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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



545
Anon., Epistle Of Barnabas, 8


nanBut what think ye meaneth the type, where the commandment is given to Israel that those men, whose sins are full grown, offer an heifer and slaughter and burn it, and then that the children take up the ashes, and cast them into vessels, and twist the scarlet wool on a tree (see here again is the type of the cross and the scarlet wool), and the hyssop, and that this done the children should sprinkle the people one by one, that they may be purified from their sins?,Understand ye how in all plainness it is spoken unto you; the calf is Jesus, the men that offer it, being sinners, are they that offered Him for the slaughter. After this it is no more men (who offer); the glory is no more for sinners.,The children who sprinkle are they that preached unto us the forgiveness of sins and the purification of our heart, they to whom, being twelve in number for a testimony unto the tribes (for there are twelve tribes of Israel), He gave authority over the Gospel, that they should preach it.,But wherefore are the children that sprinkle three in number? For a testimony unto Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, because these are mighty before God.,Then there is the placing the wool on the tree. This means that the kingdom of Jesus is on the cross, and that they who set their hope on Him shall live for ever.,And why is there the wool and the hyssop at the same time? Because in His kingdom there shall be evil and foul days, in which we shall be saved; for he who suffers pain in the flesh is healed through the foulness of the hyssop.,Now to us indeed it is manifest that these things so befell for this reason, but to them they were dark, because they heard not the voice of the Lord.


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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 25.40, 33.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

33.3. אֶל־אֶרֶץ זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבָשׁ כִּי לֹא אֶעֱלֶה בְּקִרְבְּךָ כִּי עַם־קְשֵׁה־עֹרֶף אַתָּה פֶּן־אֲכֶלְךָ בַּדָּרֶךְ׃ 25.40. And see that thou make them after their pattern, which is being shown thee in the mount." 33.3. unto a land flowing with milk and honey; for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people; lest I consume thee in the way.’"
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.26, 1.28 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.26. וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים נַעֲשֶׂה אָדָם בְּצַלְמֵנוּ כִּדְמוּתֵנוּ וְיִרְדּוּ בִדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבַבְּהֵמָה וּבְכָל־הָאָרֶץ וּבְכָל־הָרֶמֶשׂ הָרֹמֵשׂ עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃ 1.28. וַיְבָרֶךְ אֹתָם אֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר לָהֶם אֱלֹהִים פְּרוּ וּרְבוּ וּמִלְאוּ אֶת־הָאָרֶץ וְכִבְשֻׁהָ וּרְדוּ בִּדְגַת הַיָּם וּבְעוֹף הַשָּׁמַיִם וּבְכָל־חַיָּה הָרֹמֶשֶׂת עַל־הָאָרֶץ׃ 1.26. And God said: ‘Let us make man in our image, after our likeness; and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.’" 1.28. And God blessed them; and God said unto them: ‘Be fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it; and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that creepeth upon the earth.’"
3. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 36.26 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

