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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



545
Anon., Epistle Of Barnabas, 20


nanBut the way of the Black One is crooked and full of a curse. For it is a way of eternal death with punishment wherein are the things that destroy men's souls--idolatry, boldness, exhalation of power, hypocrisy, doubleness of heart, adultery, murder, plundering, pride, transgression, treachery, malice, stubbornness, witchcraft, magic, covetousness, absence of the fear of God;,persecutors of good men, hating the truth, loving lies, not perceiving the reward of righteousness, not cleaving to the good nor to the righteous judgment, paying no heed to the widow and the orphan, wakeful not for the fear of God but for that which is evil; men from whom gentleness and forbearance stand aloof and far off; loving vain things, pursuing a recompense, not pitying the poor man, not toiling for him that is oppressed with toil, ready to slander, not recognizing Him that made them murderers of children, corrupters of the creatures of God, turning away from him that is in want, oppressing him that is afflicted, advocates of the wealthy, unjust judges of the poor, sinful in all things.


nannan,


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

23 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Micah, 5.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5.2. לָכֵן יִתְּנֵם עַד־עֵת יוֹלֵדָה יָלָדָה וְיֶתֶר אֶחָיו יְשׁוּבוּן עַל־בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 5.2. Therefore will He give them up, Until the time that she who travaileth hath brought forth; Then the residue of his brethren shall return with the children of Israel."
2. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 1.1, 1.6, 2.12 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.1. אַשְׁרֵי־הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹא הָלַךְ בַּעֲצַת רְשָׁעִים וּבְדֶרֶךְ חַטָּאִים לֹא עָמָד וּבְמוֹשַׁב לֵצִים לֹא יָשָׁב׃ 1.6. כִּי־יוֹדֵעַ יְהוָה דֶּרֶךְ צַדִּיקִים וְדֶרֶךְ רְשָׁעִים תֹּאבֵד׃ 2.12. נַשְּׁקוּ־בַר פֶּן־יֶאֱנַף וְתֹאבְדוּ דֶרֶךְ כִּי־יִבְעַר כִּמְעַט אַפּוֹ אַשְׁרֵי כָּל־חוֹסֵי בוֹ׃ 1.1. HAPPY IS the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the wicked, Nor stood in the way of sinners, nor sat in the seat of the scornful." 1.6. For the LORD regardeth the way of the righteous; but the way of the wicked shall perish." 2.12. Do homage in purity, lest He be angry, and ye perish in the way, when suddenly His wrath is kindled. Happy are all they that take refuge in Him."
3. Anon., 1 Enoch, 91.18 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

91.18. And now I tell you, my sons, and show you The paths of righteousness and the paths of violence. Yea, I will show them to you again That ye may know what will come to pass.
4. Anon., Testament of Gad, 8.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

8.2. For I know that at the last your children shall depart from Him, and shall walk in O wickedness, and affliction and corruption before the Lord.
5. Anon., Testament of Issachar, 5.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

6. Anon., Testament of Reuben, 6.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.7. For to Levi God gave the sovereignty [and to Judah with him and to me also, and to Dan and Joseph, that we should be for rulers].
7. Anon., Testament of Judah, 25.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

8. Dead Sea Scrolls, Damascus Covenant, 2.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Dead Sea Scrolls, (Cairo Damascus Covenant) Cd-A, 2.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 3, 3.13-4.26, 3.20, 3.21, 4, 9.17, 9.18, 10.21 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

