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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



472
Anon., 1 Enoch, 60.5


nancommotion and the quaking of the heaven. And Michael said unto me: ' Why art thou disquieted with such a vision Until this day lasted the day of His mercy; and He hath been merciful and


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

22 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 4.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.16. וַיֵּצֵא קַיִן מִלִּפְנֵי יְהוָה וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּאֶרֶץ־נוֹד קִדְמַת־עֵדֶן׃ 4.16. And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden."
3. Hebrew Bible, Job, 26.14, 38.4-38.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

26.14. הֶן־אֵלֶּה קְצוֹת דרכו [דְּרָכָיו] וּמַה־שֵּׁמֶץ דָּבָר נִשְׁמַע־בּוֹ וְרַעַם גבורתו [גְּבוּרוֹתָיו] מִי יִתְבּוֹנָן׃ 38.4. אֵיפֹה הָיִיתָ בְּיָסְדִי־אָרֶץ הַגֵּד אִם־יָדַעְתָּ בִינָה׃ 38.4. כִּי־יָשֹׁחוּ בַמְּעוֹנוֹת יֵשְׁבוּ בַסֻּכָּה לְמוֹ־אָרֶב׃ 38.5. מִי־שָׂם מְמַדֶּיהָ כִּי תֵדָע אוֹ מִי־נָטָה עָלֶיהָ קָּו׃ 38.6. עַל־מָה אֲדָנֶיהָ הָטְבָּעוּ אוֹ מִי־יָרָה אֶבֶן פִּנָּתָהּ׃ 26.14. Lo, these are but the outskirts of His ways; And how small a whisper is heard of Him! But the thunder of His mighty deeds who can understand?" 38.4. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if thou hast the understanding." 38.5. Who determined the measures thereof, if thou knowest? Or who stretched the line upon it?" 38.6. Whereupon were the foundations thereof fastened? Or who laid the corner-stone thereof,"
4. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 40.12-40.13, 55.8-55.9 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

40.12. מִי־מָדַד בְּשָׁעֳלוֹ מַיִם וְשָׁמַיִם בַּזֶּרֶת תִּכֵּן וְכָל בַּשָּׁלִשׁ עֲפַר הָאָרֶץ וְשָׁקַל בַּפֶּלֶס הָרִים וּגְבָעוֹת בְּמֹאזְנָיִם׃ 40.13. מִי־תִכֵּן אֶת־רוּחַ יְהוָה וְאִישׁ עֲצָתוֹ יוֹדִיעֶנּוּ׃ 55.8. כִּי לֹא מַחְשְׁבוֹתַי מַחְשְׁבוֹתֵיכֶם וְלֹא דַרְכֵיכֶם דְּרָכָי נְאֻם יְהוָה׃ 55.9. כִּי־גָבְהוּ שָׁמַיִם מֵאָרֶץ כֵּן גָּבְהוּ דְרָכַי מִדַּרְכֵיכֶם וּמַחְשְׁבֹתַי מִמַּחְשְׁבֹתֵיכֶם׃ 40.12. Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, And meted out heaven with the span, And comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, And weighed the mountains in scales, And the hills in a balance?" 40.13. Who hath meted out the spirit of the LORD? Or who was His counsellor that he might instruct Him?" 55.8. For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Neither are your ways My ways, saith the LORD." 55.9. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts."
5. Anon., 1 Enoch, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 14.19, 14.20, 14.21, 14.22, 14.23, 22.3, 22.5, 22.6, 22.7, 22.9, 22.11, 22.12, 22.13, 37.2, 39.2, 40.1, 40.2, 40.3, 40.4, 40.5, 40.6, 40.7, 40.9, 41.5, 41.7, 42, 42.2, 43.1, 45.3, 45.4, 46.2, 48.5, 48.10, 51.5, 52.1, 52.2, 52.3, 52.4, 54.7-55.2, 56.5, 56.6, 56.7, 60.1, 60.2, 60.3, 60.4, 60.6, 60.7, 60.8, 60.9, 60.10, 60.11, 60.15, 60.16, 60.17, 60.18, 60.19, 60.20, 60.21, 60.22, 60.23, 60.24, 60.25, 61.9, 61.10, 61.11, 61.12, 61.13, 62.1, 62.5, 66.1, 67.8, 67.12, 69.1, 69.2, 69.3, 69.7, 69.8, 69.10, 69.11, 69.12, 69.13, 69.14, 69.15, 69.16, 69.17, 69.18, 69.19, 69.20, 69.21, 69.22, 69.23, 69.24, 69.25, 69.26, 69.27, 69.28, 69.29, 70.1, 71.14, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 82, 82.7, 82.8, 82.9, 82.10, 82.11, 82.12, 82.13, 82.14, 82.15, 82.16, 82.17, 82.18, 82.19, 82.20, 86, 86.1, 86.2, 86.3, 87, 88, 89, 89.1, 89.9, 106, 106.5, 107 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

