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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



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Anon., Didache, 7.1-7.3
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

46 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 16.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.16. שָׁלוֹשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה יֵרָאֶה כָל־זְכוּרְךָ אֶת־פְּנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בַּמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִבְחָר בְּחַג הַמַּצּוֹת וּבְחַג הַשָּׁבֻעוֹת וּבְחַג הַסֻּכּוֹת וְלֹא יֵרָאֶה אֶת־פְּנֵי יְהוָה רֵיקָם׃ 16.16. Three times in a year shall all thy males appear before the LORD thy God in the place which He shall choose; on the feast of unleavened bread, and on the feast of weeks, and on the feast of tabernacles; and they shall not appear before the LORD empty;"
2. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 23.17, 34.23-34.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

23.17. שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה יֵרָאֶה כָּל־זְכוּרְךָ אֶל־פְּנֵי הָאָדֹן יְהוָה׃ 34.23. שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה יֵרָאֶה כָּל־זְכוּרְךָ אֶת־פְּנֵי הָאָדֹן יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל׃ 34.24. כִּי־אוֹרִישׁ גּוֹיִם מִפָּנֶיךָ וְהִרְחַבְתִּי אֶת־גְּבוּלֶךָ וְלֹא־יַחְמֹד אִישׁ אֶת־אַרְצְךָ בַּעֲלֹתְךָ לֵרָאוֹת אֶת־פְּנֵי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה׃ 23.17. Three times in the year all thy males shall appear before the Lord GOD." 34.23. Three times in the year shall all thy males appear before the Lord GOD, the God of Israel." 34.24. For I will cast out nations before thee, and enlarge thy borders; neither shall any man covet thy land, when thou goest up to appear before the LORD thy God three times in the year."
3. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 14.4-14.6, 14.50-14.52, 15.13 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

14.4. וְצִוָּה הַכֹּהֵן וְלָקַח לַמִּטַּהֵר שְׁתֵּי־צִפֳּרִים חַיּוֹת טְהֹרוֹת וְעֵץ אֶרֶז וּשְׁנִי תוֹלַעַת וְאֵזֹב׃ 14.4. וְצִוָּה הַכֹּהֵן וְחִלְּצוּ אֶת־הָאֲבָנִים אֲשֶׁר בָּהֵן הַנָּגַע וְהִשְׁלִיכוּ אֶתְהֶן אֶל־מִחוּץ לָעִיר אֶל־מָקוֹם טָמֵא׃ 14.5. וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַצִּפֹּר הָאֶחָת אֶל־כְּלִי־חֶרֶשׂ עַל־מַיִם חַיִּים׃ 14.5. וְצִוָּה הַכֹּהֵן וְשָׁחַט אֶת־הַצִּפּוֹר הָאֶחָת אֶל־כְּלִי־חֶרֶשׂ עַל־מַיִם חַיִּים׃ 14.6. אֶת־הַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה יִקַּח אֹתָהּ וְאֶת־עֵץ הָאֶרֶז וְאֶת־שְׁנִי הַתּוֹלַעַת וְאֶת־הָאֵזֹב וְטָבַל אוֹתָם וְאֵת הַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה בְּדַם הַצִּפֹּר הַשְּׁחֻטָה עַל הַמַּיִם הַחַיִּים׃ 14.51. וְלָקַח אֶת־עֵץ־הָאֶרֶז וְאֶת־הָאֵזֹב וְאֵת שְׁנִי הַתּוֹלַעַת וְאֵת הַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה וְטָבַל אֹתָם בְּדַם הַצִּפֹּר הַשְּׁחוּטָה וּבַמַּיִם הַחַיִּים וְהִזָּה אֶל־הַבַּיִת שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים׃ 14.52. וְחִטֵּא אֶת־הַבַּיִת בְּדַם הַצִּפּוֹר וּבַמַּיִם הַחַיִּים וּבַצִּפֹּר הַחַיָּה וּבְעֵץ הָאֶרֶז וּבָאֵזֹב וּבִשְׁנִי הַתּוֹלָעַת׃ 15.13. וְכִי־יִטְהַר הַזָּב מִזּוֹבוֹ וְסָפַר לוֹ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים לְטָהֳרָתוֹ וְכִבֶּס בְּגָדָיו וְרָחַץ בְּשָׂרוֹ בְּמַיִם חַיִּים וְטָהֵר׃ 14.4. then shall the priest command to take for him that is to be cleansed two living clean birds, and cedar-wood, and scarlet, and hyssop." 14.5. And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water." 14.6. As for the living bird, he shall take it, and the cedar-wood, and the scarlet, and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the living bird in the blood of the bird that was killed over the running water." 14.50. And he shall kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water." 14.51. And he shall take the cedar-wood, and the hyssop, and the scarlet, and the living bird, and dip them in the blood of the slain bird, and in the running water, and sprinkle the house seven times." 14.52. And he shall cleanse the house with the blood of the bird, and with the running water, and with the living bird, and with the cedar-wood, and with the hyssop, and with the scarlet." 15.13. And when he that hath an issue is cleansed of his issue, then he shall number to himself seven days for his cleansing, and wash his clothes; and he shall bathe his flesh in running water, and shall be clean."
4. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 19.17, 22.28, 22.32-22.33, 24.10 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.17. וְלָקְחוּ לַטָּמֵא מֵעֲפַר שְׂרֵפַת הַחַטָּאת וְנָתַן עָלָיו מַיִם חַיִּים אֶל־כֶּלִי׃ 22.28. וַיִּפְתַּח יְהוָה אֶת־פִּי הָאָתוֹן וַתֹּאמֶר לְבִלְעָם מֶה־עָשִׂיתִי לְךָ כִּי הִכִּיתַנִי זֶה שָׁלֹשׁ רְגָלִים׃ 22.33. וַתִּרְאַנִי הָאָתוֹן וַתֵּט לְפָנַי זֶה שָׁלֹשׁ רְגָלִים אוּלַי נָטְתָה מִפָּנַי כִּי עַתָּה גַּם־אֹתְכָה הָרַגְתִּי וְאוֹתָהּ הֶחֱיֵיתִי׃ 19.17. And for the unclean they shall take of the ashes of the burning of the purification from sin, and running water shall be put thereto in a vessel." 22.28. And the LORD opened the mouth of the ass, and she said unto Balaam: ‘What have I done unto thee, that thou hast smitten me these three times?’" 22.33. and the ass saw me, and turned aside before me these three times; unless she had turned aside from me, surely now I had even slain thee, and saved her alive.’" 24.10. And Balak’s anger was kindled against Balaam, and he smote his hands together; and Balak said unto Balaam: ‘I called thee to curse mine enemies, and, behold, thou hast altogether blessed them these three times."
5. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 55.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