11. Anon., Epistle of Barnabas, 1.4-1.5, 1.7, 2.4, 2.6, 2.9, 3.6, 4.1, 4.4, 4.6, 4.9, 4.11, 4.13, 5.3-5.4, 5.6, 6.15, 6.18, 7.3, 10.11, 15.5-15.8, 16.1-16.10, 17.2, 18.1-18.2, 21.1, 21.3, 21.9 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.4. Being therefore persuaded of this, and being conscious with myself that having said much among you I know that the Lord journeyed with me on the way of righteousness, and am wholly constrained also myself to this, to love you more than my own soul (for great faith and love dwelleth in you through the hope of the life which is His)--considering this therefore, that 1.5. if it shall be my care to communicate to you some portion of that which I received, it shall turn to my reward for having ministered to such spirits, I was eager to send you a trifle, that along with your faith ye might have your knowledge also perfect. 1.7. For the Lord made known to us by His prophets things past and present, giving us likewise the firstfruits of the taste of things future. And seeing each of these things severally coming to pass, according as He spake, we ought to offer a richer and higher offering to the fear of Him. But I, not as though I were a teacher, but as one of yourselves, will show forth a few things, whereby ye shall be gladdened in the present circumstances. 2.4. For He hath made manifest to us by all the prophets that He wanteth neither sacrifices nor whole burnt offerings nor oblations, saying at one time; 2.6. These things therefore He annulled, that the new law of our Lord Jesus Christ, being free from the yoke of constraint, might have its oblation not made by human hands. 2.9. So we ought to perceive, unless we are without understanding, the mind of the goodness of our Father; for He speaketh to us, desiring us not to go astray like them but to seek how we may approach Him. 3.6. To this end therefore, my brethren, He that is long-suffering, foreseeing that the people whom He had prepared in His well-beloved would believe in simplicity, manifested to us beforehand concerning all things, that we might not as novices shipwreck ourselves upon their law. 4.1. It behooves us therefore to investigate deeply concerning the present, and to search out the things which have power to save us. Let us therefore flee altogether from all the works of lawlessness, lest the works of lawlessness overpower us; and let us loathe the error of the present time, that we may be loved for that which is to come. 4.1. Let us flee from all vanity, let us entirely hate the works of the evil way. Do not entering in privily stand apart by yourselves, as if ye were already justified, but assemble yourselves together and consult concerning the common welfare. 4.4. And the prophet also speaketh on this wise; Ten reigns shall reign upon the earth, and after them shall arise another king, who shall bring low three of the kings under one. 4.6. Ye ought therefore to understand. Moreover I ask you this one thing besides, as being one of yourselves and loving you all in particular more than my own soul, to give heed to yourselves now, and not to liken yourselves to certain persons who pile up sin upon sin, saying that our covet remains to them also. 4.9. But though I would fain write many things, not as a teacher, but as becometh one who loveth you not to fall short of that which we possess, I was anxious to write to you, being your devoted slave. Wherefore let us take heed in these last days. For the whole time of our faith shall profit us nothing, unless we now, in the season of lawlessness and in the offenses that shall be, as becometh sons of God, offer resistance, that the Black One may not effect an entrance. 4.11. For the scripture saith; Woe unto them that are wise for themselves, and understanding in their own sight. Let us become spiritual, let us become a temple perfect unto God. As far as in us lies, let us exercise ourselves in the fear of God, [and] let us strive to keep His commandments, that we may rejoice in His ordices. 4.13. if we relax as men that are called, we should slumber over our sins, and the prince of evil receive power against us and thrust us out from the kingdom of the Lord. 5.3. We ought therefore to be very thankful unto the Lord, for that He both revealed unto us the past, and made us wise in the present, and as regards the future we are not without understanding. 5.4. Now the scripture saith; Not unjustly is the net spread for the birds. He meaneth this that a man shall justly perish, who having the knowledge of the way of righteousness forceth himself into the way of darkness. 5.6. Understand ye. The prophets, receiving grace from Him, prophesied concerning Him. But He Himself endured that He might destroy death and show forth the resurrection of the dead, for that He must needs be manifested in the flesh; 6.15. For a holy temple unto the Lord, my brethren, is the abode of our heart. 