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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



472
Anon., 1 Enoch, 25.1-25.6


nanAnd he said unto me: 'Enoch, why dost thou ask me regarding the fragrance of the tree


nanand why dost thou wish to learn the truth' Then I answered him saying: 'I wish to


nanknow about everything, but especially about this tree.' And he answered saying: 'This high mountain which thou hast seen, whose summit is like the throne of God, is His throne, where the Holy Great One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit, when He shall come down to visit


nanthe earth with goodness. And as for this fragrant tree no mortal is permitted to touch it till the great judgement, when He shall take vengeance on all and bring (everything) to its consummation


nanfor ever. It shall then be given to the righteous and holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be transplanted to the holy place, to the temple of the Lord, the Eternal King.


nanThen shall they rejoice with joy and be glad, And into the holy place shall they enter; And its fragrance shall be in their bones, And they shall live a long life on earth, Such as thy fathers lived:And in their days shall no sorrow or plague Or torment or calamity touch them.'


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

15 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Song of Songs, 4.13-4.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.13. שְׁלָחַיִךְ פַּרְדֵּס רִמּוֹנִים עִם פְּרִי מְגָדִים כְּפָרִים עִם־נְרָדִים׃ 4.14. נֵרְדְּ וְכַרְכֹּם קָנֶה וְקִנָּמוֹן עִם כָּל־עֲצֵי לְבוֹנָה מֹר וַאֲהָלוֹת עִם כָּל־רָאשֵׁי בְשָׂמִים׃ 4.13. Thy shoots are a park of pomegranates, With precious fruits; Henna with spikenard plants 4.14. Spikenard and saffron, calamus and cinnamon, With all trees of frankincense; Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 3.23-3.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.23. וַיְשַׁלְּחֵהוּ יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים מִגַּן־עֵדֶן לַעֲבֹד אֶת־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר לֻקַּח מִשָּׁם׃ 3.24. וַיְגָרֶשׁ אֶת־הָאָדָם וַיַּשְׁכֵּן מִקֶּדֶם לְגַן־עֵדֶן אֶת־הַכְּרֻבִים וְאֵת לַהַט הַחֶרֶב הַמִּתְהַפֶּכֶת לִשְׁמֹר אֶת־דֶּרֶךְ עֵץ הַחַיִּים׃ 3.23. Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken." 3.24. So He drove out the man; and He placed at the east of the garden of Eden the cherubim, and the flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way to the tree of life."
3. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 3.18, 16.19, 29.23 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.18. עֵץ־חַיִּים הִיא לַמַּחֲזִיקִים בָּהּ וְתֹמְכֶיהָ מְאֻשָּׁר׃ 16.19. טוֹב שְׁפַל־רוּחַ אֶת־עניים [עֲנָוִים] מֵחַלֵּק שָׁלָל אֶת־גֵּאִים׃ 29.23. גַּאֲוַת אָדָם תַּשְׁפִּילֶנּוּ וּשְׁפַל־רוּחַ יִתְמֹךְ כָּבוֹד׃ 3.18. She is a tree of life to them that lay hold upon her, And happy is every one that holdest her fast." 16.19. Better it is to be of a lowly spirit with the humble, Than to divide the spoil with the proud." 29.23. A man’s pride shall bring him low; but he that is of a lowly spirit shall attain to honour."
4. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 37.11, 37.14-37.15, 81.3 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

37.11. וַעֲנָוִים יִירְשׁוּ־אָרֶץ וְהִתְעַנְּגוּ עַל־רֹב שָׁלוֹם׃ 37.14. חֶרֶב פָּתְחוּ רְשָׁעִים וְדָרְכוּ קַשְׁתָּם לְהַפִּיל עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן לִטְבוֹחַ יִשְׁרֵי־דָרֶךְ׃ 37.15. חַרְבָּם תָּבוֹא בְלִבָּם וְקַשְּׁתוֹתָם תִּשָּׁבַרְנָה׃ 81.3. שְׂאוּ־זִמְרָה וּתְנוּ־תֹף כִּנּוֹר נָעִים עִם־נָבֶל׃ 37.11. But the humble shall inherit the land, and delight themselves in the abundance of peace." 37.14. The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have bent their bow; to cast down the poor and needy, to slay such as are upright in the way;" 37.15. Their sword shall enter into their own heart, and their bows shall be broken." 81.3. Take up the melody, and sound the timbrel, the sweet harp with the psaltery."
5. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 65.22 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

