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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



600
Anon., Marytrdom Of Polycarp, 22.3


nan3 And I, again, Pionius, wrote it out from the former writings, after searching for it, because the blessed Polycarp showed it me in a vision, as I will explain in what follows, and I gathered it together when it was almost worn out by age, that the Lord Jesus Christ may also gather me together with his elect into his heavenly kingdom, to whom be glory with the Father and the Holy Spirit, for ever and ever, Amen.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

22 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 33 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 34.29-34.35 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

34.29. וַיְהִי בְּרֶדֶת מֹשֶׁה מֵהַר סִינַי וּשְׁנֵי לֻחֹת הָעֵדֻת בְּיַד־מֹשֶׁה בְּרִדְתּוֹ מִן־הָהָר וּמֹשֶׁה לֹא־יָדַע כִּי קָרַן עוֹר פָּנָיו בְּדַבְּרוֹ אִתּוֹ׃ 34.31. וַיִּקְרָא אֲלֵהֶם מֹשֶׁה וַיָּשֻׁבוּ אֵלָיו אַהֲרֹן וְכָל־הַנְּשִׂאִים בָּעֵדָה וַיְדַבֵּר מֹשֶׁה אֲלֵהֶם׃ 34.32. וְאַחֲרֵי־כֵן נִגְּשׁוּ כָּל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְצַוֵּם אֵת כָּל־אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהוָה אִתּוֹ בְּהַר סִינָי׃ 34.33. וַיְכַל מֹשֶׁה מִדַּבֵּר אִתָּם וַיִּתֵּן עַל־פָּנָיו מַסְוֶה׃ 34.34. וּבְבֹא מֹשֶׁה לִפְנֵי יְהוָה לְדַבֵּר אִתּוֹ יָסִיר אֶת־הַמַּסְוֶה עַד־צֵאתוֹ וְיָצָא וְדִבֶּר אֶל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֵת אֲשֶׁר יְצֻוֶּה׃ 34.35. וְרָאוּ בְנֵי־יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת־פְּנֵי מֹשֶׁה כִּי קָרַן עוֹר פְּנֵי מֹשֶׁה וְהֵשִׁיב מֹשֶׁה אֶת־הַמַּסְוֶה עַל־פָּנָיו עַד־בֹּאוֹ לְדַבֵּר אִתּוֹ׃ 34.29. And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of the testimony in Moses’hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses knew not that the skin of his face sent forth abeams while He talked with him." 34.30. And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face sent forth beams; and they were afraid to come nigh him." 34.31. And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him; and Moses spoke to them." 34.32. And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh, and he gave them in commandment all that the LORD had spoken with him in mount Sinai." 34.33. And when Moses had done speaking with them, he put a veil on his face." 34.34. But when Moses went in before the LORD that He might speak with him, he took the veil off, until he came out; and he came out; and spoke unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded." 34.35. And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses’face sent forth beams; and Moses put the veil back upon his face, until he went in to speak with Him."
3. Hebrew Bible, Judges, 5 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4. Anon., Didache, 8.2, 9.2, 10.4-10.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

