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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



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Anon., Didache, 11.3-13.7
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

41 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 2.1 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.1. When I arrived home and my wife Anna and my son Tobias were restored to me, at the feast of Pentecost, which is the sacred festival of the seven weeks, a good dinner was prepared for me and I sat down to eat.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 13.1-13.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

13.1. אֵת כָּל־הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם אֹתוֹ תִשְׁמְרוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת לֹא־תֹסֵף עָלָיו וְלֹא תִגְרַע מִמֶּנּוּ׃ 13.1. כִּי הָרֹג תַּהַרְגֶנּוּ יָדְךָ תִּהְיֶה־בּוֹ בָרִאשׁוֹנָה לַהֲמִיתוֹ וְיַד כָּל־הָעָם בָּאַחֲרֹנָה׃ 13.2. כִּי־יָקוּם בְּקִרְבְּךָ נָבִיא אוֹ חֹלֵם חֲלוֹם וְנָתַן אֵלֶיךָ אוֹת אוֹ מוֹפֵת׃ 13.1. All this word which I command you, that shall ye observe to do; thou shalt not add thereto, nor diminish from it." 13.2. If there arise in the midst of thee a prophet, or a dreamer of dreams—and he give thee a sign or a wonder,"
3. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 49.1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

49.1. לֹא יִרְעָבוּ וְלֹא יִצְמָאוּ וְלֹא־יַכֵּם שָׁרָב וָשָׁמֶשׁ כִּי־מְרַחֲמָם יְנַהֲגֵם וְעַל־מַבּוּעֵי מַיִם יְנַהֲלֵם׃ 49.1. שִׁמְעוּ אִיִּים אֵלַי וְהַקְשִׁיבוּ לְאֻמִּים מֵרָחוֹק יְהוָה מִבֶּטֶן קְרָאָנִי מִמְּעֵי אִמִּי הִזְכִּיר שְׁמִי׃ 49.1. Listen, O isles, unto me, And hearken, ye peoples, from far: The LORD hath called me from the womb, From the bowels of my mother hath He made mention of my name;"
4. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 1.5, 23.16-23.17 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.5. בְּטֶרֶם אצורך [אֶצָּרְךָ] בַבֶּטֶן יְדַעְתִּיךָ וּבְטֶרֶם תֵּצֵא מֵרֶחֶם הִקְדַּשְׁתִּיךָ נָבִיא לַגּוֹיִם נְתַתִּיךָ׃ 23.16. כֹּה־אָמַר יְהוָה צְבָאוֹת אַל־תִּשְׁמְעוּ עַל־דִּבְרֵי הַנְּבִאִים הַנִּבְּאִים לָכֶם מַהְבִּלִים הֵמָּה אֶתְכֶם חֲזוֹן לִבָּם יְדַבֵּרוּ לֹא מִפִּי יְהוָה׃ 23.17. אֹמְרִים אָמוֹר לִמְנַאֲצַי דִּבֶּר יְהוָה שָׁלוֹם יִהְיֶה לָכֶם וְכֹל הֹלֵךְ בִּשְׁרִרוּת לִבּוֹ אָמְרוּ לֹא־תָבוֹא עֲלֵיכֶם רָעָה׃ 1.5. Before I formed thee in the belly I knew thee, And before thou camest forth out of the womb I sanctified thee; I have appointed thee a prophet unto the nations." 23.16. Thus saith the LORD of hosts: Hearken not unto the words of the prophets that prophesy unto you, They lead you unto vanity; They speak a vision of their own heart, And not out of the mouth of the LORD." 23.17. They say continually unto them that despise Me: ‘The LORD hath said: Ye shall have peace’; And unto every one that walketh in the stubbornness of his own heart they say: ‘No evil shall come upon you’;"
5. Plato, Cratylus, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Plato, Greater Hippias, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

281b. So I have often gone as envoy to other states, but most often and concerning the most numerous and important matters to Lacedaemon . For that reason, then, since you ask me, I do not often come to this neighborhood. Soc. That’s what it is, Hippias, to be a truly wise and perfect man! For you are both in your private capacity able to earn much money from the young
7. Septuagint, Tobit, 2.1 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.1. When I arrived home and my wife Anna and my son Tobias were restored to me, at the feast of Pentecost, which is the sacred festival of the seven weeks, a good dinner was prepared for me and I sat down to eat.
8. Anon., Jubilees, 50.10, 50.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

