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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 5.411

nanFor Smyrna also, weeping her Lycurgus

Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 3.22-3.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.22. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם׃ 3.23. וַיְשַׁלְּחֵהוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִגַּן־עֵדֶן לַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר לֻקַּח מִשָּׁם׃ 3.24. וַיְגָרֶשׁ אֶת־הָאָדָם וַיַּשְׁכֵּן מִקֶּדֶם לְגַן־עֵדֶן אֶת־הַכְּרֻבִים וְאֵת לַהַט הַחֶרֶב הַמִּתְהַפֶּכֶת לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־דֶּרֶךְ עֵץ הַחַיִּים׃ 3.22. And the LORD God said: ‘Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.’" 3.23. Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken." 3.24. So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life."
2. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 74, 79, 137 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 47.8 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

47.8. וְעַתָּה שִׁמְעִי־זֹאת עֲדִינָה הַיּוֹשֶׁבֶת לָבֶטַח הָאֹמְרָה בִּלְבָבָהּ אֲנִי וְאַפְסִי עוֹד לֹא אֵשֵׁב אַלְמָנָה וְלֹא אֵדַע שְׁכוֹל׃ 47.8. Now therefore hear this, thou that art given to pleasures, That sittest securely, That sayest in thy heart: ‘I am, and there is none else beside me; I shall not sit as a widow, Neither shall I know the loss of children’;"
4. Hebrew Bible, 2 Chronicles, 35.25 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

35.25. וַיְקוֹנֵן יִרְמְיָהוּ עַל־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ וַיֹּאמְרוּ כָל־הַשָּׁרִים וְהַשָּׁרוֹת בְּקִינוֹתֵיהֶם עַל־יֹאשִׁיָּהוּ עַד־הַיּוֹם וַיִּתְּנוּם לְחֹק עַל־יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל־הַקִּינוֹת׃ 35.25. And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah; and all the singing men and singing women spoke of Josiah in their lamentations, unto this day; and they made them an ordice in Israel; and, behold, they are written in the lamentations."
5. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 3.10, 3.56, 3.278, 3.708, 3.711, 3.721, 3.766, 3.771, 4.188, 5.1-5.287, 5.289, 5.294-5.296, 5.298-5.305, 5.324-5.332, 5.344-5.345, 5.349-5.370, 5.381, 5.386-5.410, 5.412-5.448, 5.483-5.488, 5.492-5.530 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

3.10. 10 Which God commands me to proclaim to men. 3.56. Governing always, then shall there appear 3.278. Neither do they astrologize with skill 3.708. Their hands to the broad heaven, shall begin 3.711. But come and learn this and store in your hearts 3.721. Ye should not make till all things come to pass 3.766. Reckoned from the dominion of the Greeks 3.771. And fill all things with evils; he will cast 4.188. Tossed on high by the whirling stormy winds. 5.1. BUT come, now, hear of me the mournful time 5.2. of sons of Latium. And first of all 5.3. After the kings of Egypt were destroyed 5.4. And the like earth had downwards borne them all 5.5. 5 And after Pella's townsman, under whom 5.6. The whole East and the rich West were cast down 5.7. whom Babylon dishonored, and stretched out 5.8. For Philip a dead body (not of Zeus 5.9. of Ammon not true things were prophesied) 5.10. 10 And after that one of the race and blood 5.11. of king Assaracus, who came from Troy 5.12. Even he who cleft the violence of fire 5.13. And after many lords, and after men 5.14. To Ares dear, and after the young babes 5.15. 15 The children of the beast that feeds on sheep 5.16. The very first lord shall be, who shall sum 5.17. Twice ten with the first letter of his name; 5.18. In wars exceeding powerful shall he be; 5.19. And he shall have the initial sign of ten; 5.20. 20 And in like manner after him to reign 5.21. Is one who has the alphabet's first letter; 5.22. Before him Thrace and Sicily shall crouch 5.23. Then Memphis, Memphis cast headlong to earth 5.24. By reason of the cowardice of ruler 5.25. 25 And of a woman unenslaved who fall 5.26. Upon the wave. And laws will he ordain 5.27. For peoples and put all things under him; 5.28. But after a long time shall he transmit 5.29. His power unto another, who shall have 5.30. 30 Three hundred for his first initial sign 5.31. And of a river the beloved name 5.32. And the Persians he shall rule and Babylon; 5.33. And then shall he smite Medians with his spear. 5.34. Then shall one rule who has the initial sign 5.35. 35 of the number three. And then shall be a lord 5.36. Who shall for first initial have twice ten; 5.37. And he shall come to Ocean's utmost water 5.38. And by Ausonia cleave the refluent tide. 5.39. And one whose mark is fifty shall be lord 5.40. 40 A dreadful serpent breathing grievous war 5.41. Who sometime stretching forth his hands shall make 5.42. An end of his own race and stir all things 5.43. Acting the athlete, driving chariots 5.44. Putting to death and daring countless things; 5.45. 45 And he shall cleave the mountain of two sea 5.46. And sprinkle it with gore; but out of sight 5.47. Shall also vanish the destructive man; 5.48. Then, making himself equal unto God 5.49. Shall he return; but God will prove him naught. 5.50. 50 And after him shall three kings be destroyed 5.51. By one another. Then a great destroyer 5.52. of pious men shall come, whom seven times ten 5.53. Shall point out clearly. But from him a son 5.54. Whom the first letter of three hundred proves 5.55. 55 Shall take the power. And after him shall be 5.56. A ruler, of the initial sign of four 5.57. A life-destroyer. Then a reverend man 5.58. of the number fifty. Next, succeeding him 5.59. Who has the first mark of the initial sign 5.60. 60 Three hundred, shall a Celtic mountaineer 5.61. Into the strife of battle pressing on 5.62. Escape not fate unseemly, but shall be 5.63. Worn weary unto death; him foreign dust 5.64. But dust that of Nemea's flower has name 5.65. 65 Shall hide a corpse. And after him shall rule 5.66. Another man, with silver helmet decked; 5.67. And unto him shall be the name of a sea; 5.68. And he shall be a man the best of all 5.69. And in all things discreet. And upon thee 5.70. 70 Thou best of all, above all, dark-haired one 5.71. And upon thy shoots shall be all these days. 5.72. After him three shall rule; but the third one 5.73. Shall at a late time hold the royal power. 