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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



472
Anon., 1 Enoch, 22.5


nanand his voice went forth to heaven and made suit. And I asked Raphael the angel who was


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

30 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 8.3, 11.7-11.14, 14.14 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.3. And when the demon smelled the odor he fled to the remotest parts of Egypt, and the angel bound him. 11.11. and took hold of his father, and he sprinkled the gall upon his fathers eyes, saying, "Be of good cheer, father. 11.13. and the white films scaled off from the corners of his eyes. 11.14. Then he saw his son and embraced him, and he wept and said, "Blessed art thou, O God, and blessed is thy name for ever, and blessed are all thy holy angels.
2. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 4.8, 4.10-4.11, 9.4 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

4.8. וַיֹּאמֶר קַיִן אֶל־הֶבֶל אָחִיו וַיְהִי בִּהְיוֹתָם בַּשָּׂדֶה וַיָּקָם קַיִן אֶל־הֶבֶל אָחִיו וַיַּהַרְגֵהוּ׃ 4.11. וְעַתָּה אָרוּר אָתָּה מִן־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר פָּצְתָה אֶת־פִּיהָ לָקַחַת אֶת־דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ מִיָּדֶךָ׃ 9.4. אַךְ־בָּשָׂר בְּנַפְשׁוֹ דָמוֹ לֹא תֹאכֵלוּ׃ 4.8. And Cain spoke unto Abel his brother. And it came to pass, when they were in the field, that Cain rose up against Abel his brother, and slew him." 4.10. And He said: ‘What hast thou done? the voice of thy brother’s blood crieth unto Me from the ground." 4.11. And now cursed art thou from the ground, which hath opened her mouth to receive thy brother’s blood from thy hand." 9.4. Only flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat."
3. Hebrew Bible, Job, 26.14, 38.4-38.6 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

26.14. הֶן־אֵלֶּה קְצוֹת דרכו [דְּרָכָיו] וּמַה־שֵּׁמֶץ דָּבָר נִשְׁמַע־בּוֹ וְרַעַם גבורתו [גְּבוּרוֹתָיו] מִי יִתְבּוֹנָן׃ 38.4. אֵיפֹה הָיִיתָ בְּיָסְדִי־אָרֶץ הַגֵּד אִם־יָדַעְתָּ בִינָה׃ 38.4. כִּי־יָשֹׁחוּ בַמְּעוֹנוֹת יֵשְׁבוּ בַסֻּכָּה לְמוֹ־אָרֶב׃ 38.5. מִי־שָׂם מְמַדֶּיהָ כִּי תֵדָע אוֹ מִי־נָטָה עָלֶיהָ קָּו׃ 38.6. עַל־מָה אֲדָנֶיהָ הָטְבָּעוּ אוֹ מִי־יָרָה אֶבֶן פִּנָּתָהּ׃ 26.14. Lo, these are but the outskirts of His ways; And how small a whisper is heard of Him! But the thunder of His mighty deeds who can understand?" 38.4. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? Declare, if thou hast the understanding." 38.5. Who determined the measures thereof, if thou knowest? Or who stretched the line upon it?" 38.6. Whereupon were the foundations thereof fastened? Or who laid the corner-stone thereof,"
4. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 24.17 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

24.17. אֶרְאֶנּוּ וְלֹא עַתָּה אֲשׁוּרֶנּוּ וְלֹא קָרוֹב דָּרַךְ כּוֹכָב מִיַּעֲקֹב וְקָם שֵׁבֶט מִיִּשְׂרָאֵל וּמָחַץ פַּאֲתֵי מוֹאָב וְקַרְקַר כָּל־בְּנֵי־שֵׁת׃ 24.17. I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not nigh; There shall step forth a star out of Jacob, And a scepter shall rise out of Israel, And shall smite through the corners of Moab, And break down all the sons of Seth."
5. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 13.20, 28.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

28.24. גּוֹזֵל אָבִיו וְאִמּוֹ וְאֹמֵר אֵין־פָּשַׁע חָבֵר הוּא לְאִישׁ מַשְׁחִית׃ 13.20. He that walketh with wise men shall be wise; But the companion of fools shall smart for it." 28.24. Whoso robbeth his father or his mother, and saith: ‘It is no transgression’, The same is the companion of a destroyer."
6. Hebrew Bible, 1 Kings, 2.5 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

2.5. וְגַם אַתָּה יָדַעְתָּ אֵת אֲשֶׁר־עָשָׂה לִי יוֹאָב בֶּן־צְרוּיָה אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה לִשְׁנֵי־שָׂרֵי צִבְאוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל לְאַבְנֵר בֶּן־נֵר וְלַעֲמָשָׂא בֶן־יֶתֶר וַיַּהַרְגֵם וַיָּשֶׂם דְּמֵי־מִלְחָמָה בְּשָׁלֹם וַיִּתֵּן דְּמֵי מִלְחָמָה בַּחֲגֹרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר בְּמָתְנָיו וּבְנַעֲלוֹ אֲשֶׁר בְּרַגְלָיו׃ 2.5. Moreover thou knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did unto me, even what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet."
7. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 1.15, 10.3, 40.12-40.13, 55.8-55.9, 66.20, 66.24 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