50.10. whoever desecrateth that day, whoever lieth with (his) wife or whoever saith he will do something on it, that he will set out on a journey thereon in regard to any buying or selling: and whoever draweth water thereon which he had not prepared for himself on the sixth day, and whoever taketh up any burden to carry it out of his tent or out of his house shall die. 50.12. and a holy day: and a day of the holy kingdom for all Israel is this day among their days for ever.
9. Dead Sea Scrolls, Pesher On Habakkuk, 7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 9.23 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

9.23. בִּתְחִלַּת תַּחֲנוּנֶיךָ יָצָא דָבָר וַאֲנִי בָּאתִי לְהַגִּיד כִּי חֲמוּדוֹת אָתָּה וּבִין בַּדָּבָר וְהָבֵן בַּמַּרְאֶה׃ 9.23. At the beginning of thy supplications a word went forth, and I am come to declare it; for thou art greatly beloved; therefore look into the word, and understand the vision."
11. Philo of Alexandria, On The Posterity of Cain, 53, 101 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

101. But Moses does not think it right to incline either to the right or to the left, or in short to any part of the earthly Edom; but rather to proceed along the middle way, which he with great propriety calls the royal road, for since God is the first and only God of the universe, so also the road to him, as being the king's road, is very properly denominated royal; and this royal road you must consider to be philosophy, not that philosophy which the existing sophistical crowd of men pursues (for they, studying the art of words in opposition to truth, have called crafty wickedness, wisdom, assigning a divine name to wicked action), but that which the ancient company of those men who practised virtue studied, rejecting the persuasive juggleries of pleasure, and adopting a virtuous and austere study of the honourable--
12. Philo of Alexandria, That The Worse Attacks The Better, 1 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

1. And Cain said to Abel his brother, "Let us go to the field. And it came to pass, that while they were in the field, Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew Him." What Cain proposes to do is this: having by invitation led Abel on to a dispute, to convince him by main force, using plausible and probable sophisms; for the field to which he invites him to come, we may call a symbol of rivalry and contention, forming our conjectures of things that are uncertain from our perception of those which are manifest.
13. Anon., Didache, 1, 1.4, 2, 2.2, 3, 3.1, 4, 4.1, 4.9, 4.10, 4.11, 4.12, 4.13, 5, 5.1, 5.2, 6, 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 7, 7.1, 7.1-10.7, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4, 8, 8.1, 8.2, 8.3, 9, 9.1, 9.1-10.7, 9.2, 9.3, 9.4, 9.5, 10, 10.2, 10.3, 10.5, 10.7, 11, 11.1, 11.1-15.4, 11.2, 11.4, 11.5, 11.6, 11.7, 11.8, 11.9, 11.10, 11.11, 11.12, 12, 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 13, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.7, 14, 14.1, 14.2, 14.3, 15, 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 16.3 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1. There are two ways, one of life and one of death; but a great difference between the two ways. The way of life, then, is this: First, you shall love God who made you; second, your neighbour as yourself; and all things whatsoever you would should not occur to you, do not also do to another. And of these sayings the teaching is this: Bless those who curse you, and pray for your enemies, and fast for those who persecute you. For what reward is there, if you love those who love you? Do not also the Gentiles do the same? But love those who hate you, and you shall not have an enemy. Abstain from fleshly and worldly lusts. If someone gives you a blow upon your right cheek, turn to him the other also, and you shall be perfect. If someone impresses you for one mile, go with him two. If someone takes away your cloak, give him also your coat. If someone takes from you what is yours, ask it not back, for indeed you are not able. Give to every one that asks you, and ask it not back; for the Father wills that to all should be given of our own blessings (free gifts). Happy is he that gives according to the commandment; for he is guiltless. Woe to him that receives; for if one having need receives, he is guiltless; but he that receives not having need, shall pay the penalty, why he received and for what, and, coming into straits (confinement), he shall be examined concerning the things which he has done, and he shall not escape thence until he pay back the last farthing. Matthew 5:26 But also now concerning this, it has been said, Let your alms sweat in your hands, until you know to whom you should give.
14. Ignatius, To The Smyrnaeans, 5.1 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