5.74. Worn out am I, thrice-miserable one 5.75. 75 Sister of Isis, to lay up in heart 5.76. An evil message, and an inspired song 5.77. of oracles. First Mænades shall dart 5.78. Around thy much-lamented temple's steps 5.79. And thou shalt be in evil hands that day 5.80. 80 When the Nile some time shall fill the whole land 5.81. of Egypt even to sixteen cubits deep; 5.82. It shall wash all the land, and water it 5.83. For mortals; and the pleasure of the land 5.84. Shall be still and the glory of her face. 5.85. 85 Memphis, thou most shalt over Egypt wail; 5.86. For of old ruling mightily the land 5.87. Thou shalt become poor, so that out of heaven 5.88. The Thunderer shall himself with great voice cry: 5.89. “O mighty Memphis, who didst boast of old 5.90. 90 O'er craven mortals greatly, thou shalt wail 5.91. Full of pain and all-hapless, so that thou 5.92. Thyself shalt the eternal God perceive 5.93. Immortal in the clouds. Where among men 5.94. Is now thy mighty pride? Because thou didst 5.95. 95 Against my God-anointed children rave 5.96. And didst urge evil forward on good men 5.97. Thou shalt for such things suffer penalty 5.98. In some like manner. No more openly 5.99. For thee shall there be right among the blessed; 5.100. 100 Fallen from the stars, thou shalt not rise to heaven.” 5.101. Now these things unto Egypt God bade me 5.102. Speak out for the last time, when men shall be 5.103. Utterly evil. But they labor hard 5.104. Evil men evil things awaiting, wrath 5.105. 105 of the immortal Thunderer in heaven 5.106. Worshiping stones and beasts instead of God 5.107. And also fearing many things beside 5.108. Which have no speech, nor mind, nor power to hear; 5.109. Which things it is not right for me to mention 5.110. 110 Each one an idol, formed by mortal hands; 5.111. of their own labors and presumptuous thought 5.112. Did men receive gods made of wood and stone 5.113. And brass, and gold and silver, foolish too 5.114. Without life and dumb, molten in the fire 5.115. 115 They made them, vainly trusting such things. . . . 5.116. Thmois and Xois are in sore distress 5.117. And smitten is the hall of Heracle 5.118. And Zeus and Hermes (king). And as for thee 5.119. O Alexandria, famed nourisher 5.120. 120 (of cities) war shall not leave, nor (plague) . . . 5.121. For thy pride thou shalt pay as many thing 5.122. As thou before didst. Silent shalt thou be 5.123. A long age, and the day of thy return . . . 5.124. . . . . . . . 5.125. No more for thee shall flow luxurious drink . . . 5.125. 12 5 For there shall come a Persian on thy dale 5.126. . . . . . . . 5.126. And like hail shall he all the land destroy 5.127. And artful men, with blood and corpses. . . . 5.128. By sacred altars one of barbarous mind 5.129. Strong, full of blood and raging senselessly 5.130. 130 With countless numbers rushing to destruction. 5.131. And then shalt thou, in cities very rich 5.132. Be very weary. Falling on the earth 5.133. All Asia shall wail on account of gift 5.134. Crowning her head with which she was by thee 5.135. 135 Delighted. But, as he himself obtained 5.136. The Persian land by lot, he shall make war 5.137. And killing every man destroy all life 5.138. So that there shall remain for wretched mortal 5.139. A third part. But with nimble leap shall he 5.140. 140 Himself speed from the West, and all the land 5.141. Besiege and waste. But when he shall posse 5.142. The height of power and odious reverence 5.143. He shall come, wishing to destroy the city 5.144. Even of the blessed. And a certain king 5.145. 145 Sent forth from God against him shall destroy 5.146. All mighty kings and bravest men. And thu 5.147. Shall judgement by the Immortal come to men. 5.148. Alas, alas for thee, unhappy heart! 5.149. Why dost thou move me to declare these things 5.150. 150 The painful rule of Egypt over many? 5.151. Go to the East, to races of the Persian 5.152. Who lack in understanding, and show them 5.153. That which is now and that which is to be. 5.154. The river of Euphrates shall bring on 5.155. 155 A deluge, and it shall destroy the Persians 5.156. Iberians and Babylonian 5.157. And the Massagetæ that relish war 5.158. And trust in bows. All Asia fire-ablaze 5.159. Shall to the isles beam brightly. Pergamos 5.160. 160 Revered of old, shall perish from its base 5.161. And Pitane among men shall appear 5.162. All-desolate. All Lesbos shall sink deep 5.163. Into the deep, and thus shall be destroyed. 5.164. Smyrna, whirled down her cliffs, shall wail aloud 5.165. 165 She that was once revered and given a name 5.166. Shall perish utterly. Bithynian 5.167. Shall over their own country, then reduced 5.168. To ashes, wail, and o'er great Syria 5.169. And o'er Phœnicia that bas many tribes. 5.170. 170 Alas, alas for thee, O Lycia; 5.171. How many evils does the sea contrive 5.172. Against thee, mounting up of its own will 5.173. Upon the painful land! And it shall dash 5.174. With evil earthquake and with bitter stream 5.175. 175 On the rough Lycian land that once breathed perfume. 5.176. And there shall be for Phrygia fearful wrath 5.177. Because of sorrow for which Rhea came 5.178. Mother of Zeus, and there continued long. 5.179. The sea shall overthrow the Centaur race 5.185. 185 (Pretending once to bear the forms, of beasts). 5.186. Hellas thrice wretched shall the poets weep 5.187. When one from Italy shall smite the neck 5.188. of the isthmus, mighty king of mighty Rome 5.189. A man made equal to God, whom, they say 5.190. 190 And barbarous nation, and beneath the earth 5.190. 190 Zeus himself and the august Hera bore 5.191. Shall tear away the Lapithæan land. 5.191. He, courting by his voice all-musical 5.192. The river of deep eddies and deep flow 5.192. Applause for his sweet Songs, shall put to death 5.193. Peneus, shall destroy Thessalian land 5.193. With his own wretched mother many men. 5.194. Snatching men from the earth. Eridanu 5.194. From Babylon shall flee the fearful lord 5.195. 195 And shameless whom all mortals and best men 5.196. Abhor; for he slew many and laid hand 5.197. Upon the womb; against his wives he sinned 5.198. And of men stained with blood had he been formed. 5.199. And he shall come to monarchs of the Mede 5.200. 