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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



647
Anon., Leviticus Rabba, 14


nan\"A woman when she gives seed (conceives)\" [Leviticus 12:2]: That's what is written, \"You have created me behind and before.\" [Psalms 139:5] Said Rabbi Yochanan: If man merits, he inherits two worlds, this one and the coming one, that's what is written: \"You have created me behind and before (front).\" And if not, he comes to give reckoning, as it says, \"And You laid your hand (kapcha) on me.\" [ibid], as it is written, [Job 13:21] \"Withdraw your hand (kapcha) far from me.\" Said Rav Shmuel bar Nachman: When the Holy One, blessed be He, created the first man, he created him as an androgynous being. Reish Lakish: When it was created, dual faces [together] were created, and it was cut, and two were made. [One] back was male, [one] back was female. They challenged him: [Genesis 2:21] \"And He took one of his ribs (tzela)\"!? He said to them, it is of his sides, as it is written, \"and to the side (tzela) of the Tabernacle\" [Exodus 26:20]. Said Rabbi Berachiya and Rabbi Chelbo and Rabbi Shmuel bar Nachman: When God created the first man, from one end of the world to the other end, He created him to fill the entire world. How do we know from east to west? As it says, \"You created me back to east (kedem).\" How do we know from north to south? As it says, [Deuteronomy 4:32] \"From the ends of the heavens to the ends of the heavens.\" How do we know that it was the expanse of the world? As it says, \"And You laid your hand on me.\" Said Rabbi Elazar: \"Behind\" - that's the first day [of creation]. \"Before\" - that's the last day. For the opinion of Rabbi Elazar, there is the verse, [Genesis 1:24]: \"Let the earth bring forth the living soul (nefesh chaya) to its kind.\" \"Living soul\" - that's the spirit of the first man. Said Reish Lakish: \"Behind\" - that's the last day. \"Before\" - that's the first day. For the opinion of Reish Lakish, there is the verse: [Genesis 1:2] \"And the spirit of God wavered upon the water\" - that is the spirit of the king messiah. If man merits, we say to him: \"You were created before all of creation.\" If not, we say to him, \"The mosquito preceded you.\" Said Rabbi Yishmale b'Rabbi Tanchum: \"Behind\" on all creation, \"before\" (first) in all punishments. Said Rabbi Yochanan: Even man's praise only comes last, as it says [Psalms 148:110]: \"Beasts and all cattle creeping things and flying fowl\". And afterwards, [Psalms 148:11]: \"Kings of the earth and all peoples.\" Said Rabbi Simlai: \"Just like man's formation was after beast, cattle, and bird, so too his laws are after beast, cattle, and bird, and that's what is written, \"This is the law of cattle\" [Leviticus 11:46], and afterwards, \"A woman when she gives seed...\"", , "... Another possibility: \"When a woman conceives and gives birth to a male\" [Leviticus 12:2] Thus when it is written \"Life and lovingkindness you have given me, Your care has guarded my spirit\" [Job 10:12] Rabbi Abba bar Kahana said three [things]: In the way of the world if a person takes a purse of money and places the opening downward, does not the money scatter?! A fetus that rests in the womb of his mother, The Holy Blessed One guards him so he does not fall and die, is this not praiseworthy?! Thus - \"Life and lovingkindness you have given me.\" Rabbi Abba bar Kahana said also: It is the way of the world that an animals breasts are in the place of the womb and the newborn nurses in a shameful place. But a woman, her breasts are in a beautiful place, and the newborn nurses in a place of honor. Is this not \"life and lovingkindness?\" Thus - \"Life and lovingkindness you have given me.\" Rabbi Elazar said, if a person tarries in a hot place for one hour, does he not die? Yet the womb of the woman boils, and the fetus which is placed inside the womb, The Holy Blessed One protects it, it is not aborted in the shape of a bag, it is not aborted as the placenta, nor aborted in the shape of a sandal - is this not \"life and lovingkindess?\" Thus - \"Life and lovingkindness you have given me.\" Rabbi Tachalifa of Cesaerea If a person eats one portion of food after another portion of food, does not the second portion expel the first? But no matter how much food a woman eats or how much liquid she drinks, the fetus is not expelled - is this not \"life and lovingkindness?\"Rabbi Simon said, the womb of a woman is made with many cavities, many coils, and many bands. At the moment that a woman sits on the birth chair, (the baby) does not get cast out all at once. There is a saying, \"If one band is loosened, two bands are loosened\". Rabbi Meir said: All nine months that a woman does not see blood, she really should have seen it. What did The Holy Blessed One do? He removed (the blood) upward to her breasts and made it milk, so that when the baby was born there would be food for him to eat. Even more if it was a male child, as it says: \"When a woman conceives and gives birth to a male.\""


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

5 results
1. Plato, Symposium, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

189d. He of all gods is most friendly to men; he succors mankind and heals those ills whose cure must be the highest happiness of the human race. Hence I shall try and introduce you to his power, that you may transmit this teaching to the world at large. You must begin your lesson with the nature of man and its development. For our original nature was by no means the same as it is now. In the first place, there were three kinds of human beings
2. Mishnah, Avot, 3.1 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

3.1. Akabyah ben Mahalalel said: mark well three things and you will not come into the power of sin: Know from where you come, and where you are going, and before whom you are destined to give an account and reckoning. From where do you come? From a putrid drop. Where are you going? To a place of dust, of worm and of maggot. Before whom you are destined to give an account and reckoning? Before the King of the kings of kings, the Holy One, blessed be he."
3. Mishnah, Yevamot, 6 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

4. Babylonian Talmud, Kiddushin, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

5. Babylonian Talmud, Qiddushin, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aggadic passages on legal biblical units Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
allegorical reading of biblical law (leviticus rabba) Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
amoraic midrash compilations, halakhic material in Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
amoraic midrash compilations, leviticus rabba Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
amoraic midrash compilations, rabbinization of scripture Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
gender, menstrual purity Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
gender, rabbinic vs. hellenistic attitudes Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 328
greek, knowledge and attitude toward Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 328
hellenism/hellenistic culture, gender ideologies Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 328
hellenism/hellenistic culture, greek literature and myths reflected in rabbinic texts Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 328
impurity and expiation, in bible, menstrual purity Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
intercourse, legal power of Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 191
mythology, greek Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 328
procreation Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 191
purity, menstrual purity Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
qumran texts, displacing sacrificial cult Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
rome, power relations Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 328
scripture, as rabbinic legal document Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603
sex, sinful Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 191
soul, immortality of' Rosen-Zvi, Demonic Desires: Yetzer Hara and the Problem of Evil in Late Antiquity (2011). 191
study culture, value of tora study Hayes, The Literature of the Sages: A Re-Visioning (2022) 603