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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



600
Anon., Marytrdom Of Polycarp, 8.1-8.2


nan1 Now when he had at last finished his prayer, after remembering all who had ever even come his way, both small and great, high and low, and the whole Catholic Church throughout the world, the hour came for departure, and they set him on an ass, and led him into the city, on a "great Sabbath day.


nan2 And the police captain Herod and his father Niketas met him and removed him into their carriage, and sat by his side trying to persuade him and saying: "But what harm is it to say, `Lord Caesar,' and to offer sacrifice, and so forth, and to be saved?" But he at first did not answer them, but when they continued he said: "I am not going to do what you counsel me.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

41 results
1. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 5.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

2. Anon., Didache, 9.4, 10.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3. Clement of Rome, 1 Clement, 23.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

23.4. ὧ ἀνόητοι, συμβάλετε ἑαυτοὺς ξύλῳ: λάβετε ἄμπελον: πρῶτον μὲν φυλλοροεῖ, εἶτα βλαστὸς γίνεται, εἶτα φύλλον, εἶτα ἄνθος, καὶ μετὰ ταῦτα ὄμφαξ, εἶτα σταφυλὴ παρεστηκυῖα. ὁρᾶτε, ὅτι ἐν καιρῷ ὀλίγῳ εἰς πέπειρον καταντᾷ ὁ καρπὸς τοῦ ξύλου.
4. Clement of Rome, 2 Clement, 17.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

17.3. καὶ μὴ μόνον ἄρτι δοκῶμεν πιστεύειν καὶ προσέχειν ἐν τῷ νουθετεῖσθαι ἡμᾶς ὑπὸ τῶν πρεσβυτέρων, ἀλλὰ καὶ ὅταν εἰς οἶκον ἀπαλλαγῶμεν, S adds "and have ceased from all." μνημονεύωμεν τῶν τοῦ κυρίου ἐνταλμάτων καὶ μὴ ἀντιπαρελκώμεθα ἀπὸ τῶν κοσμικῶν ἐπιθυμιῶν, ἀλλὰ πυκνότερον προσερχόμενοι πειρώμεθα προκόπτειν ἐν ταῖς ἐντολαῖς τοῦ κυρίον. ἵνα Rom. 12, 10; cf. Phil. 2, 3 πάντες τὸ αὐτὸ φρονοῦντες συνηγμένοι ὦμεν ἐπὶ Is. 66, 16 τὴν ζωήν:
5. Ignatius, To The Philadelphians, 9.1, 11.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9.1. The priests likewise were good, but better is the High-priest to whom is committed the holy of holies; for to Him alone are committed the hidden things of God; He Himself being the door of the Father, through which Abraham and Isaac and Jacob enter in, and the Prophets and the Apostles and the whole Church; all these things combine in the unity of God. 11.2. The love of the brethren which are in Troas saluteth you; from whence also I write to you by the hand of Burrhus, who was sent with me by the Ephesians and Smyrnaeans as a mark of honour. The Lord shall honour them, even Jesus Christ, on whom their hope is set in flesh and soul and spirit, by faith, by love, by concord. Fare ye well in Christ Jesus our common hope.
6. Ignatius, To The Ephesians, None (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.2. But, since love doth not suffer me to be silent concerning you, therefore was I forward to exhort you, that ye run in harmony with the mind of God: for Jesus Christ also, our inseparable life, is the mind of the Father, even as the bishops that are settled in the farthest parts of the earth are in the mind of Jesus Christ.
7. Ignatius, To The Magnesians, 15 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Ignatius, To The Philadelphians, 9.1, 11.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