55.18. עֶרֶב וָבֹקֶר וְצָהֳרַיִם אָשִׂיחָה וְאֶהֱמֶה וַיִּשְׁמַע קוֹלִי׃ 55.18. Evening, and morning, and at noon, will I complain, and moan; And He hath heard my voice."
6. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 9.25, 17.21 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

9.25. וְהֶעֱלָה שְׁלֹמֹה שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה עֹלוֹת וּשְׁלָמִים עַל־הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה לַיהוָה וְהַקְטֵיר אִתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי יְהוָה וְשִׁלַּם אֶת־הַבָּיִת׃ 17.21. וַיִּתְמֹדֵד עַל־הַיֶּלֶד שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים וַיִּקְרָא אֶל־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמַר יְהוָה אֱלֹהָי תָּשָׁב נָא נֶפֶשׁ־הַיֶּלֶד הַזֶּה עַל־קִרְבּוֹ׃ 9.25. And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt-offerings and peace-offerings upon the altar which he built unto the LORD, offering thereby, upon the altar that was before the LORD. So he finished the house." 17.21. And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the LORD, and said: ‘O LORD my God, I pray thee, let this child’s soul come back into him.’"
7. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 20.41 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

20.41. הַנַּעַר בָּא וְדָוִד קָם מֵאֵצֶל הַנֶּגֶב וַיִּפֹּל לְאַפָּיו אַרְצָה וַיִּשְׁתַּחוּ שָׁלֹשׁ פְּעָמִים וַיִּשְּׁקוּ אִישׁ אֶת־רֵעֵהוּ וַיִּבְכּוּ אִישׁ אֶת־רֵעֵהוּ עַד־דָּוִד הִגְדִּיל׃ 20.41. And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south, and fell on his face to the ground, and bowed himself three times: and they kissed one another, and wept one with another, until David exceeded."
8. Anon., Jubilees, 6.23-6.38 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.23. He set His bow in the cloud for a sign of the eternal covet that there should not again be a flood on the earth to destroy it all the days of the earth. 6.24. For this reason it is ordained and written on the heavenly tables, that they should celebrate the feast of weeks in this month once a year, to renew the covet every year. 6.25. And this whole festival was celebrated in heaven from the day of creation till the days of Noah-twenty-six jubilees and five weeks of years:... 6.26. and Noah and his sons observed it for seven jubilees and one week of years, till the day of Noah's death, and from the day of Noah's death his sons did away with (it) until the days of Abraham, and they ate blood. 6.27. But Abraham observed it, and Isaac and Jacob and his children observed it up to thy days 6.28. and in thy days the children of Israel forgot it until ye celebrated it anew on this mountain. 6.29. And do thou command the children of Israel to observe this festival in all their generations for a commandment unto them: 6.30. one day in the year in this month they shall celebrate the festival. 6.31. For it is the feast of weeks and the feast of first-fruits: 6.32. this feast is twofold and of a double nature: according to what is written and engraven concerning it celebrate it. 6.33. For I have written in the book of the first law, in that which I have written for thee, that thou shouldst celebrate it in its season, one day in the year 6.34. and I explained to thee its sacrifices that the children of Israel should remember and should celebrate it throughout their generations in this month, one day in every year. 6.35. And on the new moon of the first month, and on the new moon of the fourth month, and on the new moon of the seventh month, and on the new moon of the tenth month are the days of remembrance, and the days of the seasons in the four divisions of the year. 6.36. These are written and ordained as a testimony for ever. 6.37. And Noah ordained them for himself as feasts for the generations for ever, so that they have become thereby a memorial unto him. 6.38. And on the new moon of the first month he was bidden to make for himself an ark, and on that (day) the earth became dry and he opened (the ark) and saw the earth.
9. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 3.13-4.26 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 6.10-6.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.11. וְדָנִיֵּאל כְּדִי יְדַע דִּי־רְשִׁים כְּתָבָא עַל לְבַיְתֵהּ וְכַוִּין פְּתִיחָן לֵהּ בְּעִלִּיתֵהּ נֶגֶד יְרוּשְׁלֶם וְזִמְנִין תְּלָתָה בְיוֹמָא הוּא בָּרֵךְ עַל־בִּרְכוֹהִי וּמְצַלֵּא וּמוֹדֵא קֳדָם אֱלָהֵהּ כָּל־קֳבֵל דִּי־הֲוָא עָבֵד מִן־קַדְמַת דְּנָה׃ 6.10. Wherefore king Darius signed the writing and the interdict." 6.11. And when Daniel knew that the writing was signed, he went into his house—now his windows were open in his upper chamber toward Jerusalem—and he kneeled upon his knees three times a day, and prayed, and gave thanks before his God, as he did aforetime."
11. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 13.7, 48.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

13.7. He will shame you with his foods,until he has drained you two or three times;and finally he will deride you. Should he see you afterwards, he will forsake you,and shake his head at you. 48.3. By the word of the Lord he shut up the heavens,and also three times brought down fire.
12. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 13.7, 48.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

13.7. For as they live among his works they keep searching,and they trust in what they see, because the things that are seen are beautiful.
13. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 2.330-2.339 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

2.330. 330 More hurtful than the leopards and the wolve 2.331. And more vile; and ill that are grossly proud 2.332. And usurers, who gains on gains ama 2.333. And damage orphans and widows in each thing; 2.334. And all that give to widows and to orphan 2.335. 335 The fruit of unjust deeds, and all that cast 2.336. Reproach in giving from their own hard toils; 2.337. And all that left their parents in old age 2.338. Not paying them at all, nor offering 2.339. To parents filial duty, and all who
14. Anon., Epistle of Barnabas, 19-21, 18 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15. Anon., Didache, 1, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 2, 2.2, 3, 3.1, 4, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 5, 5.1, 5.2, 6, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7, 7.1-10.7, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 8, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 9, 9.1, 9.1-10.7, 9.2, 9.3, 9.5, 10, 10.1, 10.7, 11, 11.1, 11.3, 11.4, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9, 11.10, 11.11, 12, 13, 13.2, 14, 15, 15.1, 15.3, 15.4, 16 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1. There are two ways, one of life and one of death; but a great difference between the two ways. The way of life, then, is this: First, you shall love God who made you; second, your neighbour as yourself; and all things whatsoever you would should not occur to you, do not also do to another. And of these sayings the teaching is this: Bless those who curse you, and pray for your enemies, and fast for those who persecute you. For what reward is there, if you love those who love you? Do not also the Gentiles do the same? But love those who hate you, and you shall not have an enemy. Abstain from fleshly and worldly lusts. If someone gives you a blow upon your right cheek, turn to him the other also, and you shall be perfect. If someone impresses you for one mile, go with him two. If someone takes away your cloak, give him also your coat. If someone takes from you what is yours, ask it not back, for indeed you are not able. Give to every one that asks you, and ask it not back; for the Father wills that to all should be given of our own blessings (free gifts). Happy is he that gives according to the commandment; for he is guiltless. Woe to him that receives; for if one having need receives, he is guiltless; but he that receives not having need, shall pay the penalty, why he received and for what, and, coming into straits (confinement), he shall be examined concerning the things which he has done, and he shall not escape thence until he pay back the last farthing. Matthew 5:26 But also now concerning this, it has been said, Let your alms sweat in your hands, until you know to whom you should give.
16. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 9.3, 43.1 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