10. Then said the Most High, the Holy and Great One spake, and sent Uriel to the son of Lamech,,and said to him: 'Go to Noah and tell him in my name 'Hide thyself!' and reveal to him the end that is approaching: that the whole earth will be destroyed, and a deluge is about to come,upon the whole earth, and will destroy all that is on it. And now instruct him that he may escape,and his seed may be preserved for all the generations of the world.' And again the Lord said to Raphael: 'Bind Azazel hand and foot, and cast him into the darkness: and make an opening,in the desert, which is in Dudael, and cast him therein. And place upon him rough and jagged rocks, and cover him with darkness, and let him abide there for ever, and cover his face that he may,not see light. And on the day of the great judgement he shall be cast into the fire. And heal the earth which the angels have corrupted, and proclaim the healing of the earth, that they may heal the plague, and that all the children of men may not perish through all the secret things that the,Watchers have disclosed and have taught their sons. And the whole earth has been corrupted",through the works that were taught by Azazel: to him ascribe all sin.' And to Gabriel said the Lord: 'Proceed against the bastards and the reprobates, and against the children of fornication: and destroy [the children of fornication and] the children of the Watchers from amongst men [and cause them to go forth]: send them one against the other that they may destroy each other in,battle: for length of days shall they not have. And no request that they (i.e. their fathers) make of thee shall be granted unto their fathers on their behalf; for they hope to live an eternal life, and,that each one of them will live five hundred years.' And the Lord said unto Michael: 'Go, bind Semjaza and his associates who have united themselves with women so as to have defiled themselves,with them in all their uncleanness. And when their sons have slain one another, and they have seen the destruction of their beloved ones, bind them fast for seventy generations in the valleys of the earth, till the day of their judgement and of their consummation, till the judgement that is,for ever and ever is consummated. In those days they shall be led off to the abyss of fire: and",to the torment and the prison in which they shall be confined for ever. And whosoever shall be condemned and destroyed will from thenceforth be bound together with them to the end of all",generations. And destroy all the spirits of the reprobate and the children of the Watchers, because,they have wronged mankind. Destroy all wrong from the face of the earth and let every evil work come to an end: and let the plant of righteousness and truth appear: and it shall prove a blessing; the works of righteousness and truth' shall be planted in truth and joy for evermore.",And then shall all the righteous escape, And shall live till they beget thousands of children, And all the days of their youth and their old age Shall they complete in peace.,And then shall the whole earth be tilled in righteousness, and shall all be planted with trees and,be full of blessing. And all desirable trees shall be planted on it, and they shall plant vines on it: and the vine which they plant thereon shall yield wine in abundance, and as for all the seed which is sown thereon each measure (of it) shall bear a thousand, and each measure of olives shall yield,ten presses of oil. And cleanse thou the earth from all oppression, and from all unrighteousness, and from all sin, and from all godlessness: and all the uncleanness that is wrought upon the earth,destroy from off the earth. And all the children of men shall become righteous, and all nations,shall offer adoration and shall praise Me, and all shall worship Me. And the earth shall be cleansed from all defilement, and from all sin, and from all punishment, and from all torment, and I will never again send (them) upon it from generation to generation and for ever.
6. Ezekiel The Tragedian, Exagoge, 67, 69-82, 66 (3rd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

7. Anon., Jubilees, 2.17-2.18, 6.18, 10.1-10.14, 15.27, 21.6-21.11, 30.18 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