9.1. The priests likewise were good, but better is the High-priest to whom is committed the holy of holies; for to Him alone are committed the hidden things of God; He Himself being the door of the Father, through which Abraham and Isaac and Jacob enter in, and the Prophets and the Apostles and the whole Church; all these things combine in the unity of God. 11.2. The love of the brethren which are in Troas saluteth you; from whence also I write to you by the hand of Burrhus, who was sent with me by the Ephesians and Smyrnaeans as a mark of honour. The Lord shall honour them, even Jesus Christ, on whom their hope is set in flesh and soul and spirit, by faith, by love, by concord. Fare ye well in Christ Jesus our common hope.
9. Ignatius, To The Smyrnaeans, 1.2, 8.1-8.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. New Testament, 1 John, 2.9-2.11, 3.23-3.24, 4.7-4.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.9. He who says he is in the light and hates his brother, is in the darkness even until now. 2.10. He who loves his brother remains in the light, and there is no occasion for stumbling in him. 2.11. But he who hates his brother is in the darkness, and walks in the darkness, and doesn't know where he is going, because the darkness has blinded his eyes. 3.23. This is his commandment, that we should believe in the name of his Son, Jesus Christ, and love one another, even as he commanded. 3.24. He who keeps his commandments remains in him, and he in him. By this we know that he remains in us, by the Spirit which he gave us. 4.7. Beloved, let us love one another, for love is of God; and everyone who loves is born of God, and knows God. 4.8. He who doesn't love doesn't know God, for God is love. 4.9. By this was God's love revealed in us, that God has sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. 4.10. In this is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son as the atoning sacrifice for our sins. 4.11. Beloved, if God loved us in this way, we also ought to love one another.
11. New Testament, 1 Peter, 1.22-1.23, 2.17, 4.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.22. Seeing you have purified your souls in your obedience to the truth through the Spirit in sincere brotherly affection, love one another from the heart fervently: 1.23. having been born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, through the word of God, which lives and remains forever. 2.17. Honor all men. Love the brotherhood. Fear God. Honor the king. 4.8. And above all things be earnest in your love among yourselves, for love covers a multitude of sins.
12. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 7.5, 11.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.5. Don't deprive one another, unless it is by consent for aseason, that you may give yourselves to fasting and prayer, and may betogether again, that Satan doesn't tempt you because of your lack ofself-control. 11.20. When therefore you assemble yourselves together, itis not possible to eat the Lord's supper.
13. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.9-4.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.9. But concerning brotherly love, you have no need that one write to you. For you yourselves are taught by God to love one another 4.10. for indeed you do it toward all the brothers who are in all Macedonia. But we exhort you, brothers, that you abound more and more;
14. New Testament, 2 John, 5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15. New Testament, 2 Peter, 1.5-1.7 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.5. Yes, and for this very cause adding on your part all diligence, in your faith supply moral excellence; and in moral excellence, knowledge; 1.6. and in knowledge, self-control; and in self-control patience; and in patience godliness; 1.7. and in godliness brotherly affection; and in brotherly affection, love.
16. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 13.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

17. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 2.22 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.22. Flee from youthful lusts; but pursue righteousness, faith, love, and peace with those who call on the Lord out of a pure heart.
18. New Testament, Acts, 15.19-15.21, 15.28-15.29 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15.19. Therefore my judgment is that we don't trouble those from among the Gentiles who turn to God 15.20. but that we write to them that they abstain from the pollution of idols, from sexual immorality, from what is strangled, and from blood. 15.21. For Moses from generations of old has in every city those who preach him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath. 15.28. For it seemed good to the Holy Spirit, and to us, to lay no greater burden on you than these necessary things: 15.29. that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality, from which if you keep yourselves, it will be well with you. Farewell.
19. New Testament, Apocalypse, 2.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.10. Don't be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days. Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life.
20. New Testament, Colossians, 1.23, 2.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.23. if it is so that you continue in the faith, grounded and steadfast, and not moved away from the hope of the gospel which you heard, which is being proclaimed in all creation under heaven; of which I, Paul, was made a servant. 2.2. that their hearts may be comforted, they being knit together in love, and gaining all riches of the full assurance of understanding, that they may know the mystery of God, both of the Father and of Christ
21. New Testament, Ephesians, 4.3-4.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.3. being eager to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. 4.4. There is one body, and one Spirit, even as you also were called in one hope of your calling;
22. New Testament, Galatians, 2.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.4. Thiswas because of the false brothers secretly brought in, who stole in tospy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they mightbring us into bondage;
23. New Testament, Hebrews, 11.33, 13.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.33. who, through faith subdued kingdoms, worked out righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions 13.1. Let brotherly love continue.
24. New Testament, Philippians, 2.4, 4.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.4. each of you not just looking to his own things, but each of you also to the things of others. 4.2. I exhort Euodia, and I exhort Syntyche, to think the same way in the Lord.
25. New Testament, Romans, 12.10, 15.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.10. In love of the brothers be tenderly affectionate one to another; in honor preferring one another; 15.5. Now the God of patience and of encouragement grant you to be of the same mind one with another according to Christ Jesus
26. New Testament, John, 11.52, 12.32, 13.34-13.35, 17.1-17.26, 18.2-18.5, 19.12-19.16, 19.31 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.52. and not for the nation only, but that he might also gather together into one the children of God who are scattered abroad. 12.32. And I, if I am lifted up from the earth, will draw all people to myself. 13.34. A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another, just like I have loved you; that you also love one another. 13.35. By this everyone will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another. 17.1. Jesus said these things, and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he said, "Father, the time has come. Glorify your Son, that your Son may also glorify you; 17.2. even as you gave him authority over all flesh, to give eternal life to all whom you have given him. 17.3. This is eternal life, that they should know you, the only true God, and him whom you sent, Jesus Christ. 17.4. I glorified you on the earth. I have accomplished the work which you have given me to do. 17.5. Now, Father, glorify me with your own self with the glory which I had with you before the world existed. 17.6. I revealed your name to the people whom you have given me out of the world. They were yours, and you have given them to me. They have kept your word. 17.7. Now they have known that all things whatever you have given me are from you 17.8. for the words which you have given me I have given to them, and they received them, and knew for sure that I came forth from you, and they have believed that you sent me. 17.9. I pray for them. I don't pray for the world, but for those whom you have given me, for they are yours. 17.10. All things that are mine are yours, and yours are mine, and I am glorified in them. 17.11. I am no more in the world, but these are in the world, and I am coming to you. Holy Father, keep them through your name which you have given me, that they may be one, even as we are. 17.12. While I was with them in the world, I kept them in your name. Those whom you have given me I have kept. None of them is lost, except the son of perdition, that the Scripture might be fulfilled. 17.13. But now I come to you, and I say these things in the world, that they may have my joy made full in themselves. 17.14. I have given them your word. The world hated them, because they are not of the world, even as I am not of the world. 17.15. I pray not that you would take them from the world, but that you would keep them from the evil one. 17.16. They are not of the world even as I am not of the world. 17.17. Sanctify them in your truth. Your word is truth. 17.18. As you sent me into the world, even so I have sent them into the world. 17.19. For their sakes I sanctify myself, that they themselves also may be sanctified in truth. 17.20. Not for these only do I pray, but for those also who believe in me through their word 17.21. that they may all be one; even as you, Father, are in me, and I in you, that they also may be one in us; that the world may believe that you sent me. 17.22. The glory which you have given me, I have given to them; that they may be one, even as we are one; 17.23. I in them, and you in me, that they may be perfected into one; that the world may know that you sent me, and loved them, even as you loved me. 17.24. Father, I desire that they also whom you have given me be with me where I am, that they may see my glory, which you have given me, for you loved me before the foundation of the world. 17.25. Righteous Father, the world hasn't known you, but I knew you; and these knew that you sent me. 17.26. I made known to them your name, and will make it known; that the love with which you loved me may be in them, and I in them. 18.2. Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place, for Jesus often resorted there with his disciples. 18.3. Judas then, having taken a detachment of soldiers and officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons. 18.4. Jesus therefore, knowing all the things that were happening to him, went forth, and said to them, "Who are you looking for? 18.5. They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth."Jesus said to them, "I AM."Judas also, who betrayed him, was standing with them. 19.12. At this, Pilate was seeking to release him, but the Jews cried out, saying, "If you release this man, you aren't Caesar's friend! Everyone who makes himself a king speaks against Caesar! 19.13. When Pilate therefore heard these words, he brought Jesus out, and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called "The Pavement," but in Hebrew, "Gabbatha. 19.14. Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, at about the sixth hour. He said to the Jews, "Behold, your King! 19.15. They cried out, "Away with him! Away with him! Crucify him!"Pilate said to them, "Shall I crucify your King?"The chief priests answered, "We have no king but Caesar! 19.16. So then he delivered him to them to be crucified. So they took Jesus and led him away. 19.31. Therefore the Jews, because it was the Preparation Day, so that the bodies wouldn't remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a special one), asked of Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
27. New Testament, Luke, 19.28-19.36, 22.3-22.6, 22.15-22.20, 22.40-22.49, 23.2-23.12, 23.20-23.24, 23.54 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