15. Josephus Flavius, Jewish Antiquities, 14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

16. New Testament, 1 John, 2.18, 4.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.18. Little children, these are the end times, and as you heard that the Antichrist is coming, even now many antichrists have arisen. By this we know that it is the end times. 4.1. Beloved, don't believe every spirit, but test the spirits, whether they are of God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world.
17. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 7.25, 8.1, 8.6, 9.4, 9.13, 12.1, 12.3, 12.28, 16.1, 16.5-16.12, 16.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.25. Now concerning virgins, I have no commandment from the Lord,but I give my judgment as one who has obtained mercy from the Lord tobe trustworthy. 8.1. Now concerning things sacrificed to idols: We know that we allhave knowledge. Knowledge puffs up, but love builds up. 8.6. yet to us there is one God, the Father, of whom are allthings, and we for him; and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom areall things, and we live through him. 9.4. Have we no right to eat and to drink? 9.13. Don't you know that those who serve around sacred thingseat from the things of the temple, and those who wait on the altar havetheir portion with the altar? 12.1. Now concerning spiritual gifts, brothers, I don't want you tobe ignorant. 12.3. Therefore Imake known to you that no man speaking by God's Spirit says, "Jesus isaccursed." No one can say, "Jesus is Lord," but by the Holy Spirit. 12.28. God has set some in the assembly: first apostles, secondprophets, third teachers, then miracle workers, then gifts of healings,helps, governments, and various kinds of languages. 16.1. Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I commandedthe assemblies of Galatia, you do likewise. 16.5. But I will come to you when I have passed throughMacedonia, for I am passing through Macedonia. 16.6. But with you itmay be that I will stay, or even winter, that you may send me on myjourney wherever I go. 16.7. For I do not wish to see you now inpassing, but I hope to stay a while with you, if the Lord permits. 16.8. But I will stay at Ephesus until Pentecost 16.9. for a greatand effective door has opened to me, and there are many adversaries. 16.10. Now if Timothy comes, see that he is with you without fear, forhe does the work of the Lord, as I also do. 16.11. Therefore let noone despise him. But set him forward on his journey in peace, that hemay come to me; for I expect him with the brothers. 16.12. Now concerning Apollos, the brother, I begged him much tocome to you with the brothers; and it was not at all his desire to comenow; but he will come when he has an opportunity. 16.19. The assemblies of Asia greet you. Aquila and Priscilla greetyou much in the Lord, together with the assembly that is in theirhouse.
18. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 2.14, 3.6, 3.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.14. For you, brothers, became imitators of the assemblies of God which are in Judea in Christ Jesus; for you also suffered the same things from your own countrymen, even as they did from the Jews; 3.6. But when Timothy came just now to us from you, and brought us glad news of your faith and love, and that you have good memories of us always, longing to see us, even as we also long to see you; 3.8. For now we live, if you stand fast in the Lord.
19. New Testament, 1 Timothy, 3.2, 3.8, 4.1, 5.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.2. The overseer therefore must be without reproach, the husband of one wife, temperate, sensible, modest, hospitable, good at teaching; 3.8. Deacons, in the same way, must be reverent, not double-tongued, not addicted to much wine, not greedy for money; 4.1. But the Spirit says expressly that in later times some will fall away from the faith, paying attention to seducing spirits and doctrines of demons 5.18. For the Scripture says, "You shall not muzzle the ox when it treads out the grain." And, "The laborer is worthy of his wages.
20. New Testament, 2 John, 10 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