5. Clement of Rome, 1 Clement, 32.4, 50.7 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

32.4. καὶ ἡμεῖς οὖν, διὰ θελήματος αὐτοῦ ἐν Χριστῷ Ἰησοῦ κληθέντες, οὐ δἰ ἑαυτῶν δικαιούμεθα, οὐδὲ διὰ τῆς ἡμετέρας σοφίας ἢ συνέσεως ἢ εὐσεβείας ἢ ἔργων ὦν κατειργασάμεθα ἐν ὁσιότητι καρδίας, ἀλλὰ διὰ τῆς πίστεως, δἰ ἦς πάντας τοὺς ἀπ̓ αἰῶνος ʽ??ʼ παντοκράτωρ θεὸς ἐδικαίωσεν: ᾧ ἔστω ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. ἀμήν. 50.7. οὗτος ὁ μακαρισμὸς ἐγένετο ἐπὶ τοὺς ἐκλελεγμένους ὑπὸ τοῦ θεοῦ διὰ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ τοῦ κυρίου ἡμῶν, ᾧ ἡ δόξα εἰς τοὺς αἰῶνας τῶν αἰώνων. ἀμήν.
6. Ignatius, To The Ephesians, 2.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.2. May I have joy of you always, if so be I am worthy of it. It is therefore meet for you in every way to glorify Jesus Christ who glorified you; that being perfectly joined together in one submission, submitting yourselves to your bishop and presbytery, ye may be sanctified in all things.
7. Ignatius, To The Smyrnaeans, 1.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. New Testament, 1 Peter, 1.7, 4.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.7. that the proof of your faith, which is more precious than gold that perishes even though it is tested by fire, may be found to result in praise, glory, and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ -- 4.11. If any man speaks, let it be as it were oracles of God. If any man serves, let it be as of the strength which God supplies, that in all things God may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom belong the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.
9. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 2.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.12. to the end that you should walk worthily of God, who calls you into his own kingdom and glory.
10. New Testament, 2 Peter, 3.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.18. But grow in the grace and knowledge of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ. To him be the glory both now and forever. Amen.
11. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 3.7-3.11, 4.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12. New Testament, Apocalypse, 1.6, 2.10, 5.13, 7.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.6. and he made us to be a kingdom, priests to his God and Father; to him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. 2.10. Don't be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days. Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life. 5.13. I heard every created thing which is in heaven, on the earth, under the earth, on the sea, and everything in them, saying, "To him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb be the blessing, the honor, the glory, and the dominion, forever and ever! Amen. 7.12. saying, "Amen! Blessing, glory, wisdom, thanksgiving, honor, power, and might, be to our God forever and ever! Amen.
13. New Testament, Jude, 25 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

14. New Testament, Ephesians, 1.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.17. that the God of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of glory, may give to you a spirit of wisdom and revelation in the knowledge of him;
15. New Testament, Hebrews, 13.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13.21. make you complete in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ, to whom be the glory forever and ever. Amen.
16. New Testament, Philippians, 1.11, 2.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.11. being filled with the fruits of righteousness, which are through Jesus Christ, to the glory and praise of God. 2.11. and that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
17. New Testament, Romans, 1.23, 3.23, 5.2, 6.4, 9.23, 15.7, 16.27 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.23. and traded the glory of the incorruptible God for the likeness of an image of corruptible man, and of birds, and four-footed animals, and creeping things. 3.23. for all have sinned, and fall short of the glory of God; 5.2. through whom we also have our access by faith into this grace in which we stand. We rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 6.4. We were buried therefore with him through baptism to death, that just like Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, so we also might walk in newness of life. 9.23. and that he might make known the riches of his glory on vessels of mercy, which he prepared beforehand for glory 15.7. Therefore receive one another, even as Christ also received you, to the glory of God.
18. Anon., Marytrdom of Polycarp, 1.2, 2.1-2.3, 3.1-3.2, 5.1-5.2, 7.1-7.2, 8.1, 9.1, 9.3, 10.2, 11.2, 12.1, 13.3, 14.1-14.3, 15.2, 16.1, 17.1-17.2, 19.2, 20.1, 22.2, 22.4 (2nd cent. CE - missingth cent. CE)