200 And Persians, first whom he loved and to whom 5.201. He brought renown, while with those wicked men 5.202. He lurked against a nation not desired 5.203. And on the temple made by God he seized 5.204. And citizens and people going in 5.205. 205 of whom I justly sang the praise, he burned; 5.206. For when this man appeared the whole creation 5.207. Was shaken and kings perished–and yet power 5.208. Remained among them, and they quite destroyed 5.209. The mighty city and the righteous people. 5.210. 210 But when the fourth year a great star shall shine 5.211. Which alone shall the whole earth overpower 5.212. Because of honor, which was first assigned 5.213. To lord Poseidon; then a great star shall come 5.214. From heaven into the dreadful sea and burn 5.215. 215 The vasty deep, and Babylon itself 5.216. And the land of Italy, because, of which 5.217. There perished many holy faithful men 5.218. Among the Hebrews and a people true. 5.219. Thou shalt be among evil mortals made 5.220. 220 To suffer evils, but thou shalt remain 5.221. All-desolate whole ages by thyself 5.222. Hating thy soil; for thou didst have desire 5.223. For sorcery, adulteries were with thee 5.224. And lawless carnal intercourse with boys 5.225. 225 Thou evil city, womanish, unjust 5.226. Ill-fated above all. Alas, alas! 5.227. Thou city of the Latin land, unclean 5.228. In all things, Mænad having joy in snakes 5.229. Over thy banks a widow shalt thou sit 5.230. 230 And the river Tiber shall lament for thee 5.231. His consort thee, who hast a blood-stained heart 5.232. And impious soul. Didst thou not understand 5.233. What God can do, and what he doth devise? 5.234. But thou saidst, “I'm alone, and me no one 5.235. 235 Shall sack.” But now shall God, who ever is 5.236. Thee and all thine destroy, and in that land 5.237. No longer shall thy ensign yet remain 5.238. As of old, when the mighty God received 5.239. Thy honors. Stay, O lawless one, alone 5.240. 240 And mixed with burning fire inhabit thou 5.241. In Hades the Tartarean lawless land. 5.242. And now again, O Egypt, I bewail 5.243. Thy blind delusion; Memphis, first in toils 5.244. Thou shalt be filled up with the dead; in thee 5.245. 245 The pyramids shall speak a ruthless sound. 5.246. O Python, who wast justly called of old 5.247. The double city, be for ages silent 5.248. So that thou mayest cease from wickedness. 5.249. Reckless in evils, treasury of toils 5.250. 250 Much-wailing Mænad, suffering, dire ills 5.251. Much-weeping, thou a widow shalt remain 5.252. Through all time. Thou didst full of years become 5.253. While thou alone wast ruling o'er the world; 5.254. But when the white dress Barea round herself 5.255. 255 Shall put on over that which is defiled 5.256. Would that I neither were nor had been born 5.257. O Thebes, where is thy great strength? A fierce man 5.258. Shall slay the people; but thou, wretched one 5.259. Grasping thy dusky dress shalt wail alone 5.260. 260 And thou shalt make atonement for all thing 5.261. Which thou aforetime with a shameless soul 5.262. Didst perpetrate. They also shall behold 5.263. A mourning on account of lawless deeds. 5.264. And a mighty man of the Ethiopian 5.265. 265 Shall overthrow Syene; by their might 5.266. Shall swarthy Indians occupy Teucheira. 5.267. Pentapolis, a man of mighty, strength 5.268. Shall burn thee whole. All-tearful Libya 5.269. Who shall explain thy follies? And Cyrene 5.270. 270 of mortals who shall pitiably weep 5.271. For thee? Thou shalt not even to the time 5.272. of thy destruction cease thy hateful wail. 5.273. Among the Britons and among the Gauls 5.274. Rich in gold, Ocean shall be roaring loud 5.275. 275 Filled with much blood; for evil thing 5.276. Did they unto God's children, when a king 5.277. of the Sidonians, a Phœnician, led 5.278. A mighty Gallic host from Syria; 5.279. And he shall slaughter thee, thyself, Ravenna 5.280. 280 And unto slaughter shall he lead the way. 5.281. O Indians and great-hearted Ethiops 5.282. Together fear; for when with these the course 5.283. of Capricorn and Taurus in the Twin 5.284. Shall wind about the middle of the heaven 5.285. 285 Virgo then rising, and about his front 5.286. Fastening a belt the sun shall lead all heaven 5.287. There shall be moving downwards to the earth 5.289. And a new nature in the warlike stars 5.294. The Fates three sisters, spinning shall aloft 5.295. 295 Lead him who flees by guile against the voice 5.296. of the isthmus, until all shall look at him 5.298. He also shall destroy and smite thy land 5.299. As it hath been appointed. For to him 5.300. 300 God gave strength to accomplish that which could 5.301. No earlier of all the kings together. 5.302. And first with sickle cleaving off the root 5.303. From three heads he shall give food in exce 5.304. To others, so that kings unclean shall eat 5.305. 305 The flesh of parents. For unto all men 5.324. There was once among men the sun's bright light 5.325. 325 The prophets' common ray being spread abroad; 5.326. Speech dripping honey, fair drink for all men 5.327. Appeared and grew, and day arose on all. 5.328. Because of this, thou narrow-minded one 5.329. Leader of greatest evils, both a sword 5.330. 330 And grief shall come in that day. For mankind 5.331. Both a beginning and great end of toil,– 5.332. of suffering creation and of part 5.344. Shall they be cut off; but they shall set up 5.345. 345 Their trophies for an age of evil men. 5.349. Who at one time did make the sun stand still 5.350. 350 When he spoke with fair word and holy lips 5.351. No longer vex thy soul within thy breast 5.352. By reason of the sword, rich child of God 5.353. Flower longed for by him only, goodly light 5.354. And noble branch, a scion much beloved 5.355. 355 Pleasant Judea, city beautiful 5.356. Inspired by hymns. No more shall unclean foot 5.357. of Greeks keep revel round about thy land 5.358. Who held within their breast a lawless mind; 5.359. But thee shall glorious children honor much 5.360. 360 [And be expert in songs and holy tongues] 5.361. With sacrifices of all kinds and prayer 5.362. Honored of God. All who endure the toil 5.363. of small affliction and the just shall have 5.364. More that is altogether beautiful; 5.365. 365 But the wicked, who to heaven sent lawless speech 5.366. Shall cease their speaking one against another 5.367. And hide themselves until the world be changed. 