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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



479
Anon., 4 Ezra, 8.2-8.14


nanthou hast commanded that from the members themselves (that is, from the breasts) milk should be supplied which is the fruit of the breasts


nanso that what has been fashioned may be nourished for a time; and afterwards thou wilt guide him in thy mercy.


nanThou hast brought him up in thy righteousness, and instructed him in thy law, and reproved him in thy wisdom.


nanThou wilt take away his life, for he is thy creation; and thou wilt make him live, for he is thy work.


nanIf then thou wilt suddenly and quickly destroy him who with so great labor was fashioned by thy command, to what purpose was he made?


nanBut I tell you a parable, Ezra. Just as, when you ask the earth, it will tell you that it provides very much clay from which earthenware is made, but only a little dust from which gold comes; so is the course of the present world.


nanMany have been created, but few shall be saved.


nanI answered and said, "Then drink your fill of understanding, O my soul, and drink wisdom, O my heart!


nanFor not of your own will did you come into the world, and against your will you depart, for you have been given only a short time to live.


nanO Lord who are over us, grant to thy servant that we may pray before thee, and give us seed for our heart and cultivation of our understanding so that fruit may be produced, by which every mortal who bears the likeness of a human being may be able to live.


nanFor thou alone dost exist, and we are a work of thy hands, as thou hast declared.


nanAnd because thou dost give life to the body which is now fashioned in the womb, and dost furnish it with members, what thou hast created is preserved in fire and water, and for nine months the womb which thou has formed endures thy creation which has been created in it.


nanBut that which keeps and that which is kept shall both be kept by thy keeping. And when the womb gives up again what has been created in it


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 8.6 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.6. Thou madest Adam and gavest him Eve his wife as a helper and support.From them the race of mankind has sprung.Thou didst say, `It is not good that the man should be alone;let us make a helper for him like himself.
2. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 8.4, 144.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

8.4. כִּי־אֶרְאֶה שָׁמֶיךָ מַעֲשֵׂי אֶצְבְּעֹתֶיךָ יָרֵחַ וְכוֹכָבִים אֲשֶׁר כּוֹנָנְתָּה׃ 144.3. יְהוָה מָה־אָדָם וַתֵּדָעֵהוּ בֶּן־אֱנוֹשׁ וַתְּחַשְּׁבֵהוּ׃ 8.4. When I behold Thy heavens, the work of Thy fingers, The moon and the stars, which Thou hast established;" 144.3. LORD, what is man, that Thou takest knowledge of him? Or the son of man, that Thou makest account of him?"
3. Septuagint, Tobit, 8.6 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.6. Thou madest Adam and gavest him Eve his wife as a helper and support.From them the race of mankind has sprung.Thou didst say, `It is not good that the man should be alone;let us make a helper for him like himself.
4. Anon., 1 Enoch, 21.5, 21.9, 27.2, 33.3, 80.1-80.8 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

21.5. I said: 'For what sin are they bound, and on what account have they been cast in hither' Then said Uriel, one of the holy angels, who was with me, and was chief over them, and said: 'Enoch, why 21.9. fearful is the place and how terrible to look upon!' Then Uriel answered me, one of the holy angels who was with me, and said unto me: 'Enoch, why hast thou such fear and affright' And 27.2. accursed valley between' Then Uriel, one of the holy angels who was with me, answered and said: 'This accursed valley is for those who are accursed for ever: Here shall all the accursed be gathered together who utter with their lips against the Lord unseemly words and of His glory speak hard things. Here shall they be gathered together, and here 33.3. I counted the portals out of which they proceed, and wrote down all their outlets, of each individual star by itself, according to their number and their names, their courses and their positions, and their 80.1. And in those days the angel Uriel answered and said to me: ' Behold, I have shown thee everything, Enoch, and I have revealed everything to thee that thou shouldst see this sun and this moon, and the leaders of the stars of the heaven and all those who turn them, their tasks and times and departures. 80.2. And in the days of the sinners the years shall be shortened, And their seed shall be tardy on their lands and fields, And all things on the earth shall alter, And shall not appear in their time: And the rain shall be kept back And the heaven shall withhold (it). 80.3. And in those times the fruits of the earth shall be backward, And shall not grow in their time, And the fruits of the trees shall be withheld in their time. 80.4. And the moon shall alter her order, And not appear at her time. 80.5. [And in those days the sun shall be seen and he shall journey in the evening on the extremity of the great chariot in the west] And shall shine more brightly than accords with the order of light. 80.6. And many chiefs of the stars shall transgress the order (prescribed). And these shall alter their orbits and tasks, And not appear at the seasons prescribed to them. 80.7. And the whole order of the stars shall be concealed from the sinners, And the thoughts of those on the earth shall err concerning them, [And they shall be altered from all their ways], Yea, they shall err and take them to be gods. 80.8. And evil shall be multiplied upon them, And punishment shall come upon them So as to destroy all.'
5. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 2.227-2.232 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