17. Clement of Rome, 1 Clement, 12.1-12.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.1. Διὰ πίστιν καὶ φιλοξενίαν ἐσώθη Ῥαὰβ ἡ πόρνη. h( e)pilegome/nh po/rnh CLSK perhaps from Hebr. 11, 31. The text is found in A Clement. 12.2. ἐκπεμφθέντων γὰρ ὑπὸ Ἰησοῦ τοῦ τοῦ Josh. 2, 1-8 Ναυὴ κατασκόπων εἰς τὴν Ἱεριχώ, ἔγνω ὁ βασιλεὺς τῆς γῆς, ὅτι ἥκασιν κατασκοπεῦσαι τὴν χώραν αὐτῶν, καὶ ἐξέπεμψεν ἄνδρας τοὺς συλλημψομένους αὐτούς, ὅπως συλλημφθέντες Josh. 2, 6 θανατωθῶσιν. 12.3. ἡ οὖν φιλόξενος Ῥαὰβ εἰσδεξαμένη αὐτοὺς ἔκρυψεν εἰς τὸ ὑπερῷον ὑπὸ τὴν Josh. 2, 3 λινοκαλάμην.
18. Mishnah, Berachot, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

4.1. The morning Tefillah (Shacharit) is until midday. Rabbi Judah says until the fourth hour. The afternoon Tefillah (Minhah) until evening. Rabbi Judah says: until the middle of the afternoon. The evening prayer has no fixed time. The time for the additional prayers (musaf) is the whole day. Rabbi Judah says: until the seventh hour."
19. Mishnah, Megillah, 1.3, 3.6, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.3. What is considered a large town? One which has in it ten idle men. One that has fewer is considered a village. In respect of these they said that they should be moved up but not postponed. But with regard to the bringing the wood for the priests, the [fast of] Tisha B’Av, the hagigah, and assembling the people they postpone [until after Shabbat] and they do not move them up. Although they said that they should be moved up but not postponed, it is permissible to mourn, to fast, and to distribute gifts to the poor [on these earlier days]. Rabbi Judah said: When is this so? In a place where people gather on Mondays and Thursdays, but in places where people do not gather on Mondays and Thursdays, the Megillah is read only on its proper day." 3.6. On Hanukkah they read the section of the princes (Numbers. On Purim, “And Amalek came” (Exodus 17:8). On Rosh Hodesh, “And on the first of your months” (Numbers 28:11). On Maamadot, the account of the creation (Genesis 1:1-2:3). On fast days, the blessings and curses (Leviticus 26:3 ff and Deuteronomy. They do not interrupt while reading the curses, but rather one reads them all. On Monday and Thursday and on Shabbat at minhah they read according to the regular order and this does not count as part of the reading [for the succeeding Shabbat]. As it says, “And Moshe declared to the children of Israel the appointed seasons of the Lord” (Leviticus 23:44) it is their mitzvah that each should be read in its appropriate time." 4.1. He who reads the Megillah may either stand or sit. Whether one read it or two read it [together] they [those listening] have fulfilled their obligation. In places where it is the custom to say a blessing, they say the blessing, and where it is not the custom they do not say the blessing. On Mondays and Thursdays and on Shabbat at minhah, three read from the torah, they do not add [to this number] nor decrease [from it], nor do they conclude with [a haftarah] from the Prophets. The one who begins the Torah reading and the one who concludes the Torah reading blesses before it and after it."
20. Mishnah, Miqvaot, 1.8 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.8. Superior to them are \"smitten waters\" which can purify even when flowing [on the ground]. Superior to them are \"living waters\" for in them there is immersion for zavim and sprinkling for metzoraim, and they are valid for the preparation of the hatat waters."
21. Mishnah, Taanit, 1.6, 2.9, 3.1, 4.3 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

