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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



472
Anon., 1 Enoch, 91.7


nanAnd when sin and unrighteousness and blasphemy And violence in all kinds of deeds increase, And apostasy and transgression and uncleanness increase,A great chastisement shall come from heaven upon all these, And the holy Lord will come forth with wrath and chastisement To execute judgement on earth.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

41 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 14.4-14.11 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

14.4. Go to Media, my son, for I fully believe what Jonah the prophet said about Nineveh, that it will be overthrown. But in Media there will be peace for a time. Our brethren will be scattered over the earth from the good land, and Jerusalem will be desolate. The house of God in it will be burned down and will be in ruins for a time. 14.5. But God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it. 14.6. Then all the Gentiles will turn to fear the Lord God in truth, and will bury their idols. 14.7. All the Gentiles will praise the Lord, and his people will give thanks to God, and the Lord will exalt his people. And all who love the Lord God in truth and righteousness will rejoice, showing mercy to our brethren. 14.8. So now, my son, leave Nineveh, because what the prophet Jonah said will surely happen. 14.9. But keep the law and the commandments, and be merciful and just, so that it may be well with you. 14.10. Bury me properly, and your mother with me. And do not live in Nineveh any longer. See, my son, what Nadab did to Ahikar who had reared him, how he brought him from light into darkness, and with what he repaid him. But Ahikar was saved, and the other received repayment as he himself went down into the darkness. Ahikar gave alms and escaped the deathtrap which Nadab had set for him; but Nadab fell into the trap and perished. 14.11. So now, my children, consider what almsgiving accomplishes and how righteousness delivers." As he said this he died in his bed. He was a hundred and fifty-eight years old; and Tobias gave him a magnificent funeral.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 30.11-30.16, 30.18-30.20, 33.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

30.11. כִּי הַמִּצְוָה הַזֹּאת אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לֹא־נִפְלֵאת הִוא מִמְּךָ וְלֹא רְחֹקָה הִוא׃ 30.12. לֹא בַשָּׁמַיִם הִוא לֵאמֹר מִי יַעֲלֶה־לָּנוּ הַשָּׁמַיְמָה וְיִקָּחֶהָ לָּנוּ וְיַשְׁמִעֵנוּ אֹתָהּ וְנַעֲשֶׂנָּה׃ 30.13. וְלֹא־מֵעֵבֶר לַיָּם הִוא לֵאמֹר מִי יַעֲבָר־לָנוּ אֶל־עֵבֶר הַיָּם וְיִקָּחֶהָ לָּנוּ וְיַשְׁמִעֵנוּ אֹתָהּ וְנַעֲשֶׂנָּה׃ 30.14. כִּי־קָרוֹב אֵלֶיךָ הַדָּבָר מְאֹד בְּפִיךָ וּבִלְבָבְךָ לַעֲשֹׂתוֹ׃ 30.15. רְאֵה נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַחַיִּים וְאֶת־הַטּוֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּוֶת וְאֶת־הָרָע׃ 30.16. אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לְאַהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לָלֶכֶת בִּדְרָכָיו וְלִשְׁמֹר מִצְוֺתָיו וְחֻקֹּתָיו וּמִשְׁפָּטָיו וְחָיִיתָ וְרָבִיתָ וּבֵרַכְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה בָא־שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ׃ 30.18. הִגַּדְתִּי לָכֶם הַיּוֹם כִּי אָבֹד תֹּאבֵדוּן לֹא־תַאֲרִיכֻן יָמִים עַל־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹבֵר אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן לָבֹא שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ׃ 30.19. הַעִידֹתִי בָכֶם הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַחַיִּים וְהַמָּוֶת נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה וּבָחַרְתָּ בַּחַיִּים לְמַעַן תִּחְיֶה אַתָּה וְזַרְעֶךָ׃ 33.2. וַיֹּאמַר יְהוָה מִסִּינַי בָּא וְזָרַח מִשֵּׂעִיר לָמוֹ הוֹפִיעַ מֵהַר פָּארָן וְאָתָה מֵרִבְבֹת קֹדֶשׁ מִימִינוֹ אשדת [אֵשׁ] [דָּת] לָמוֹ׃ 33.2. וּלְגָד אָמַר בָּרוּךְ מַרְחִיב גָּד כְּלָבִיא שָׁכֵן וְטָרַף זְרוֹעַ אַף־קָדְקֹד׃ 30.11. For this commandment which I command thee this day, it is not too hard for thee, neither is it far off." 30.12. It is not in heaven, that thou shouldest say: ‘Who shall go up for us to heaven, and bring it unto us, and make us to hear it, that we may do it?’" 30.13. Neither is it beyond the sea, that thou shouldest say: ‘Who shall go over the sea for us, and bring it unto us, and make us to hear it, that we may do it?’" 30.14. But the word is very nigh unto thee, in thy mouth, and in thy heart, that thou mayest do it." 30.15. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil," 30.16. in that I command thee this day to love the LORD thy God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His ordices; then thou shalt live and multiply, and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest in to possess it." 30.18. I declare unto you this day, that ye shall surely perish; ye shall not prolong your days upon the land, whither thou passest over the Jordan to go in to possess it." 30.19. I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that I have set before thee life and death, the blessing and the curse; therefore choose life, that thou mayest live, thou and thy seed;" 30.20. to love the LORD thy God, to hearken to His voice, and to cleave unto Him; for that is thy life, and the length of thy days; that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD swore unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them." 33.2. And he said: The LORD came from Sinai, And rose from Seir unto them; He shined forth from mount Paran, And He came from the myriads holy, At His right hand was a fiery law unto them."
3. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 5.22, 5.24, 6.1-6.4, 8.21, 9.11 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5.22. וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנוֹךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידוֹ אֶת־מְתוּשֶׁלַח שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת׃ 5.24. וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנוֹךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים וְאֵינֶנּוּ כִּי־לָקַח אֹתוֹ אֱלֹהִים׃ 6.1. וַיְהִי כִּי־הֵחֵל הָאָדָם לָרֹב עַל־פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה וּבָנוֹת יֻלְּדוּ לָהֶם׃ 6.1. וַיּוֹלֶד נֹחַ שְׁלֹשָׁה בָנִים אֶת־שֵׁם אֶת־חָם וְאֶת־יָפֶת׃ 6.2. וַיִּרְאוּ בְנֵי־הָאֱלֹהִים אֶת־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם כִּי טֹבֹת הֵנָּה וַיִּקְחוּ לָהֶם נָשִׁים מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר בָּחָרוּ׃ 6.2. מֵהָעוֹף לְמִינֵהוּ וּמִן־הַבְּהֵמָה לְמִינָהּ מִכֹּל רֶמֶשׂ הָאֲדָמָה לְמִינֵהוּ שְׁנַיִם מִכֹּל יָבֹאוּ אֵלֶיךָ לְהַחֲיוֹת׃ 6.3. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה לֹא־יָדוֹן רוּחִי בָאָדָם לְעֹלָם בְּשַׁגַּם הוּא בָשָׂר וְהָיוּ יָמָיו מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה׃ 6.4. הַנְּפִלִים הָיוּ בָאָרֶץ בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם וְגַם אַחֲרֵי־כֵן אֲשֶׁר יָבֹאוּ בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים אֶל־בְּנוֹת הָאָדָם וְיָלְדוּ לָהֶם הֵמָּה הַגִּבֹּרִים אֲשֶׁר מֵעוֹלָם אַנְשֵׁי הַשֵּׁם׃ 8.21. וַיָּרַח יְהוָה אֶת־רֵיחַ הַנִּיחֹחַ וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֶל־לִבּוֹ לֹא־אֹסִף לְקַלֵּל עוֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה בַּעֲבוּר הָאָדָם כִּי יֵצֶר לֵב הָאָדָם רַע מִנְּעֻרָיו וְלֹא־אֹסִף עוֹד לְהַכּוֹת אֶת־כָּל־חַי כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתִי׃ 9.11. וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת־בְּרִיתִי אִתְּכֶם וְלֹא־יִכָּרֵת כָּל־בָּשָׂר עוֹד מִמֵּי הַמַּבּוּל וְלֹא־יִהְיֶה עוֹד מַבּוּל לְשַׁחֵת הָאָרֶץ׃ 5.22. And Enoch walked with God after he begot Methuselah three hundred years, and begot sons and daughters." 5.24. And Enoch walked with God, and he was not; for God took him." 6.1. And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them," 6.2. that the sons of nobles saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives, whomsoever they chose." 6.3. And the LORD said: ‘My spirit shall not abide in man for ever, for that he also is flesh; therefore shall his days be a hundred and twenty years.’" 6.4. The Nephilim were in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of nobles came in unto the daughters of men, and they bore children to them; the same were the mighty men that were of old, the men of renown." 8.21. And the LORD smelled the sweet savour; and the LORD said in His heart: ‘I will not again curse the ground any more for man’s sake; for the imagination of man’s heart is evil from his youth; neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done." 9.11. And I will establish My covet with you; neither shall all flesh be cut off any more by the waters of the flood; neither shall there any more be a flood to destroy the earth.’"
4. Hebrew Bible, Joel, 2.28-2.29 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5. Hebrew Bible, Jonah, 1.4-1.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.4. וַיהוָה הֵטִיל רוּחַ־גְּדוֹלָה אֶל־הַיָּם וַיְהִי סַעַר־גָּדוֹל בַּיָּם וְהָאֳנִיָּה חִשְּׁבָה לְהִשָּׁבֵר׃ 1.5. וַיִּירְאוּ הַמַּלָּחִים וַיִּזְעֲקוּ אִישׁ אֶל־אֱלֹהָיו וַיָּטִלוּ אֶת־הַכֵּלִים אֲשֶׁר בָּאֳנִיָּה אֶל־הַיָּם לְהָקֵל מֵעֲלֵיהֶם וְיוֹנָה יָרַד אֶל־יַרְכְּתֵי הַסְּפִינָה וַיִּשְׁכַּב וַיֵּרָדַם׃ 1.6. וַיִּקְרַב אֵלָיו רַב הַחֹבֵל וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ מַה־לְּךָ נִרְדָּם קוּם קְרָא אֶל־אֱלֹהֶיךָ אוּלַי יִתְעַשֵּׁת הָאֱלֹהִים לָנוּ וְלֹא נֹאבֵד׃ 1.7. וַיֹּאמְרוּ אִישׁ אֶל־רֵעֵהוּ לְכוּ וְנַפִּילָה גוֹרָלוֹת וְנֵדְעָה בְּשֶׁלְּמִי הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת לָנוּ וַיַּפִּלוּ גּוֹרָלוֹת וַיִּפֹּל הַגּוֹרָל עַל־יוֹנָה׃ 1.8. וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵלָיו הַגִּידָה־נָּא לָנוּ בַּאֲשֶׁר לְמִי־הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת לָנוּ מַה־מְּלַאכְתְּךָ וּמֵאַיִן תָּבוֹא מָה אַרְצֶךָ וְאֵי־מִזֶּה עַם אָתָּה׃ 1.9. וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם עִבְרִי אָנֹכִי וְאֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵי הַשָּׁמַיִם אֲנִי יָרֵא אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה אֶת־הַיָּם וְאֶת־הַיַּבָּשָׁה׃ 1.11. וַיֹּאמְרוּ אֵלָיו מַה־נַּעֲשֶׂה לָּךְ וְיִשְׁתֹּק הַיָּם מֵעָלֵינוּ כִּי הַיָּם הוֹלֵךְ וְסֹעֵר׃ 1.12. וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵיהֶם שָׂאוּנִי וַהֲטִילֻנִי אֶל־הַיָּם וְיִשְׁתֹּק הַיָּם מֵעֲלֵיכֶם כִּי יוֹדֵעַ אָנִי כִּי בְשֶׁלִּי הַסַּעַר הַגָּדוֹל הַזֶּה עֲלֵיכֶם׃ 1.13. וַיַּחְתְּרוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים לְהָשִׁיב אֶל־הַיַּבָּשָׁה וְלֹא יָכֹלוּ כִּי הַיָּם הוֹלֵךְ וְסֹעֵר עֲלֵיהֶם׃ 1.14. וַיִּקְרְאוּ אֶל־יְהוָה וַיֹּאמְרוּ אָנָּה יְהוָה אַל־נָא נֹאבְדָה בְּנֶפֶשׁ הָאִישׁ הַזֶּה וְאַל־תִּתֵּן עָלֵינוּ דָּם נָקִיא כִּי־אַתָּה יְהוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר חָפַצְתָּ עָשִׂיתָ׃ 1.15. וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת־יוֹנָה וַיְטִלֻהוּ אֶל־הַיָּם וַיַּעֲמֹד הַיָּם מִזַּעְפּוֹ׃ 1.16. וַיִּירְאוּ הָאֲנָשִׁים יִרְאָה גְדוֹלָה אֶת־יְהוָה וַיִּזְבְּחוּ־זֶבַח לַיהוָה וַיִּדְּרוּ נְדָרִים׃ 1.4. But the LORD hurled a great wind into the sea, and there was a mighty tempest in the sea, so that the ship was like to be broken." 1.5. And the mariners were afraid, and cried every man unto his god; and they cast forth the wares that were in the ship into the sea, to lighten it unto them. But Jonah was gone down into the innermost parts of the ship; and he lay, and was fast asleep." 1.6. So the shipmaster came to him, and said unto him: ‘What meanest thou that thou sleepest? arise, call upon thy God, if so be that God will think upon us, that we perish not.’" 1.7. And they said every one to his fellow: ‘Come, and let us cast lots, that we may know for whose cause this evil is upon us.’ So they cast lots, and the lot fell upon Jonah." 1.8. Then said they unto him: ‘Tell us, we pray thee, for whose cause this evil is upon us: what is thine occupation? and whence comest thou? what is thy country? and of what people art thou?’" 1.9. And he said unto them: ‘I am an Hebrew; and I fear the LORD, the God of heaven, who hath made the sea and the dry land.’" 1.10. Then were the men exceedingly afraid, and said unto him: ‘What is this that thou hast done?’ For the men knew that he fled from the presence of the LORD, because he had told them." 1.11. Then said they unto him: ‘What shall we do unto thee, that the sea may be calm unto us?’ for the sea grew more and more tempestuous." 1.12. And he said unto them: ‘Take me up, and cast me forth into the sea; so shall the sea be calm unto you; for I know that for my sake this great tempest is upon you.’" 1.13. Nevertheless the men rowed hard to bring it to the land; but they could not; for the sea grew more and more tempestuous against them." 1.14. Wherefore they cried unto the LORD, and said: ‘We beseech Thee, O LORD, we beseech Thee, let us not perish for this man’s life, and lay not upon us innocent blood; for Thou, O LORD, hast done as it pleased Thee.’" 1.15. So they took up Jonah, and cast him forth into the sea; and the sea ceased from its raging." 1.16. Then the men feared the LORD exceedingly; and they offered a sacrifice unto the LORD, and made vows."
6. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 19.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.18. לֹא־תִקֹּם וְלֹא־תִטֹּר אֶת־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְאָהַבְתָּ לְרֵעֲךָ כָּמוֹךָ אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 19.18. Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD."
7. Hebrew Bible, Micah, 1.3, 3.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.3. כִּי־הִנֵּה יְהוָה יֹצֵא מִמְּקוֹמוֹ וְיָרַד וְדָרַךְ עַל־במותי [בָּמֳתֵי] אָרֶץ׃ 3.8. וְאוּלָם אָנֹכִי מָלֵאתִי כֹחַ אֶת־רוּחַ יְהוָה וּמִשְׁפָּט וּגְבוּרָה לְהַגִּיד לְיַעֲקֹב פִּשְׁעוֹ וּלְיִשְׂרָאֵל חַטָּאתוֹ׃ 1.3. For, behold, the LORD cometh forth out of His place, And will come down, and tread upon the high places of the earth." 3.8. But I truly am full of power by the spirit of the LORD, and of justice, and of might, to declare unto Jacob his transgression, and to Israel his sin."
8. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 6.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.24. יְבָרֶכְךָ יְהוָה וְיִשְׁמְרֶךָ׃ 6.24. The LORD bless thee, and keep thee;"
9. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 105.10, 106.23-106.30, 107.23-107.30 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