5.368. And there shall be a rain of gleaming fire 5.369. From the clouds; and no more shall mortals reap 5.370. 370 The fair corn from the earth; all things unsown 5.381. One Father, who alone is glorious 5.386. And Carians and Lydians rich in gold. 5.387. Alas, alas for thee, O Sardis; and ala 5.388. For Trallis much beloved; alas, alas 5.389. Laodicea, city beautiful; 5.390. 390 Thus shalt thou be by earthquakes overthrown 5.391. And ruined, and be also changed to dust. 5.392. And to Asia gloomy. . . . 5.393. Artremis' temple fixed at Ephesus . . . 5.394. By chasms, and earthquakes come headlong down 5.395. 395 Sometime into the dreadful sea, is storm 5.396. Overwhelm ships. And up-turned Ephesu 5.397. Shall wail aloud, lament beside her banks 5.398. And for her temple search which is no more. 5.399. And then incensed shall God the imperishable 5.400. 400 Who dwells on high, hurl thunderbolts from heaven 5.401. Down on the head of him that is impure. 5.402. And in the place of winter there shall be 5.403. In that day summer. And to mortal men 5.404. Shall then be great woe; for the Thunderer 5.405. 405 Shall utterly destroy all shameless men 5.406. And with his thunders and with lightning-flame 5.407. And blazing thunderbolts men of ill-will 5.408. And thus shall he destroy the impious ones 5.409. So that there shall remain upon the earth 5.410. 410 Dead bodies more in number than the sand. 5.412. Shall come unto the gates of Ephesu 5.413. And she herself shall perish even more. 5.414. And foolish Cyme with her inspired stream 5.415. 415 Cast down by hands of godless men unjust 5.416. And lawless, shall to heaven not so much 5.417. As a word utter; but she shall remain 5.418. Dead in Cymæan streams. And then shall they 5.419. Together weep, awaiting evil things. 5.420. 420 Cyme's rough populace and shameless tribe 5.421. Having a sign, shall know for what they toiled. 5.422. And then, when they shall have bewailed their land 5.423. Reduced to ashes, by Eridanu 5.424. Shall Lesbos be forever overthrown. 5.425. 425 Alas, Corcyra, city beautiful 5.426. Alas for thee, cease from thy revelry. 5.427. Thou also, Hierapolis, sole land 5.428. With riches mixed, what thou hast longed to have 5.429. Thou shalt have, even a land of many tears 5.430. 430 Since thou wast angry towards a land beside 5.431. Thermodon's streams. Rock-clinging Tripolis 5.432. Beside the waters of Mæander, thee 5.433. Shall by the nightly surges under shore 5.434. God's wrath and foresight utterly destroy. 5.435. 435 Take me not, willing, to the neighboring land 5.436. of Phœbus; sometime shall a thunderbolt 5.437. Dainty Miletus from above destroy 5.438. Because she seized on Phœbus' crafty song 5.439. And the wise care and prudent plan of men. 5.440. 440 Father of all, be gracious to the land 5.441. of Judah, well fed, fruit-abounding, great 5.442. In order that thy judgments we may see. 5.443. For thou, O God, in kindness didst regard 5.444. This land first that it might appear to be 5.445. 445 Thy gracious gift unto all mortal men 5.446. And to hold fast what God put in their charge. 5.447. The works thrice wretched of the Thracian 5.448. I yearn to see, and wall between two sea 5.483. It doth behoove them faithfully to love 5.484. The Father, the wise God who ever is. 5.485. 485 In the last time, at the turning of the moon 5.486. There shall be raging through the world a war 5.487. And carried on with cunning, and in guile. 5.488. And from the limits of the earth shall come 5.492. And see all things more wisely than all men; 5.493. And that for whose sake he himself was slain 5.494. Shall he seize forthwith. And he shall destroy 5.495. 495 Many men and great tyrants and shall burn 5.496. All of them, as none other ever did 5.497. And he shall raise up them that are afraid 5.498. For emulation's sake. And from the West 5.499. Much war shall come to men, and blood shall flow 5.500. 500 Down hill till it becomes deep-eddying streams. 5.501. And in the plains of Macedonia 5.502. Shall wrath distil and give help from the West 5.503. But to the king destruction. And a wind 5.504. of winter then shall blow upon the earth 5.505. 505 And the plain be filled with evil war again. 5.506. For fire shall rain down from the heavenly plain 5.507. On mortals, and therewith blood, water, flash 5.508. of lightning, murky darkness, night in heaven 5.509. And waste in war and o'er the slaughter mist 5.510. 510 And these together shall destroy all king 5.511. And noblest men. Thus shall be made to cease 5.512. Then the destruction pitiable of war. 5.513. And no more shall one fight with swords or iron 5.514. Or even darts, which things shall not again 5.515. 515 Be lawful. But wise people shall have peace 5.516. Who were left, having made proof of wickedness 5.517. That they might at the last be filled with joy. 5.518. Ye matricides, leave off your impudence 5.519. And evil-working boldness, who of old 5.520. 520 provided lawlessly lewd couch with boys 5.521. And placed as harlots maidens pure before 5.522. In brothels by assault and punishment 5.523. And by much-laboring indecency. 5.524. For in thee mother with her child did hold 5.525. 525 Unlawful intercourse, and daughter wa 5.526. With her own father wedded as a bride; 5.527. And in thee kings have their ill-fated mouth 5.528. Polluted, and in thee have wicked men 5.529. Found couch with cattle. Be in silence hushed 5.530. 530 Thou wicked city all-bewailed, possessed
6. Philo of Alexandria, On The Creation of The World, 156, 155 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

155. Therefore, having laid down these to be boundaries as it were in the soul, God then, like a judge, began to consider to which side men would be most inclined by nature. And when he saw that the disposition of man had a tendency to wickedness, and was but little inclined to holiness or piety, by which qualities an immortal life is secured, he drove them forth as was very natural, and banished him from paradise; giving no hope of any subsequent restoration to his soul which had sinned in such a desperate and irremediable manner. Since even the opportunity of deceit was blameable in no slight degree, which I must not pass over in this place.