1.6. If these passed and there was no answer, the court decrees three more fasts on the community. They may eat and drink [only] while it is still day; they may not work, bathe, anoint themselves with oil, wear shoes, or have marital, relations. And the bathhouses are closed. If these passed and there was no answer the court decrees upon the community a further seven, making a total of thirteen. These are greater than the first, for on these they blast the shofar and they lock the shops. On Mondays the shutters [of the shops] are opened a little when it gets dark, but on Thursdays they are permitted [the whole day] because of the Shabbat." 2.9. They do not decree upon the community a fast to begin on a Thursday in order not to cause a rise in the market prices. Rather the first three fasts are held [in this order], Monday, Thursday, and Monday; the second three, Thursday, Monday, and Thursday. Rabbi Yose says: just as the first three [fasts] should not begin on a Thursday so too neither the second [three] nor the last [seven]." 3.1. The order of public fasts mentioned above is enacted because of [lack of] the first rain, but if the crops have undergone [an unusual] change they sound a blast immediately. Similarly, if the rain has stopped for forty days between one rainfall and the next, they sound a blast immediately, because it is a plague of drought." 4.3. The men of the maamad fasted on four days of that week, from Monday to Thursday; they did not fast on Friday out of respect for Shabbat or on Sunday in order not to switch from the rest and delight [of Shabbat] to weariness and fasting and [thereby] die. On Sunday [they read], “In the beginning,” and, “Let there be a firmament;” On Monday, “Let there be a firmament,” and, “Let the waters be gathered together;” On Tuesday, “Let the waters be gathered together,” and, “Let there be lights;” On Wednesday, “Let there be lights,” and, “Let the waters swarm;” On Thursday, “Let the waters swarm,” and, “Let the earth bring forth;” On Friday, “Let the earth bring forth,” and, “And the heavens [and the earth] were completed.” For a long section two people read and for a short section one person. [This is how they would read] at Shacharit and Mussaf. And at minhah they assemble and read the section by heart, as they recite the Shema. On Friday at minhah they did not assemble out of respect for Shabbat."
22. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 7.25, 8.1, 11.23-11.26, 12.1, 16.1, 16.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.25. Now concerning virgins, I have no commandment from the Lord,but I give my judgment as one who has obtained mercy from the Lord tobe trustworthy. 8.1. Now concerning things sacrificed to idols: We know that we allhave knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up. 11.23. For I received from the Lord that which also I delivered toyou, that the Lord Jesus on the night in which he was betrayed tookbread. 11.24. When he had given thanks, he broke it, and said, "Take,eat. This is my body, which is broken for you. Do this in memory ofme. 11.25. In the same way he also took the cup, after supper,saying, "This cup is the new covet in my blood. Do this, as often asyou drink, in memory of me. 11.26. For as often as you eat this breadand drink this cup, you proclaim the Lord's death until he comes. 12.1. Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I don't want you tobe ignorant. 16.1. Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I commandedthe assemblies of Galatia, you do likewise. 16.12. Now concerning Apollos, the brother, I begged him much tocome to you with the brothers; and it was not at all his desire to comenow; but he will come when he has an opportunity.
23. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 3.6, 3.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.6. But when Timothy came just now to us from you, and brought us glad news of your faith and love, and that you have good memories of us always, longing to see us, even as we also long to see you; 3.8. For now we live, if you stand fast in the Lord.
24. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 5.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.18. For the Scripture says, "You shall not muzzle the ox when it treads out the grain." And, "The laborer is worthy of his wages.
25. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 11.25, 12.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