21. New Testament, 2 Peter, 2.1 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.1. But there also arose false prophets among the people, as among you also there will be false teachers, who will secretly bring in destructive heresies, denying even the Master who bought them, bringing on themselves swift destruction.
22. New Testament, 2 Thessalonians, 2.2 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.2. not to be quickly shaken in your mind, nor yet be troubled, either by spirit, or by word, or by letter as from us, saying that the day of Christ had come.
23. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 4.19 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.19. Greet Prisca and Aquila, and the house of Onesiphorus.
24. New Testament, Acts, 3.13-3.15, 6.1-6.6, 11.27-11.28, 13.1, 15.29, 18.2, 18.18, 18.26, 20.7, 20.11, 20.32, 21.10-21.11 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.13. The God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, the God of our fathers, has glorified his Servant Jesus, whom you delivered up, and denied before the face of Pilate, when he had determined to release him. 3.14. But you denied the Holy and Righteous One, and asked for a murderer to be granted to you 3.15. and killed the Prince of life, whom God raised from the dead, whereof we are witnesses. 6.1. Now in those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplying, there arose a grumbling of the Grecian Jews against the Hebrews because their widows were neglected in the daily service. 6.2. The twelve summoned the multitude of the disciples and said, "It is not appropriate for us to forsake the word of God and serve tables. 6.3. Therefore select from among you, brothers, seven men of good report, full of the Holy Spirit and of wisdom, whom we may appoint over this business. 6.4. But we will continue steadfastly in prayer and in the ministry of the word. 6.5. These words pleased the whole multitude. They chose Stephen, a man full of faith and of the Holy Spirit, Philip, Prochorus, Nicanor, Timon, Parmenas, and Nicolaus, a proselyte of Antioch; 6.6. whom they set before the apostles. When they had prayed, they laid their hands on them. 11.27. Now in these days, prophets came down from Jerusalem to Antioch. 11.28. One of them named Agabus stood up, and indicated by the Spirit that there should be a great famine over all the world, which also happened in the days of Claudius. 13.1. Now in the assembly that was at Antioch there were some prophets and teachers: Barnabas, Simeon who was called Niger, Lucius of Cyrene, Manaen the foster-brother of Herod the tetrarch, and Saul. 15.29. that you abstain from things sacrificed to idols, from blood, from things strangled, and from sexual immorality, from which if you keep yourselves, it will be well with you. Farewell. 18.2. He found a certain Jew named Aquila, a man of Pontus by race, who had recently come from Italy, with his wife Priscilla, because Claudius had commanded all the Jews to depart from Rome. He came to them 18.18. Paul, having stayed after this yet many days, took his leave of the brothers, and sailed from there for Syria, with Priscilla and Aquila with him. He shaved his head in Cenchreae, for he had a vow. 18.26. He began to speak boldly in the synagogue. But when Priscilla and Aquila heard him, they took him aside, and explained to him the way of God more accurately. 20.7. On the first day of the week, when the disciples were gathered together to break bread, Paul talked with them, intending to depart on the next day, and continued his speech until midnight. 20.11. When he had gone up, and had broken bread, and eaten, and had talked with them a long while, even until break of day, he departed. 20.32. Now, brothers, I entrust you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build up, and to give you the inheritance among all those who are sanctified. 21.10. As we stayed there some days, a certain prophet named Agabus came down from Judea. 21.11. Coming to us, and taking Paul's belt, he bound his own feet and hands, and said, "Thus says the Holy Spirit: 'So will the Jews at Jerusalem bind the man who owns this belt, and will deliver him into the hands of the Gentiles.'
25. New Testament, Jude, 4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

26. New Testament, Ephesians, 2.20, 3.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.20. being built on the foundation of the apostles and prophets, Christ Jesus himself being the chief cornerstone; 3.5. which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to his holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit;
27. New Testament, Galatians, 1.15-1.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.15. Butwhen it was the good pleasure of God, who separated me from my mother'swomb, and called me through his grace 1.16. to reveal his Son in me,that I might preach him among the Gentiles, I didn't immediately conferwith flesh and blood
28. New Testament, Philippians, 1.1, 4.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. Paul and Timothy, servants of Jesus Christ; To all the saints in Christ Jesus who are at Philippi, with the overseers and deacons: 4.15. You yourselves also know, you Philippians, that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no assembly had fellowship with me in the matter of giving and receiving but you only.
29. New Testament, Romans, 15.24, 16.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