1.2. 2 For he waited to be betrayed as also the Lord had done, that we too might become his imitators, "not thinking of ourselves alone, but also of our neighbours." For it is the mark of true and steadfast love, not to wish that oneself may be saved alone, but all the brethren also. 2.1. 1 Blessed then and noble are all the martyrdoms which took place according to the will of God, for we must be very careful to assign the power over all to God. 2.2. 2 For who would not admire their nobility and patience and love of their Master? For some were torn by scourging until the mechanism of their flesh was seen even to the lower veins and arteries, and they endured so that even the bystanders pitied them and mourned. And some even reached such a pitch of nobility that none of them groaned or wailed, showing to all of us that at that hour of their torture the noble martyrs of Christ were absent from the flesh, or rather that the Lord was standing by and talking with them. 2.3. 3 And paying heed to the grace of Christ they despised worldly tortures, by a single hour purchasing everlasting life. And the fire of their cruel torturers had no heat for them, for they set before their eyes an escape from the fire which is everlasting and is never quenched, and with the eyes of their heart they looked up to the good things which are preserved for those who have endured, `which neither ear hath heard nor hath eye seen, nor hath it entered into the heart of man,' but it was shown by the Lord to them who were no longer men but already angels. 3.1. 1 But thanks be to God, for he had no power over any. For the most noble Germanicus encouraged their fears by the endurance which was in him, and he fought gloriously with the wild beasts. For when the Pro-Consul wished to persuade him and bade him have pity on his youth, he violently dragged the beast towards himself, wishing to be released more quickly from their unrighteous and lawless life. 3.2. 2 So after this all the crowd, wondering at the nobility of the God-loving and God-fearing people of the Christians, cried out: "Away with the Atheists; let Polycarp be searched for. 5.1. 1 But the most wonderful Polycarp, when he first heard it, was not disturbed, but wished to remain in the city; but the majority persuaded him to go away quietly, and he went out quietly to a farm, not far distant from the city, and stayed with a few friends, doing nothing but pray night and day for all, and for the Churches throughout the world, as was his custom. 5.2. 2 And while he was praying he fell into a trance three days before he was arrested, and saw the pillow under his head burning with fire, and he turned and said to those who were with him: "I must be burnt alive. 7.1. 1 Taking the slave then police and cavalry went out on Friday about supper-time, with their usual arms, as if they were advancing against a robber. And late in the evening they came up together against him and found him lying in an upper room. And he might have departed to another place, but would not, saying, "the will of God be done. 7.2. 2 So when he heard that they had arrived he went down and talked with them, while those who were present wondered at his age and courage, and whether there was so much haste for the arrest of an old man of such a kind. Therefore he ordered food and drink to be set before them at that hour, whatever they should wish, and he asked them to give him an hour to pray without hindrance. 8.1. 1 Now when he had at last finished his prayer, after remembering all who had ever even come his way, both small and great, high and low, and the whole Catholic Church throughout the world, the hour came for departure, and they set him on an ass, and led him into the city, on a "great Sabbath day. 9.1. 1 Now when Polycarp entered into the arena there came a voice from heaven: "Be strong, Polycarp, and play the man." And no one saw the speaker, but our friends who were there heard the voice. And next he was brought forward, and there was a great uproar of those who heard that Polycarp had been arrested. 9.3. 3 But when the Pro-Consul pressed him and said: "Take the oath and I let you go, revile Christ," Polycarp said: "For eighty and six years have I been his servant, and he has done me no wrong, and how can I blaspheme my King who saved me? 10.2. 2 The Pro-Consul said: "Persuade the people." And Polycarp said: "You I should have held worthy of discussion, for we have been taught to render honour, as is meet, if it hurt us not, to princes and authorities appointed by God. But as for those, I do not count them worthy that a defence should be made to them. 11.2. 