7. Philo of Alexandria, On Planting, 36 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

8. Philo of Alexandria, Plant., 36 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

36. We must therefore have recourse to allegory, which is a favourite with men capable of seeing through it; for the sacred oracles most evidently conduct us towards and instigate us to the pursuit of it. For they say that in the Paradise there were plants in no respect similar to those which exist among us; but they speak of trees of life, trees of immortality, trees of knowledge, of comprehension, of understanding; trees of the knowledge of good and evil.
9. Anon., 2 Baruch, 35.1-35.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 28.2-28.3 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

11. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 5.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.19. And now, “O most wretched city, what misery so great as this didst thou suffer from the Romans, when they came to purify thee from thy intestine hatred! For thou couldst be no longer a place fit for God, nor couldst thou long continue in being, after thou hadst been a sepulchre for the bodies of thy own people, and hadst made the holy house itself a burying-place in this civil war of thine. Yet mayst thou again grow better, if perchance thou wilt hereafter appease the anger of that God who is the author of thy destruction.” 5.19. 2. Now, for the works that were above these foundations, these were not unworthy of such foundations; for all the cloisters were double, and the pillars to them belonging were twenty-five cubits in height, and supported the cloisters. These pillars were of one entire stone each of them, and that stone was white marble;
12. New Testament, Apocalypse, 18.7 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

18.7. However much she glorified herself, and grew wanton, so much give her of torment and mourning. For she says in her heart, 'I sit a queen, and am no widow, and will in no way see mourning.'
13. Theophilus, To Autolycus, 2.24-2.27 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

2.24. God, then, caused to spring out of the earth every tree that is beautiful in appearance, or good for food. For at first there were only those things which were produced on the third day - plants, and seeds, and herbs; but the things which were in Paradise were made of a superior loveliness and beauty, since in it the plants were said to have been planted by God. As to the rest of the plants, indeed, the world contained plants like them; but the two trees - the tree of life and the tree of knowledge - the rest of the earth possessed not, but only Paradise. And that Paradise is earth, and is planted on the earth, the Scripture states, saying: Genesis 2:8 And the Lord God planted Paradise in Eden eastwards, and placed man there; and out of the ground made the Lord God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. By the expressions, therefore, out of the ground, and eastwards, the holy writing clearly teaches us that Paradise is under this heaven, under which the east and the earth are. And the Hebrew word Eden signifies delight. And it was signified that a river flowed out of Eden to water Paradise, and after that divides into four heads; of which the two called Pison and Gihon water the eastern parts, especially Gihon, which encompasses the whole land of Ethiopia, and which, they say, reappears in Egypt under the name of Nile. And the other two rivers are manifestly recognisable by us - those called Tigris and Euphrates - for these border on our own regions. And God having placed man in Paradise, as has been said, to till and keep it, commanded him to eat of all the trees - manifestly of the tree of life also; but only of the tree of knowledge He commanded him not to taste. And God transferred him from the earth, out of which he had been produced, into Paradise, giving him means of advancement, in order that, maturing and becoming perfect, and being even declared a god, he might thus ascend into heaven in possession of immortality. For man had been made a middle nature, neither wholly mortal, nor altogether immortal, but capable of either; so also the place, Paradise, was made in respect of beauty intermediate between earth and heaven. And by the expression, till it, no other kind of labour is implied than the observance of God's command, lest, disobeying, he should destroy himself, as indeed he did destroy himself, by sin. 2.25. The tree of knowledge itself was good, and its fruit was good. For it was not the tree, as some think, but the disobedience, which had death in it. For there was nothing else in the fruit than only knowledge; but knowledge is good when one uses it discreetly. But Adam, being yet an infant in age, was on this account as yet unable to receive knowledge worthily. For now, also, when a child is born it is not at once able to eat bread, but is nourished first with milk, and then, with the increment of years, it advances to solid food. Thus, too, would it have been with Adam; for not as one who grudged him, as some suppose, did God command him not to eat of knowledge. But He wished also to make proof of him, whether he was submissive to His commandment. And at the same time He wished man, infant as he was, to remain for some time longer simple and sincere. For this is holy, not only with God, but also with men, that in simplicity and guilelessness subjection be yielded to parents. But if it is right that children be subject to parents, how much more to the God and Father of all things? Besides, it is unseemly that children in infancy be wise beyond their years; for as in stature one increases in an orderly progress, so also in wisdom. But as when a law has commanded abstinence from anything, and some one has not obeyed, it is obviously not the law which causes punishment, but the disobedience and transgression;- for a father sometimes enjoins on his own child abstinence from certain things, and when he does not obey the paternal order, he is flogged and punished on account of the disobedience; and in this case the actions themselves are not the [cause of] stripes, but the disobedience procures punishment for him who disobeys - so also for the first man, disobedience procured his expulsion from Paradise. Not, therefore, as if there were any evil in the tree of knowledge; but from his disobedience did man draw, as from a fountain, labour, pain, grief, and at last fall a prey to death. 