6.18. Now we have already said above; And let them increase and multiply and rule over the fishes. But who is he that is able [now] to rule over beasts and fishes and fowls of the heaven; for we ought to perceive that to rule implieth power, so that one should give orders and have dominion. 7.3. But moreover when crucified He had vinegar and gall given Him to drink. Hear how on this matter the priests of the temple have revealed. Seeing that there is a commandment in scripture, Whatsoever shall not observe the fast shall surely die, the Lord commanded, because He was in His own person about to offer the vessel of His Spirit a sacrifice for our sins, that the type also which was given in Isaac who was offered upon the alter should be fulfilled. 10.11. Again Moses saith; Ye shall everything that divideth the hoof and cheweth the cud. What meaneth he? He that receiveth the food knoweth Him that giveth him the food, and being refreshed appeareth to rejoice in him. Well said he, having regard to the commandment. What then meaneth he? Cleave unto those that fear the Lord, with those who meditate in their heart on the distinction of the word which they have received, with those who tell of the ordices of the Lord and keep them, with those who know that meditation is a work of gladness and who chew the cud of the word of the Lord. But why that which divideth the hoof? Because the righteous man both walketh in this world, and at the same time looketh for the holy world to come. Ye see how wise a lawgiver Moses was. 15.5. And He rested on the seventh day. this He meaneth; when His Son shall come, and shall abolish the time of the Lawless One, and shall judge the ungodly, and shall change the sun and the moon and the stars, then shall he truly rest on the seventh day. 15.6. Yea and furthermore He saith; Thou shalt hallow it with pure hands and with a pure heart. If therefore a man is able now to hallow the day which God hallowed, though he be pure in heart, we have gone utterly astray. 15.7. But if after all then and not till then shall we truly rest and hallow it, when we shall ourselves be able to do so after being justified and receiving the promise, when iniquity is no more and all things have been made new by the Lord, we shall be able to hallow it then, because we ourselves shall have been hallowed first. 15.8. Finally He saith to them; Your new moons and your Sabbaths I cannot away with. Ye see what is His meaning ; it is not your present Sabbaths that are acceptable [unto Me], but the Sabbath which I have made, in the which, when I have set all things at rest, I will make the beginning of the eighth day which is the beginning of another world. 16.1. Moreover I will tell you likewise concerning the temple, how these wretched men being led astray set their hope on the building, and not on their God that made them, as being a house of God. 16.1. For he that desireth to be saved looketh not to the man, but to Him that dwelleth and speaketh in him, being amazed at this that he has never at any time heard these words from the mouth of the speaker, nor himself ever desired to hear them. This is the spiritual temple built up to the Lord. 16.2. For like the Gentiles almost they consecrated Him in the temple. But what saith the Lord abolishing the temple? Learn ye. Who hath measured the heaven with a span, or hath measured the earth with his hand? Have not I, saith the Lord? The heaven is My throne and the earth the footstool of My feet. What manner of house will ye build for Me? Or what shall be my resting place? Ye perceive that their hope is vain. 16.3. Furthermore He saith again; Behold they that pulled down this temple themselves shall build it. 16.4. So it cometh to pass; for because they went to war it was pulled down by their enemies. Now also the very servants of their enemies shall build it up. 16.5. Again, it was revealed how the city and the temple and the people of Israel should be betrayed. For the scripture saith; And it shall be in the last days, that the Lord shall deliver up the sheep of the pasture and the fold and the tower thereof to destruction. And it came to pass as the Lord spake. 16.6. But let us enquire whether there be any temple of God. There is; in the place where he himself undertakes to make and finish it. For it is written And it shall come to pass, when the week is being accomplished, the temple of God shall be built gloriously in the name of the Lord. 16.7. I find then that there is a temple, How then shall it be built in the name of the Lord? Understand ye. Before we believed on God, the abode of our heart was corrupt and weak, a temple truly built by hands; for it was full of idolatry and was a house of demons, because we did whatsoever was contrary to God. 16.8. But it shall be built in the name of the Lord. Give heed then that the temple of the Lord may be built gloriously. 