19.28. Having said these things, he went on ahead, going up to Jerusalem. 19.29. It happened, when he drew near to Bethsphage and Bethany, at the mountain that is called Olivet, he sent two of his disciples 19.30. saying, "Go your way into the village on the other side, in which, as you enter, you will find a colt tied, whereon no man ever yet sat. Untie it, and bring it. 19.31. If anyone asks you, 'Why are you untying it?' say to him: 'The Lord needs it.' 19.32. Those who were sent went away, and found things just as he had told them. 19.33. As they were untying the colt, the owners of it said to them, 'Why are you untying the colt?' 19.34. They said, 'The Lord needs it.' 19.35. They brought it to Jesus. They threw their cloaks on the colt, and set Jesus on them. 19.36. As he went, they spread their cloaks in the way. 22.3. Satan entered into Judas, who was surnamed Iscariot, who was numbered with the twelve. 22.4. He went away, and talked with the chief priests and captains about how he might deliver him to them. 22.5. They were glad, and agreed to give him money. 22.6. He consented, and sought an opportunity to deliver him to them in the absence of the multitude. 22.15. He said to them, "I have earnestly desired to eat this Passover with you before I suffer 22.16. for I tell you, I will no longer by any means eat of it until it is fulfilled in the Kingdom of God. 22.17. He received a cup, and when he had given thanks, he said, "Take this, and share it among yourselves 22.18. for I tell you, I will not drink at all again from the fruit of the vine, until the Kingdom of God comes. 22.19. He took bread, and when he had given thanks, he broke it, and gave to them, saying, "This is my body which is given for you. Do this in memory of me. 22.20. Likewise, he took the cup after supper, saying, "This cup is the new covet in my blood, which is poured out for you. 22.40. When he was at the place, he said to them, "Pray that you don't enter into temptation. 22.41. He was withdrawn from them about a stone's throw, and he knelt down and prayed 22.42. saying, "Father, if you are willing, remove this cup from me. Nevertheless, not my will, but yours, be done. 22.43. An angel from heaven appeared to him, strengthening him. 22.44. Being in agony he prayed more earnestly. His sweat became like great drops of blood falling down on the ground. 22.45. When he rose up from his prayer, he came to the disciples, and found them sleeping because of grief 22.46. and said to them, "Why do you sleep? Rise and pray that you may not enter into temptation. 22.47. While he was still speaking, behold, a multitude, and he who was called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He came near to Jesus to kiss him. 22.48. But Jesus said to him, "Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss? 22.49. When those who were around him saw what was about to happen, they said to him, "Lord, shall we strike with the sword? 23.2. They began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man perverting the nation, forbidding paying taxes to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ, a king. 23.3. Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"He answered him, "So you say. 23.4. Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, "I find no basis for a charge against this man. 23.5. But they insisted, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, beginning from Galilee even to this place. 23.6. But when Pilate heard Galilee mentioned, he asked if the man was a Galilean. 23.7. When he found out that he was in Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him to Herod, who was also in Jerusalem during those days. 23.8. Now when Herod saw Jesus, he was exceedingly glad, for he had wanted to see him for a long time, because he had heard many things about him. He hoped to see some miracle done by him. 23.9. He questioned him with many words, but he gave no answers. 23.10. The chief priests and the scribes stood, vehemently accusing him. 23.11. Herod with his soldiers humiliated him and mocked him. Dressing him in luxurious clothing, they sent him back to Pilate. 23.12. Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before that they were enemies with each other. 23.20. Then Pilate spoke to them again, wanting to release Jesus 23.21. but they shouted, saying, "Crucify! Crucify him! 23.22. He said to them the third time, "Why? What evil has this man done? I have found no capital crime in him. I will therefore chastise him and release him. 23.23. But they were urgent with loud voices, asking that he might be crucified. Their voices and the voices of the chief priests prevailed. 23.24. Pilate decreed that what they asked for should be done. 23.54. It was the day of the Preparation, and the Sabbath was drawing near.