106.23. וַיֹּאמֶר לְהַשְׁמִידָם לוּלֵי מֹשֶׁה בְחִירוֹ עָמַד בַּפֶּרֶץ לְפָנָיו לְהָשִׁיב חֲמָתוֹ מֵהַשְׁחִית׃ 106.24. וַיִּמְאֲסוּ בְּאֶרֶץ חֶמְדָּה לֹא־הֶאֱמִינוּ לִדְבָרוֹ׃ 106.25. וַיֵּרָגְנוּ בְאָהֳלֵיהֶם לֹא שָׁמְעוּ בְּקוֹל יְהוָה׃ 106.26. וַיִּשָּׂא יָדוֹ לָהֶם לְהַפִּיל אוֹתָם בַּמִּדְבָּר׃ 106.27. וּלְהַפִּיל זַרְעָם בַּגּוֹיִם וּלְזָרוֹתָם בָּאֲרָצוֹת׃ 106.28. וַיִּצָּמְדוּ לְבַעַל פְּעוֹר וַיֹּאכְלוּ זִבְחֵי מֵתִים׃ 106.29. וַיַּכְעִיסוּ בְּמַעַלְלֵיהֶם וַתִּפְרָץ־בָּם מַגֵּפָה׃ 107.23. יוֹרְדֵי הַיָּם בָּאֳנִיּוֹת עֹשֵׂי מְלָאכָה בְּמַיִם רַבִּים׃ 107.24. הֵמָּה רָאוּ מַעֲשֵׂי יְהוָה וְנִפְלְאוֹתָיו בִּמְצוּלָה׃ 107.25. וַיֹּאמֶר וַיַּעֲמֵד רוּחַ סְעָרָה וַתְּרוֹמֵם גַּלָּיו׃ 107.26. יַעֲלוּ שָׁמַיִם יֵרְדוּ תְהוֹמוֹת נַפְשָׁם בְּרָעָה תִתְמוֹגָג׃ 107.27. יָחוֹגּוּ וְיָנוּעוּ כַּשִּׁכּוֹר וְכָל־חָכְמָתָם תִּתְבַּלָּע׃ 107.28. וַיִּצְעֲקוּ אֶל־יְהוָה בַּצַּר לָהֶם וּמִמְּצוּקֹתֵיהֶם יוֹצִיאֵם׃ 107.29. יָקֵם סְעָרָה לִדְמָמָה וַיֶּחֱשׁוּ גַּלֵּיהֶם׃ 105.10. And He established it unto Jacob for a statute, To Israel for an everlasting covet;" 106.23. Therefore He said that He would destroy them, Had not Moses His chosen stood before Him in the breach, To turn back His wrath, lest He should destroy them." 106.24. Moreover, they scorned the desirable land, They believed not His word;" 106.25. And they murmured in their tents, They hearkened not unto the voice of the LORD." 106.26. Therefore He swore concerning them, That He would overthrow them in the wilderness;" 106.27. And that He would cast out their seed among the nations, And scatter them in the lands." 106.28. They joined themselves also unto Baal of Peor, And ate the sacrifices of the dead." 106.29. Thus they provoked Him with their doings, And the plague broke in upon them." 106.30. Then stood up Phinehas, and wrought judgment, And so the plague was stayed." 107.23. They that go down to the sea in ships, That do business in great waters—" 107.24. These saw the works of the LORD, And His wonders in the deep;" 107.25. For He commanded, and raised the stormy wind, Which lifted up the waves thereof;" 107.26. They mounted up to the heaven, they went down to the deeps; Their soul melted away because of trouble;" 107.27. They reeled to and fro, and staggered like a drunken man, And all their wisdom was swallowed up—" 107.28. They cried unto the LORD in their trouble, And He brought them out of their distresses." 107.29. He made the storm a calm, So that the waves thereof were still." 107.30. Then were they glad because they were quiet, And He led them unto their desired haven."
10. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 42.9, 43.19, 59.21, 61.1 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