2.17. And God appointed the sun to be a great sign on the earth for days and for sabbaths and for months and for feasts and for years and for sabbaths of years and for jubilees and for all seasons of the years. 2.18. And it divideth the light from the darkness [and] for prosperity, that all things may prosper which shoot and grow on the earth. 6.18. and the man who eateth the blood of beast or of cattle or of birds during all the days of the earth, he and his seed shall be rooted out of the land. 10.1. And in the third week of this jubilee the unclean demons began to lead astray the children of the sons of Noah; and to make to err and destroy them. 10.2. And the sons of Noah came to Noah their father, and they told him concerning the demons which were, leading astray and blinding and slaying his sons' sons. 10.3. And he prayed before the Lord his God, and said: God of the spirits of all flesh, who hast shown mercy unto me, And hast saved me and my sons from the waters of the flood, And hast not caused me to perish as Thou didst the sons of perdition; 10.4. For Thy grace hath been great towards me, And great hath been Thy mercy to my soul; 10.5. Let Thy grace be lift up upon my sons 10.6. But do Thou bless me and my sons, that we may increase and multiply and replenish the earth. 10.7. And Thou knowest how Thy Watchers, the fathers of these spirits, acted in my day: 10.8. and as for these spirits which are living, imprison them and hold them fast in the place of condemnation, and let them not bring destruction on the sons of thy servant, my God; for these are maligt, and created in order to destroy. 10.9. And let them not rule over the spirits of the living; for Thou alone canst exercise dominion over them. And let them not have power over the sons of the righteous from henceforth and for evermore. 10.10. And the Lord our God bade us to bind all. 10.11. And the chief of the spirits, Mastêmâ, came and said: "Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; 10.12. for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; 10.13. for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men. 10.14. And He said: "Let the tenth part of them remain before him, and let nine parts descend into the place of condemnation. 15.27. and there is no circumcision of the days, and no omission of one day out of the eight days; for it is an eternal ordice, ordained and written on the heavenly tables. 21.6. And do thou, my son, observe His commandments and His ordices and His judgments, and walk not after the abominations and after the graven images and after the molten images. brAnd eat no blood at all of animals or cattle, or of any bird which flieth in the heaven. 21.7. And if thou dost slay a victim as an acceptable peace-offering, slay ye it, and pour out its blood upon the altar, and all the fat of the offering offer on the altar with fine flour (and the meat-offering) mingled with oil, with its drink-offering 21.8. --offer them all together on the altar of burnt-offering; it is a sweet savour before the Lord. 21.9. And thou wilt offer the fat of the sacrifice of thank-offerings on the fire which is upon the altar, and the fat which is on the belly, and all the fat on the inward 21.10. and the two kidneys, and all the fat that is upon them, and upon the loins and liver thou shalt remove together with the kidneys. 21.11. And offer all these for a sweet savour acceptable before the Lord, with its meat-offering and with its drink-offering, for a sweet savour, the bread of the offering unto the Lord 30.18. For this reason I have written for thee in the words of the Law all the deeds of the Shechemites, which they wrought against Dinah
8. Anon., Testament of Job, 49-50, 48 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

9. Anon., Testament of Levi, 3.5-3.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.5. In [the heaven next to] it are the archangels, who minister and make propitiation to the Lord for all the sins of ignorance of the righteous; 3.6. offering to the Lord a sweet- smelling savour, a reasonable and a bloodless offering.
10. Dead Sea Scrolls, Scroll of Blessings, 4.24-4.26 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

11. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 7.9-7.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

7.9. חָזֵה הֲוֵית עַד דִּי כָרְסָוָן רְמִיו וְעַתִּיק יוֹמִין יְתִב לְבוּשֵׁהּ כִּתְלַג חִוָּר וּשְׂעַר רֵאשֵׁהּ כַּעֲמַר נְקֵא כָּרְסְיֵהּ שְׁבִיבִין דִּי־נוּר גַּלְגִּלּוֹהִי נוּר דָּלִק׃ 7.9. I beheld Till thrones were placed, And one that was ancient of days did sit: His raiment was as white snow, And the hair of his head like pure wool; His throne was fiery flames, and the wheels thereof burning fire." 7.10. A fiery stream issued And came forth from before him; thousand thousands ministered unto him, And ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; The judgment was set, And the books were opened."
12. Anon., 2 Baruch, 29.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

13. New Testament, Apocalypse, 6.9, 20.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.9. When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony of the Lamb which they had. 20.4. I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn't worship the beast nor his image, and didn't receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years.
14. Babylonian Talmud, Bava Batra, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