28. New Testament, Mark, 11.1-11.10, 14.10-14.11, 14.22-14.25, 14.32-14.46, 15.1-15.15, 16.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.1. When they drew near to Jerusalem, to Bethsphage and Bethany, at the Mount of Olives, he sent two of his disciples 11.2. and said to them, "Go your way into the village that is opposite you. Immediately as you enter into it, you will find a colt tied, on which no one has sat. Untie him, and bring him. 11.3. If anyone asks you, 'Why are you doing this?' say, 'The Lord needs him;' and immediately he will send him back here. 11.4. They went away, and found a colt tied at the door outside in the open street, and they untied him. 11.5. Some of those who stood there asked them, "What are you doing, untying the colt? 11.6. They said to them just as Jesus had said, and they let them go. 11.7. They brought the colt to Jesus, and threw their garments on it, and Jesus sat on it. 11.8. Many spread their garments on the way, and others were cutting down branches from the trees, and spreading them on the road. 11.9. Those who went in front, and those who followed, cried out, "Hosanna! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! 11.10. Blessed is the kingdom of our father David that is coming in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest! 14.10. Judas Iscariot, who was one of the twelve, went away to the chief priests, that he might deliver him to them. 14.11. They, when they heard it, were glad, and promised to give him money. He sought how he might conveniently deliver him. 14.22. As they were eating, Jesus took bread, and when he had blessed, he broke it, and gave to them, and said, "Take, eat. This is my body. 14.23. He took the cup, and when he had given thanks, he gave to them. They all drank of it. 14.24. He said to them, "This is my blood of the new covet, which is poured out for many. 14.25. Most assuredly I tell you, I will no more drink of the fruit of the vine, until that day when I drink it anew in the Kingdom of God. 14.32. They came to a place which was named Gethsemane. He said to his disciples, "Sit here, while I pray. 14.33. He took with him Peter, James, and John, and began to be greatly troubled and distressed. 14.34. He said to them, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch. 14.35. He went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour might pass away from him. 14.36. He said, "Abba, Father, all things are possible to you. Please remove this cup from me. However, not what I desire, but what you desire. 14.37. He came and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, "Simon, are you sleeping? Couldn't you watch one hour? 14.38. Watch and pray, that you not enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. 14.39. Again he went away, and prayed, saying the same words. 14.40. Again he returned, and found them sleeping, for their eyes were very heavy, and they didn't know what to answer him. 14.41. He came the third time, and said to them, "Sleep on now, and take your rest. It is enough. The hour has come. Behold, the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 14.42. Arise, let us be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand. 14.43. Immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas, one of the twelve, came -- and with him a multitude with swords and clubs, from the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders. 14.44. Now he who betrayed him had given them a sign, saying, "Whoever I will kiss, that is he. Seize him, and lead him away safely. 14.45. When he had come, immediately he came to him, and said, "Rabbi! Rabbi!" and kissed him. 14.46. They laid their hands on him, and seized him. 15.1. Immediately in the morning the chief priests, with the elders and scribes, and the whole council, held a consultation, and bound Jesus, and carried him away, and delivered him up to Pilate. 15.2. Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?"He answered, "So you say. 15.3. The chief priests accused him of many things. 15.4. Pilate again asked him, "Have you no answer? See how many things they testify against you! 15.5. But Jesus made no further answer, so that Pilate marveled. 15.6. Now at the feast he used to release to them one prisoner, whom they asked of him. 15.7. There was one called Barabbas, bound with those who had made insurrection, men who in the insurrection had committed murder. 15.8. The multitude, crying aloud, began to ask him to do as he always did for them. 15.9. Pilate answered them, saying, "Do you you want me to release to you the King of the Jews? 15.10. For he perceived that for envy the chief priests had delivered him up. 15.11. But the chief priests stirred up the multitude, that he should release Barabbas to them instead. 15.12. Pilate again asked them, "What then should I do to him whom you call the King of the Jews? 15.13. They cried out again, "Crucify him! 15.14. Pilate said to them, "Why, what evil has he done?"But they cried out exceedingly, "Crucify him! 15.15. Pilate, wishing to please the multitude, released Barabbas to them, and handed over Jesus, when he had flogged him, to be crucified. 16.15. He said to them, "Go into all the world, and preach the gospel to the whole creation.
29. New Testament, Matthew, 21.1-21.11, 26.14-26.16, 26.26-26.31, 26.36-26.50, 27.11-27.14, 27.16-27.23, 27.59-27.61 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