42.9. הָרִאשֹׁנוֹת הִנֵּה־בָאוּ וַחֲדָשׁוֹת אֲנִי מַגִּיד בְּטֶרֶם תִּצְמַחְנָה אַשְׁמִיע אֶתְכֶם׃ 43.19. הִנְנִי עֹשֶׂה חֲדָשָׁה עַתָּה תִצְמָח הֲלוֹא תֵדָעוּהָ אַף אָשִׂים בַּמִּדְבָּר דֶּרֶךְ בִּישִׁמוֹן נְהָרוֹת׃ 59.21. וַאֲנִי זֹאת בְּרִיתִי אוֹתָם אָמַר יְהוָה רוּחִי אֲשֶׁר עָלֶיךָ וּדְבָרַי אֲשֶׁר־שַׂמְתִּי בְּפִיךָ לֹא־יָמוּשׁוּ מִפִּיךָ וּמִפִּי זַרְעֲךָ וּמִפִּי זֶרַע זַרְעֲךָ אָמַר יְהוָה מֵעַתָּה וְעַד־עוֹלָם׃ 61.1. שׂוֹשׂ אָשִׂישׂ בַּיהוָה תָּגֵל נַפְשִׁי בֵּאלֹהַי כִּי הִלְבִּישַׁנִי בִּגְדֵי־יֶשַׁע מְעִיל צְדָקָה יְעָטָנִי כֶּחָתָן יְכַהֵן פְּאֵר וְכַכַּלָּה תַּעְדֶּה כֵלֶיהָ׃ 61.1. רוּחַ אֲדֹנָי יְהוִה עָלָי יַעַן מָשַׁח יְהוָה אֹתִי לְבַשֵּׂר עֲנָוִים שְׁלָחַנִי לַחֲבֹשׁ לְנִשְׁבְּרֵי־לֵב לִקְרֹא לִשְׁבוּיִם דְּרוֹר וְלַאֲסוּרִים פְּקַח־קוֹחַ׃ 42.9. Behold, the former things are come to pass, And new things do I declare; Before they spring forth I tell you of them." 43.19. Behold, I will do a new thing; Now shall it spring forth; shall ye not know it? I will even make a way in the wilderness, And rivers in the desert." 59.21. And as for Me, this is My covet with them, saith the LORD; My spirit that is upon thee, and My words which I have put in thy mouth, shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out of the mouth of thy seed’s seed, saith the LORD, from henceforth and for ever." 61.1. The spirit of the Lord God is upon me; Because the LORD hath anointed me To bring good tidings unto the humble; He hath sent me to bind up the broken-hearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And the opening of the eyes to them that are bound;"
11. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 5.22, 25.30 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

5.22. הַאוֹתִי לֹא־תִירָאוּ נְאֻם־יְהֹוָה אִם מִפָּנַי לֹא תָחִילוּ אֲשֶׁר־שַׂמְתִּי חוֹל גְּבוּל לַיָּם חָק־עוֹלָם וְלֹא יַעַבְרֶנְהוּ וַיִּתְגָּעֲשׁוּ וְלֹא יוּכָלוּ וְהָמוּ גַלָּיו וְלֹא יַעַבְרֻנְהוּ׃ 5.22. Fear ye not Me? saith the LORD; Will ye not tremble at My presence? Who have placed the sand for the bound of the sea, An everlasting ordice, which it cannot pass; And though the waves thereof toss themselves, yet can they not prevail; Though they roar, yet can they not pass over it." 25.30. Therefore prophesy thou against them all these words, and say unto them: The LORD doth roar from on high, And utter His voice from His holy habitation; He doth mightily roar because of His fold; He giveth a shout, as they that tread the grapes, Against all the inhabitants of the earth."
12. Hebrew Bible, 1 Chronicles, 16.17 (5th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

16.17. וַיַּעֲמִידֶהָ לְיַעֲקֹב לְחֹק לְיִשְׂרָאֵל בְּרִית עוֹלָם׃ 16.17. And He established it unto Jacob for a statute, To Israel for an everlasting covet;"
13. Septuagint, Tobit, 14.4-14.11 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