15.24. whenever I journey to Spain, I will come to you. For I hope to see you on my journey, and to be helped on my way there by you, if first I may enjoy your company for a while. 16.3. Greet Prisca and Aquila, my fellow workers in Christ Jesus
30. New Testament, Titus, 1.7, 1.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.7. For the overseer must be blameless, as God's steward; not self-pleasing, not easily angered, not given to wine, not violent, not greedy for dishonest gain; 1.10. For there are also many unruly men, vain talkers and deceivers, especially those of the circumcision
31. New Testament, John, 2.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.5. His mother said to the servants, "Whatever he says to you, do it.
32. New Testament, Luke, 2.13, 9.3-9.6, 10.4-10.12, 13.33 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.13. Suddenly, there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God, and saying 9.3. He said to them, "Take nothing for your journey -- neither staffs, nor wallet, nor bread, nor money; neither have two coats apiece. 9.4. Into whatever house you enter, stay there, and depart from there. 9.5. As many as don't receive you, when you depart from that city, shake off even the dust from your feet for a testimony against them. 9.6. They departed, and went throughout the villages, preaching the gospel, and healing everywhere. 10.4. Carry no purse, nor wallet, nor sandals. Greet no one on the way. 10.5. Into whatever house you enter, first say, 'Peace be to this house.' 10.6. If a son of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; but if not, it will return to you. 10.7. Remain in that same house, eating and drinking the things they give, for the laborer is worthy of his wages. Don't go from house to house. 10.8. Into whatever city you enter, and they receive you, eat the things that are set before you. 10.9. Heal the sick who are therein, and tell them, 'The Kingdom of God has come near to you.' 10.10. But into whatever city you enter, and they don't receive you, go out into the streets of it and say 10.11. 'Even the dust from your city that clings to us, we wipe off against you. Nevertheless know this, that the Kingdom of God has come near to you.' 10.12. I tell you, it will be more tolerable in that day for Sodom than for that city. 13.33. Nevertheless I must go on my way today and tomorrow and the next day, for it can't be that a prophet perish outside of Jerusalem.'
33. New Testament, Mark, 2.18-2.22, 9.5 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.18. John's disciples and the Pharisees were fasting, and they came and asked him, "Why do John's disciples and the disciples of the Pharisees fast, but your disciples don't fast? 2.19. Jesus said to them, "Can the groomsmen fast while the bridegroom is with them? As long as they have the bridegroom with them, they can't fast. 2.20. But the days will come when the bridegroom will be taken away from them, and then will they fast in that day. 2.21. No one sews a piece of unshrunk cloth on an old garment, or else the patch shrinks and the new tears away from the old, and a worse hole is made. 2.22. No one puts new wine into old wineskins, or else the new wine will burst the skins, and the wine pours out, and the skins will be destroyed; but they put new wine into fresh wineskins. 9.5. Peter answered Jesus, "Rabbi, it is good for us to be here. Let's make three tents: one for you, one for Moses, and one for Elijah.