26. New Testament, Acts, 2.38, 8.16, 8.37, 10.16, 10.48, 11.10, 15.29, 15.32-15.33, 19.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.38. Peter said to them, "Repent, and be baptized, everyone of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 8.16. for as yet he had fallen on none of them. They had only been baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus. 10.16. This was done three times, and immediately the vessel was received up into heaven. 10.48. He commanded them to be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. Then they asked him to stay some days. 11.10. This was done three times, and all were drawn up again into heaven. 15.29. that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality, from which if you keep yourselves, it will be well with you. Farewell. 15.32. Judas and Silas, also being prophets themselves, encouraged the brothers with many words, and strengthened them. 15.33. After they had spent some time there, they were sent back with greetings from the brothers to the apostles. 19.5. When they heard this, they were baptized into the name of the Lord Jesus.
27. New Testament, Philippians, 1.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul and Timothy, servants of Jesus Christ; To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons:
28. New Testament, Romans, 16.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16.4. who for my life, laid down their own necks; to whom not only I give thanks, but also all the assemblies of the Gentiles.
29. New Testament, John, 3.22, 4.1, 13.38 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.22. After these things, Jesus came with his disciples into the land of Judea. He stayed there with them, and baptized. 4.1. Therefore when the Lord knew that the Pharisees had heard that Jesus was making and baptizing more disciples than John 13.38. Jesus answered him, "Will you lay down your life for me? Most assuredly I tell you, the rooster won't crow until you have denied me three times.
30. New Testament, Luke, 1.41-1.45, 3.10-3.14, 3.21, 10.7, 22.34 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.41. It happened, when Elizabeth heard Mary's greeting, that the baby leaped in her womb, and Elizabeth was filled with the Holy Spirit. 1.42. She called out with a loud voice, and said, "Blessed are you among women, and blessed is the fruit of your womb! 1.43. Why am I so favored, that the mother of my Lord should come to me? 1.44. For behold, when the voice of your greeting came into my ears, the baby leaped in my womb for joy! 1.45. Blessed is she who believed, for there will be a fulfillment of the things which have been spoken to her from the Lord! 3.10. The multitudes asked him, "What then must we do? 3.11. He answered them, "He who has two coats, let him give to him who has none. He who has food, let him do likewise. 3.12. Tax collectors also came to be baptized, and they said to him, "Teacher, what must we do? 3.13. He said to them, "Collect no more than that which is appointed to you. 3.14. Soldiers also asked him, saying, "What about us? What must we do?"He said to them, "Extort from no one by violence, neither accuse anyone wrongfully. Be content with your wages. 3.21. Now it happened, when all the people were baptized, Jesus also had been baptized, and was praying. The sky was opened 10.7. Remain in that same house, eating and drinking the things they give, for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Don't go from house to house. 22.34. He said, "I tell you, Peter, the rooster will by no means crow today until you deny that you know me three times.
31. New Testament, Mark, 1.4, 1.9, 9.5, 14.30, 16.9-16.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.4. John came baptizing in the wilderness and preaching the baptism of repentance for forgiveness of sins. 1.9. It happened in those days, that Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee, and was baptized by John in the Jordan. 9.5. Peter answered Jesus, "Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let's make three tents: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah. 14.30. Jesus said to him, "Most assuredly I tell you, that you today, even this night, before the cock crows twice, you will deny me three times. 16.9. Now when he had risen early on the first day of the week, he appeared first to Mary Magdalene, from whom he had cast out seven demons. 16.10. She went and told those who had been with him, as they mourned and wept. 16.11. When they heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, they disbelieved. 16.12. After these things he was revealed in another form to two of them, as they walked, on their way into the country. 16.13. They went away and told it to the rest. They didn't believe them, either. 16.14. Afterward he was revealed to the eleven themselves as they sat at the table, and he rebuked them for their unbelief and hardness of heart, because they didn't believe those who had seen him after he had risen. 16.15. He said to them, "Go into all the world, and preach the gospel to the whole creation. 16.16. He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who disbelieves will be condemned. 16.17. These signs will accompany those who believe: in my name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new languages; 16.18. they will take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it will in no way hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover. 16.19. So then the Lord Jesus, after he had spoken to them, was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. 16.20. They went out, and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them, and confirming the word by the signs that followed. Amen.
