the verse: b“And He obliterated every living thing that was upon the face of the ground,from man to cattle to creeping animal to the birds of the heaven” (Genesis 7:23), the Gemara asks: bIf man sinned,in bwhatway bdidthe banimalkingdom bsinthat it, too, warranted destruction?,The Gemara answers: It was btaught in the name of Rabbi Yehoshua ben Korḥa:There is ba parablefor this matter, bto a man who fashioned a wedding canopy for his son and prepared all sorts offood for the wedding bfeast. Sometimelater, before the wedding, bhis son died.What did the man do? bHe arose and dismantled hisson’s bwedding canopy. He said: Did I dothis for any reason bother than for my son? Now thatmy son has bdied, why do Ineed ba wedding canopy? So too, the Holy One, Blessed be He, said: Did I create domesticated animals and non-domesticated animalsfor any reason bother than for man? Now that man sinsand is sentenced to destruction, bwhy do Ineed bdomesticated animals and non-domesticated animals? /b,It is written: b“of all that was on dry land died”(Genesis 7:22), from which it is inferred: bBut not the fish that are in the sea,which are not on dry land., bRabbi Yosei from Caesarea taught: Whatis the meaning of that bwhich is written: “He is swift upon the face of the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth;he turns not by way of the vineyards” (Job 24:18)? This bteaches that Noah the righteous would rebukethe people of his generation band say to them: Repent. And ifyou do bnot, the Holy One, Blessed be He, will bring a flood upon you and float your corpses on the water like wineskinsfilled with air that float on water, bas it is stated: “He is swift upon the face of the waters.” Moreover, a curse is taken from them to all who enter the world,as people will curse others, saying: They shall be like the generation of the flood. bAs it is stated: “Their portion is cursed in the earth.” /b,The conclusion of that verse: b“He turns not by way of the vineyards,” teaches that they would clear a path through vineyards. They said toNoah: bAnd who is preventingthe flood from coming? Noah bsaid to them: I have one pigeon,Methuselah, who will die at his appointed time, which I must bremove from among youbefore the flood.
15. Anon., 2 Enoch, 7.3-7.4, 18.2-18.5, 18.9, 29.4-29.5



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
angelic sin, as epistemological transgression Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
angelology, jewish Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
angels, fallen Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 45, 190
angels, offspring of Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 45
angels Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
apocalyptic literature, and book of daniel Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
apocalyptic literature, history of scholarship on Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
apology, apologetics, christian Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
battle, heavenly Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
book of the watchers, and the epistle of jude Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
clement of alexandria Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
combat myth Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
earth Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
enoch, as intercessor for fallen angels Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
enoch, elevation of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
enochic literary tradition, place of 2 enoch in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
enochic literary tradition, place of book of dreams in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
fall of the watchers Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 45
fallen angels, and sodomites Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
fallen angels, as paradigms of punished wicked Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
fallen angels, imprisonment of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
fallen angels, punishment of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
genesis, and book of the watchers Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
heaven Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
hermon, mt Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
intermarriage Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
irenaeus Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
israel, and the angels Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
jerome Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
knowledge, revealed Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
lamb, loyalty to Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
literary production Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
minut, minim Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
myth, python-leto-apollo Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
new testament, and enochic texts and traditions Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
noah Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
philosophy, and christianity Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
satan Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
sodom, sodomites Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104, 210
sons of god, euhemeristic interpretations of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
textual transmission, premodern' Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 104
throne-room, vision Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190
torah Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 210
tradition, deuteronomistic Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 45
watchers Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 45
yarbro collins, adela Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 190