74b. בר אמוראי לאתויה ורגש ובעי לשמטיה לאטמיה ושדא זיקא דחלא ונחת נפק בת קלא אמר לן מאי אית לכו בהדי קרטליתא דדביתהו דר"ח בן דוסא דעתידה דשדיא תכלתא בה לצדיקי לעלמא דאתי,רב יהודה הינדוא משתעי זימנא חדא הוה אזלינן בספינתא וחזינן ההוא אבן טבא דהוה הדיר לה תנינא נחית בר אמוראי לאתויה אתא תנינא קא בעי למבלע לה לספינתא אתא פישקנצא פסקיה לרישיה אתהפיכו מיא והוו דמא אתא תנינא חבריה שקליה ותליה ליה וחיה הדר אתא קא בעי בלעא לספינתא הדר אתא ציפרא פסקיה לרישיה שקלוה לההיא אבן טבא שדיוה לספינתא הוה הני ציפרי מליחי בהדן אותבינהו עלייהו שקלוה ופרחו להו בהדה,תנו רבנן מעשה ברבי אליעזר ורבי יהושע שהיו באין בספינה והיה ר"א ישן ור' יהושע נעור נזדעזע ר' יהושע וננער ר"א אמר לו מה זה יהושע מפני מה נזדעזעת אמר לו מאור גדול ראיתי בים אמר לו שמא עיניו של לויתן ראית דכתיב (איוב מא, י) עיניו כעפעפי שחר,אמר רב אשי אמר לי הונא בר נתן זימנא חדא הוה קא אזלינן במדברא והואי אטמא דבשרא בהדן פתחנא ונקרינא ואנחנא אעשבי אדמייתינן ציבי חלם אטמא וטוינן כי הדרן לבתר תריסר ירחי שתא חזינהו להנהו גומרי דהוו קא מלחשי כי אתאי לקמיה דאמימר אמר לי ההוא עישבא סמתרי הוה הנהו גומרי דריתמא הוו,(בראשית א, כא) ויברא אלהים את התנינים הגדולים הכא תרגימו ארזילי דימא ר' יוחנן אמר זה לויתן נחש בריח ולויתן נחש עקלתון שנאמר (ישעיהו כז, א) ביום ההוא יפקוד ה' בחרבו הקשה וגו':,(סימן כל שעה ירדן): אמר רב יהודה אמר רב כל מה שברא הקב"ה בעולמו זכר ונקבה בראם אף לויתן נחש בריח ולויתן נחש עקלתון זכר ונקבה בראם ואלמלי נזקקין זה לזה מחריבין כל העולם כולו מה עשה הקב"ה סירס את הזכר והרג הנקבה ומלחה לצדיקים לעתיד לבא שנאמר (ישעיהו כז, א) והרג את התנין אשר בים,ואף בהמות בהררי אלף זכר ונקבה בראם ואלמלי נזקקין זה לזה מחריבין כל העולם כולו מה עשה הקב"ה סירס הזכר וצינן הנקבה ושמרה לצדיקים לעתיד לבא שנאמר (איוב מ, טז) הנה נא כחו במתניו זה זכר ואונו בשרירי בטנו זו נקבה,התם נמי ליסרסיה לזכר וליצננה לנקבה דגים פריצי וליעביד איפכא איבעית אימא נקבה מליחא מעלי איבעית אימא כיון דכתיב (תהלים קד, כו) לויתן זה יצרת לשחק בו בהדי נקבה לאו אורח ארעא הכא נמי לימלחה לנקבה כוורא מליחא מעלי בשרא מליחא לא מעלי,ואמר רב יהודה אמר רב בשעה שביקש הקב"ה לבראות את העולם אמר לו לשר של ים פתח פיך ובלע כל מימות שבעולם אמר לפניו רבש"ע די שאעמוד בשלי מיד בעט בו והרגו שנאמר (איוב כו, יב) בכחו רגע הים ובתבונתו מחץ רהב,אמר ר' יצחק ש"מ שרו של ים רהב שמו ואלמלא מים מכסין אותו אין כל בריה יכולה לעמוד בריחו שנאמר (ישעיהו יא, ט) לא ירעו ולא ישחיתו בכל הר קדשי וגו' כמים לים מכסים אל תקרי לים מכסים אלא לשרה של ים מכסים,ואמר רב יהודה אמר רב ירדן יוצא ממערת פמייס תניא נמי הכי ירדן יוצא ממערת פמייס ומהלך בימה של סיבכי ובימה של טבריא ומתגלגל ויורד לים הגדול ומתגלגל ויורד עד שמגיע לפיו של לויתן שנאמר (איוב מ, כג) יבטח כי יגיח ירדן אל פיהו מתקיף לה רבא בר עולא האי בבהמות בהררי אלף כתיב אלא אמר רבא בר עולא אימתי בהמות בהררי אלף בטוחות בזמן שמגיח ירדן בפיו של לויתן,(סימן ימים גבריאל רעב) כי אתא רב דימי א"ר יוחנן מאי דכתיב (תהלים כד, ב) כי הוא על ימים יסדה ועל נהרות יכוננה אלו שבעה ימים וארבעה נהרות שמקיפין את ארץ ישראל ואלו הן שבעה ימים ימה של טבריא וימה של סדום וימה של חילת וימה של חילתא וימה של סיבכי וים אספמיא וים הגדול ואלו הן ארבעה נהרות ירדן וירמוך וקירומיון ופיגה,כי אתא רב דימי א"ר יונתן עתיד גבריאל לעשות 74b. i.e., ba diver [ ibar amoraei /i]went into the water bto bringup this chest, bandthe fish bbecame angry and sought to sever his thigh, butthe diver bthrewupon it ba flask of vinegar and they descendedand swam away. bA Divine Voice emergedand bsaid to us: Whatright bdo you have totouch bthe crate of the wife of Rabbi Ḥanina ben Dosa, as she is destined to insert sky-bluewool bin it tobe used in the ritual fringes of bthe righteous in the World-to-Come? /b, bRav Yehuda from India relates: Once we were traveling in a ship and we saw a certain precious stone that was encircled by a snake. A diver descended to bring itup, and