65.22. לֹא יִבְנוּ וְאַחֵר יֵשֵׁב לֹא יִטְּעוּ וְאַחֵר יֹאכֵל כִּי־כִימֵי הָעֵץ יְמֵי עַמִּי וּמַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵיהֶם יְבַלּוּ בְחִירָי׃ 65.22. They shall not build, and another inhabit, They shall not plant, and another eat; For as the days of a tree shall be the days of My people, And Mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands."
6. Anon., 1 Enoch, 5.8, 8.2-8.3, 22.9, 24.2-24.6, 25.2-25.7, 26.1, 27.4, 30.1-30.3, 31.1-31.2, 32.1-32.6, 40.7, 96.5, 108.9 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.8. And then there shall be bestowed upon the elect wisdom, And they shall all live and never again sin, Either through ungodliness or through pride: But they who are wise shall be humble. 8.2. colouring tinctures. And there arose much godlessness, and they committed fornication, and they 8.3. were led astray, and became corrupt in all their ways. Semjaza taught enchantments, and root-cuttings, 'Armaros the resolving of enchantments, Baraqijal (taught) astrology, Kokabel the constellations, Ezeqeel the knowledge of the clouds, Araqiel the signs of the earth, Shamsiel the signs of the sun, and Sariel the course of the moon. And as men perished, they cried, and their cry went up to heaven . . . 22.9. And he answered me and said unto me: 'These three have been made that the spirits of the dead might be separated. And such a division has been make (for) the spirits of the righteous, in which there is the bright spring of 24.2. fire which burnt day and night. And I went beyond it and saw seven magnificent mountains all differing each from the other, and the stones (thereof) were magnificent and beautiful, magnificent as a whole, of glorious appearance and fair exterior: three towards the east, one founded on the other, and three towards the south, one upon the other, and deep rough ravines, no one of which 24.3. joined with any other. And the seventh mountain was in the midst of these, and it excelled them 24.4. in height, resembling the seat of a throne: and fragrant trees encircled the throne. And amongst them was a tree such as I had never yet smelt, neither was any amongst them nor were others like it: it had a fragrance beyond all fragrance, and its leaves and blooms and wood wither not for ever: 24.5. and its fruit is beautiful, and its fruit n resembles the dates of a palm. Then I said: 'How beautiful is this tree, and fragrant, and its leaves are fair, and its blooms very delightful in appearance.' 24.6. Then answered Michael, one of the holy and honoured angels who was with me, and was their leader. 25.2. and why dost thou wish to learn the truth' Then I answered him saying: 'I wish to 25.3. know about everything, but especially about this tree.' And he answered saying: 'This high mountain which thou hast seen, whose summit is like the throne of God, is His throne, where the Holy Great One, the Lord of Glory, the Eternal King, will sit, when He shall come down to visit 25.4. the earth with goodness. And as for this fragrant tree no mortal is permitted to touch it till the great judgement, when He shall take vengeance on all and bring (everything) to its consummation 25.5. for ever. It shall then be given to the righteous and holy. Its fruit shall be for food to the elect: it shall be transplanted to the holy place, to the temple of the Lord, the Eternal King. 25.6. Then shall they rejoice with joy and be glad, And into the holy place shall they enter; And its fragrance shall be in their bones, And they shall live a long life on earth, Such as thy fathers lived:And in their days shall no sorrow or plague Or torment or calamity touch them.' 25.7. Then blessed I the God of Glory, the Eternal King, who hath prepared such things for the righteous, and hath created them and promised to give to them. 26.1. And I went from thence to the middle of the earth, and I saw a blessed place in which there were 27.4. In the days of judgement over the former, they shall bless Him for the mercy in accordance with 30.3. therein there was a tree, the colour () of fragrant trees such as the mastic. And on the sides of those valleys I saw fragrant cinnamon. And beyond these I proceeded to the east. 31.1. And I saw other mountains, and amongst them were groves of trees, and there flowed forth from 31.2. them nectar, which is named sarara and galbanum. And beyond these mountains I saw another mountain to the east of the ends of the earth, whereon were aloe-trees, and all the trees were full 32.1. And after these fragrant odours, as I looked towards the north over the mountains I saw seven mountains full of choice nard and fragrant trees and cinnamon and pepper. 32.2. And thence I went over the summits of all these mountains, far towards the east of the earth, and passed above the Erythraean sea and went far from it, and passed over the angel Zotiel. And I came to the Garden of Righteousness 32.3. I and from afar off trees more numerous than I these trees and great-two trees there, very great, beautiful, and glorious, and magnificent, and the tree of knowledge, whose holy fruit they eat and know great wisdom. 32.4. That tree is in height like the fir, and its leaves are like (those of) the Carob tree: and its fruit 32.5. is like the clusters of the vine, very beautiful: and the fragrance of the tree penetrates afar. Then 32.6. I said: 'How beautiful is the tree, and how attractive is its look!' Then Raphael the holy angel, who was with me, answered me and said: 'This is the tree of wisdom, of which thy father old (in years) and thy aged mother, who were before thee, have eaten, and they learnt wisdom and their eyes were opened, and they knew that they were naked and they were driven out of the garden.' 40.7. And I heard the fourth voice fending off the Satans and forbidding them to come before the Lord 96.5. Woe to you who devour the finest of the wheat, And drink wine in large bowls, And tread under foot the lowly with your might. 1. The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be,living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is,for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,,And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, [And appear from His camp] And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.,And all shall be smitten with fear And the Watchers shall quake, And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.,And the high mountains shall be shaken, And the high hills shall be made low, And shall melt like wax before the flame,And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).,But with the righteous He will make peace.And will protect the elect, And mercy shall be upon them.And they shall all belong to God, And they shall be prospered, And they shall all be blessed.And He will help them all, And light shall appear unto them, And He will make peace with them'.,And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy all the ungodly:And to convict all flesh of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
7. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 10.14, 11.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