21.1. When they drew near to Jerusalem, and came to Bethsphage, to the Mount of Olives, then Jesus sent two disciples 21.2. saying to them, "Go into the village that is opposite you, and immediately you will find a donkey tied, and a colt with her. Untie them, and bring them to me. 21.3. If anyone says anything to you, you shall say, 'The Lord needs them,' and immediately he will send them. 21.4. All this was done, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken through the prophet, saying 21.5. Tell the daughter of Zion, Behold, your King comes to you, Humble, and riding on a donkey, On a colt, the foal of a donkey. 21.6. The disciples went, and did just as Jesus commanded them 21.7. and brought the donkey and the colt, and laid their clothes on them; and he sat on them. 21.8. A very great multitude spread their clothes on the road. Others cut branches from the trees, and spread them on the road. 21.9. The multitudes who went before him, and who followed kept shouting, "Hosanna to the son of David! Blessed is he who comes in the name of the Lord! Hosanna in the highest! 21.10. When he had come into Jerusalem, all the city was stirred up, saying, "Who is this? 21.11. The multitudes said, "This is the prophet, Jesus, from Nazareth of Galilee. 26.14. Then one of the twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot, went to the chief priests 26.15. and said, "What are you willing to give me, that I should deliver him to you?" They weighed out for him thirty pieces of silver. 26.16. From that time he sought opportunity to betray him. 26.26. As they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks for it, and broke it. He gave to the disciples, and said, "Take, eat; this is my body. 26.27. He took the cup, gave thanks, and gave to them, saying, "All of you drink it 26.28. for this is my blood of the new covet, which is poured out for many for the remission of sins. 26.29. But I tell you that I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on, until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Father's kingdom. 26.30. When they had sung a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives. 26.31. Then Jesus said to them, "All of you will be made to stumble because of me tonight, for it is written, 'I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.' 26.36. Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane, and said to his disciples, "Sit here, while I go there and pray. 26.37. He took with him Peter and the two sons of Zebedee, and began to be sorrowful and severely troubled. 26.38. Then he said to them, "My soul is exceedingly sorrowful, even to death. Stay here, and watch with me. 26.39. He went forward a little, fell on his face, and prayed, saying, "My Father, if it is possible, let this cup pass away from me; nevertheless, not what I desire, but what you desire. 26.40. He came to the disciples, and found them sleeping, and said to Peter, "What, couldn't you watch with me for one hour? 26.41. Watch and pray, that you don't enter into temptation. The spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. 26.42. Again, a second time he went away, and prayed, saying, "My Father, if this cup can't pass away from me unless I drink it, your desire be done. 26.43. He came again and found them sleeping, for their eyes were heavy. 26.44. He left them again, went away, and prayed a third time, saying the same words. 26.45. Then he came to his disciples, and said to them, "Sleep on now, and take your rest. Behold, the hour is at hand, and the Son of Man is betrayed into the hands of sinners. 26.46. Arise, let's be going. Behold, he who betrays me is at hand. 26.47. While he was still speaking, behold, Judas, one of the twelve, came, and with him a great multitude with swords and clubs, from the chief priest and elders of the people. 26.48. Now he who betrayed him gave them a sign, saying, "Whoever I kiss, he is the one. Seize him. 26.49. Immediately he came to Jesus, and said, "Hail, Rabbi!" and kissed him. 26.50. Jesus said to him, "Friend, why are you here?" Then they came and laid hands on Jesus, and took him. 27.11. Now Jesus stood before the governor: and the governor asked him, saying, "Are you the King of the Jews?"Jesus said to him, "So you say. 27.12. When he was accused by the chief priests and elders, he answered nothing. 27.13. Then Pilate said to him, "Don't you hear how many things they testify against you? 27.14. He gave him no answer, not even one word, so that the governor marveled greatly. 27.16. They had then a notable prisoner, called Barabbas. 27.17. When therefore they were gathered together, Pilate said to them, "Whom do you want me to release to you? Barabbas, or Jesus, who is called Christ? 27.18. For he knew that because of envy they had delivered him up. 27.19. While he was sitting on the judgment seat, his wife sent to him, saying, "Have nothing to do with that righteous man, for I have suffered many things this day in a dream because of him. 27.20. Now the chief priests and the elders persuaded the multitudes to ask for Barabbas, and destroy Jesus. 27.21. But the governor answered them, "Which of the two do you want me to release to you?"They said, "Barabbas! 27.22. Pilate said to them, "What then shall I do to Jesus, who is called Christ?"They all said to him, "Let him be crucified! 27.23. But the governor said, "Why? What evil has he done?"But they cried out exceedingly, saying, "Let him be crucified! 27.59. Joseph took the body, and wrapped it in a clean linen cloth 27.60. and laid it in his own new tomb, which he had hewn out in the rock, and he rolled a great stone to the door of the tomb, and departed. 27.61. Mary Magdalene was there, and the other Mary, sitting opposite the tomb.
30. Aelius Aristides, Orations, 4.72 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