34. New Testament, Matthew, 6.1-6.18, 7.6, 10.8-10.15, 11.29-11.30, 12.31, 24.24 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.1. Be careful that you don't do your charitable giving before men, to be seen by them, or else you have no reward from your Father who is in heaven. 6.2. Therefore when you do merciful deeds, don't sound a trumpet before yourself, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and in the streets, that they may get glory from men. Most assuredly I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.3. But when you do merciful deeds, don't let your left hand know what your right hand does 6.4. so that your merciful deeds may be in secret, then your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 6.5. When you pray, you shall not be as the hypocrites, for they love to stand and pray in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen by men. Most assuredly, I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.6. But you, when you pray, enter into your inner chamber, and having shut your door, pray to your Father who is in secret, and your Father who sees in secret will reward you openly. 6.7. In praying, don't use vain repetitions, as the Gentiles do; for they think that they will be heard for their much speaking. 6.8. Therefore don't be like them, for your Father knows what things you need, before you ask him. 6.9. Pray like this: 'Our Father in heaven, may your name be kept holy. 6.10. Let your kingdom come. Let your will be done, as in heaven, so on earth. 6.11. Give us today our daily bread. 6.12. Forgive us our debts, as we also forgive our debtors. 6.13. Bring us not into temptation, but deliver us from the evil one. For yours is the kingdom, the power, and the glory forever. Amen.' 6.14. For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. 6.15. But if you don't forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses. 6.16. Moreover when you fast, don't be like the hypocrites, with sad faces. For they disfigure their faces, that they may be seen by men to be fasting. Most assuredly I tell you, they have received their reward. 6.17. But you, when you fast, anoint your head, and wash your face; 6.18. so that you are not seen by men to be fasting, but by your Father who is in secret, and your Father, who sees in secret, will reward you. 7.6. Don't give that which is holy to the dogs, neither throw your pearls before the pigs, lest perhaps they trample them under their feet, and turn and tear you to pieces. 10.8. Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, and cast out demons. Freely you received, so freely give. 10.9. Don't take any gold, nor silver, nor brass in your money belts. 10.10. Take no bag for your journey, neither two coats, nor shoes, nor staff: for the laborer is worthy of his food. 10.11. Into whatever city or village you enter, find out who in it is worthy; and stay there until you go on. 10.12. As you enter into the household, greet it. 10.13. If the household is worthy, let your peace come on it, but if it isn't worthy, let your peace return to you. 10.14. Whoever doesn't receive you, nor hear your words, as you go out out of that house or that city, shake off the dust from your feet. 10.15. Most assuredly I tell you, it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the day of judgment than for that city. 11.29. Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am humble and lowly in heart; and you will find rest for your souls. 11.30. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. 12.31. Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven men, but the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven men. 24.24. For there will arise false Christs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect.
35. Anon., The Acts of John, 107-110, 46, 106 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