32. New Testament, Matthew, 3.13, 6.1-6.18, 7.6, 10.10, 11.29-11.30, 12.31, 26.75, 28.9-28.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.13. Then Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized by him. 6.1. Be careful that you don't do your charitable giving before men, to be seen by them, or else you have no reward from your Father who is in heaven. 6.2. Therefore when you do merciful deeds, don't sound a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may get glory from men. Most assuredly I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.3. But when you do merciful deeds, don't let your left hand know what your right hand does 6.4. so that your merciful deeds may be in secret, then your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 6.5. When you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites, for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Most assuredly, I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.6. But you, when you pray, enter into your inner chamber, and having shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 6.7. In praying, don't use vain repetitions, as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard for their much speaking. 6.8. Therefore don't be like them, for your Father knows what things you need, before you ask him. 6.9. Pray like this: 'Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy. 6.10. Let your kingdom come. Let your will be done, as in heaven, so on earth. 6.11. Give us today our daily bread. 6.12. Forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors. 6.13. Bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. For yours is the kingdom, the power, and the glory forever. Amen.' 6.14. For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 6.15. But if you don't forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. 6.16. Moreover when you fast, don't be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most assuredly I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.17. But you, when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face; 6.18. so that you are not seen by men to be fasting, but by your Father who is in secret, and your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you. 7.6. Don't give that which is holy to the dogs, neither throw your pearls before the pigs, lest perhaps they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. 10.10. Take no bag for your journey, neither two coats, nor shoes, nor staff: for the laborer is worthy of his food. 11.29. Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am humble and lowly in heart; and you will find rest for your souls. 11.30. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. 12.31. Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men. 26.75. Peter remembered the word which Jesus had said to him, "Before the cock crows, you will deny me three times." He went out and wept bitterly. 28.9. As they went to tell his disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, "Rejoice!"They came and took hold of his feet, and worshiped him. 28.10. Then Jesus said to them, "Don't be afraid. Go tell my brothers that they should go into Galilee, and there they will see me. 28.11. Now while they were going, behold, some of the guards came into the city, and told the chief priests all the things that had happened. 28.12. When they were assembled with the elders, and had taken counsel, they gave a large amount of silver to the soldiers 28.13. saying, "Say that his disciples came by night, and stole him away while we slept. 28.14. If this comes to the governor's ears, we will persuade him and make you free of worry. 28.15. So they took the money and did as they were told. This saying was spread abroad among the Jews, and continues until this day. 28.16. But the eleven disciples went into Galilee, to the mountain where Jesus had sent them. 28.17. When they saw him, they bowed down to him, but some doubted. 28.18. Jesus came to them and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to me in heaven and on earth. 28.19. Go, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit 28.20. teaching them to observe all things which I commanded you. Behold, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.
33. Polycarp of Smyrna, Letter To The Philippians, 4.3, 9.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

34. Tosefta, Berachot, 3.1-3.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.2. ...The evening prayer [of Shmoneh Esreh] does not have a set time. Rebbi Elazar Bar Yossi says, “[A person should pray the evening Shmoneh Esreh] with the closing of the gates [of the Bet Hamikdash (Temple)].” Rebbi Elazar Bar Yossi said, “My father [always] prayed [the evening Shmoneh Esreh] with the closing of the gates [of the Bet Hamikdash].” [A person] who prays the Mussaf prayer [of Shmoneh Esreh] either after the morning Tamid [sacrifice] has been brought or before the morning Tamid [sacrifice] has been brought, has fulfilled his obligation [of praying the morning Shmoneh Esreh on time.]"
35. Anon., Acts of Thomas, 25 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