31. Anon., Marytrdom of Polycarp, 1, 1.1, 1.2, 2.1, 2.2, 2.3, 2.4, 3.1, 3.2, 5.1, 5.2, 6.1, 6.2, 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 8.2, 9.1, 9.1-11.2, 9.2, 9.3, 10.1, 10.2, 11.2, 12.1, 12.2, 12.2-13.1, 12.3, 13.2, 13.3, 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 16.1, 16.2, 17.1, 17.2, 17.3, 18.1, 18.2, 18.3, 19.1, 19.2, 20.1, 20.2, 21, 22.3, 22.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

32. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, 4.9.73.5 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

33. Hermas, Similitudes, 9.13.7-9.13.8, 9.17.4-9.17.5, 9.18.3-9.18.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

34. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 1.10.1, 3.3.1-3.3.4, 3.12.5, 3.12.7, 3.14.2, 4.33.8, 5.33.4, 5.34.3 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

35. Justin, First Apology, 4.2 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

36. Philostratus The Athenian, Lives of The Sophists, 576, 533 (2nd cent. CE

37. Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics, 20.4-20.9, 21.4, 21.7 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

38. Tertullian, On Modesty, 21.7 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

39. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 2.25.8, 4.23.1, 4.23.10, 5.24.2-5.24.6, 5.24.11-5.24.17, 5.25 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

2.25.8. And that they both suffered martyrdom at the same time is stated by Dionysius, bishop of Corinth, in his epistle to the Romans, in the following words: You have thus by such an admonition bound together the planting of Peter and of Paul at Rome and Corinth. For both of them planted and likewise taught us in our Corinth. And they taught together in like manner in Italy, and suffered martyrdom at the same time. I have quoted these things in order that the truth of the history might be still more confirmed. 4.23.1. And first we must speak of Dionysius, who was appointed bishop of the church in Corinth, and communicated freely of his inspired labors not only to his own people, but also to those in foreign lands, and rendered the greatest service to all in the catholic epistles which he wrote to the churches. 4.23.10. For from the beginning it has been your practice to do good to all the brethren in various ways, and to send contributions to many churches in every city. Thus relieving the want of the needy, and making provision for the brethren in the mines by the gifts which you have sent from the beginning, you Romans keep up the hereditary customs of the Romans, which your blessed bishop Soter has not only maintained, but also added to, furnishing an abundance of supplies to the saints, and encouraging the brethren from abroad with blessed words, as a loving father his children. 5.24.2. We observe the exact day; neither adding, nor taking away. For in Asia also great lights have fallen asleep, which shall rise again on the day of the Lord's coming, when he shall come with glory from heaven, and shall seek out all the saints. Among these are Philip, one of the twelve apostles, who fell asleep in Hierapolis; and his two aged virgin daughters, and another daughter, who lived in the Holy Spirit and now rests at Ephesus; and, moreover, John, who was both a witness and a teacher, who reclined upon the bosom of the Lord, and, being a priest, wore the sacerdotal plate. 5.24.3. He fell asleep at Ephesus. 5.24.4. And Polycarp in Smyrna, who was a bishop and martyr; and Thraseas, bishop and martyr from Eumenia, who fell asleep in Smyrna. 5.24.5. Why need I mention the bishop and martyr Sagaris who fell asleep in Laodicea, or the blessed Papirius, or Melito, the Eunuch who lived altogether in the Holy Spirit, and who lies in Sardis, awaiting the episcopate from heaven, when he shall rise from the dead? 5.24.6. All these observed the fourteenth day of the passover according to the Gospel, deviating in no respect, but following the rule of faith. And I also, Polycrates, the least of you all, do according to the tradition of my relatives, some of whom I have closely followed. For seven of my relatives were bishops; and I am the eighth. And my relatives always observed the day when the people put away the leaven. 5.24.11. Among them was Irenaeus, who, sending letters in the name of the brethren in Gaul over whom he presided, maintained that the mystery of the resurrection of the Lord should be observed only on the Lord's day. He fittingly admonishes Victor that he should not cut off whole churches of God which observed the tradition of an ancient custom and after many other words he proceeds as follows: 5.24.12. For the controversy is not only concerning the day, but also concerning the very manner of the fast. For some think that they should fast one day, others two, yet others more; some, moreover, count their day as consisting of forty hours day and night. 5.24.13. And this variety in its observance has not originated in our time; but long before in that of our ancestors. It is likely that they did not hold to strict accuracy, and thus formed a custom for their posterity according to their own simplicity and peculiar mode. Yet all of these lived none the less in peace, and we also live in peace with one another; and the disagreement in regard to the fast confirms the agreement in the faith. 5.24.14. He adds to this the following account, which I may properly insert:Among these were the presbyters before Soter, who presided over the church which you now rule. We mean Anicetus, and Pius, and Hyginus, and Telesphorus, and Xystus. They neither observed it themselves, nor did they permit those after them to do so. And yet though not observing it, they were none the less at peace with those who came to them from the parishes in which it was observed; although this observance was more opposed to those who did not observe it. 5.24.15. But none were ever cast out on account of this form; but the presbyters before you who did not observe it, sent the eucharist to those of other parishes who observed it. 5.24.16. And when the blessed Polycarp was at Rome in the time of Anicetus, and they disagreed a little about certain other things, they immediately made peace with one another, not caring to quarrel over this matter. For neither could Anicetus persuade Polycarp not to observe what he had always observed with John the disciple of our Lord, and the other apostles with whom he had associated; neither could Polycarp persuade Anicetus to observe it as he said that he ought to follow the customs of the presbyters that had preceded him. 5.24.17. But though matters were in this shape, they communed together, and Anicetus conceded the administration of the eucharist in the church to Polycarp, manifestly as a mark of respect. And they parted from each other in peace, both those who observed, and those who did not, maintaining the peace of the whole church.
40. Anon., Epistle To Diognetus, 10.2