106. John therefore continued with the brethren, rejoicing in the Lord. And on the morrow, being the Lord's day, and all the brethren being gathered together, he began to say unto them: Brethren and fellow-servants and coheirs and partakers with me in the kingdom of the Lord, ye know the Lord, hovv many mighty works he hath granted you by my means, how many wonders, healings, signs, how great spirital gifts, teachings, governings, refreshings, ministries, knowledges, glories, graces, gifts, beliefs, communions, all which ye have seen given you by him in your sight, yet not seen by these eyes nor heard by these ears. Be ye therefore stablished in him, remembering him in your every deed, knowing the mystery of the dispensation which hath come to pass towards men, for what cause the Lord hath l accomplished it. He beseecheth you by me, brethren, and entreateth you, desiring to remain without grief, without insult, not conspired against, not chastened: for he knoweth even the insult that cometh of you, he knoweth even dishonour, he knoweth even conspiracy, he knoweth even chastisement, from them that hearken not to his commandments.
36. Anon., Acts of Thomas, 29 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

29. And when he had thus spoken, some of them that stood by said: It is time for the creditor to receive the debt. And he said unto them: He that is lord of the debt desireth always to receive more; but let us give him that which is due. And he blessed them, and took bread and oil and herbs and salt and blessed and gave unto them; but he himself continued his fast, for the Lord's day was coming on (Syr. And he himself ate, because the Sunday was dawning). And when night fell and he slept, the Lord came and stood at his head, saying: Thomas, rise early, and having blessed them all, after the prayer and the ministry go by the eastern road two miles and there will I show thee my glory: for by thy going shall many take refuge with me, and thou shalt bring to light the nature and power of the enemy. And he rose up from sleep and said unto the brethren that were with him: Children, the Lord would accomplish somewhat by me to-day, but let us pray, and entreat of him that we may have no impediment toward him, but that as at all times, so now also it may be done according to his desire and will by us. And having so said, he laid his hands on them and blessed them, and brake the bread of the eucharist and gave it them, saying: This Eucharist shall be unto you for compassion and mercy, and not unto judgement and retribution. And they said Amen. Note by Professor F. C. Burliitt, D.D.: In the Acts of Thomas, 27, the apostle, being about to baptize Gundaphorus the king of India with his brother Gad, invokes the holy name of the Christ, and among other invocations says (according to the best Greek text): 'Come, O elder of the five members, mind, idea, thoughtfulness, consideration, reasoning, communicate with these youths.' What is the essential distinction of these five words for 'mind', and what is meant by the 'elder' (presbuteros, Greek)? We turn to the Syriac, as the original language in which our tale was composed though our present text, which rests here on two manuscripts, has now and then been bowdlerized in the direction of more conventional phraseology, a process that the Greek has often escaped. Here in the Syriac we find (Wright, p.193, l.13; E.Tr., p.166, last line but one): 'Come, Messenger of reconciliation, and communicate with the minds of these youths.' The word for 'Come' is fem., while 'Messenger' (Izgadda) is masc. This is because the whole prayer is an invocation of the Holy Spirit, which in old Syriac is invariably treated as feminine. The word for Messenger is that used in the Manichaean cosmogony for a heavenly Spirit sent from the Divine Light: this Spirit appeared as androgynous, so that the use of the word here with the feminine verb is not inappropriate. It further leads us to look out for other indications of Manichaean phraseology in the passage. But first it suggests to us that [presbuteros] in our passage is a corruption of, or is used for, [presbeutes], 'an ambassador'. As for the five words for 'mind', they are clearly the equivalents of [hauna, mad'a, re'yana, mahshebhatha, tar'itha], named by Theodore bar Khoni as the Five Shekhinas, or Dwellings, or Manifestations, of the Father of Greatness, the title by which the Manichaeans spoke of the ultimate Source of Light. There is a good discussion of these five words by M. A. Kugener in F. Cumont's [Recherches sur le Manicheisme] i, p. 10, note 3. In English we may say: hauna means 'sanity', mad'a means 'reason', re'yana means 'mind', mahshabhetha means 'imagination', tar'itha means 'intention' The Greek terms, used here and also in Acta Archelai, are in my opinion merely equivalents for the Syriac terms. Act the Third: Concerning the servant
37. Anon., Acts of John, 107-110, 46, 106 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

106. John therefore continued with the brethren, rejoicing in the Lord. And on the morrow, being the Lord's day, and all the brethren being gathered together, he began to say unto them: Brethren and fellow-servants and coheirs and partakers with me in the kingdom of the Lord, ye know the Lord, hovv many mighty works he hath granted you by my means, how many wonders, healings, signs, how great spirital gifts, teachings, governings, refreshings, ministries, knowledges, glories, graces, gifts, beliefs, communions, all which ye have seen given you by him in your sight, yet not seen by these eyes nor heard by these ears. Be ye therefore stablished in him, remembering him in your every deed, knowing the mystery of the dispensation which hath come to pass towards men, for what cause the Lord hath l accomplished it. He beseecheth you by me, brethren, and entreateth you, desiring to remain without grief, without insult, not conspired against, not chastened: for he knoweth even the insult that cometh of you, he knoweth even dishonour, he knoweth even conspiracy, he knoweth even chastisement, from them that hearken not to his commandments.
38. Anon., Acts of Paul, 3.5, 3.7 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

39. Anon., Acts of Peter, 7 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

40. Irenaeus, Refutation of All Heresies, 1.4.3, 1.13.3, 2.26.1, 2.31.3, 2.32.4, 4.18.4, 5.20.1-5.20.2 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