14.4. Go to Media, my son, for I fully believe what Jonah the prophet said about Nineveh, that it will be overthrown. But in Media there will be peace for a time. Our brethren will be scattered over the earth from the good land, and Jerusalem will be desolate. The house of God in it will be burned down and will be in ruins for a time. 14.5. But God will again have mercy on them, and bring them back into their land; and they will rebuild the house of God, though it will not be like the former one until the times of the age are completed. After this they will return from the places of their captivity, and will rebuild Jerusalem in splendor. And the house of God will be rebuilt there with a glorious building for all generations for ever, just as the prophets said of it. 14.6. Then all the Gentiles will turn to fear the Lord God in truth, and will bury their idols. 14.7. All the Gentiles will praise the Lord, and his people will give thanks to God, and the Lord will exalt his people. And all who love the Lord God in truth and righteousness will rejoice, showing mercy to our brethren. 14.8. So now, my son, leave Nineveh, because what the prophet Jonah said will surely happen. 14.9. But keep the law and the commandments, and be merciful and just, so that it may be well with you. 14.10. Bury me properly, and your mother with me. And do not live in Nineveh any longer. See, my son, what Nadab did to Ahikar who had reared him, how he brought him from light into darkness, and with what he repaid him. But Ahikar was saved, and the other received repayment as he himself went down into the darkness. Ahikar gave alms and escaped the deathtrap which Nadab had set for him; but Nadab fell into the trap and perished. 14.11. So now, my children, consider what almsgiving accomplishes and how righteousness delivers." As he said this he died in his bed. He was a hundred and fifty-eight years old; and Tobias gave him a magnificent funeral.
14. Anon., 1 Enoch, 1, 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, 1.7, 1.8, 1.9, 2, 2.1, 2.2, 3, 4, 5, 5.4, 6, 6.6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.9, 10.10, 10.11, 10.12, 10.13, 10.14, 10.15, 10.16, 10.17, 10.18, 10.19, 10.20, 10.21, 10.22, 11, 12, 12.1, 12.4, 13, 14, 14.8, 14.9, 14.10, 14.11, 14.12, 14.13, 14.14, 14.15, 14.16, 14.17, 14.18, 14.19, 14.20, 14.21, 14.22, 14.23, 14.24, 14.25, 15, 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5, 15.6, 15.7, 16, 17, 17.1, 17.2, 17.4, 18, 19, 20, 21, 21.1, 21.7, 22, 22.1, 22.3, 22.11, 22.13, 23, 23.1, 24, 25, 26, 26.1, 27, 27.2, 27.3, 27.4, 27.5, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 32.2, 32.3, 33, 33.1, 34, 35, 36, 36.1, 37, 38, 39, 39.1, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 45.4, 45.5, 45.6, 46, 47, 48, 48.7, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 76.12, 77, 78, 79, 79.6, 80, 80.1, 80.2, 80.3, 80.4, 80.5, 80.6, 80.7, 80.8, 81, 81.1, 81.1-82.4, 81.2, 81.3, 81.4, 81.5, 81.6, 81.7, 81.8, 81.9, 82, 82.1, 82.2, 82.3, 82.4, 82.5, 82.6, 82.7, 82.8, 82.9, 82.10, 82.11, 82.12, 82.13, 82.14, 82.15, 82.16, 82.17, 82.18, 82.19, 82.20, 83, 83.1, 83.2, 83.3, 83.6, 83.7, 83.8, 84, 84.2, 84.4, 85, 85.1, 85.2, 85.3, 85.4, 85.5, 85.6, 85.7, 85.8, 85.9, 85.10, 86, 86.1, 86.2, 86.3, 86.4, 86.6, 87, 88, 89, 89.10, 89.11, 89.56, 90, 90.19, 90.28, 90.29, 90.30, 90.39, 90.40, 90.41, 90.42, 91, 91.1, 91.2, 91.3, 91.4, 91.5, 91.6, 91.8, 91.9, 91.10, 91.11, 91.12, 91.13, 91.14, 91.15, 91.16, 91.17, 91.18, 92, 92.1, 92.2, 92.3, 92.4, 92.5, 93, 93.1, 93.2, 93.3, 93.4, 93.5, 93.6, 93.7, 93.8, 93.9, 93.10, 93.11, 93.11-105.2, 93.12, 93.13, 93.14, 94, 94.1, 94.2, 94.3, 94.4, 94.5, 94.6, 94.6-100.6, 94.7, 94.9, 94.10, 94.11, 95, 95.2, 95.3, 95.7, 96, 96.1, 96.2, 96.4, 96.7, 96.8, 97, 97.1, 97.2, 97.3, 97.4, 97.5, 97.6, 97.7, 97.8, 97.10, 98, 98.4, 98.6, 98.7, 98.8, 98.9-99.2, 98.10, 98.11, 98.12, 98.13, 98.14, 98.15, 99, 99.1, 99.3, 99.4, 99.5, 99.6, 99.7, 99.9, 99.10, 99.12, 99.13, 99.14, 99.15, 99.16, 100, 100.1, 100.2, 100.3, 100.4, 100.5, 100.6, 100.7, 100.8, 100.9, 100.10, 101, 101.1, 101.3, 101.4, 101.5, 101.7, 101.9, 102, 102.3, 102.4, 102.4-104.8, 102.5, 102.6, 102.9, 102.10, 103, 103.1, 103.2, 103.3, 103.4, 103.5, 103.7, 103.8, 103.9, 103.10, 103.11, 103.14, 103.15, 104, 104.1, 104.2, 104.5, 104.6, 104.7, 104.8, 104.9, 104.10, 104.11, 104.12, 105, 105.1, 106, 106.1-107.3, 106.7, 106.8, 106.9, 106.14, 106.18, 106.19, 106.19-107.1, 107, 107.1, 108, 108.1, 108.2, 108.3, 108.4, 108.5, 108.6, 108.7, 108.8, 108.9, 108.10, 108.11, 108.12, 108.13, 108.14, 108.15 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1. The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be,living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is,for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,,And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, [And appear from His camp] And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.,And all shall be smitten with fear And the Watchers shall quake, And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.,And the high mountains shall be shaken, And the high hills shall be made low, And shall melt like wax before the flame,And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).,But with the righteous He will make peace.And will protect the elect, And mercy shall be upon them.And they shall all belong to God, And they shall be prospered, And they shall all be blessed.And He will help them all, And light shall appear unto them, And He will make peace with them'.,And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy all the ungodly:And to convict all flesh of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
15. Anon., Jubilees, 4.15, 10.7-10.14, 23.11, 23.14-23.25 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.15. And in the seventh jubilee in the third week Enos took Nôâm his sister to be his wife, and she bare him a son in the third year of the fifth week, and he called his name Ke. 10.7. And Thou knowest how Thy Watchers, the fathers of these spirits, acted in my day: 10.8. and as for these spirits which are living, imprison them and hold them fast in the place of condemnation, and let them not bring destruction on the sons of thy servant, my God; for these are maligt, and created in order to destroy. 10.9. And let them not rule over the spirits of the living; for Thou alone canst exercise dominion over them. And let them not have power over the sons of the righteous from henceforth and for evermore. 10.10. And the Lord our God bade us to bind all. 10.11. And the chief of the spirits, Mastêmâ, came and said: "Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; 10.12. for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; 10.13. for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men. 10.14. And He said: "Let the tenth part of them remain before him, and let nine parts descend into the place of condemnation. 23.11. and they wept for him forty days, all the men of his house, and Isaac and Ishmael, and all their sons, and all the sons of Keturah in their places, and the days of weeping for Abraham were ended. 23.14. and to decrease in jubilees, and to grow old quickly, and to be full of their days by reason of manifold tribulation and the wickedness of their ways 23.15. with the exception of Abraham. brFor Abraham was perfect in all his deeds with the Lord, and well-pleasing in righteousness all the days of his life; 23.16. and behold, he did not complete four jubilees in his life, when he had grown old by reason of the wickedness and was full of his days. 23.17. And all the generations which will arise from this time until the day of the great judgment will grow old quickly, before they complete two jubilees 23.18. and their knowledge will forsake them by reason of their old age [and all their knowledge will vanish away]. 23.19. And in those days, if a man live a jubilee and a half of years, they will say regarding him: "He hath lived long 23.20. and the greater part of his days are pain and sorrow and tribulation, and there is no peace: 23.21. For calamity followeth on calamity, and wound on wound, and tribulation on tribulation, and evil tidings on evil tidings, and illness on illness, and all evil judgments such as these, one with another 23.22. illness and overthrow, and snow and frost and ice, and fever, and chills, and torpor, and famine, and death, and sword, and captivity, and all kinds of calamities and pains. 23.23. And all these will come on an evil generation, which transgresseth on the earth: their works are uncleanness and fornication, and pollution and abominations. 23.24. Then they will say: "The days of the forefathers were many (even), unto a thousand years, and were good; but, behold, the days of our life, if a man hath lived many, are three score years and ten, and, if he is strong, four score years, and those evil 23.25. and there is no peace in the days of this evil generation.
16. Dead Sea Scrolls, War Scroll, 1.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

17. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 4.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

18. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 2.15, 7.8, 12.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.15. עָנֵה וְאָמַר לְאַרְיוֹךְ שַׁלִּיטָא דִי־מַלְכָּא עַל־מָה דָתָא מְהַחְצְפָה מִן־קֳדָם מַלְכָּא אֱדַיִן מִלְּתָא הוֹדַע אַרְיוֹךְ לְדָנִיֵּאל׃ 7.8. מִשְׂתַּכַּל הֲוֵית בְּקַרְנַיָּא וַאֲלוּ קֶרֶן אָחֳרִי זְעֵירָה סִלְקָת ביניהון [בֵּינֵיהֵן] וּתְלָת מִן־קַרְנַיָּא קַדְמָיָתָא אתעקרו [אֶתְעֲקַרָה] מִן־קדמיה [קֳדָמַהּ] וַאֲלוּ עַיְנִין כְּעַיְנֵי אֲנָשָׁא בְּקַרְנָא־דָא וּפֻם מְמַלִּל רַבְרְבָן׃ 12.4. וְאַתָּה דָנִיֵּאל סְתֹם הַדְּבָרִים וַחֲתֹם הַסֵּפֶר עַד־עֵת קֵץ יְשֹׁטְטוּ רַבִּים וְתִרְבֶּה הַדָּעַת׃ 2.15. he answered and said to Arioch the king’s captain: ‘Wherefore is the decree so peremptory from the king?’ Then Arioch made the thing known to Daniel." 7.8. I considered the horns, and, behold, there came up among them another horn, a little one, before which three of the first horns were plucked up by the roots; and, behold, in this horn were eyes like the eyes of a man, and a mouth speaking great things." 12.4. But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end; many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased.’"
19. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 1.43, 1.47, 13.47 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.43. All the Gentiles accepted the command of the king. Many even from Israel gladly adopted his religion; they sacrificed to idols and profaned the sabbath. 1.47. to build altars and sacred precincts and shrines for idols, to sacrifice swine and unclean animals 13.47. So Simon reached an agreement with them and stopped fighting against them. But he expelled them from the city and cleansed the houses in which the idols were, and then entered it with hymns and praise.
20. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 6.18-6.20, 7.1-7.42, 12.40 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