10.14. The Lord has cast down the thrones of rulers,and has seated the lowly in their place. 10.14. Good things and bad, life and death,poverty and wealth, come from the Lord.
8. Septuagint, Judith, 9.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

9.11. For thy power depends not upon numbers, nor thy might upon men of strength; for thou art God of the lowly, helper of the oppressed, upholder of the weak, protector of the forlorn, savior of those without hope.
9. Philo of Alexandria, Questions On Genesis, 1.9-1.10, 1.55, 1.57 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

10. Strabo, Geography, 16.4.19 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

16.4.19. The country of the Sabaei, a very populous nation, is contiguous, and is the most fertile of all, producing myrrh, frankincense, and cinnamon. On the coast is found balsamum and another kind of herb of a very fragrant smell, but which is soon dissipated. There are also sweet-smelling palms and the calamus. There are snakes also of a dark red colour, a span in length, which spring up as high as a man's waist, and whose bite is incurable.On account of the abundance which the soil produces, the people are lazy and indolent in their mode of life. The lower class of people live on roots, and sleep on the trees.The people who live near each other receive, in continued succession, the loads [of perfumes] and deliver them to others, who convey them as far as Syria and Mesopotamia. When the carriers become drowsy by the odour of the aromatics, the drowsiness is removed by the fumes of asphaltus and of goat's beard.Mariaba, the capital of the Sabaeans, is situated upon a mountain, well wooded. A king resides there, who determines absolutely all disputes and other matters ; but he is forbidden to leave his palace, or if he does so, the rabble immediately assail him with stones, according to the direction of an oracle. He himself, and those about his person, pass their lives in effeminate voluptuousness.The people cultivate the ground, or follow the trade of dealing in aromatics, both the indigenous sort and those brought from Ethiopia; in order to procure them, they sail through the straits in vessels covered with skins. There is such an abundance of these aromatics, that cinnamon, cassia, and other spices are used by them instead of sticks and firewood.In the country of the Sabaeans is found the larimnum, a most fragrant perfume.By the trade [in these aromatics] both the Sabaeans and the Gerrhaei have become the richest of all the tribes, and possess a great quantity of wrought articles in gold and silver, as couches, tripods, basins, drinking-vessels, to which we must add the costly magnificence of their houses; for the doors, walls, and roofs are variegated with inlaid ivory, gold, silver, and precious stones.This is the account of Artemidorus. The rest of the description is partly similar to that of Eratosthenes, and partly derived from other historians.
11. Anon., 2 Baruch, 29.3-29.8 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

12. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 29.3, 29.5-29.6 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

13. New Testament, James, 1.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.9. But let the brother in humble circumstances glory in his high position;
14. New Testament, Luke, 1.52 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.52. He has put down princes from their thrones. And has exalted the lowly.
15. Anon., 4 Ezra, 14.3

14.3. Then he said to me, "I revealed myself in a bush and spoke to Moses, when my people were in bondage in Egypt;


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
afterlife, reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
aloe Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
angels, angelus interpres interpreting angel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
angels, mediators of revelation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
aromatic cane Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
axis mundi Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
beauty Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
cinnamon Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
eschatological Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 492, 930
fasting Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
food, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
fragrances, paradise, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
fragrances Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
frankincense Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
fruit Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 241; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
goat Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
god, house of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 492
god Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 241
help Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
incense Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
jews Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 241
journey Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
judgment, god as judge Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 241
judgment Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168, 241; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 492, 930
life Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
michael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
mountain Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
myrrh Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
paradise Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
philo Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 241
poor Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
righteousness Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
saffron Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
scent Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
seeds, food (sustece), for Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
smell Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
spices Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
spikenard Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
throne, god, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
throne Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 241; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
tree, life, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 492, 930
tree, of wisdom Estes, The Tree of Life (2020) 168
tree, wisdom, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 492
tree Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
trees, of life Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
wealthy/rich ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715
wind Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 930
wisdom' Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 715