2.26. And God showed great kindness to man in this, that He did not allow him to remain in sin for ever; but, as it were, by a kind of banishment, cast him out of Paradise, in order that, having by punishment expiated, within an appointed time, the sin, and having been disciplined, he should afterwards be restored. Wherefore also, when man had been formed in this world, it is mystically written in Genesis, as if he had been twice placed in Paradise; so that the one was fulfilled when he was placed there, and the second will be fulfilled after the resurrection and judgment. For just as a vessel, when on being fashioned it has some flaw, is remoulded or remade, that it may become new and entire; so also it happens to man by death. For somehow or other he is broken up, that he may rise in the resurrection whole; I mean spotless, and righteous, and immortal. And as to God's calling, and saying, Where are you, Adam? God did this, not as if ignorant of this; but, being long-suffering, He gave him an opportunity of repentance and confession. 2.27. But some one will say to us, Was man made by nature mortal? Certainly not. Was he, then, immortal? Neither do we affirm this. But one will say, Was he, then, nothing? Not even this hits the mark. He was by nature neither mortal nor immortal. For if He had made him immortal from the beginning, He would have made him God. Again, if He had made him mortal, God would seem to be the cause of his death. Neither, then, immortal nor yet mortal did He make him, but, as we have said above, capable of both; so that if he should incline to the things of immortality, keeping the commandment of God, he should receive as reward from Him immortality, and should become God; but if, on the other hand, he should turn to the things of death, disobeying God, he should himself be the cause of death to himself. For God made man free, and with power over himself. That, then, which man brought upon himself through carelessness and disobedience, this God now vouchsafes to him as a gift through His own philanthropy and pity, when men obey Him. For as man, disobeying, drew death upon himself; so, obeying the will of God, he who desires is able to procure for himself life everlasting. For God has given us a law and holy commandments; and every one who keeps these can be saved, and, obtaining the resurrection, can inherit incorruption.
14. Babylonian Talmud, Bava Batra, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

15a. ועל ידי שלשה בני קרח,ירמיה כתב ספרו וספר מלכים וקינות חזקיה וסיעתו כתבו (ימש"ק סימן) ישעיה משלי שיר השירים וקהלת אנשי כנסת הגדולה כתבו (קנד"ג סימן) יחזקאל ושנים עשר דניאל ומגילת אסתר עזרא כתב ספרו ויחס של דברי הימים עד לו,מסייעא ליה לרב דאמר רב יהודה אמר רב לא עלה עזרא מבבל עד שיחס עצמו ועלה ומאן אסקיה נחמיה בן חכליה,אמר מר יהושע כתב ספרו ושמונה פסוקים שבתורה תניא כמאן דאמר שמונה פסוקים שבתורה יהושע כתבן דתניא (דברים לד, ה) וימת שם משה עבד ה' אפשר משה (מת) וכתב וימת שם משה אלא עד כאן כתב משה מכאן ואילך כתב יהושע דברי ר"י ואמרי לה ר' נחמיה,אמר לו ר"ש אפשר ס"ת חסר אות אחת וכתיב (דברים לא, כו) לקוח את ספר התורה הזה אלא עד כאן הקב"ה אומר ומשה אומר וכותב מכאן ואילך הקב"ה אומר ומשה כותב בדמע כמו שנאמר להלן (ירמיהו לו, יח) ויאמר להם ברוך מפיו יקרא אלי את כל הדברים האלה ואני כותב על הספר בדיו,כמאן אזלא הא דא"ר יהושע בר אבא אמר רב גידל אמר רב שמונה פסוקים שבתורה יחיד קורא אותן לימא (ר"י היא) ודלא כר"ש אפילו תימא ר"ש הואיל ואשתנו אשתנו:,יהושע כתב ספרו והכתיב (יהושע כד, כט) וימת יהושע בן נון עבד ה' דאסקיה אלעזר והכתיב (יהושע כד, לג) ואלעזר בן אהרן מת דאסקיה פנחס,שמואל כתב ספרו והכתיב (שמואל א כח, ג) ושמואל מת דאסקיה גד החוזה ונתן הנביא,דוד כתב ספר תהלים על ידי עשרה זקנים וליחשוב נמי איתן האזרחי אמר רב איתן האזרחי זה הוא אברהם כתיב הכא (תהלים פט, א) איתן האזרחי וכתיב התם (ישעיהו מא, ב) מי העיר ממזרח צדק [וגו'],קא חשיב משה וקא חשיב הימן והאמר רב הימן זה משה כתיב הכא הימן וכתיב התם (במדבר יב, ז) בכל ביתי נאמן הוא תרי הימן הוו,משה כתב ספרו ופרשת בלעם ואיוב מסייעא ליה לר' לוי בר לחמא דא"ר לוי בר לחמא איוב בימי משה היה כתיב הכא (איוב יט, כג) מי יתן אפוא ויכתבון מלי וכתיב התם (שמות לג, טז) ובמה יודע אפוא,ואימא בימי יצחק דכתיב (בראשית כז, לג) מי אפוא הוא הצד ציד ואימא בימי יעקב דכתיב (בראשית מג, יא) אם כן אפוא זאת עשו ואימא בימי יוסף דכתיב (בראשית לז, טז) איפה הם רועים,לא ס"ד דכתיב (איוב יט, כג) מי יתן בספר ויוחקו ומשה הוא דאיקרי מחוקק דכתיב (דברים לג, כא) וירא ראשית לו כי שם חלקת מחוקק ספון,רבא אמר איוב בימי מרגלים היה כתיב הכא (איוב א, א) איש היה בארץ עוץ איוב שמו וכתיב התם (במדבר יג, כ) היש בה עץ מי דמי הכא עוץ התם עץ הכי קאמר להו משה לישראל ישנו לאותו אדם ששנותיו ארוכות כעץ ומגין על דורו כעץ,יתיב ההוא מרבנן קמיה דר' שמואל בר נחמני ויתיב וקאמר איוב לא היה ולא נברא אלא משל היה אמר ליה עליך אמר קרא איש היה בארץ עוץ איוב שמו,אלא מעתה (שמואל ב יב, ג) ולרש אין כל כי אם כבשה אחת קטנה אשר קנה ויחיה וגו' מי הוה אלא משל בעלמא הכא נמי משל בעלמא א"כ שמו ושם עירו למה,רבי יוחנן ורבי אלעזר דאמרי תרוייהו איוב מעולי גולה היה ובית מדרשו בטבריא היה מיתיבי ימי שנותיו של איוב משעה שנכנסו ישראל למצרים ועד שיצאו 15a. band by the three sons of Korah. /b, bJeremiah wrote his own book, and the book of Kings, and Lamentations. Hezekiah and his colleagues wrotethe following, and ba mnemonicto remember which books they wrote is iyod /i, imem /i, ishin /i, ikuf /i: Isaiah [ iYeshaya /i], Proverbs [ iMishlei /i], Song of Songs [ iShir HaShirim /i], and Ecclesiastes [ iKohelet /i]. The members of the Great Assembly wrotethe following, and ba mnemonicto remember these books is ikuf /i, inun /i, idalet /i, igimmel /i: Ezekiel [ iYeḥezkel], and the Twelve Prophets [ iSheneim Asar /i], Daniel[iDaniel /i], band the Scroll of Esther [ iMegillat Ester /i]. Ezra wrote his own book and the genealogy ofthe book of bChronicles until hisperiod.,The Gemara comments: This bsupports