25. And the apostle, filled with joy, said: I praise thee, O Lord Jesu, that thou hast revealed thy truth in these men; for thou only art the God of truth, and none other, and thou art he that knoweth all things that are unknown to the most; thou, Lord, art he that in all things showest compassion and sparest men. For men by reason of the error that is in them have overlooked thee but thou hast not overlooked them. And now at mv supplication and request do thou receive the king and his brother and join them unto thy fold, cleansing them with thy washing and anointing them with thine oil from the error that encompasseth them: and keep them also from the wolves, bearing them into thy meadows. And give them drink out of thine immortal fountain which is neither fouled nor drieth up; for they entreat and supplicate thee and desire to become thy servants and ministers, and for this they are content even to be persecuted of thine enemies, and for thy sake to be hated of them and to be mocked and to die, like as thou for our sake didst suffer all these things, that thou mightest preserve us, thou that art Lord and verily the good shepherd. And do thou grant them to have confidence in thee alone, and the succour that cometh of thee and the hope of their salvation which they look for from thee alone; and that they may be grounded in thy mysteries and receive the perfect good of thy graces and gifts, and flourish in thy ministry and come to perfection in thy Father.
36. Clement of Alexandria, Miscellanies, (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

37. Hippolytus, Apostolic Tradition, 16 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

38. Justin, First Apology, 61 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

61. I will also relate the manner in which we dedicated ourselves to God when we had been made new through Christ; lest, if we omit this, we seem to be unfair in the explanation we are making. As many as are persuaded and believe that what we teach and say is true, and undertake to be able to live accordingly, are instructed to pray and to entreat God with fasting, for the remission of their sins that are past, we praying and fasting with them. Then they are brought by us where there is water, and are regenerated in the same manner in which we were ourselves regenerated. For, in the name of God, the Father and Lord of the universe, and of our Saviour Jesus Christ, and of the Holy Spirit, they then receive the washing with water. For Christ also said, Unless you be born again, you shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. John 3:5 Now, that it is impossible for those who have once been born to enter into their mothers' wombs, is manifest to all. And how those who have sinned and repent shall escape their sins, is declared by Esaias the prophet, as I wrote above; he thus speaks: Wash you, make you clean; put away the evil of your doings from your souls; learn to do well; judge the fatherless, and plead for the widow: and come and let us reason together, says the Lord. And though your sins be as scarlet, I will make them white like wool; and though they be as crimson, I will make them white as snow. But if you refuse and rebel, the sword shall devour you: for the mouth of the Lord has spoken it. Isaiah 1:16-20 And for this [rite] we have learned from the apostles this reason. Since at our birth we were born without our own knowledge or choice, by our parents coming together, and were brought up in bad habits and wicked training; in order that we may not remain the children of necessity and of ignorance, but may become the children of choice and knowledge, and may obtain in the water the remission of sins formerly committed, there is pronounced over him who chooses to be born again, and has repented of his sins, the name of God the Father and Lord of the universe; he who leads to the laver the person that is to be washed calling him by this name alone. For no one can utter the name of the ineffable God; and if any one dare to say that there is a name, he raves with a hopeless madness. And this washing is called illumination, because they who learn these things are illuminated in their understandings. And in the name of Jesus Christ, who was crucified under Pontius Pilate, and in the name of the Holy Ghost, who through the prophets foretold all things about Jesus, he who is illuminated is washed.
39. Ptolemy, Epistle To Flora, 3.4, 3.6 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

40. Babylonian Talmud, Hulin, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

41. Nag Hammadi, Apocalypse of Peter, 14 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

42. Nag Hammadi, The Gospel of Philip, 74.12-74.15 (3rd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

43. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catechetical Lectures, 3 (4th cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