36.26. וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם לֵב חָדָשׁ וְרוּחַ חֲדָשָׁה אֶתֵּן בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וַהֲסִרֹתִי אֶת־לֵב הָאֶבֶן מִבְּשַׂרְכֶם וְנָתַתִּי לָכֶם לֵב בָּשָׂר׃ 36.26. A new heart also will I give you, and a new spirit will I put within you; and I will take away the stony heart out of your flesh, and I will give you a heart of flesh."
4. Anon., Epistle of Barnabas, 1.5, 2.6, 4.4, 4.6, 4.9, 4.11, 5.3-5.4, 5.6-5.7, 5.11, 6.3-6.4, 6.9-6.10, 6.15, 6.18, 7.3, 9.7-9.8, 16.1-16.10, 17.2, 18.1, 21.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.5. if it shall be my care to communicate to you some portion of that which I received, it shall turn to my reward for having ministered to such spirits, I was eager to send you a trifle, that along with your faith ye might have your knowledge also perfect. 2.6. These things therefore He annulled, that the new law of our Lord Jesus Christ, being free from the yoke of constraint, might have its oblation not made by human hands. 4.4. And the prophet also speaketh on this wise; Ten reigns shall reign upon the earth, and after them shall arise another king, who shall bring low three of the kings under one. 4.6. Ye ought therefore to understand. Moreover I ask you this one thing besides, as being one of yourselves and loving you all in particular more than my own soul, to give heed to yourselves now, and not to liken yourselves to certain persons who pile up sin upon sin, saying that our covet remains to them also. 4.9. But though I would fain write many things, not as a teacher, but as becometh one who loveth you not to fall short of that which we possess, I was anxious to write to you, being your devoted slave. Wherefore let us take heed in these last days. For the whole time of our faith shall profit us nothing, unless we now, in the season of lawlessness and in the offenses that shall be, as becometh sons of God, offer resistance, that the Black One may not effect an entrance. 4.11. For the scripture saith; Woe unto them that are wise for themselves, and understanding in their own sight. Let us become spiritual, let us become a temple perfect unto God. As far as in us lies, let us exercise ourselves in the fear of God, [and] let us strive to keep His commandments, that we may rejoice in His ordices. 5.3. We ought therefore to be very thankful unto the Lord, for that He both revealed unto us the past, and made us wise in the present, and as regards the future we are not without understanding. 5.4. Now the scripture saith; Not unjustly is the net spread for the birds. He meaneth this that a man shall justly perish, who having the knowledge of the way of righteousness forceth himself into the way of darkness. 5.6. Understand ye. The prophets, receiving grace from Him, prophesied concerning Him. But He Himself endured that He might destroy death and show forth the resurrection of the dead, for that He must needs be manifested in the flesh; 5.7. that at the same time He might redeem the promise made to the fathers, and by preparing the new people for Himself might show, while He was on earth, that having brought about the resurrection He will Himself exercise judgment. 5.11. Therefore the Son of God came in the flesh to this end, that He might sum up the complete tale of their sins against those who persecuted and slew His prophets. 6.3. Then again what saith He; And whosoever shall set his hope on Him, shall live forever. Is our hope then set upon a stone? Far be it. But it is because the Lord hath set His flesh in strength. For He saith; And He set Me as a hard rock. 6.4. And the prophet saith again; The stone which the builders rejected, this became the head and the corner. And again He saith; This is the great and wonderful day, which the Lord made. 6.9. But what saith knowledge? Understand ye. Set your hope on Him who is about to be manifested to you in the flesh, even Jesus. For man is earth suffering; for from the face of the earth came the creation of Adam. 6.15. For a holy temple unto the Lord, my brethren, is the abode of our heart. 6.18. Now we have already said above; And let them increase and multiply and rule over the fishes. But who is he that is able [now] to rule over beasts and fishes and fowls of the heaven; for we ought to perceive that to rule implieth power, so that one should give orders and have dominion. 7.3. But moreover when crucified He had vinegar and gall given Him to drink. Hear how on this matter the priests of the temple have revealed. Seeing that there is a commandment in scripture, Whatsoever shall not observe the fast shall surely die, the Lord commanded, because He was in His own person about to offer the vessel of His Spirit a sacrifice for our sins, that the type also which was given in Isaac who was offered upon the alter should be fulfilled. 9.7. For the scripture saith; And Abraham circumcised of his household eighteen males and three hundred. What then was the knowledge given unto him? Understand ye that He saith the eighteen first, and then after an interval three hundred In the eighteen 'I' stands for ten, 'H' for eight. Here thou hast JESUS (IHSOYS). And because the cross in the 'T' was to have grace, He saith also three hundred. So He revealeth Jesus in the two letters, and in the remaining one the cross. 9.8. He who placed within us the innate gift of His covet knoweth; no man hath ever learnt from me a more genuine word; but I know that ye are worthy. 16.1. Moreover I will tell you likewise concerning the temple, how these wretched men being led astray set their hope on the building, and not on their God that made them, as being a house of God. 16.1. For he that desireth to be saved looketh not to the man, but to Him that dwelleth and speaketh in him, being amazed at this that he has never at any time heard these words from the mouth of the speaker, nor himself ever desired to hear them. This is the spiritual temple built up to the Lord. 16.2. For like the Gentiles almost they consecrated Him in the temple. But what saith the Lord abolishing the temple? Learn ye. Who hath measured the heaven with a span, or hath measured the earth with his hand? Have not I, saith the Lord? The heaven is My throne and the earth the footstool of My feet. What manner of house will ye build for Me? Or what shall be my resting place? Ye perceive that their hope is vain. 16.3. Furthermore He saith again; Behold they that pulled down this temple themselves shall build it. 16.4. So it cometh to pass; for because they went to war it was pulled down by their enemies. Now also the very servants of their enemies shall build it up. 16.5. Again, it was revealed how the city and the temple and the people of Israel should be betrayed. For the scripture saith; And it shall be in the last days, that the Lord shall deliver up the sheep of the pasture and the fold and the tower thereof to destruction. And it came to pass as the Lord spake. 16.6. But let us enquire whether there be any temple of God. There is; in the place where he himself undertakes to make and finish it. For it is written And it shall come to pass, when the week is being accomplished, the temple of God shall be built gloriously in the name of the Lord. 16.7. I find then that there is a temple, How then shall it be built in the name of the Lord? Understand ye. Before we believed on God, the abode of our heart was corrupt and weak, a temple truly built by hands; for it was full of idolatry and was a house of demons, because we did whatsoever was contrary to God. 16.8. But it shall be built in the name of the Lord. Give heed then that the temple of the Lord may be built gloriously. 16.9. How? Understand ye. By receiving the remission of our sins and hoping on the Name we became new, created afresh from the beginning. Wherefore God dwelleth truly in our habitation within us. How? The word of his faith, the calling of his promise, the wisdom of the ordices, the commandments of the teaching, He Himself prophesying in us, He Himself dwelling in us, opening for us who had been in bondage unto death the door of the temple, which is the mouth, and giving us repentance leadeth us to the incorruptible temple. 17.2. For if I should write to you concerning things immediate or future, ye would not understand them, because they are put in parables. So much then for this. 18.1. But let us pass on to another lesson and teaching. There are two ways of teaching and of power, the one of light and the other of darkness; and there is a great difference between the two ways. For on the one are stationed the light giving angels of God, on the other the angels of Satan. 21.9. For this reason I was the more eager to write to you so far as I was able, that I might give you joy. Fare ye well, children of love and peace. The Lord of glory and of every grace be with your spirit.
5. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 9.6, 11.23, 15.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.6. Or have onlyBarnabas and I no right to not work? 11.23. For I received from the Lord that which also I delivered toyou, that the Lord Jesus on the night in which he was betrayed tookbread. 15.3. For I delivered to youfirst of all that which I also received: that Christ died for our sinsaccording to the Scriptures
6. New Testament, 2 Peter, 2.22 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.22. But it has happened to them according to the true proverb, "The dog turns to his own vomit again," and "the sow that had washed to wallowing in the mire.
7. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 3.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.17. that the man of God may be complete, thoroughly equipped for every good work.
8. New Testament, Acts, 4.36 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