Rav, as Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: Ezra did not ascend from Babyloniato Eretz Yisrael buntil he established his own genealogy, andafter that he bascended.This genealogy is what is written in the book of Chronicles. bAnd who completedthe book of Chronicles for the generations following Ezra? bNehemiah, son of Hacaliah. /b,The Gemara elaborates on the particulars of this ibaraita /i: bThe Master saidabove that bJoshua wrote his own book and eight verses of the Torah.The Gemara comments: This ibaraita bis taught in accordance with the one who says thatit was bJoshuawho bwrote thelast beight verses in the Torah.This point is subject to a tannaitic dispute, bas it is taughtin another ibaraita /i: b“And Moses the servant of the Lord died there”(Deuteronomy 34:5); bis it possible thatafter bMoses died, hehimself bwrote “And Moses died there”? Rather, Moses wrotethe entire Torah buntil this point,and bJoshua wrote from thispoint bforward;this is bthe statement of Rabbi Yehuda. And some saythat bRabbi Neḥemyastated this opinion., bRabbi Shimon said to him: Is it possiblethat the bTorah scroll was missing a single letter? But it is written: “Take this Torah scroll”(Deuteronomy 31:26), indicating that the Torah was complete as is and that nothing further would be added to it. bRather, until this point the Holy One, Blessed be He, dictated and Moses repeatedafter Him band wrotethe text. bFrom thispoint bforward,with respect to Moses’ death, bthe Holy One, Blessed be He, dictated and Moses wrote with tears.The fact that the Torah was written by way of dictation can be seen blater, as it is statedconcerning the writing of the Prophets: b“And Baruch said to them: He dictated all these words to me, and I wrote them with ink in the scroll”(Jeremiah 36:18).,The Gemara asks: bIn accordance with whoseopinion bis that which Rabbi Yehoshua bar Abba saysthat bRav Giddel saysthat bRav says:When the Torah is read publicly in the synagogue, boneperson breads thelast beight verses in the Torah,and that section may not be divided between two readers? bShall we saythat bthis isin accordance with the opinion of bRabbi Yehuda and not in accordance withthe opinion of bRabbi Shimon,as according to Rabbi Shimon these verses are an integral part of the Torah, written by Moses just like the rest? The Gemara answers: bEvenif byou saythat this was said in accordance with the opinion of bRabbi Shimon, since they differfrom the rest of the Torah in one way, as Moses wrote them with tears, bthey differfrom the rest of the Torah in this way as well, i.e., they may not be divided between two readers.,It is stated in the ibaraitathat bJoshua wrote his own book.The Gemara asks: bBut isn’t it writtentoward the end of the book: b“And Joshua, son of Nun, the servant of the Lord, died”(Joshua 24:29)? Is it possible that Joshua wrote this? The Gemara answers: Aaron’s son bEleazar completed it.The Gemara asks: bBut isn’t italso bwritten: “And Eleazar, son of Aaron, died”(Joshua 24:33)? The Gemara answers: bPinehas completed it. /b,It is also stated in the ibaraitathat bSamuel wrote his own book.The Gemara asks: bBut isn’t it written: “And Samuel died”(I Samuel 28:3)? The Gemara answers: bGad the seer and Nathan the prophet finished it. /b,It is further stated that bDavid wrote the book of Psalms by means of ten elders,whom the ibaraitaproceeds to list. The Gemara asks: bButthen blet it also count Ethan the Ezrahiteamong the contributors to the book of Psalms, as it is he who is credited with Psalms, chapter 89. bRav says: Ethan the Ezrahite isthe same person as bAbraham.Proof for this is the fact that bit is written here:“A Maskil of bEthan the Ezrahite”(Psalms 89:1), band it is written there: “Who raised up one from the east [ imizraḥ /i], whom righteousnessmet wherever he set his foot” (Isaiah 41:2). The latter verse is understood as referring to Abraham, who came from the east, and for that reason he is called Ethan the Ezrahite in the former verse.,The Gemara asks: The ibaraita bcounts Mosesamong the ten elders whose works are included in the book of Psalms, band italso bcounts Heman. But doesn’t Rav say:The bHemanmentioned in the Bible (I Kings 5:11) bisthe same person as bMoses?This is proven by the fact that bit is written here: “Heman”(Psalms 88:1), which is Aramaic for trusted, band it is written thereabout Moses: b“For he is the trusted one in all My house”(Numbers 12:7). The Gemara answers: bThere were two Hemans,one of whom was Moses, and the other a Temple singer from among the descendants of Samuel.,The ibaraitafurther states that bMoses wrote his own book,i.e., the Torah, bthe portion of Balaam, andthe book of bJob. This supports Rabbi Levi bar Laḥma, as Rabbi Levi bar Laḥma says: Joblived bin the time of Moses. It is written herewith regard to Job: b“Oh, that my words were written now [ ieifo /i]”(Job 19:23), band it is written therein Moses’ words to God: b“For in what shall it be known here [ ieifo /i]”(Exodus 33:16). The unusual use of the word ieifoin these two places indicates that Job and Moses lived in the same generation.,The Gemara comments: bButif that is the proof, bsaythat Job lived bin the time of Isaac, as it is writtenin connection with Isaac: b“Who then [ ieifo /i] is he that has taken venison”(Genesis 27:33). bOr saythat he lived bin the time of Jacob, as it is writtenwith respect to Jacob: b“If it must be so now [ ieifo /i], do this”(Genesis 43:11). bOr saythat he lived bin the time of Joseph, as it is writtenwith respect to Joseph: “Tell me, I pray you, bwhere [ ieifo /i] are they feeding their flocks?”