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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



600
Anon., Marytrdom Of Polycarp, 14


nan1 So they did not nail him, but bound him, and he put his hands behind him and was bound, as a noble ram out of a great flock, for an oblation, a whole burnt offering made ready and acceptable to God; and he looked up to heaven and said: "O Lord God Almighty, Father of thy beloved and blessed Child, Jesus Christ, through Whom we have received full knowledge of thee, the God of Angels and powers, and of all creation, and of the whole family of the righteous, who live before thee! ,2 I bless thee, that Thou hast granted me this day and hour, that I may share, among the number of the martyrs, in the cup of thy Christ, for the Resurrection to everlasting life, both of soul and body in the immortality of the Holy Spirit. And may I, to-day, be received among them before Thee, as a rich and acceptable sacrifice, as Thou, the God who lies not and is truth, hast prepared beforehand, and shown forth, and fulfilled. ,3 For this reason I also praise Thee for all things, I bless Thee, I glorify Thee through the everlasting and heavenly high Priest, Jesus Christ, thy beloved Child, through whom be glory to Thee with him and the Holy Spirit, both now and for the ages that are to come, Amen.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 53 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 3.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3. Anon., Testament of Benjamin, 10.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

10.6. For all these things they gave us for an inheritance, saying: Keep the commandments of God, until the Lord shall reveal His salvation to all Gentiles.
4. Anon., Testament of Simeon, 6.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.7. Then shall I arise in joy, And will bless the Most High because of his marvellous works, [Because God hath taken a body and eaten with men and saved men].
5. Anon., Testament of Zebulun, 10.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Anon., Testament of Judah, 25.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

7. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 13.3 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

8. New Testament, Apocalypse, 20.4-20.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

20.4. I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn't worship the beast nor his image, and didn't receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years. 20.5. The rest of the dead didn't live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.
9. New Testament, Galatians, 1.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul, an apostle (not from men, neither through man, but through Jesus Christ, and God the Father, who raised him from the dead)
10. New Testament, Mark, 6.14, 12.26-12.27 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.14. King Herod heard this, for his name had become known, and he said, "John the Baptizer has risen from the dead, and therefore these powers are at work in him. 12.26. But about the dead, that they are raised; haven't you read in the book of Moses, about the Bush, how God spoke to him, saying, 'I am the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob?' 12.27. He is not the God of the dead, but of the living. You are therefore badly mistaken.
11. Anon., Marytrdom of Polycarp, 1.1, 10.1, 19.1 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.1. 1 We write to you, brethren, the story of the martyrs and of the blessed Polycarp, who put an end to the persecution by his martyrdom as though adding the seal. For one might almost say that all that had gone before happened in order that the Lord might show to us from above a martyrdom in accordance with the Gospel. 10.1. 1 But when he persisted again, and said: "Swear by the genius of Caesar," he answered him: "If you vainly suppose that I will swear by the genius of Caesar, as you say, and pretend that you are ignorant who I am, listen plainly: I am a Christian. And if you wish to learn the doctrine of Christianity fix a day and listen. 19.1. 1 Such was the lot of the blessed Polycarp, who though he was, together with those from Philadelphia, the twelfth martyr in Smyrna, is alone especially remembered by all, so that he is spoken of in every place, even by the heathen. He was not only a famous teacher, but also a notable martyr, whose martyrdom all desire to imitate, for it followed the Gospel of Christ.
12. Justin, First Apology, 12-13, 17-18, 2, 11 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

11. And when you hear that we look for a kingdom, you suppose, without making any inquiry, that we speak of a human kingdom; whereas we speak of that which is with God, as appears also from the confession of their faith made by those who are charged with being Christians, though they know that death is the punishment awarded to him who so confesses. For if we looked for a human kingdom, we should also deny our Christ, that we might not be slain; and we should strive to escape detection, that we might obtain what we expect. But since our thoughts are not fixed on the present, we are not concerned when men cut us off; since also death is a debt which must at all events be paid.
13. Tertullian, Against Marcion, 5.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

