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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



479
Anon., 4 Ezra, 8.34


nanBut what is man, that thou art angry with him; or what is a corruptible race, that thou art so bitter against it?


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

2 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 8.4, 144.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

8.4. כִּי־אֶרְאֶה שָׁמֶיךָ מַעֲשֵׂי אֶצְבְּעֹתֶיךָ יָרֵחַ וְכוֹכָבִים אֲשֶׁר כּוֹנָנְתָּה׃ 144.3. יְהוָה מָה־אָדָם וַתֵּדָעֵהוּ בֶּן־אֱנוֹשׁ וַתְּחַשְּׁבֵהוּ׃ 8.4. When I behold Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, The moon and the stars, which Thou hast established;" 144.3. LORD, what is man, that Thou takest knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that Thou makest account of him?"
2. Anon., 4 Ezra, 3.26, 3.34, 6.55-6.59, 7.19-7.25, 7.46-7.48, 7.52-7.61, 7.72, 8.2-8.3, 8.5-8.10, 8.14, 8.36, 8.44-8.45

3.26. in everything doing as Adam and all his descendants had done, for they also had the evil heart. 3.34. Now therefore weigh in a balance our iniquities and those of the inhabitants of the world; and so it will be found which way the turn of the scale will incline. 6.55. All this I have spoken before thee, O Lord, because thou hast said that it was for us that thou didst create this world. 6.56. As for the other nations which have descended from Adam, thou hast said that they are nothing, and that they are like spittle, and thou hast compared their abundance to a drop from a bucket. 6.57. And now, O Lord, behold, these nations, which are reputed as nothing, domineer over us and devour us. 6.58. But we thy people, whom thou hast called thy first-born, only begotten, zealous for thee, and most dear, have been given into their hands. 6.59. If the world has indeed been created for us, why do we not possess our world as an inheritance? How long will this be so? 7.19. And he said to me, "You are not a better judge than God, or wiser than the Most High! 7.20. Let many perish who are now living, rather than that the law of God which is set before them be disregarded! 7.21. For God strictly commanded those who came into the world, when they came, what they should do to live, and what they should observe to avoid punishment. 7.22. Nevertheless they were not obedient, and spoke against him; they devised for themselves vain thoughts 7.23. and proposed to themselves wicked frauds; they even declared that the Most High does not exist, and they ignored his ways! 7.24. They scorned his law, and denied his covets; they have been unfaithful to his statutes, and have not performed his works. 7.25. Therefore, Ezra, empty things are for the empty, and full things are for the full. 7.46. But what of those for whom I prayed? For who among the living is there that has not sinned, or who among men that has not transgressed thy covet? 7.47. And now I see that the world to come will bring delight to few, but torments to many. 7.48. For an evil heart has grown up in us, which has alienated us from God, and has brought us into corruption and the ways of death, and has shown us the paths of perdition and removed us far from life -- and that not just a few of us but almost all who have been created! 7.52. If you have just a few precious stones, will you add to them lead and clay? 7.53. I said, "Lord, how could that be? 7.54. And he said to me, "Not only that, but ask the earth and she will tell you; defer to her, and she will declare it to you. 7.55. Say to her, `You produce gold and silver and brass, and also iron and lead and clay; 7.56. but silver is more abundant than gold, and brass than silver, and iron than brass, and lead than iron, and clay than lead.' 7.57. Judge therefore which things are precious and desirable, those that are abundant or those that are rare? 7.58. I said, "O sovereign Lord, what is plentiful is of less worth, for what is more rare is more precious. 7.59. He answered me and said, "Weigh within yourself what you have thought, for he who has what is hard to get rejoices more than he who has what is plentiful. 7.60. So also will be the judgment which I have promised; for I will rejoice over the few who shall be saved, because it is they who have made my glory to prevail now, and through them my name has now been honored. 7.61. And I will not grieve over the multitude of those who perish; for it is they who are now like a mist, and are similar to a flame and smoke -- they are set on fire and burn hotly, and are extinguished. 7.72. For this reason, therefore, those who dwell on earth shall be tormented, because though they had understanding they committed iniquity, and though they received the commandments they did not keep them, and though they obtained the law they dealt unfaithfully with what they received. 8.2. But I tell you a parable, Ezra. Just as, when you ask the earth, it will tell you that it provides very much clay from which earthenware is made, but only a little dust from which gold comes; so is the course of the present world. 8.3. Many have been created, but few shall be saved. 8.5. For not of your own will did you come into the world, and against your will you depart, for you have been given only a short time to live. 8.6. O Lord who are over us, grant to thy servant that we may pray before thee, and give us seed for our heart and cultivation of our understanding so that fruit may be produced, by which every mortal who bears the likeness of a human being may be able to live. 8.7. For thou alone dost exist, and we are a work of thy hands, as thou hast declared. 8.8. And because thou dost give life to the body which is now fashioned in the womb, and dost furnish it with members, what thou hast created is preserved in fire and water, and for nine months the womb which thou has formed endures thy creation which has been created in it. 8.9. But that which keeps and that which is kept shall both be kept by thy keeping. And when the womb gives up again what has been created in it 8.10. thou hast commanded that from the members themselves (that is, from the breasts) milk should be supplied which is the fruit of the breasts 8.14. If then thou wilt suddenly and quickly destroy him who with so great labor was fashioned by thy command, to what purpose was he made? 8.36. For in this, O Lord, thy righteousness and goodness will be declared, when thou art merciful to those who have no store of good works. 8.44. But man, who has been formed by thy hands and is called thy own image because he is made like thee, and for whose sake thou hast formed all things -- hast thou also made him like the farmer's seed? 8.45. No, O Lord who art over us! But spare thy people and have mercy on thy inheritance, for thou hast mercy on thy own creation.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
antiochus iv Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225
apocalypse/apocalyptic Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 475
collective humanity Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
corruptible Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
covenant Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225
creation topoi Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
crisis Beyerle and Goff, Notions of Time in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature (2022) 475
death Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
deuteronomistic theology Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225, 226
dust Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
earth Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
general humanity Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
holy land Ben-Eliyahu, Identity and Territory: Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity (2019) 74
judgement, final Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225
judgment Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
mankind Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
of the holy sepulcher, heavenly' Ben-Eliyahu, Identity and Territory: Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity (2019) 74
opponents Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225, 226
responsibility Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85, 86
revelation Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
righteous, the Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
sinner Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85, 86
suffering Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 226
theodicy Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225, 226
topoi, creation Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
universality Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 226
vindication of the righteous Crabb, Luke/Acts and the End of History (2020) 225