(Genesis 37:16).,The Gemara answers: It could bnot enter your mindto say this, bas it is writtenin the continuation of the previously mentioned verse: b“Oh, thatmy words bwere inscribed [ iveyuḥaku /i] in a book”(Job 19:23), band it is Moses who is called the inscriber, as it is writtenwith regard to him: b“And he provided the first part for himself, for there was the inscriber’s [ imeḥokek /i] portion reserved”(Deuteronomy 33:21)., bRava says: Joblived bat the time of the spieswhom Moses sent to scout the land of Canaan. This is proven by the fact that bit is written here: “There was a man in the land of Utz, whose name was Job”(Job 1:1), band it is written therein the account of the spies: b“Whether there are trees [ ieitz /i] in it”(Numbers 13:20). The Gemara asks: bIs it comparable? Herethe word that is used is iUtz /i,whereas btherethe word is ieitz /i.The Gemara answers: bThis is what Moses said to Israel,i.e., to the spies: bIs that mannamed Job still alive, bhe whose years are as long asthe years bof a tree and who protects his generation like a tree?This is why the allusion to him here is through the word ieitz /i, rather than iUtz /i.,The Gemara relates that bone of the Sages sat before Rabbi Shmuel bar Naḥmani and he sat and said: Job never existed and was never created;there was never such a person as Job. bRather,his story bwas a parable.Rabbi Shmuel bar Naḥmani bsaid to him:In rebuttal bto you, the verse states: “There was a man in the Land of Utz whose name was Job”(Job 1:1), which indicates that such a man did indeed exist.,The Gemara asks: bBut if that is so,that the words “there was” prove that Job existed, what shall we say about the parable that Natan the prophet presented to David: “There were two men in one city; the one rich and the other poor. The rich man had very many flocks and herds, bbut the poor man had nothing except one little lamb, which he had bought and reared”(II Samuel 12:3)? bWas therereally such a person? bRather, it was merely a parable; here too it is merely a parable.The Gemara answers: bIf so,that it is a parable, bwhystate bhis name and the name of his city?Rather, Job was clearly a real person.,The Gemara cites another opinion with regard to the time when Job lived. bRabbi Yoḥa and Rabbi Elazar both say: Job was among those who ascended from the exileto Eretz Yisrael at the start of the Second Temple period, band his house of study was in Tiberias.The Gemara braises an objectionfrom what is taught in a ibaraita /i: bThe days of Job’s lifeextended bfrom when Israel entered Egypt until they left,indicating that this is the period during which he lived and not, as suggested, in the early days of the Second Temple.
15. Anon., 4 Ezra, 10.19-10.23

10.19. So I spoke again to her, and said 10.20. Do not say that, but let yourself be persuaded because of the troubles of Zion, and be consoled because of the sorrow of Jerusalem. 10.21. For you see that our sanctuary has been laid waste, our altar thrown down, our temple destroyed; 10.22. our harp has been laid low, our song has been silenced, and our rejoicing has been ended; the light of our lampstand has been put out, the ark of our covet has been plundered, our holy things have been polluted, and the name by which we are called has been profaned; our free men have suffered abuse, our priests have been burned to death, our Levites have gone into captivity, our virgins have been defiled, and our wives have been ravished; our righteous men have been carried off, our little ones have been cast out, our young men have been enslaved and our strong men made powerless. 10.23. And, what is more than all, the seal of Zion -- for she has now lost the seal of her glory, and has been given over into the hands of those that hate us.

Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham, isaac, and jacob/patriarchs Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194
abraham Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194
babylon Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
divine judgment Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
expulsion, paradise, from Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
fear of god Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
fruit Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
holiness Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
immortality Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
jerusalem temple Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
judgment, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
nero Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
oil, paradise, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
oniad authorship Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
onias temple Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
oracles, sibylline oracles Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
prophecy/prophetic' Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
repayment Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
roman, period Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
roman Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
rome Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
sibylline oracles, and idolatry Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
sibylline oracles, fifth book Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
sibylline oracles, sib. or. Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
sibylline oracles, third book Piotrkowski, Priests in Exile: The History of the Temple of Onias and Its Community in the Hellenistic Period (2019) 216
sibylline oracles Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
sibyls, jewish/christian sibyls Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
sin/sinner Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194
sitting (posture) Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194
symbolic economies Lester, Prophetic Rivalry, Gender, and Economics: A Study in Revelation and Sibylline Oracles 4-5 (2018) 196
temple, jerusalem, destruction Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
temple, jerusalem, second Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 291
temple in jerusalem, destruction of Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194
temple in jerusalem Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194
tree, life, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
virtue Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
wickedness Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
wrath Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 733
zion Allison, 4 Baruch (2018) 194