4.36. Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas (which is, being interpreted, Son of Exhortation), a Levite, a man of Cyprus by race
9. New Testament, Galatians, 2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

10. New Testament, Hebrews, 5.13, 8.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.13. For everyone who lives on milk is not experienced in the word of righteousness, for he is a baby. 8.5. who serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things, even as Moses was warned by God when he was about to make the tabernacle, for he said, "See, you shall make everything according to the pattern that was shown to you on the mountain.
11. New Testament, Luke, 11.47-11.51 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.47. Woe to you! For you build the tombs of the prophets, and your fathers killed them. 11.48. So you testify and consent to the works of your fathers. For they killed them, and you build their tombs. 11.49. Therefore also the wisdom of God said, 'I will send to them prophets and apostles; and some of them they will kill and persecute 11.50. that the blood of all the prophets, which was shed from the foundation of the world, may be required of this generation; 11.51. from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zachariah, who perished between the altar and the sanctuary.' Yes, I tell you, it will be required of this generation.
12. Hippolytus, On The Antichrist, 6 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

13. Justin, Dialogue With Trypho, 114.4 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

14. Nag Hammadi, The Apocalypse of Adam, 64.1-64.19 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

15. Pseudo Clementine Literature, Recognitiones (E Pseudocaesario), 1.70.6-1.70.8 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 141
apostolic fathers, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 515
barnabas, letter of, the two ways Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 515
barnabas, letter of Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 515
barnabas Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
canon (scriptural), canonical Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
cassius dio Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
circumcision Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 141
clement of alexandria Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
conflict, of jews and christians (parting of the ways) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
day of atonement ritual, in christian texts Cohn, The Memory of the Temple and the Making of the Rabbis (2013) 185
day of atonement ritual, scapegoat Cohn, The Memory of the Temple and the Making of the Rabbis (2013) 185
eliav, yaron, on the size of the temple Cohn, The Memory of the Temple and the Making of the Rabbis (2013) 185
epistle of barnabas, and christology Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 279
epistle of barnabas, genre Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 276
epistle of barnabas, structure Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 276
eusebius Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
food laws Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 141
gentiles, in christian discourse Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 141
hadrian Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
jesus, traditions Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 253
jewish-christian relations Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
origen Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
paul (saul) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
revolt/war, under hadrian/bar kokhba Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
ribbens, benjamin j. Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 44, 45
righteousness (δικαιοσύνη), relationship to teachers Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 253
righteousness (δικαιοσύνη) Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 253
ritual Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
ritus, wasser Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 843
roman, empire Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
song of songs, composition by solomon Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 44
song of songs, targum of Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 44
song of songs rabbah Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 44
syria–palestine Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 253
sühneriten Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 843
teacher, as tradents Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 253
temple (jerusalem) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
temple ~ Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
temporal horizon Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 44, 45
tsitsit' Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 44
two ways, the Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 253
two ways (tractate of) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
wilson-wright, aren m. Kaplan, My Perfect One: Typology and Early Rabbinic Interpretation of Song of Songs (2015) 45