6.18. Eleazar, one of the scribes in high position, a man now advanced in age and of noble presence, was being forced to open his mouth to eat swine's flesh.' 6.19. But he, welcoming death with honor rather than life with pollution, went up to the the rack of his own accord, spitting out the flesh,' 6.20. as men ought to go who have the courage to refuse things that it is not right to taste, even for the natural love of life.' 7.1. It happened also that seven brothers and their mother were arrested and were being compelled by the king, under torture with whips and cords, to partake of unlawful swine's flesh.' 7.2. One of them, acting as their spokesman, said, 'What do you intend to ask and learn from us? For we are ready to die rather than transgress the laws of our fathers.' 7.3. The king fell into a rage, and gave orders that pans and caldrons be heated.' 7.4. These were heated immediately, and he commanded that the tongue of their spokesman be cut out and that they scalp him and cut off his hands and feet, while the rest of the brothers and the mother looked on.' 7.5. When he was utterly helpless, the king ordered them to take him to the fire, still breathing, and to fry him in a pan. The smoke from the pan spread widely, but the brothers and their mother encouraged one another to die nobly, saying,' 7.6. The Lord God is watching over us and in truth has compassion on us, as Moses declared in his song which bore witness against the people to their faces, when he said, `And he will have compassion on his servants.'' 7.7. After the first brother had died in this way, they brought forward the second for their sport. They tore off the skin of his head with the hair, and asked him, 'Will you eat rather than have your body punished limb by limb?' 7.8. He replied in the language of his fathers, and said to them, 'No.'Therefore he in turn underwent tortures as the first brother had done.' 7.9. And when he was at his last breath, he said, 'You accursed wretch, you dismiss us from this present life, but the King of the universe will raise us up to an everlasting renewal of life, because we have died for his laws.' 7.10. After him, the third was the victim of their sport. When it was demanded, he quickly put out his tongue and courageously stretched forth his hands,' 7.11. and said nobly, 'I got these from Heaven, and because of his laws I disdain them, and from him I hope to get them back again.' 7.12. As a result the king himself and those with him were astonished at the young man's spirit, for he regarded his sufferings as nothing.' 7.13. When he too had died, they maltreated and tortured the fourth in the same way.' 7.14. And when he was near death, he said, 'One cannot but choose to die at the hands of men and to cherish the hope that God gives of being raised again by him. But for you there will be no resurrection to life!' 7.15. Next they brought forward the fifth and maltreated him. 7.16. But he looked at the king, and said, 'Because you have authority among men, mortal though you are, you do what you please. But do not think that God has forsaken our people.' 7.17. Keep on, and see how his mighty power will torture you and your descendants!' 7.18. After him they brought forward the sixth. And when he was about to die, he said, 'Do not deceive yourself in vain. For we are suffering these things on our own account, because of our sins against our own God. Therefore astounding things have happened.' 7.19. But do not think that you will go unpunished for having tried to fight against God!' 7.20. The mother was especially admirable and worthy of honorable memory. Though she saw her seven sons perish within a single day, she bore it with good courage because of her hope in the Lord.' 7.21. She encouraged each of them in the language of their fathers. Filled with a noble spirit, she fired her woman's reasoning with a man's courage, and said to them,' 7.22. I do not know how you came into being in my womb. It was not I who gave you life and breath, nor I who set in order the elements within each of you.' 7.23. Therefore the Creator of the world, who shaped the beginning of man and devised the origin of all things, will in his mercy give life and breath back to you again, since you now forget yourselves for the sake of his laws.' 7.24. Antiochus felt that he was being treated with contempt, and he was suspicious of her reproachful tone. The youngest brother being still alive, Antiochus not only appealed to him in words, but promised with oaths that he would make him rich and enviable if he would turn from the ways of his fathers, and that he would take him for his friend and entrust him with public affairs.' 7.25. Since the young man would not listen to him at all, the king called the mother to him and urged her to advise the youth to save himself.' 7.26. After much urging on his part, she undertook to persuade her son.' 7.27. But, leaning close to him, she spoke in their native tongue as follows, deriding the cruel tyrant: 'My son, have pity on me. I carried you nine months in my womb, and nursed you for three years, and have reared you and brought you up to this point in your life, and have taken care of you.' 7.28. I beseech you, my child, to look at the heaven and the earth and see everything that is in them, and recognize that God did not make them out of things that existed. Thus also mankind comes into being.' 7.29. Do not fear this butcher, but prove worthy of your brothers. Accept death, so that in God's mercy I may get you back again with your brothers.' 7.30. While she was still speaking, the young man said, 'What are you waiting for? I will not obey the king's command, but I obey the command of the law that was given to our fathers through Moses.' 7.31. But you, who have contrived all sorts of evil against the Hebrews, will certainly not escape the hands of God.' 7.32. For we are suffering because of our own sins. 7.33. And if our living Lord is angry for a little while, to rebuke and discipline us, he will again be reconciled with his own servants.' 7.34. But you, unholy wretch, you most defiled of all men, do not be elated in vain and puffed up by uncertain hopes, when you raise your hand against the children of heaven.' 7.35. You have not yet escaped the judgment of the almighty, all-seeing God.' 7.36. For our brothers after enduring a brief suffering have drunk of everflowing life under God's covet; but you, by the judgment of God, will receive just punishment for your arrogance.' 7.37. I, like my brothers, give up body and life for the laws of our fathers, appealing to God to show mercy soon to our nation and by afflictions and plagues to make you confess that he alone is God,' 7.38. and through me and my brothers to bring to an end the wrath of the Almighty which has justly fallen on our whole nation.' 7.39. The king fell into a rage, and handled him worse than the others, being exasperated at his scorn.' 7.40. So he died in his integrity, putting his whole trust in the Lord.' 7.41. Last of all, the mother died, after her sons.' 7.42. Let this be enough, then, about the eating of sacrifices and the extreme tortures.' 12.40. Then under the tunic of every one of the dead they found sacred tokens of the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbids the Jews to wear. And it became clear to all that this was why these men had fallen.'
21. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 10.15, 43.24 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

10.15. The Lord has plucked up the roots of the nations,and has planted the humble in their place.
22. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 14.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

14.3. but it is thy providence, O Father, that steers its course,because thou hast given it a path in the sea,and a safe way through the waves
23. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 2.154-2.173, 3.175-3.190, 3.635-3.643, 3.780-3.786, 3.796-3.807 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

2.154. But he that does it under force, the end 2.155. 155 I tell not; but let each man's will be right. 2.156. Pride not thyself in wisdom, power, or wealth; 2.157. God only is the wise and mighty one 2.158. And full of riches. Do not vex thy heart 2.159. With evils that are past; for what is done 2.160. 160 Can never be undone. Let not thy hand 2.161. Be hasty, but ferocious passion curb; 2.162. For many times has one in striking done 2.163. Murder without design. Let suffering 2.164. Be common, neither great nor overmuch. 2.165. 165 Excessive good has not brought forth to men 2.166. That which is helpful. And much luxury 2.167. Leads to immoderate lusts. Much wealth is prowl 2.168. And makes one grow to wanton violence. 2.169. Passionate feeling, creeping in, effect 2.170. 170 Destructive madness. Anger is a lust 2.171. And when it is excessive it is wrath. 2.172. The zeal of good men is a noble thing 2.173. But of the base is base. of wicked men 3.175. 175 And with Peneus mixed pours in the sea 3.176. Its water, and men call it Stygian. 3.177. But when the Titans heard that there were son 3.178. Kept secretly, whom Cronos and his wife 3.179. Rhea begat, then Titan sixty youth 3.180. 180 Together gathered, and held fast in chain 3.181. Cronos and his wife Rhea, and concealed 3.182. Them in the earth and guarded them in bonds. 3.183. And then the sons of powerful Cronos heard 3.184. And a great war and uproar they aroused. 3.185. 185 And this is the beginning of dire war 3.186. Among all mortals. [For it is indeed 3.187. With mortals the prime origin of war.] 3.188. And then did God award the Titans evil. 3.189. And all of Titans and of Cronos born 3.190. 190 Died. But then as time rolled around there rose 3.635. 635 Woe, woe to thee, O Crete! To thee shall come 3.636. A very painful stroke, and terribly 3.637. Shall the Eternal sack thee; and again 3.638. Shall every land behold thee black with smoke 3.639. Fire ne'er shall leave thee, but thou shalt be burned. 3.780. 780 For land and trees and countless flocks of sheep 3.781. Their genuine fruit to men shall offer–wine 3.782. And the sweet honey, and white milk, and wheat 3.783. Which is for mortals of all things the best. 3.784. But thou, O mortal full of various wiles 3.796. When on all mortals there shall come the height 3.797. of pestilence and conquered they shall meet 3.798. A fearful judgment, and king shall seize king 3.799. And wrest his land away, and nations bring 3.800. 800 Ruin on nations and lords plunder tribes 3.801. And chiefs all flee into another land 3.802. And the land change its men, and foreign rule 3.803. Ravage all Hellas and drain the rich land. 3.804. of its wealth, and to strife among themselve 3.805. 805 Because of gold and silver they shall come– 3.806. The love of gain an evil shepherde 3.807. Will be for cities–in a foreign land.
24. Anon., 2 Baruch, 48.33, 48.38, 48.42-48.43, 70.2-70.8 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