the bsnake came and sought to swallow the ship. A raven cameand bcut off its head,and bthe water turned into blooddue to the enormousness of the snake. bAnother snake came, tookthe precious stone, band hung iton the dead snake, band it recovered. It returnedand again bsought to swallow the ship,and yet again ba bird came and cut off its head, took that precious stone,and bthrew it onto the ship. We had with us these salted birds; we placedthe stone bon them,and bthey tookthe stone band flew away with it. /b,§ Apropos the stories of large sea creatures, the Gemara discusses the large sea creatures mentioned in the Bible. bThe Sages taught:There was ban incident involving Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Yehoshua, who were traveling on a ship, and Rabbi Eliezer was sleeping and Rabbi Yehoshua was awake. Rabbi Yehoshua trembled, and Rabbi Eliezer awoke.Rabbi Eliezer bsaid to him: What is this, Yehoshua; for whatreason bdid you tremble?Rabbi Yehoshua bsaid to him: I saw a great light in the sea.Rabbi Eliezer bsaid to him: Perhaps you saw the eyes of the leviathan, as it is written: “And his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning”(Job 41:10)., bRav Ashi said: Huna bar Natan said to me: Once we were traveling in the desert, and we had a thigh of meat with us. We cut openthe thigh band toreoff the sciatic nerve and the forbidden fat band put it on the grass. Bythe time bthat we brought wood, the thigh had repaireditself, band we roasted it. When we returnedto that place bafter twelve monthsof bthe yearhad passed, bwe saw that those coals were still glowing. When I came before Ameimar, he said to me: That grass was a drug of life [ isamterei /i],while bthose coals were of broom. /b,The verse states: b“And God created the great sea monsters”(Genesis 1:21). bHere,in Babylonia, bthey interpretedthis as a reference to the bsea oryx. Rabbi Yoḥa says: This is leviathan the slant serpent, and leviathan the tortuous serpent, as it is stated: “In that day the Lord with His soreand great and strong bswordwill punish leviathan the slant serpent, and leviathan the tortuous serpent” (Isaiah 27:1).,§ The Gemara provides ba mnemonicfor the following statements of Rav Yehuda citing Rav: bEverything; time; Jordan. Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: Everything that the Holy One, Blessed be He, created in His world, He created male and female. Even leviathan the slant serpent and leviathan the tortuous serpent He created male and female. And if they would have coupledand produced offspring, they would have bdestroyed the entire world. What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do? He castrated the male and killed the female, and saltedthe female to preserve it for the banquet bfor the righteous in the future. As it is stated: “And He will slay the serpent that is in the sea”(Isaiah 27:1)., bAnd He created even the beasts on the thousand hills(see Psalms 50:10) bmale and female. Andthey were so enormous that bif they would have coupledand produced offspring, bthey would have destroyed the entire world. What did the Holy One, Blessed be He, do? He castrated the male and cooledthe sexual desire of bthe female and preserved it for the righteous in the future. As it is statedabout the beasts: b“Lo now, his strength is in his loins”(Job 40:16); bthisis referring to the bmale.The continuation of the verse: b“And his force is in the stays of his body”; thisis the bfemale,alluding to the idea that they did not use their genitals for the purpose of procreation.,The Gemara asks: bThere too,with regard to the leviathan, blet Him castrate the male and cool the female;why was