2 And he said again to him: "I will cause you to be consumed by fire, if you despise the beasts, unless you repent." But Polycarp said: "You threaten with the fire that burns for a time, and is quickly quenched, for you do not know the fire which awaits the wicked in the judgment to come and in everlasting punishment. But why are you waiting? Come, do what you will. 12.1. 1 And with these and many other words he was filled with courage and joy, and his face was full of grace so that it not only did not fall with trouble at the things said to him, but that the Pro-Consul, on the other hand, was astounded and sent his herald into the midst of the arena to announce three times: "Polycarp has confessed that he is a Christian. 13.3. 3 Immediately therefore, he was fastened to the instruments which had been prepared for the fire, but when they were going to nail him as well he said: "Leave me thus, for He who gives me power to endure the fire, will grant me to remain in the flames unmoved even without the security you will give by the nails. 14.1. 1 So they did not nail him, but bound him, and he put his hands behind him and was bound, as a noble ram out of a great flock, for an oblation, a whole burnt offering made ready and acceptable to God; and he looked up to heaven and said: "O Lord God Almighty, Father of thy beloved and blessed Child, Jesus Christ, through Whom we have received full knowledge of thee, the God of Angels and powers, and of all creation, and of the whole family of the righteous, who live before thee! 14.2. 2 I bless thee, that Thou hast granted me this day and hour, that I may share, among the number of the martyrs, in the cup of thy Christ, for the Resurrection to everlasting life, both of soul and body in the immortality of the Holy Spirit. And may I, to-day, be received among them before Thee, as a rich and acceptable sacrifice, as Thou, the God who lies not and is truth, hast prepared beforehand, and shown forth, and fulfilled. 14.3. 3 For this reason I also praise Thee for all things, I bless Thee, I glorify Thee through the everlasting and heavenly high Priest, Jesus Christ, thy beloved Child, through whom be glory to Thee with him and the Holy Spirit, both now and for the ages that are to come, Amen. 15.2. 2 For the fire made the likeness of a room, like the sail of a vessel filled with wind, and surrounded the body of the martyr as with a wall, and he was within it not as burning flesh, but as bread that is being baked, or as gold and silver being refined in a furnace. And we perceived such a fragrant smell as the scent of incense or other costly spices. 16.1. 1 At length the lawless men, seeing that his body could not be consumed by the fire, commanded an executioner to go up and stab him with a dagger, and when he did this, there came out a dove, and much blood, so that the fire was quenched and all the crowd marvelled that there was such a difference between the unbelievers and the elect. 17.1. 1 But the jealous and envious evil one who resists the family of the righteous, when he saw the greatness of his martyrdom, and his blameless career from the beginning, and that he was crowned with the crown of immortality, and had carried off the unspeakable prize, took care that not even his poor body should be taken away by us, though many desired to do so, and to have fellowship with his holy flesh. 17.2. 2 Therefore he put forward Niketas, the father of Herod, and the brother of Alce, to ask the Governor not to give his body, "Lest," he said, "they leave the crucified one and begin to worship this man." And they said this owing to the suggestions and pressure of the Jews, who also watched when we were going to take it from the fire, for they do not know that we shall not ever be able either to abandon Christ, who suffered for the salvation of those who are being saved in the whole world, the innocent for sinners, or to worship any other. 19.2. 2 By his endurance he overcame the unrighteous ruler, and thus gained the crown of immortality, and he is glorifying God and the Almighty Father, rejoicing with the Apostles and all the righteous, and he is blessing our Lord Jesus Christ, the Saviour of our souls, and Governor of our bodies, and the Shepherd of the Catholic Church throughout the world. 20.1. 1 You, indeed, asked that the events should be explained to you at length, but we have for the present explained them in summary by our brother Marcion; therefore when you have heard these things, send the letter to the brethren further on, that they also may glorify the Lord, who takes his chosen ones from his own servants. 22.2. 2 Gaius copied this from the writing of Irenaeus, a disciple of Polycarp, and he lived with Irenaeus, and I, Socrates, wrote it out in Corinth, from the copies of Gaius. Grace be with you all.
19. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 3.3.4 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

20. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 5.18.8-5.18.11 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

5.18.9. But that those who wish may know concerning Alexander, he was tried by Aemilius Frontinus, proconsul at Ephesus; not on account of the Name, but for the robberies which he had committed, being already an apostate. Afterwards, having falsely declared for the name of the Lord, he was released, having deceived the faithful that were there. And his own parish, from which he came, did not receive him, because he was a robber. Those who wish to learn about him have the public records of Asia. And yet the prophet with whom he spent many years knows nothing about him! Exposing him, through him we expose also the pretense of the prophet. We could show the same thing of many others. But if they are confident, let them endure the test. 5.18.11. Again, in another part of his work he speaks as follows of the prophets of whom they boast:If they deny that their prophets have received gifts, let them acknowledge this: that if they are convicted of receiving them, they are not prophets. And we will bring a multitude of proofs of this. But it is necessary that all the fruits of a prophet should be examined. Tell me, does a prophet dye his hair? Does a prophet stain his eyelids? Does a prophet delight in adornment? Does a prophet play with tables and dice? Does a prophet lend on usury? Let them confess whether these things are lawful or not; but I will show that they have been done by them.
21. Anon., Epistle To Diognetus, 12.9

22. Anon., Martyrdom of Pionius, 3.1, 15.2, 16.1-16.2, 18.13



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 121
adam Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113, 114, 115, 118, 121
apollonius (anti-montanist) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
ascent Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 111
asia (roman province) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
asia minor,literature of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59, 65
bible Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 109
biblical interpretation Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 114
by,and isaac Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
by,and polycarp Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
canaan,canaanite Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 114
christ,assimilation to Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
church Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 106
corinth Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
cult Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 121
decius,,persecution by Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
divine identity Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 124
ecclesiastical history (eusebius),and martyrdom of polycarp Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
emperor cult,emperor worship Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 121
experience Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 117
faith Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 123
father Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 120
glory Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124
gospels,redaction of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
greece,greek Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 109, 110, 121
hebrew Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 112, 121
honor/shame Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 108, 115
idols Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 197
imitatio christi Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
irenaeus of lyons,and polycarp Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
isaac Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
jerusalem Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 112
jesus,and isaac Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
jesus,and polycarp Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
jesus,portrayal of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
law,laws Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 116
letter to the philippians (polycarp) Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
lord Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 123
manuscripts,and christology Bird and Harrower (2021), The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers, 243
manuscripts,and the catholic church Bird and Harrower (2021), The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers, 244
manuscripts,and the holy spirit Bird and Harrower (2021), The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers, 243
manuscripts Bird and Harrower (2021), The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers, 235
marcionites Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
martyrdom/martyrs Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
martyrdom of polycarp,dating of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59, 65
martyrdom of polycarp,depiction of martyrdom Bird and Harrower (2021), The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers, 244
martyrdom of polycarp Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59, 65
messiah Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 120
miracle Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
monotheism Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 106, 109
moses Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 112, 116, 117
mother Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 112
mysticism Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 116
paul,pauline,paulinism Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 106, 107, 108, 109, 110, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 116, 117, 118, 119, 120, 121, 122, 123, 124
persecutions' Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
philosophy Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113
pionius,acts of Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 197
pionius Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65; Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
polycarp,and ignatius Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
polycarp,as christlike Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
polycarp,as socratic Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 65
polycarp,comparison with jesus Bird and Harrower (2021), The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers, 243
polycarp,death of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59, 65
polycarp,martyrdom of Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 197
polycarp of smyrna ix Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
priest,priesthood Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 112, 115
pseudo- pionius Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
pseudo-pionius Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
quintus,and martyrdom Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
quintus,interpretation of Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
rabbis Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113
resurrection Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 116, 117, 120, 121, 124
rome,roman Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 108, 115
sacrifice Dijkstra and Raschle (2020), Religious Violence in the Ancient World: From Classical Athens to Late Antiquity, 197
second temple Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113
septuagint Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 109
smyrna,montanism at Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
socrates (christian scribe) Tabbernee (2007), Fake Prophecy and Polluted Sacraments: Ecclesiastical and Imperial Reactions to Montanism, 49
temple Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 112, 121
throne Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113
translation Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 109, 110, 122
trinity,trinitarianism Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 106
unknown god Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113
vienne and lyons,and martyrdom of polycarp Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59, 65
vienne and lyons,sources Moss (2012), Ancient Christian Martyrdom: Diverse Practices, Theologies, and Traditions, 59
vision Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 113
worship Novenson (2020), Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity, 106, 117, 122