16.9. How? Understand ye. By receiving the remission of our sins and hoping on the Name we became new, created afresh from the beginning. Wherefore God dwelleth truly in our habitation within us. How? The word of his faith, the calling of his promise, the wisdom of the ordices, the commandments of the teaching, He Himself prophesying in us, He Himself dwelling in us, opening for us who had been in bondage unto death the door of the temple, which is the mouth, and giving us repentance leadeth us to the incorruptible temple. 17.2. For if I should write to you concerning things immediate or future, ye would not understand them, because they are put in parables. So much then for this. 18.1. But let us pass on to another lesson and teaching. There are two ways of teaching and of power, the one of light and the other of darkness; and there is a great difference between the two ways. For on the one are stationed the light giving angels of God, on the other the angels of Satan. 18.2. And the one is the Lord from all eternity and unto all eternity, whereas the other is Lord of the season of iniquity that now is. 21.1. It is good therefore to learn the ordices of the Lord, as many as have been written above, and to walk in them. For he that doeth these things shall be glorified in the kingdom of God; whereas he that chooseth their opposites shall perish together with his works. For this cause is the resurrection, for this the recompense. 21.3. The day is at hand, in which everything shall be destroyed together with the Evil One. The Lord is at hand and his reward. 21.9. For this reason I was the more eager to write to you so far as I was able, that I might give you joy. Fare ye well, children of love and peace. The Lord of glory and of every grace be with your spirit.
12. Anon., Didache, 1, 1.1-6.1, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7, 7.1, 8, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 9, 9.5, 10, 11, 11.1, 12, 13, 13.3, 14, 15, 16, 16.8 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1. There are two ways, one of life and one of death; but a great difference between the two ways. The way of life, then, is this: First, you shall love God who made you; second, your neighbour as yourself; and all things whatsoever you would should not occur to you, do not also do to another. And of these sayings the teaching is this: Bless those who curse you, and pray for your enemies, and fast for those who persecute you. For what reward is there, if you love those who love you? Do not also the Gentiles do the same? But love those who hate you, and you shall not have an enemy. Abstain from fleshly and worldly lusts. If someone gives you a blow upon your right cheek, turn to him the other also, and you shall be perfect. If someone impresses you for one mile, go with him two. If someone takes away your cloak, give him also your coat. If someone takes from you what is yours, ask it not back, for indeed you are not able. Give to every one that asks you, and ask it not back; for the Father wills that to all should be given of our own blessings (free gifts). Happy is he that gives according to the commandment; for he is guiltless. Woe to him that receives; for if one having need receives, he is guiltless; but he that receives not having need, shall pay the penalty, why he received and for what, and, coming into straits (confinement), he shall be examined concerning the things which he has done, and he shall not escape thence until he pay back the last farthing. Matthew 5:26 But also now concerning this, it has been said, Let your alms sweat in your hands, until you know to whom you should give.
13. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 9.6, 12.31 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.6. Or have onlyBarnabas and I no right to not work? 12.31. But earnestly desire the bestgifts. Moreover, I show a most excellent way to you.
14. New Testament, Acts, 2.38, 4.36, 8.16 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.38. Peter said to them, "Repent, and be baptized, everyone of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 4.36. Joses, who by the apostles was surnamed Barnabas (which is, being interpreted, Son of Exhortation), a Levite, a man of Cyprus by race 8.16. for as yet he had fallen on none of them. They had only been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.
15. New Testament, Jude, 11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16. New Testament, Galatians, 2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