it necessary to kill the female? The Gemara answers: bFish are unrestrained,and therefore even if the female was cooled, the female would still procreate. The Gemara suggests: bAnd let Him do the opposite,and kill and preserve the male leviathan. The Gemara responds: bIf you wish, saythat the bsalted female is better; if you wish, sayinstead bthatsince bit is written: “There is leviathan, whom You have formed to sport with”(Psalms 104:26), the male must be left alive for sport, because it is bnot proper conductto sport bwith a female.The Gemara asks: bHere too,with regard to the beasts, blet Himpreserve the bfemale in salt,instead of cooling it. The Gemara answers: bSalted fish is good,but bsalted meat is not good. /b, bAnd Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: At the time when the Holy One, Blessed be He, sought to create the world, He said to the minister of the sea: Open your mouth and swallow all the waters of the world,so that there will be room for land. The minister of the sea bsaid before Him: Master of the Universe,it is benough that I will stay within my ownwaters. God bimmediately struck him and killed him; as it is stated: “He stirs up the sea with His power, and by His understanding He smites through Rahab”(Job 26:12)., bRabbi Yitzḥak said: Conclude from herethat bthe name of the minister of the sea is Rahab, and were it not for watersof the sea that bcover him, no creature could withstand his smell,as his corpse emits a terrible stench. bAs it is stated: “They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain;for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the Lord, bas the waters cover the sea”(Isaiah 11:9). bDo not readthis phrase as b“cover the sea”; ratherread it as: bCover the minister of the sea,i.e., the term sea is referring to the minister of the sea, not to the sea itself., bAnd Rav Yehuda saysthat bRav says: The Jordan issues forth from the cave of Pamyas. That is also taughtin a ibaraita /i: bThe Jordan issues forth from the cave of Pamyas, and travels in the Sea of Sivkhi,i.e., the Hula Lake, band in the Sea of Tiberias,the Sea of Galilee, band rolls down to the Great Sea, and rolls down until it reaches the mouth of the leviathan. As it is stated: “He is confident, though the Jordan rush forth to his mouth”(Job 40:23). bRava bar Ulla strongly objects to thisexplanation of the verse, stating: But bthisverse bis written about the beasts on the thousand hills. Rather, Rava bar Ulla saidthat this is the meaning of the verse: bWhen are the beasts on the thousand hills confident? When the Jordan rushes forth into the mouth of the leviathan. /b,§ The Gemara provides ba mnemonicfor the upcoming statements of Rav Dimi: bSeas; Gabriel; hungry. When Rav Dimi camefrom Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia, he said that bRabbi Yoḥa said: Whatis the meaning of that bwhich is written: “For He has founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods”(Psalms 24:2)? bThese arethe bseven seas and four rivers that surround Eretz Yisrael. And these arethe bseven seas: The Sea of Tiberias, the Sea of Sodom,i.e., the Dead Sea, bthe Sea of Ḥeilat, the Sea of Ḥeilata, the Sea of Sivkhi, the Sea of Aspamya, and the Great Sea,i.e., the Mediterranean. bAnd these are the four rivers: The Jordan, the Jarmuth, and the Keiromyon, and the Piga,which are the rivers of Damascus., bWhen Rav Dimi camefrom Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia he said that bRabbi Yonatan says: In the future, Gabriel will perform /b
15. Eusebius of Caesarea, Preparation For The Gospel, 9.17.1-9.17.9, 9.18.2 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