5.1. There is nothing without a beginning but God alone. Now, inasmuch as the beginning occupies the first place in the condition of all things, so it must necessarily take precedence in the treatment of them, if a clear knowledge is to be arrived at concerning their condition; for you could not find the means of examining even the quality of anything, unless you were certain of its existence, and that after discovering its origin. Since therefore I am brought, in the course of my little work, to this point, I require to know of Marcion the origin of his apostle even - I, who am to some degree a new disciple, the follower of no other master; who at the same time can believe nothing, except that nothing ought to be believed hastily (and that I may further say is hastily believed, which is believed without any examination of its beginning); in short, I who have the best reason possible for bringing this inquiry to a most careful solution, since a man is affirmed to me to be an apostle whom I do not find mentioned in the Gospel in the catalogue of the apostles. Indeed, when I hear that this man was chosen by the Lord after He had attained His rest in heaven, I feel that a kind of improvidence is imputable to Christ, for not knowing before that this man was necessary to Him; and because He thought that he must be added to the apostolic body in the way of a fortuitous encounter rather than a deliberate selection; by necessity (so to speak), and not voluntary choice, although the members of the apostolate had been duly ordained, and were now dismissed to their several missions. Wherefore, O shipmaster of Pontus, if you have never taken on board your small craft any contraband goods or smuggler's cargo, if you have never thrown overboard or tampered with a freight, you are still more careful and conscientious, I doubt not, in divine things; and so I should be glad if you would inform us under what bill of lading you admitted the Apostle Paul on board, who ticketed him, what owner forwarded him, who handed him to you, that so you may land him without any misgiving, lest he should turn out to belong to him, who can substantiate his claim to him by producing all his apostolic writings. He professes himself to be an apostle - to use his own, words - not of men, nor by man, but by Jesus Christ. Galatians 1:1 of course, any one may make a profession concerning himself; but his profession is only rendered valid by the authority of a second person. One man signs, another countersigns; one man appends his seal, another registers in the public records. No one is at once a proposer and a seconder to himself. Besides, you have read, no doubt, that many shall come, saying, I am Christ. Luke 21:8 Now if any one can pretend that he is Christ, how much more might a man profess to be an apostle of Christ! But still, for my own part, I appear in the character of a disciple and an inquirer; that so I may even thus both refute your belief, who have nothing to support it, and confound your shamelessness, who make claims without possessing the means of establishing them. Let there be a Christ, let there be an apostle, although of another god; but what matter? since they are only to draw their proofs out of the Testament of the Creator. Because even the book of Genesis so long ago promised me the Apostle Paul. For among the types and prophetic blessings which he pronounced over his sons, Jacob, when he turned his attention to Benjamin, exclaimed, Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf; in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall impart nourishment. He foresaw that Paul would arise out of the tribe of Benjamin, a voracious wolf, devouring his prey in the morning: in order words, in the early period of his life he would devastate the Lord's sheep, as a persecutor of the churches; but in the evening he would give them nourishment, which means that in his declining years he would educate the fold of Christ, as the teacher of the Gentiles. Then, again, in Saul's conduct towards David, exhibited first in violent persecution of him, and then in remorse and reparation, on his receiving from him good for evil, we have nothing else than an anticipation of Paul in Saul - belonging, too, as they did, to the same tribe - and of Jesus in David, from whom He descended according to the Virgin's genealogy. Should you, however, disapprove of these types, the Acts of the Apostles, at all events, have handed down to me this career of Paul, which you must not refuse to accept. Thence I demonstrate that from a persecutor he became an apostle, not of men, neither by man; Galatians 1:1 thence am I led to believe the Apostle himself; thence do I find reason for rejecting your defense of him, and for bearing fearlessly your taunt. Then you deny the Apostle Paul. I do not calumniate him whom I defend. I deny him, to compel you to the proof of him. I deny him, to convince you that he is mine. If you have regard to our belief you should admit the particulars which comprise it. If you challenge us to your belief, (pray) tell us what things constitute its basis. Either prove the truth of what you believe, or failing in your proof, (tell us) how you believe. Else what conduct is yours, believing in opposition to Him from whom alone comes the proof of that which you believe? Take now from my point of view the apostle, in the same manner as you have received the Christ - the apostle shown to be as much mine as the Christ is. And here, too, we will fight within the same lines, and challenge our adversary on the mere ground of a simple rule, that even an apostle who is said not to belong to the Creator - nay, is displayed as in actual hostility to the Creator - can be fairly regarded as teaching nothing, knowing nothing, wishing nothing in favour of the Creator while it would be a first principle with him to set forth another god with as much eagerness as he would use in withdrawing us from the law of the Creator. It is not at all likely that he would call men away from Judaism without showing them at the same time what was the god in whom he invited them to believe; because nobody could possibly pass from allegiance to the Creator without knowing to whom he had to cross over. For either Christ had already revealed another god - in which case the apostle's testimony would also follow to the same effect, for fear of his not being else regarded as an apostle of the god whom Christ had revealed, and because of the impropriety of his being concealed by the apostle who had been already revealed by Christ - or Christ had made no such revelation concerning God; then there was all the greater need why the apostle should reveal a God who could now be made known by no one else, and who would undoubtedly be left without any belief at all, if he were revealed not even by an apostle. We have laid down this as our first principle, because we wish at once to profess that we shall pursue the same method here in the apostle's case as we adopted before in Christ's case, to prove that he proclaimed no new god; that is, we shall draw our evidence from the epistles of St. Paul himself. Now, the garbled form in which we have found the heretic's Gospel will have already prepared us to expect to find the epistles also mutilated by him with like perverseness - and that even as respects their number.
14. Prudentius, On The Crown of Martyrdom, 2.497 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

15. Anon., Martyrdom of Pionius, 21.4



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
acta martyrum, acts of the martyrs Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 227, 230
africa McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
alexandria Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
antipatros of sidon Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
apolinarius of laodicea Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
apollonius Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
apostles Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
apostleship Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
athanasius of alexandria Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
authority Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
birth Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
blood Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2, 32
bread Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
breaking of the bread McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
church Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 227
community Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
covenant Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2, 32
creator Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2, 32
cross Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
cyprian, letter McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
cyprian McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
egypt, egyptian Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 230
encounter Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
eucharist, of bread and water McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
greece, greek Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 230
hope Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
incarnation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2, 32
judges Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
just Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
kingdom Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
last supper McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
law Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
lawrence, st. Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
martyr Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
martyr acts Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
martyrs, martyrdom Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 227, 230
mary Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
miracles Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
myth Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
pagan, paganism Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 227
paganism Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
pagans Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
paul, 1 corinthians McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
perpetua McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
persecution Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 227
peter Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
pharisees Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
philemon (flute-player) Cain, The Greek Historia Monachorum in Aegypto: Monastic Hagiography in the Late Fourth Century (2016) 68
philo of alexandria Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
philosophy Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 230
pionius of smyrna McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
polycarp Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
power Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2, 32
prophets Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2, 32
rabbis Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
rome, roman Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 230
rome Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 2
sacrifice' McGowan, Ascetic Eucharists: Food and Drink in Early Christian Ritual Meals (1999) 207
salvation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
sheol Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
throne Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
torah Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
translation Novenson, Monotheism and Christology in Greco-Roman Antiquity (2020) 227, 230
twelve Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
valentinians Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
women Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32
zoroastrianism Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 32