41. Tertullian, Apology, 39.18 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abortion Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
alms(giving) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233
angels Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
apolinarius of laodicea Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
apostle, in ephesians Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 141
apostle, in the didache Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 118
apostle Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 71; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233
askese Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1499
asketische, grundausrichtung Hellholm et al., Ablution, Initiation, and Baptism: Late Antiquity, Early Judaism, and Early Christianity (2010) 1499
authority, christian sources, early, role of non-intellectual authority in Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
authority, prophetic or revelatory Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
authority Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
baptism, liturgy of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
baptism Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
birth Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
bishop, as heir to teachers Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 135
bishop Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 32, 71
blessings, for a meal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
calendar Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
calendar (lunar, solar) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
celebration Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
cena Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 32
christology, christological Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
collegia Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 71
community Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
creation Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
creator Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
cyprian, martyr Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
deacon Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 71
didache, and baptism Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 252
didache, and church order Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 262
didache, literary development Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 260
didache, structure Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 251, 254
didache, use of luke Bird and Harrower, The Cambridge Companion to the Apostolic Fathers (2021) 251
didache Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167; Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 117, 118, 128, 135; Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102; Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156; Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
didache tradition Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
doxology Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
ecclesia, hospitality Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102
eighth day Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
ephesians Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
epictetus Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
epiphanius Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
essenes (see also qumran) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
eucharist, liturgy Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
eucharist Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233, 522
eve and mary Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
exhortations Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
false prophecy Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
fasting Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240; Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522, 523
food, regulations Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
friday (fast/festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522, 523
gentile Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 141; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
gentiles, judaism, interest in Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102
god as father Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
harmony (συμφωνία), harmonization, scribal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
historical tradition Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522, 523
hope Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
hospitality, ecclesia Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102
hymn Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 32
hypocrites Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
hypocrites (pharisees) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522, 523
hypocrites (ὑποκριταί) Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
identity, identity marker Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
identity Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
idols Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
interest in, on prophetic authority Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
jesus, as teacher Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 135
jesus (christ) (see also yeshu) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
jewish-christian tradition, custom Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233, 523
john (the baptist) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
jubilees Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
judaism, gentile interest in Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102
kretschmar, g. Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 118
kyrios Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243
lamb Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
latin Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
letter, form criticism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
letter, papyrus Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
liturgical, ἀμήν Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
liturgy Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
lord, teaching of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
lord, yoke of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
lords day Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
lords prayer Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63; Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243; Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233, 522, 523
manuscripts Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
marcion Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233
marcionites Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
mary Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
meal, prayers at Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
melito Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
monday (fast/festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
mosaic revelation at sinai Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
moses Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
mysticism Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
nag hammadi Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
old latin bible Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
old testament, prophets in Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 141
oral tradition Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233
papyrusi Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
parallels/parallelism Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
parody and pastiche Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
participation Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
passover Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
pastoral epistles Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
paul, apostleship Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 141
paul, farewell of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
paul, letters of Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
paul, on prophetic authority Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
paul Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
paul (saul) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
perfect, believer Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
persecution Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
philo Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
philosopher Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
philosophy Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
physical description, thesslanonians Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
pleasure Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
poor, the Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233
prayers, liturgical Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
prayers, meal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
prayers, written Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
prophecy Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
prophet, in ephesians Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 141
prophet, in the didache Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 135
prophet Alikin, The Earliest History of the Christian Gathering (2009) 32, 71
prophetic or revelatory authority, use of, in early christian sources Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
qumran community Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
qumran documents Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 233
qumran sect and texts Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
reader (ἀναγνώστης, ἀναγινώσκων), designated Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
ritual Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
sabbath Sandnes and Hvalvik, Early Christian Prayer and Identity Formation (2014) 243; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
sacrifice, animal Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
sextus sotidius strabo libuscidianus Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102
shepherd of hermas Ayres and Ward, The Rise of the Early Christian Intellectual (2021) 167
sitz im leben Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
sophistry Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156
speech, apostolic Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
spirit, holy spirit Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
sun Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
sunday Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
sunday (festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
synoptic, tradition Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
teacher, criteria for assessment Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 128
teacher, gender of Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 135
teacher, relationship to bishops Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 135
teacher, διδάσκαλος Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 117, 128
teaching Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
temple Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9; Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
textual Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
textual criticism Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
thursday (fastday) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
timothy Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
torah Falcetta, Early Christian Teachers: The 'Didaskaloi' From Their Origins to the Middle of the Second Century (2020) 128
traditions, oral Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
travel, missionary activity Nasrallah, Archaeology and the Letters of Paul (2019) 102
two ways (tractate of) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 522
vision, types of Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
vulgate Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 63
weapon Malherbe et al., Light from the Gentiles: Hellenistic Philosophy and Early Christianity: Collected Essays of Abraham J (2014) 254
wednesday (fast/festival day) Tomson, Studies on Jews and Christians in the First and Second Centuries (2019) 523
wisdom Rowland, The Mystery of God: Early Jewish Mysticism and the New Testament (2009) 9
worship' Vinzent, Christ's Resurrection in Early Christianity and the Making of the New Testament (2013) 211
worship, pagan Berglund Crostini and Kelhoffer, Why We Sing: Music, Word, and Liturgy in Early Christianity (2022) 240
xenophanes Osborne, Irenaeus of Lyons (2001) 156