25. Anon., Epistle of Barnabas, 16.5 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

16.5. Again, it was revealed how the city and the temple and the people of Israel should be betrayed. For the scripture saith; And it shall be in the last days, that the Lord shall deliver up the sheep of the pasture and the fold and the tower thereof to destruction. And it came to pass as the Lord spake.
26. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 6.201-6.213 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.201. 4. There was a certain woman that dwelt beyond Jordan, her name was Mary; her father was Eleazar, of the village Bethezub, which signifies the house of Hyssop. She was eminent for her family and her wealth, and had fled away to Jerusalem with the rest of the multitude, and was with them besieged therein at this time. 6.202. The other effects of this woman had been already seized upon, such I mean as she had brought with her out of Perea, and removed to the city. What she had treasured up besides, as also what food she had contrived to save, had been also carried off by the rapacious guards, who came every day running into her house for that purpose. 6.203. This put the poor woman into a very great passion, and by the frequent reproaches and imprecations she cast at these rapacious villains, she had provoked them to anger against her; 6.204. but none of them, either out of the indignation she had raised against herself, or out ofcommiseration of her case, would take away her life; and if she found any food, she perceived her labors were for others, and not for herself; and it was now become impossible for her anyway to find any more food, while the famine pierced through her very bowels and marrow, when also her passion was fired to a degree beyond the famine itself; nor did she consult with anything but with her passion and the necessity she was in. She then attempted a most unnatural thing; 6.205. and snatching up her son, who was a child sucking at her breast, she said, “O thou miserable infant! for whom shall I preserve thee in this war, this famine, and this sedition? 6.206. As to the war with the Romans, if they preserve our lives, we must be slaves. This famine also will destroy us, even before that slavery comes upon us. Yet are these seditious rogues more terrible than both the other. 6.207. Come on; be thou my food, and be thou a fury to these seditious varlets, and a by-word to the world, which is all that is now wanting to complete the calamities of us Jews.” 6.208. As soon as she had said this, she slew her son, and then roasted him, and ate the one half of him, and kept the other half by her concealed. 6.209. Upon this the seditious came in presently, and smelling the horrid scent of this food, they threatened her, that they would cut her throat immediately if she did not show them what food she had gotten ready. She replied that she had saved a very fine portion of it for them, and withal uncovered what was left of her son. 6.211. Do not you pretend to be either more tender than a woman, or more compassionate than a mother; but if you be so scrupulous, and do abominate this my sacrifice, as I have eaten the one half, let the rest be reserved for me also.” 6.212. After which those men went out trembling, being never so much affrighted at anything as they were at this, and with some difficulty they left the rest of that meat to the mother. Upon which the whole city was full of this horrid action immediately; and while everybody laid this miserable case before their own eyes, they trembled, as if this unheardof action had been done by themselves. 6.213. So those that were thus distressed by the famine were very desirous to die, and those already dead were esteemed happy, because they had not lived long enough either to hear or to see such miseries.
27. Mishnah, Sotah, 9.15 (1st cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

9.15. When Rabbi Meir died, the composers of fables ceased. When Ben Azzai died, the diligent students [of Torah] ceased. When Ben Zoma died, the expounders ceased. When Rabbi Joshua died, goodness ceased from the world. When Rabban Shimon ben Gamaliel died, locusts come and troubles multiplied. When Rabbi Elazar ben Azaryah died, the sages ceased to be wealthy. When Rabbi Akiba died, the glory of the Torah ceased. When Rabbi Hanina ben Dosa died, men of wondrous deeds ceased. When Rabbi Yose Katnuta died, the pious men (hasidim) ceased and why was his name called Katnuta? Because he was the youngest of the pious men. When Rabban Yoha ben Zakkai died, the splendor of wisdom ceased. When Rabban Gamaliel the elder died, the glory of the torah ceased, and purity and separateness perished. When Rabbi Ishmael ben Fabi died, the splendor of the priesthood ceased. When Rabbi died, humility and fear of sin ceased. Rabbi Phineas ben Yair says: when Temple was destroyed, scholars and freemen were ashamed and covered their head, men of wondrous deeds were disregarded, and violent men and big talkers grew powerful. And nobody expounds, nobody seeks, and nobody asks. Upon whom shall we depend? Upon our father who is in heaven. Rabbi Eliezer the Great says: from the day the Temple was destroyed, the sages began to be like scribes, scribes like synagogue-attendants, synagogue-attendants like common people, and the common people became more and more debased. And nobody seeks. Upon whom shall we depend? Upon our father who is in heaven. In the footsteps of the messiah insolence (hutzpah) will increase and the cost of living will go up greatly; the vine will yield its fruit, but wine will be expensive; the government will turn to heresy, and there will be no one to rebuke; the meeting-place [of scholars] will be used for licentiousness; the Galilee will be destroyed, the Gablan will be desolated, and the dwellers on the frontier will go about [begging] from place to place without anyone to take pity on them; the wisdom of the learned will rot, fearers of sin will be despised, and the truth will be lacking; youths will put old men to shame, the old will stand up in the presence of the young, “For son spurns father, daughter rises up against mother, daughter-in-law against mother-in-law a man’s own household are his enemies” (Micah 7:6). The face of the generation will be like the face of a dog, a son will not feel ashamed before his father. Upon whom shall we depend? Upon our father who is in heaven. Rabbi Pinchas ben Yair says, “Heedfulness leads to cleanliness, cleanliness leads to purity, purity leads to separation, separation leads to holiness, holiness leads to modesty, modesty leads to fear of sin, fear of sin leads to piety, piety leads to the Holy Spirit, The Holy Spirit leads to the resurrection of the dead, and the resurrection of the dead comes from Elijah, blessed be his memory, Amen.”"
28. New Testament, 2 Peter, 2.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.21. For it would be better for them not to have known the way of righteousness, than, after knowing it, to turn back from the holy commandment delivered to them.
29. New Testament, 2 Timothy, 3.1-3.4, 3.16 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.1. But know this, that in the last days, grievous times will come. 3.2. For men will be lovers of self, lovers of money, boastful, arrogant, blasphemers, disobedient to parents, unthankful, unholy 3.3. without natural affection, unforgiving, slanderers, without self-control, fierce, no lovers of good 3.4. traitors, headstrong, conceited, lovers of pleasure rather than lovers of God; 3.16. Every writing inspired by God is profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for instruction which is in righteousness
30. New Testament, Acts, 2.16-2.21 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

2.16. But this is what has been spoken through the prophet Joel: 2.17. 'It will be in the last days, says God, I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh. Your sons and your daughters will prophesy. Your young men will see visions. Your old men will dream dreams. 2.18. Yes, and on my servants and on my handmaidens in those days, I will pour out my Spirit, and they will prophesy. 2.19. I will show wonders in the the sky above, And signs on the earth beneath; Blood, and fire, and billows of smoke. 2.20. The sun will be turned into darkness, And the moon into blood, Before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes. 2.21. It will be, that whoever will call on the name of the Lord will be saved.'
31. New Testament, Apocalypse, 1.1, 1.19, 4.1, 6.2, 6.5-6.6, 6.8, 14.18-14.20, 16.1-16.21, 22.6 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. This is the Revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show to his servants the things which must happen soon, which he sent and made known by his angel to his servant, John 1.19. Write therefore the things which you have seen, and the things which are, and the things which will happen hereafter; 4.1. After these things I looked and saw a door opened in heaven, and the first voice that I heard, like a trumpet speaking with me, was one saying, "Come up here, and I will show you the things which must happen after this. 6.2. And behold, a white horse, and he who sat on it had a bow. A crown was given to him, and he came forth conquering, and to conquer. 6.5. When he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying, "Come and see!" And behold, a black horse, and he who sat on it had a balance in his hand. 6.6. I heard a voice in the midst of the four living creatures saying, "A choenix of wheat for a denarius, and three choenix of barley for a denarius! Don't damage the oil and the wine! 6.8. And behold, a pale horse, and he who sat on him, his name was Death. Hades followed with him. Authority over one fourth of the earth, to kill with the sword, with famine, with death, and by the wild animals of the earth was given to him. 14.18. Another angel came out from the altar, he who has power over fire, and he called with a great voice to him who had the sharp sickle, saying, "Send forth your sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth, for the earth's grapes are fully ripe! 14.19. The angel thrust his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vintage of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the wrath of God. 14.20. The winepress was trodden outside of the city, and blood came out from the winepress, even to the bridles of the horses, as far as one thousand six hundred stadia. 16.1. I heard a loud voice out of the temple, saying to the seven angels, "Go and pour out the seven bowls of the wrath of God on the earth! 16.2. The first went, and poured out his bowl into the earth, and it became a harmful and evil sore on the men who had the mark of the beast, and who worshiped his image. 16.3. The second angel poured out his bowl into the sea, and it became blood as of a dead man. Every living thing in the sea died. 16.4. The third poured out his bowl into the rivers and springs of water, and it became blood. 16.5. I heard the angel of the waters saying, "You are righteous, who are and who were, you Holy One, because you judged this way. 16.6. For they poured out the blood of the saints and the prophets, and you have given them blood to drink. They deserve this. 16.7. I heard the altar saying, "Yes, Lord God, the Almighty, true and righteous are your judgments. 16.8. The fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was given to him to scorch men with fire. 16.9. People were scorched with great heat, and people blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues. They didn't repent and give him glory. 16.10. The fifth poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and his kingdom was darkened. They gnawed their tongues because of the pain 16.11. and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores. They didn't repent of their works. 16.12. The sixth poured out his bowl on the great river, the Euphrates. Its water was dried up, that the way might be made ready for the kings that come from the sunrise. 16.13. I saw coming out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet, three unclean spirits, something like frogs; 16.14. for they are spirits of demons, performing signs; which go forth to the kings of the whole inhabited earth, to gather them together for the war of that great day of God, the Almighty. 16.15. Behold, I come like a thief. Blessed is he who watches, and keeps his clothes, so that he doesn't walk naked, and they see his shame. 16.16. He gathered them together into the place which is called in Hebrew, Megiddo. 16.17. The seventh poured out his bowl into the air. A loud voice came forth out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, "It is done! 16.18. There were lightnings, sounds, and thunders; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since there were men on the earth, so great an earthquake, so mighty. 16.19. The great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell. Babylon the great was remembered in the sight of God, to give to her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of his wrath. 16.20. Every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. 16.21. Great hailstones, about the weight of a talent, came down out of the sky on men. Men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail, for this plague is exceedingly severe. 22.6. He said to me, "These words are faithful and true. The Lord God of the spirits of the prophets sent his angel to show to his bondservants the things which must happen soon.
32. New Testament, Jude, 14 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