17. New Testament, Philippians, 1.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul and Timothy, servants of Jesus Christ; To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons:
18. New Testament, Romans, 3.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.17. The way of peace, they haven't known.
19. New Testament, Luke, 11.2-11.5, 13.24 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

11.2. He said to them, "When you pray, say, 'Our Father in heaven, May your name be kept holy. May your kingdom come. May your will be done on Earth, as it is in heaven. 11.3. Give us day by day our daily bread. 11.4. Forgive us our sins, For we ourselves also forgive everyone who is indebted to us. Bring us not into temptation, But deliver us from the evil one.' 11.5. He said to them, "Which of you, if you go to a friend at midnight, and tell him, 'Friend, lend me three loaves of bread 13.24. Strive to enter in by the narrow door, for many, I tell you, will seek to enter in, and will not be able.
20. New Testament, Mark, 9.48 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9.48. 'where their worm doesn't die, and the fire is not quenched.'
21. New Testament, Matthew, 6.5, 6.16, 28.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.5. When you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites, for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Most assuredly, I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.16. Moreover when you fast, don't be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most assuredly I tell you, they have received their reward. 28.19. Go, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit
22. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 4.39.1, 5.20.1, 5.28.1 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

23. Irenaeus, Demonstration of The Apostolic Teaching, 2, 1 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
angel Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
apostles, and liturgies Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
apostles, twelve Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
apostles Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
apostolic fathers, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513, 515
baptism, and conversion Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
baptism Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
barnabas, as disciple of a school Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
barnabas, letter of, the two ways Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 515
barnabas, letter of Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 515
barnabas, use of scripture Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
barnabas Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
birth Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
bishops, as choir leader Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
blood Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
bread Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
bryennios, philotheos Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
canon (scriptural), canonical Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
cassius dio Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
christian prayer Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507
christianity, early history Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147
clement, second Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
clement of alexandria Geljon and Vos, Violence in Ancient Christianity: Victims and Perpetrators (2014) 200; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
commandments Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
community Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
conflict, of jews and christians (parting of the ways) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
cosmology, cosmogony Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
covenant Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
creation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
creator Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
cross Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
culture, cultural affiliations in galilee Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147
darkness Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
diakonoi Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
didache, manuscripts Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 256
didache Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147, 513; Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
encounter Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
episcopoi Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
epistle of barnabas, genre Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 276
epistle of barnabas, structure Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 276
eschatology Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
eucharist, eucharistic, community practice Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
eusebius Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
exhortations Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
fasting Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147
hadrian Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
harmony (συμφωνία), harmonization, musical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
irenaeus of lyons, demonstration of the apostolic preaching Ayres Champion and Crawford, The Intellectual World of Late Antique Christianity: Reshaping Classical Traditions (2023) 68
irenaeus of lyons, epideixis Ayres Champion and Crawford, The Intellectual World of Late Antique Christianity: Reshaping Classical Traditions (2023) 68
irenaeus of lyons, holiness, on Ayres Champion and Crawford, The Intellectual World of Late Antique Christianity: Reshaping Classical Traditions (2023) 68
irenaeus of lyons Ayres Champion and Crawford, The Intellectual World of Late Antique Christianity: Reshaping Classical Traditions (2023) 68
jesus, suffering of Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
jesus, traditions Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
jesus (christ) (see also yeshu) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507
jesus christ Geljon and Vos, Violence in Ancient Christianity: Victims and Perpetrators (2014) 200
jewish-christian relations Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
jewish christianity, literary productions Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147
jewish prayer Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507
jews, jewish communities, ritual Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
josephus, the jewish war Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 14
judaism/jewish, paraenesis Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
just Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
justin martyr Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
latin Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
law, in the didache Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147
law Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
light and darknessdead sea scrolls Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
liturgical, traditions Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
lord, referring to christ Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
lords prayer Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507
love Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
manuscripts, light and darkness Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
manuscripts, of the didache Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
martyrdom Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
mary Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
matthew, gospel of Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 147
metaphor Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
methodology, redaction-critical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
methodology, source-critical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 226
methodology, tradition-historical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
motivational devices Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
narrative, audience Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
origen Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
paul, acts of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
paul (saul) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
persian apocalypticism, testaments of the twelve patriarchs Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
peter Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
polycarp of smyrna Geljon and Vos, Violence in Ancient Christianity: Victims and Perpetrators (2014) 200
power Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
prophets Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
psalms Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
psalms of solomon, testaments of the twelve patriarchs Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
qumran documents Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507
rabbis Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
revolt/war, under hadrian/bar kokhba Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
rhetoric Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
ritual Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
roman, empire Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
rome Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
salvation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
satan, belial/beliar Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
satan Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
school tracts Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
schulbetrieb Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
singing, of psalms Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12
suetonius, vespasian Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 14
synoptic, gospels Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507
syria–palestine Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
tacitus, histories Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 14
teacher Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
teaching Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
temple Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
temple (jerusalem) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
temple ~ Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 509
testamentary literature, testaments of the twelve patriarchs Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
testamentary literature Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
testaments of the twelve patriarchs, eschatological sections Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
testaments of the twelve patriarchs, messianic expectations Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
testaments of the twelve patriarchs Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 173
testimonia Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
title, of the didache Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
torah Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 190
traditions, matthean Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 12, 225
translation Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 225
twelve Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
two way document Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
two ways, the Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 252
two ways Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
two ways (tractate of) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 507, 509
two ways (tradition) Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 192, 193
valentinians Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59
vices, lawlessness Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 177
way (church as), in lukan corpus Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 190, 192, 193
way (jesus as), in qumranic texts Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 190, 192
way (jesus as), semantics of Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 148, 190, 192, 193
way (jesus as), to correlate church and paradise Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 148
ways Graham, The Church as Paradise and the Way Therein: Early Christian Appropriation of Genesis 3:22–24 (2022) 148
women' Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 59