2.227. And they all watch at all times and expect 2.228. With sleepless eyes. For it will be at dawn 2.229. Or eve or midday; but he sure shall come 2.230. 230 And it shall be as I say, it shall be 2.231. To them that sleep, that from the starry heaven 2.232. The stars at midday will to all appear
6. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 40.6, 43.1 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

7. Anon., 4 Ezra, 3.4-3.11, 3.20-3.27, 4.36-4.37, 6.45-6.46, 6.53-6.59, 7.11-7.14, 7.48, 7.60, 7.62-7.74, 7.116-7.131, 8.4-8.9, 8.11-8.16, 8.19-8.22, 8.31-8.32, 8.34, 8.36, 8.44-8.45, 8.50-8.53, 13.57, 14.27-14.36

3.4. O sovereign Lord, didst thou not speak at the beginning when thou didst form the earth -- and that without help -- and didst command the dust 3.5. and it gave thee Adam, a lifeless body? Yet he was the workmanship of thy hands, and thou didst breathe into him the breath of life, and he was made alive in thy presence. 3.6. And thou didst lead him into the garden which thy right hand had planted before the earth appeared. 3.7. And thou didst lay upon him one commandment of thine; but he transgressed it, and immediately thou didst appoint death for him and for his descendants. From him there sprang nations and tribes, peoples and clans without number. 3.8. And every nation walked after its own will and did ungodly things before thee and scorned thee, and thou didst not hinder them. 3.9. But again, in its time thou didst bring the flood upon the inhabitants of the world and destroy them. 3.10. And the same fate befell them: as death came upon Adam, so the flood upon them. 3.11. But thou didst leave one of them, Noah with his household, and all the righteous who have descended from him. 3.20. Yet thou didst not take away from them their evil heart, so that thy law might bring forth fruit in them. 3.21. For the first Adam, burdened with an evil heart, transgressed and was overcome, as were also all who were descended from him. 3.22. Thus the disease became permanent; the law was in the people's heart along with the evil root, but what was good departed, and the evil remained. 3.23. So the times passed and the years were completed, and thou didst raise up for thyself a servant, named David. 3.24. And thou didst command him to build a city for thy name, and in it to offer thee oblations from what is thine. 3.25. This was done for many years; but the inhabitants of the city transgressed 3.26. in everything doing as Adam and all his descendants had done, for they also had the evil heart. 3.27. So thou didst deliver the city into the hands of thy enemies. 4.36. And Jeremiel the archangel answered them and said, `When the number of those like yourselves is completed; for he has weighed the age in the balance 4.37. and measured the times by measure, and numbered the times by number; and he will not move or arouse them until that measure is fulfilled.' 6.53. On the sixth day thou didst command the earth to bring forth before thee cattle, beasts, and creeping things; 6.54. and over these thou didst place Adam, as ruler over all the works which thou hadst made; and from him we have all come, the people whom thou hast chosen. 6.55. All this I have spoken before thee, O Lord, because thou hast said that it was for us that thou didst create this world. 6.56. As for the other nations which have descended from Adam, thou hast said that they are nothing, and that they are like spittle, and thou hast compared their abundance to a drop from a bucket. 6.57. And now, O Lord, behold, these nations, which are reputed as nothing, domineer over us and devour us. 6.58. But we thy people, whom thou hast called thy first-born, only begotten, zealous for thee, and most dear, have been given into their hands. 6.59. If the world has indeed been created for us, why do we not possess our world as an inheritance? How long will this be so? 7.11. For I made the world for their sake, and when Adam transgressed my statutes, what had been made was judged. 7.12. And so the entrances of this world were made narrow and sorrowful and toilsome; they are few and evil, full of dangers and involved in great hardships. 7.13. But the entrances of the greater world are broad and safe, and really yield the fruit of immortality. 7.14. Therefore unless the living pass through the difficult and vain experiences, they can never receive those things that have been reserved for them. 7.48. For an evil heart has grown up in us, which has alienated us from God, and has brought us into corruption and the ways of death, and has shown us the paths of perdition and removed us far from life -- and that not just a few of us but almost all who have been created! 7.60. So also will be the judgment which I have promised; for I will rejoice over the few who shall be saved, because it is they who have made my glory to prevail now, and through them my name has now been honored. 7.62. I replied and said, "O earth, what have you brought forth, if the mind is made out of the dust like the other created things! 7.63. For it would have been better if the dust itself had not been born, so that the mind might not have been made from it. 7.64. But now the mind grows with us, and therefore we are tormented, because we perish and know it. 7.65. Let the human race lament, but let the beasts of the field be glad; let all who have been born lament, but let the four-footed beasts and the flocks rejoice! 7.66. For it is much better with them than with us; for they do not look for a judgment, nor do they know of any torment or salvation promised to them after death. 7.67. For what does it profit us that we shall be preserved alive but cruelly tormented? 7.68. For all who have been born are involved in iniquities, and are full of sins and burdened with transgressions. 7.69. And if we were not to come into judgment after death, perhaps it would have been better for us. 7.70. He answered me and said, "When the Most High made the world and Adam and all who have come from him, he first prepared the judgment and the things that pertain to the judgment. 7.71. And now understand from your own words, for you have said that the mind grows with us. 7.72. For this reason, therefore, those who dwell on earth shall be tormented, because though they had understanding they committed iniquity, and though they received the commandments they did not keep them, and though they obtained the law they dealt unfaithfully with what they received. 7.73. What, then, will they have to say in the judgment, or how will they answer in the last times? 7.74. For how long the time is that the Most High has been patient with those who inhabit the world, and not for their sake, but because of the times which he has foreordained! 8.4. I answered and said, "Then drink your fill of understanding, O my soul, and drink wisdom, O my heart! 