41. Anon., Martyrdom of Pionius, 2.1



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
alienation, language of Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 233
animal, ass, donkey, mule Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
asia minor, literature of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63, 69, 73
barnabas, letter of Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185, 203
basilica Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
betrayal Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
biography (lives) Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
blandina, execution of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
body, bones Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
body Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
burial Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
by, and polycarp Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
by, as model Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
by, significance of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 69
catholic church Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 69, 73
christian church, unity of the Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185, 194
church, universal Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 7, 185
church (ejkklhsiva), local and universal Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 233
church (ejkklhsiva) Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 233
clement of alexandria Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 194
council of jerusalem Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 7
crucifixion Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
cult of saints, dating of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
cult of saints, relics in Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 69
death Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
decius, persecution by Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
dialect, attic Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
didakhe, the Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185
diognetos, letter to Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 215
dionysios of corinth Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
disciple, twelve Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
ecumenical movement Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 7
episcopacy Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 69
eusebios Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
funerary formulary Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
geography Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 233
gladiator Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
hegesippos Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
herod (captain of guard) Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
historia ecclesia (eusebius) Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 165
humankind, unity of Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 215
ignatios of antioch Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185, 203
ignatius of antioch, and ecclesiology Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 69
ignatius of antioch, on martyrdom Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
imitatio christi, as theme Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
imitatio christi, significance of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
in, contents Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
irenaeus Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
jesus, and polycarp Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
jew(ish) Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
jews Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
justin martyr, 2 apology Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 237
justin martyr Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 215
king, emperor, herod antipas Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
latin cross Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
letter of the churches of vienne and lyons, content Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
manuscripts, and christology Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 243
manuscripts, and the catholic church Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 244
manuscripts, and the holy spirit Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 243
manuscripts, polycarps character Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 236
manuscripts, redaction Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 237
martyrdom Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
martyrdom of pionius Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
martyrdom of polycarp, and origins of martyrdom Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
martyrdom of polycarp, dating Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 237
martyrdom of polycarp, dating of Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63, 69, 73
martyrdom of polycarp, depiction of martyrdom Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 244
martyrdom of polycarp, portrayal of polycarp Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
martyrdom of polycarp Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63, 69, 73
martyrdom of polykarpos Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185, 194
meditations (marcus aurelius) Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 237
memorialization, act of' Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
name Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
new testament Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 194
passion Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
pelekanidis, s. Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
philippi, christian community Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
pionius Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
polycarp, and church order Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 165
polycarp, and pionius Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
polycarp, and quintus Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
polycarp, as bishop Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 69
polycarp, as christlike Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63, 73
polycarp, comparison with jesus Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 243
polycarp Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 233
polykarpos of smyrna Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185, 203, 215
polykrates of ephesos Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
presbyter/πρεσβύτερος Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
quintus, and martyrdom Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 73
religion passim, prayer Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
religion passim, sacrifice Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
rhetoric, allegory, symbolism Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
rhetoric, narrative Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
rhetoric, second sophistic Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
rhetoric Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
roman church Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
sabbath Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
serapion of antioch Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185
shepherd of hermas, the Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 185
slavery (servant) Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
smyrna Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
sojourning Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 233
tertullian Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 194, 203
theophilos of caesarea Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
tomb Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
torture Rothschold, Blanton and Calhoun, The History of Religions School Today: Essays on the New Testament and Related Ancient Mediterranean Texts (2014) 223
victor, bishop of rome Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 203
vienne and lugdunum, letter from Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 194, 203
vienne and lyons, and martyrdom of polycarp Moss, Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions (2012) 63
world council of churches Stanton, Unity and Disunity in Greek and Christian Thought under the Roman Peace (2021) 7
κοιμητήριον Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114
ἐκκλησία (ἁγία/καθολική/ἀποστολική) Ogereau, Early Christianity in Macedonia: From Paul to the Late Sixth Century (2023) 114