33. New Testament, Romans, 3.20 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.20. Because by the works of the law, no flesh will be justified in his sight. For through the law comes the knowledge of sin.
34. New Testament, John, 1.28 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.28. These things were done in Bethany beyond the Jordan, where John was baptizing.
35. New Testament, Luke, 17.26, 21.9-21.24 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

17.26. As it happened in the days of Noah, even so will it be also in the days of the Son of Man. 21.9. When you hear of wars and disturbances, don't be terrified, for these things must happen first, but the end won't come immediately. 21.10. Then he said to them, "Nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. 21.11. There will be great earthquakes, famines, and plagues in various places. There will be terrors and great signs from heaven. 21.12. But before all these things, they will lay their hands on you and will persecute you, delivering you up to synagogues and prisons, bringing you before kings and governors for my name's sake. 21.13. It will turn out as a testimony for you. 21.14. Settle it therefore in your hearts not to meditate beforehand how to answer 21.15. for I will give you a mouth and wisdom which all your adversaries will not be able to withstand or to contradict. 21.16. You will be handed over even by parents, brothers, relatives, and friends. Some of you they will cause to be put to death. 21.17. You will be hated by all men for my name's sake. 21.18. Not a hair of your head will perish. 21.19. By your endurance you will win your lives. 21.20. But when you see Jerusalem surrounded by armies, then know that its desolation is at hand. 21.21. Then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. Let those who are in the midst of her depart. Let those who are in the country not enter therein. 21.22. For these are days of vengeance, that all things which are written may be fulfilled. 21.23. Woe to those who are pregt and to those who nurse infants in those days! For there will be great distress in the land, and wrath to this people. 21.24. They will fall by the edge of the sword, and will be led captive into all the nations. Jerusalem will be trampled down by the Gentiles, until the times of the Gentiles are fulfilled.
36. New Testament, Mark, 13.7-13.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13.7. When you hear of wars and rumors of wars, don't be troubled. For those must happen, but the end is not yet. 13.8. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom. There will be earthquakes in various places. There will be famines and troubles. These things are the beginning of birth pains. 13.9. But watch yourselves, for they will deliver you up to councils. You will be beaten in synagogues. You will stand before rulers and kings for my sake, for a testimony to them. 13.10. The gospel must first be preached to all the nations. 13.11. When they lead you away and deliver you up, don't be anxious beforehand, or premeditate what you will say, but say whatever will be given you in that hour. For it is not you who speak, but the Holy Spirit. 13.12. Brother will deliver up brother to death, and the father his child. Children will rise up against parents, and cause them to be put to death. 13.13. You will be hated by all men for my name's sake, but he who endures to the end, the same will be saved. 13.14. But when you see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, standing where it ought not (let the reader understand), then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains 13.15. and let him who is on the housetop not go down, nor enter in, to take anything out of his house. 13.16. Let him who is in the field not return back to take his cloak. 13.17. But woe to those who are with child and to those who nurse babies in those days! 13.18. Pray that your flight won't be in the winter. 13.19. For in those days there will be oppression, such as there has not been the like from the beginning of the creation which God created until now, and never will be. 13.20. Unless the Lord had shortened the days, no flesh would have been saved; but for the elect's sake, whom he chose, he shortened the days. 13.21. Then if anyone tells you, 'Look, here is the Christ!' or, 'Look, there!' don't believe it. 13.22. For there will arise false christs and false prophets, and will show signs and wonders, that they may lead astray, if possible, even the chosen ones. 13.23. But you watch. "Behold, I have told you all things beforehand.
37. New Testament, Matthew, 24.6-24.29, 24.37 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

24.6. You will hear of wars and rumors of wars. See that you aren't troubled, for all this must happen, but the end is not yet. 24.7. For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be famines, plagues, and earthquakes in various places. 24.8. But all these things are the beginning of birth pains. 24.9. Then they will deliver you up to oppression, and will kill you. You will be hated by all of the nations for my name's sake. 24.10. Then many will stumble, and will deliver up one another, and will hate one another. 24.11. Many false prophets will arise, and will lead many astray. 24.12. Because iniquity will be multiplied, the love of many will grow cold. 24.13. But he who endures to the end, the same will be saved. 24.14. This gospel of the kingdom will be preached in the whole world for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come. 24.15. When, therefore, you see the abomination of desolation, which was spoken of through Daniel the prophet, standing in the holy place (let the reader understand) 24.16. then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains. 24.17. Let him who is on the housetop not go down to take out things that are in his house. 24.18. Let him who is in the field not return back to get his clothes. 24.19. But woe to those who are with child and to nursing mothers in those days! 24.20. Pray that your flight will not be in the winter, nor on a Sabbath 24.21. for then there will be great oppression, such as has not been from the beginning of the world until now, no, nor ever will be. 24.22. Unless those days had been shortened, no flesh would have been saved. But for the elect's sake, those days will be shortened. 24.23. Then if any man tells you, 'Behold, here is the Christ,' or, 'There,' don't believe it. 24.24. For there will arise false Christs, and false prophets, and they will show great signs and wonders, so as to lead astray, if possible, even the elect. 24.25. Behold, I have told you beforehand. 24.26. If therefore they tell you, 'Behold, he is in the wilderness,' don't go out; 'Behold, he is in the inner chambers,' don't believe it. 24.27. For as the lightning comes forth from the east, and is seen even to the west, so will be the coming of the Son of Man. 24.28. For wherever the carcass is, there will the vultures be gathered together. 24.29. But immediately after the oppression of those days, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light, the stars will fall from the sky, and the powers of the heavens will be shaken; 24.37. As the days of Noah were, so will be the coming of the Son of Man.
38. Tacitus, Annals, 1.73 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

1.73.  It will not be unremunerative to recall the first, tentative charges brought in the case of Falanius and Rubrius, two Roman knights of modest position; if only to show from what beginnings, thanks to the art of Tiberius, the accursed thing crept in, and, after a temporary check, at last broke out, an all-devouring conflagration. Against Falanius the accuser alleged that he had admitted a certain Cassius, mime and catamite, among the "votaries of Augustus," who were maintained, after the fashion of fraternities, in all the great houses: also, that when selling his gardens, he had parted with a statue of Augustus as well. To Rubrius the crime imputed was violation of the deity of Augustus by perjury. When the facts came to the knowledge of Tiberius, he wrote to the consuls that place in heaven had not been decreed to his father in order that the honour might be turned to the destruction of his countrymen. Cassius, the actor, with others of his trade, had regularly taken part in the games which his own mother had consecrated to the memory of Augustus; nor was it an act of sacrilege, if the effigies of that sovereign, like other images of other gods, went with the property, whenever a house or garden was sold. As to the perjury, it was on the same footing as if the defendant had taken the name of Jupiter in vain: the gods must look to their own wrongs.
39. Tertullian, On The Apparel of Women, 1.2-1.3 (2nd cent. CE - 3rd cent. CE)