44. Anon., Apocalypse of Peter, 14

45. Anon., Epistle To Diognetus, 2.10

46. Anon., Joseph And Aseneth, 14.12-14.13, 14.15



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
abortion Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
acherusian sea (lake) Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
adam, pardoning of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
anointment Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1472
apostolic fathers, generally Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
apostolic tradition, on catechumenate Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
apostolic tradition Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
balaam Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
baptism, christian Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
baptism, liturgy of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71, 240, 358
baptism, of christ Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
baptism, of jesus Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
baptism, of john Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
baptism, spaces for Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
baptism Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897; Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238; Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132, 266, 522
baptismal confession Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
baptismal formulae, triadic Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
baptismal formulae Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
baptisteries Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
birth narratives Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
bishops Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
blessing Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
blind man Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
body, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
body, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
body, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
bradshaw, paul f. Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
burial, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
burial, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
caesarea, in cappadocia Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
calendar (lunar, solar) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
catechesis Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71; Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 116
christian/christianity Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
christology, christological Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
christology, separationist Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
churches/tradition of paul pauline Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
clement, second Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
clement of alexandria, on gnosticism Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
clement of alexandria, on the catechumenate, catechists and sponsors Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
clement of alexandria, on the catechumenate, inherited catechetical practices from within early church Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
clement of alexandria, on the catechumenate Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
cold Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
conversion Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 157
crates (pseudo-) Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
cyprian, martyr Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
cyril of jerusalem Jeong, Pauline Baptism among the Mysteries: Ritual Messages and the Promise of Initiation (2023) 254
daughters, adam and eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
david Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
day, three Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
deception Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
diakonoi Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
didache, and baptism Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 252
didache, structure Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 251
didache, use of luke Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 251
didache Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104; Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513; Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 116; Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15; Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
dura, syria Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
elijah Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
episcopoi Esler, The Early Christian World (2000) 513
epistle to diognetus, and christology Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 321
epistle to diognetus, and god Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 321
essentialism, essence Lieu, Christian Identity in the Jewish and Graeco-Roman World (2004) 157
eucharist, liturgy Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
eucharist Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15; Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
euphrates, river Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
evil Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
exhortations Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
faith, in early christian literature Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
fast Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
fasting Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240; Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266, 522
fear of god Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
fire Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
firmilian (bishop) Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
food, regulations Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
formulae, liturgical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
friday (fast/festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266, 522
gabriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
gamaliel (gamliel) the elder, r. Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
gentile christians / gentile churches Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
gnostics and gnosticism, catechumenate and Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
gnostics and gnosticism, clement of alexandria on Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
god, fear of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
god, light of the whole creation, as Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
god, presence of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
graeco-roman (law/custom) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
harmony Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
head Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
heaven, third Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
hebrew language Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
heresies, heretic Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
high (chief) priest Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
hippolytus of rome Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
historical tradition Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
holy spirit, and alternative christianities Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
holy spirit, in baptismal formulae Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
household/station codes (haustafeln) Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
hypocrites (pharisees) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266, 522
identity Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
idols Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
ignatius Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
israel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
jewish prayer Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
john (the baptist) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132, 266
john the baptist Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
jordan river Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
josephus Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
justin martyr, on catechumenate Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
letter, form criticism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
letter, papyrus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
levitical/ritual purity Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
linen Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
liturgical, space Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
liturgy Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
lord, teaching of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
lord, yoke of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
lords prayer, function of the Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
lords prayer Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266, 522
luke Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
marcion and marcionites Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
meal, common Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
meal Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1472
michael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
mikva, mikvaot (ritual bathhouse) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
mishnaic evidence Scales, Galilean Spaces of Identity: Judaism and Spatiality in Hasmonean and Herodian Galilee (2024) 66
mission Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 356
missionsbefehl Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 887
monday (fast/festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
montanism Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
moral purity Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
obedience/disobedience Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
papyrusi Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
parallels/parallelism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
passion of perpetua Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
paul (saul) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
perfect, believer Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
philip, deacon Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
physical description, thesslanonians Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
piety Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
pleasure Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
polycarp Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
prayers, liturgical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
prayers, written Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
prescriptive discourse Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
prophets/prophetic Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
proto-orthodoxy Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
purification/purity Jeong, Pauline Baptism among the Mysteries: Ritual Messages and the Promise of Initiation (2023) 254
purification ~ Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
purity (see also food laws) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
purity system Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
qumran community Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
qumran documents Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
rabbis Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
redactor Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
ritual, practice of Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15
ritual Langstaff, Stuckenbruck, and Tilly,, The Lord’s Prayer (2022) 15; Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132, 522
ritual bathing/washing Scales, Galilean Spaces of Identity: Judaism and Spatiality in Hasmonean and Herodian Galilee (2024) 66
ritual immersion pools Scales, Galilean Spaces of Identity: Judaism and Spatiality in Hasmonean and Herodian Galilee (2024) 66
rufus Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
sacrifice, animal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
sadducees Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
seal, adams tomb (grave), of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
sentencing, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
separation Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1497
shepherd of hermas Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 104
short prayer Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
sitz im leben Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
spirit, holy Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
spruch, unterricht' Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1391
sunday Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
syzygienlehre, fasten Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1497
tannaim (early rabbis), tannaic Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 132
teacher, διδάσκαλος Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 116
teaching Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
temple ~ Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
textual criticism Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
thursday (fastday) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
timothy Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
title, of jesus Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
tomb Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
traditions, baptismal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
triadische formel Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 356
trinity Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 93
two ways (tractate of) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
untertauchen Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 362
uriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106
variants, textual Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
variants, western Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 71
washing, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
washing Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 106, 897
water, systems in baptisteries Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 358
wealth Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 897
weapon Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
wednesday (fast/festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 266
worship, day of worship Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238
worship, pagan Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
worship Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 238; Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
zosimus Tite, Valentinian Ethics and Paraenetic Discourse: Determining the Social Function of Moral Exhortation in Valentinian Christianity (2009) 142
zwei-wege-lehre Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 772, 784