16. Anon., 2 Enoch, 7.3-7.4, 10.1, 10.4

17. Anon., 3 Baruch, 4.4-4.5

18. Anon., 4 Ezra, 4.21, 6.49-6.52, 8.21-8.22

4.21. For as the land is assigned to the forest and the sea to its waves, so also those who dwell upon earth can understand only what is on the earth, and he who is above the heavens can understand what is above the height of the heavens. 8.21. whose throne is beyond measure and whose glory is beyond comprehension, before whom the hosts of angels stand trembling 8.22. and at whose command they are changed to wind and fire, whose word is sure and whose utterances are certain, whose ordice is strong and whose command is terrible
19. Anon., Apocalypse of Abraham, 10.9, 18.11, 18.13

20. Anon., Apocalypse of Zephaniah, 10.1

21. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 2.29, 2.32, 17.34

22. Anon., Testament of Abraham A, 12



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abraham Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
alexander polyhistor Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
allelujah Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
altar,incense Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336, 520
anat,verus lotan Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 139
angel/angelic passim see also archangel,god,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
angel/angelic passim see also archangel,priest,as Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336, 520
angel/angelic passim see also archangel,worship Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
angelic status Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
angelification Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
angelus interpres; angelic guide Nicklas et al. (2010), Other Worlds and Their Relation to This World: Early Jewish and Ancient Christian Traditions, 66
anger,wild Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
ascend/ascension Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
ascent,angels,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
beasts,the,as castrated Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 142
beasts,the,as food Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 138, 139, 140, 141, 142
beasts,the,as kosher Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 142
beasts,the,with mates Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 139, 142
bidding,god,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
blessing Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
body Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
books,of noah Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
bowls,libation Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336, 520
censers Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
chariot Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
cosmos Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
covenant,god,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
covenant van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 213
curse,adam,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
curse,god,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
daughters,job,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
demonic,affliction Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
dendayn Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 139
domitian van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 187
dragon,as muzzled Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 139
election Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
enoch van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 214
ethnic boundary making model,blurring van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 210
ethnic boundary making model,normative inversion van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 193, 214
ethnicity (common features),proper name van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 210
ethnicity (common features),religion van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 193
eusebius of caesarea Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
fair,sentence Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
flood/deluge,great/noahs,escape from,survival of Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
flood/deluge,great/noahs Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609, 610
foundation Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
frankincense Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
giants Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
god,inscrutability Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
god,presence of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
hands,angels,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
herod the great van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 187
hills Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
incense Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336, 520
instruction/teaching,on sacrifice Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
jerusalem van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 193, 214
job,daughters of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
judea van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 214
judgment,god,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
lord of spirits Nicklas et al. (2010), Other Worlds and Their Relation to This World: Early Jewish and Ancient Christian Traditions, 66
luminaries Nicklas et al. (2010), Other Worlds and Their Relation to This World: Early Jewish and Ancient Christian Traditions, 66
lyres Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336, 520
merkavah (chariot) tradition Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 140
michael,the archangel Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 138, 139
michael Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
mountains Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
noah,as an angel/angel-like Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
noah,birth of Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609, 610
noah,book of Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
noah,transformation into an angel Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
noah van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 213
orlov,andrei Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 139
paradise,walls of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
patriarchs Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
pompey van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 193
priest,angelic Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
priest,heavenly Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
priest Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
pseudo-eupolemos Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609
revelation Nicklas et al. (2010), Other Worlds and Their Relation to This World: Early Jewish and Ancient Christian Traditions, 66
sacrifice Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 610
satan Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
sin,eve,of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
spices Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
stones,foundation Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
temple Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
temptation Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
titus van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 187
torah Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520; van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 193
trumpet Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336, 520
vespasian van Maaren (2022), The Boundaries of Jewishness in the Southern Levant 200 BCE–132 CE, 187
visions Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
walls of paradise (or garden) Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
watchers/rebellious angels Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 609, 610
waters' Stuckenbruck (2007), 1 Enoch 91-108, 241
weakness Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
whitney jr.,k. william Sneed (2022), Taming the Beast: A Reception History of Behemoth and Leviathan, 138, 139, 142
worship,angels (angelic),of Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 520
worship,heavenly Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336
worship Levison (2023), The Greek Life of Adam and Eve. 336