40. Anon., 2 Enoch, 22.10

41. Anon., 4 Ezra, 5.1-5.13, 6.24, 9.1, 9.3-9.4, 13.30-13.31

5.1. Now concerning the signs: behold, the days are coming when those who dwell on earth shall be seized with great terror, and the way of truth shall be hidden, and the land shall be barren of faith. 5.2. And unrighteousness shall be increased beyond what you yourself see, and beyond what you heard of formerly. 5.3. And the land which you now see ruling shall be waste and untrodden, and men shall see it desolate. 5.4. But if the Most High grants that you live, you shall see it thrown into confusion after the third period; and the sun shall suddenly shine forth at night,and the moon during the day. 5.5. Blood shall drip from wood,and the stone shall utter its voice;the peoples shall be troubled, and the stars shall fall. 5.6. And one shall reign whom those who dwell on earth do not expect, and the birds shall fly away together; 5.7. and the sea of Sodom shall cast up fish; and one whom the many do not know shall make his voice heard by night, and all shall hear his voice. 5.8. There shall be chaos also in many places, and fire shall often break out, and the wild beasts shall roam beyond their haunts, and menstruous women shall bring forth monsters. 5.9. And salt waters shall be found in the sweet, and all friends shall conquer one another; then shall reason hide itself, and wisdom shall withdraw into its chamber 5.10. and it shall be sought by many but shall not be found, and unrighteousness and unrestraint shall increase on earth. 5.11. And one country shall ask its neighbor, `Has righteousness, or any one who does right, passed through you?' And it will answer, `No.' 5.12. And at that time men shall hope but not obtain; they shall labor but their ways shall not prosper. 5.13. These are the signs which I am permitted to tell you, and if you pray again, and weep as you do now, and fast for seven days, you shall hear yet greater things than these. 6.24. At that time friends shall make war on friends like enemies, and the earth and those who inhabit it shall be terrified, and the springs of the fountains shall stand still, so that for three hours they shall not flow. 9.1. He answered me and said, "Measure carefully in your mind, and when you see that a certain part of the predicted signs are past 9.3. So when there shall appear in the world earthquakes, tumult of peoples, intrigues of nations, wavering of leaders, confusion of princes 9.4. then you will know that it was of these that the Most High spoke from the days that were of old, from the beginning. 13.30. And bewilderment of mind shall come over those who dwell on the earth. 13.31. And they shall plan to make war against one another, city against city, place against place, people against people, and kingdom against kingdom.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
aaron, aaronic blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
abyss Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
accursed/cursed Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
adam Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
afterlife, eschatological punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 3, 174, 177, 231, 386, 419, 435
afterlife, resurrection Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 129, 181
afterlife, reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 3, 4, 94, 161, 181, 191, 386
age/era, eschatological Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
age/era, of blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
age/era, of fertility Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
age/era, present Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 164
alexander jannaeus Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
angelic sin, as epistemological transgression Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
angelic status Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
angels, abode of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12
angels, agents of judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
angels, angelus interpres interpreting angel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160
angels, bearers of petition Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
angels, elohim Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12, 158
angels, gabriel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
angels, holy angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
angels, holy ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 681
angels, instruction from Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 680
angels, interaction of enoch with Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12, 160
angels, mastema Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
angels, mediators of revelation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 158, 160, 681
angels, michael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
angels, punishment of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 97
angels, raphael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
angels, uriel/ouriel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
angels, witnesses of sin Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
ante-diluvian Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97, 155, 175, 680
antiochus iv epiphanes Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
apocalypse of peter, crimes and punishments Bremmer, Magic and Martyrs in Early Christianity: Collected Essays (2017) 289
apocalypse of peter Bremmer, Magic and Martyrs in Early Christianity: Collected Essays (2017) 289
apocalyptic literature, and book of daniel Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
apocalyptic literature, history of scholarship on Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
apocrypha and pseudepigrapha of hebrew bible, pentateuch stories or figures, elaborations on Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
apocrypha and pseudepigrapha of hebrew bible Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
apology, apologetics, christian Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
apostasy Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 177
ardis Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 664
arrogance Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
assyrians Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
authority, of the teacher of righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
bitterness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
blasphemy/blasphemers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 120, 177, 477
book of the watchers, and the epistle of jude Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
books, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161, 191
books, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160, 680
books, of deeds Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
build/building activity, by the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
build/building activity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176
bulls, black Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
bulls, red Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
chain of mediation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
children/offspring, as addressees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 10, 157, 160, 161, 164, 181, 183, 191
children/offspring, humanity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 191
chosen ones; see also election Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 10, 176, 183
cleanse Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
clement of alexandria Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
community, enochic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 11, 183
conflict, between mothers and infants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
covenant, noahic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
covenant Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419, 663, 664
creation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 120
danger/peril Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
darkness, sons of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 231
deception/deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 129, 419
deeds, books of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
deeds, of humanity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 11
deeds, of the gentiles Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 180
deeds, wicked of humans Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 63, 177, 386, 435, 477
demons Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
disclosure formulae Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 63
dreams/dream visions Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 11, 81, 94, 161
dry land Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
dualism/dualistic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
enoch, as father Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 164
enoch, interpreter Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
enoch, mediator of revelation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
enoch narratives Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
enochic literary tradition, place of book of dreams in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
enochic literature, authority of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
eschatology/eschatological, age of blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
eschatology/eschatological, events Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 174, 175, 176, 180, 680
eschatology/eschatological, growth of evil Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176, 177, 680, 681
eschatology/eschatological, judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12, 129, 156
eschatology/eschatological, punishment/destruction Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 156, 231, 386
eschatology/eschatological, salvation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 156
eschatology/eschatological, woes/conflict/tumult Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176, 177, 680
family Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160, 161
fear, of natural forces Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
fear Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
fertility Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
flesh, human Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 177
flood/deluge, great/noahs, as punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 94, 97, 174, 175, 176, 663
flood/deluge, great/noahs, dates during/times of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
flood/deluge, great/noahs, destruction of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 97, 175, 616, 663
flood/deluge, great/noahs, escape from, survival of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
flood/deluge, great/noahs, typology Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 3, 4, 11, 12, 94, 97, 156, 174, 176, 680
flood/deluge, great/noahs Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 97, 156, 175, 616, 680
fools/foolishness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386, 477
foundation, of sin and deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
genesis, and book of the watchers Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
gentiles Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 180
giants, hahyah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
giants, ohyah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
giants, punishment of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 97
giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12, 81, 94, 97, 161, 175
glory Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
god, great one Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 177
god, holy one Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
god, most high Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386, 435
ham Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
harvest Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
hearts, double hearted Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 156, 164, 174
hearts, inclination of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
heavens, first Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
heavens, journey through Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 158
heavens, new Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
heavens, vision of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
heavens Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 175, 177
help, lack of for sinners Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
help Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
hidden places Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
hide Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
humanity, restoration/conversion of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 63, 181
idolatry Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 156, 212
idols Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 156, 180
impurity/uncleanness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 177
inclination, evil Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
inclination, human heart Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
instruction/teaching, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 12, 160, 161
instruction/teaching, ethical Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160, 164
instruction/teaching, sevenfold eschatological Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 155
instruction/teaching, to enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 158
instruction/teaching, to gabriel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
instruction/teaching, to michael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
instruction/teaching, to raphael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
instruction/teaching Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 10, 212
intermarriage Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
interpretation, by the teacher of righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
irony/ironical Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
israel, punishment for sins of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
jacob Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
japheth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
jared Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 664
jerusalem, siege of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
jesus Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
journeys/voyages, by methuselah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12
journeys/voyages, heavenly, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 158
journeys/voyages, sea/maritime Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
journeys/voyages Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
justice, divine Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 680
justice, petitions for Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
knowledge, revealed Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
lamech Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12, 616
land, dry Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
life / afterlife, earthly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 191
lights, eternal Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
lights, generation of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
lights, sons of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
lights, versus darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 231
literary production Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
love, of righteousness/uprightness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 154
martyrs, revolt Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
mercy Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 120
methusaleh Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
methuselah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 1, 2, 3, 4, 10, 11, 12, 155, 157, 158, 160, 161, 663, 664
misinterpretation; see also interpretation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
mouth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 164, 477
murder Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212, 419, 435
mystery/mysteries Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161, 681
natural/meterological phenomena Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176
neighbour, oppression of/wrong toward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
noah, as an angel/angel-like Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
noah, birth of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 616, 663, 664, 680, 681
noah, contrasted with the giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
noah, escape from/survival of the flood Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 680
noah, interpretations of his name Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
noah, noahic covenant Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
noah, three sons Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94, 616, 680
noah Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
oppressed ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 160, 212
oppression Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 129, 174
oppressors, rich Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 159
oppressors Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 129
origen Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 664
peace, lack of for the sinners Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
pentateuch (torah), apocryphal and pseudepigrapha, elaborations on figures and stories from Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
persecution Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 212, 419
pesharim Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
petitions / prayers, by the oppressed Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
pharisees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
philosophy, and christianity Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
planting Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97, 176
plants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176
poor Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160
poverty Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
praise/glorify Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
prayers, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 664
prayers, of the righteous ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
prepared, for punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
prophetic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
prophets Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160
pseudepigraphic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 1
punishment of wrongdoers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 129, 161, 176, 177, 180, 231, 386, 419, 435, 616
purify/cleanse Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
qumran, community/group Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161, 231
qumran texts, pesharim Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
remember Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
reversal of fortunes Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 159
righteousness/piety/truth, generation of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 680
roots, uprooting Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 129, 154
roots Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 120, 129, 175, 176
sacrifice Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
sadducees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
salvation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 156
samaria Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 616
scribe, angelic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 386
scribe, enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
seas, sea-farers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
seas, waves Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
seas Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
secret knowledge Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 680, 681
sectarian Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
servants, isaianic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160
servants, prophets Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 161
seventh part Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
seventy, shepherds Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
seventy, units of time Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
sheep Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 180
sheol Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
ships Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
sinai, mount Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 177
sinners/wicked ones, gathering of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
sinners/wicked ones, slaying of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
sins / iniquity, support of/aid to Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
slavonic language, bible in 2 enoch surviving only in Carleton Paget and Schaper, The New Cambridge History of the Bible (2013) 176
sleep afterlife Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 120, 154, 180, 181
spirits, demonic/giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 97
spirits, evil/of evil Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 435
spirits, inspiration Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 157, 160
spirits, of god Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 160
sprouting Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176
storms Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 477
suffering of the righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 176
sword Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 63, 120, 129, 175, 419
tablets, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 10, 63, 81, 160, 680, 681
temple, second Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 180
tertullian Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 196
testamentary Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 158, 160, 164, 183, 191
thrones, of god Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
thrones, of judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
two ways instruction Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 164, 183
violence Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 174
visions Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 11, 94, 160, 161, 175
voice Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 157, 160, 231, 477
watchers/rebellious angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 12, 97, 158, 175, 435, 664, 680
ways/paths, of righteousness/truth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 180, 181, 183
ways/paths, of wrongdoing/iniquity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 63, 181, 183
wealth, material Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 159
wealthy/rich ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
wisdom, enochic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 10, 191
wisdom, fall away from Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 191
wisdom, for/of the elect/righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 10, 154, 155, 191
wisdom Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 180, 191
withdrawal/rejection of/without Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 191
worship Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 94
wrath divine' Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 180
wrath divine Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 177, 435