8.5. For not of your own will did you come into the world, and against your will you depart, for you have been given only a short time to live. 8.6. O Lord who are over us, grant to thy servant that we may pray before thee, and give us seed for our heart and cultivation of our understanding so that fruit may be produced, by which every mortal who bears the likeness of a human being may be able to live. 8.7. For thou alone dost exist, and we are a work of thy hands, as thou hast declared. 8.8. And because thou dost give life to the body which is now fashioned in the womb, and dost furnish it with members, what thou hast created is preserved in fire and water, and for nine months the womb which thou has formed endures thy creation which has been created in it. 8.9. But that which keeps and that which is kept shall both be kept by thy keeping. And when the womb gives up again what has been created in it 8.11. so that what has been fashioned may be nourished for a time; and afterwards thou wilt guide him in thy mercy. 8.12. Thou hast brought him up in thy righteousness, and instructed him in thy law, and reproved him in thy wisdom. 8.13. Thou wilt take away his life, for he is thy creation; and thou wilt make him live, for he is thy work. 8.14. If then thou wilt suddenly and quickly destroy him who with so great labor was fashioned by thy command, to what purpose was he made? 8.15. And now I will speak out: About all mankind thou knowest best; but I will speak about thy people, for whom I am grieved 8.16. and about thy inheritance, for whom I lament, and about Israel, for whom I am sad, and about the seed of Jacob, for whom I am troubled. 8.19. Therefore hear my voice, and understand my words, and I will speak before thee." The beginning of the words of Ezra's prayer, before he was taken up. He said: 8.20. O Lord who inhabitest eternity, whose eyes are exalted and whose upper chambers are in the air 8.21. whose throne is beyond measure and whose glory is beyond comprehension, before whom the hosts of angels stand trembling 8.22. and at whose command they are changed to wind and fire, whose word is sure and whose utterances are certain, whose ordice is strong and whose command is terrible 8.31. For we and our fathers have passed our lives in ways that bring death, but thou, because of us sinners, are called merciful. 8.32. For if thou hast desired to have pity on us, who have no works of righteousness, then thou wilt be called merciful. 8.34. But what is man, that thou art angry with him; or what is a corruptible race, that thou art so bitter against it? 8.36. For in this, O Lord, thy righteousness and goodness will be declared, when thou art merciful to those who have no store of good works. 8.44. But man, who has been formed by thy hands and is called thy own image because he is made like thee, and for whose sake thou hast formed all things -- hast thou also made him like the farmer's seed? 8.45. No, O Lord who art over us! But spare thy people and have mercy on thy inheritance, for thou hast mercy on thy own creation. 8.50. For many miseries will affect those who inhabit the world in the last times, because they have walked in great pride. 8.51. But think of your own case, and inquire concerning the glory of those who are like yourself 8.52. because it is for you that paradise is opened, the tree of life is planted, the age to come is prepared, plenty is provided, a city is built, rest is appointed, goodness is established and wisdom perfected beforehand. 8.53. The root of evil is sealed up from you, illness is banished from you, and death is hidden; hell has fled and corruption has been forgotten; 13.57. Then I arose and walked in the field, giving great glory and praise to the Most High because of his wonders, which he did from time to time 14.27. Then I went as he commanded me, and I gathered all the people together, and said 14.28. Hear these words, O Israel 14.29. At first our fathers dwelt as aliens in Egypt, and they were delivered from there 14.30. and received the law of life, which they did not keep, which you also have transgressed after them. 14.31. Then land was given to you for a possession in the land of Zion; but you and your fathers committed iniquity and did not keep the ways which the Most High commanded you. 14.32. And because he is a righteous judge, in due time he took from you what he had given. 14.33. And now you are here, and your brethren are farther in the interior. 14.34. If you, then, will rule over your minds and discipline your hearts, you shall be kept alive, and after death you shall obtain mercy. 14.35. For after death the judgment will come, when we shall live again; and then the names of the righteous will become manifest, and the deeds of the ungodly will be disclosed. 14.36. But let no one come to me now, and let no one seek me for forty days.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
adam, sin of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
adam Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
body Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
burial, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
burial, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
burial, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
children, adam and eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
collective humanity Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
corruptible Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
creation topoi Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
death Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
dust Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
earth Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
ezra, vision of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
general humanity Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
god, hands of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
god, merciful Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
hands, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
jerusalem Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
judgment Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
mankind Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
michael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
responsibility, eve, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
responsibility Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85, 86
revelation Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85
righteous, the Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
sin, adam, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
sinner Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 85, 86
testament of eve Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
topoi, creation Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 86
uriel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
vision, ezra, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969
washing' Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 969