1.15. וּבְפָרִשְׂכֶם כַּפֵּיכֶם אַעְלִים עֵינַי מִכֶּם גַּם כִּי־תַרְבּוּ תְפִלָּה אֵינֶנִּי שֹׁמֵעַ יְדֵיכֶם דָּמִים מָלֵאוּ׃ 10.3. וּמַה־תַּעֲשׂוּ לְיוֹם פְּקֻדָּה וּלְשׁוֹאָה מִמֶּרְחָק תָּבוֹא עַל־מִי תָּנוּסוּ לְעֶזְרָה וְאָנָה תַעַזְבוּ כְּבוֹדְכֶם׃ 10.3. צַהֲלִי קוֹלֵךְ בַּת־גַּלִּים הַקְשִׁיבִי לַיְשָׁה עֲנִיָּה עֲנָתוֹת׃ 40.12. מִי־מָדַד בְּשָׁעֳלוֹ מַיִם וְשָׁמַיִם בַּזֶּרֶת תִּכֵּן וְכָל בַּשָּׁלִשׁ עֲפַר הָאָרֶץ וְשָׁקַל בַּפֶּלֶס הָרִים וּגְבָעוֹת בְּמֹאזְנָיִם׃ 40.13. מִי־תִכֵּן אֶת־רוּחַ יְהוָה וְאִישׁ עֲצָתוֹ יוֹדִיעֶנּוּ׃ 55.8. כִּי לֹא מַחְשְׁבוֹתַי מַחְשְׁבוֹתֵיכֶם וְלֹא דַרְכֵיכֶם דְּרָכָי נְאֻם יְהוָה׃ 55.9. כִּי־גָבְהוּ שָׁמַיִם מֵאָרֶץ כֵּן גָּבְהוּ דְרָכַי מִדַּרְכֵיכֶם וּמַחְשְׁבֹתַי מִמַּחְשְׁבֹתֵיכֶם׃ 66.24. וְיָצְאוּ וְרָאוּ בְּפִגְרֵי הָאֲנָשִׁים הַפֹּשְׁעִים בִּי כִּי תוֹלַעְתָּם לֹא תָמוּת וְאִשָּׁם לֹא תִכְבֶּה וְהָיוּ דֵרָאוֹן לְכָל־בָּשָׂר׃ 1.15. And when ye spread forth your hands, I will hide Mine eyes from you; Yea, when ye make many prayers, I will not hear; Your hands are full of blood." 10.3. And what will ye do in the day of visitation, And in the ruin which shall come from far? To whom will ye flee for help? And where will ye leave your glory?" 40.12. Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, And meted out heaven with the span, And comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, And weighed the mountains in scales, And the hills in a balance?" 40.13. Who hath meted out the spirit of the LORD? Or who was His counsellor that he might instruct Him?" 55.8. For My thoughts are not your thoughts, Neither are your ways My ways, saith the LORD." 55.9. For as the heavens are higher than the earth, So are My ways higher than your ways, And My thoughts than your thoughts." 66.20. And they shall bring all your brethren out of all the nations for an offering unto the LORD, upon horses, and in chariots, and in fitters, and upon mules, and upon swift beasts, to My holy mountain Jerusalem, saith the LORD, as the children of Israel bring their offering in a clean vessel into the house of the LORD." 66.24. And they shall go forth, and look Upon the carcasses of the men that have rebelled against Me; For their worm shall not die, Neither shall their fire be quenched; And they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. "
8. Aeschylus, Eumenides, 98 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

98. αἰσχρῶς δʼ ἀλῶμαι· προυννέπω δʼ ὑμῖν ὅτι
9. Septuagint, Tobit, 8.3, 11.7-11.14, 14.14 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

8.3. And when the demon smelled the odor he fled to the remotest parts of Egypt, and the angel bound him. 11.7. Raphael said, "I know, Tobias, that your father will open his eyes. 11.11. and took hold of his father, and he sprinkled the gall upon his fathers eyes, saying, "Be of good cheer, father. 11.13. and the white films scaled off from the corners of his eyes. 11.14. Then he saw his son and embraced him, and he wept and said, "Blessed art thou, O God, and blessed is thy name for ever, and blessed are all thy holy angels. 14.14. He died in Ecbatana of Media at the age of a hundred and twenty-seven years.
10. Anon., 1 Enoch, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 5.8, 6, 7, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 7.6, 8, 8.4, 8.4-9.11, 8.4-9.3, 9, 9.1, 9.2, 9.4, 9.5, 9.6, 9.7, 9.8, 9.9, 9.10, 9.11, 10, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.7, 10.8, 10.9, 10.10, 10.11, 10.12, 10.13, 10.14, 10.15, 10.20, 10.21, 11, 12, 13, 13.1, 13.2, 13.3, 13.4, 13.5, 13.6, 13.7, 13.8, 14, 14.4, 14.5, 14.6, 14.7, 14.10, 15, 15.2-16.4, 15.7, 15.8, 15.9, 15.10, 15.11, 15.12, 16, 16.2, 16.3, 16.4, 17, 18, 18.10, 18.11, 18.12, 18.13, 18.14, 18.15, 18.16, 19, 19.1, 20, 20.1, 20.2, 20.3, 20.4, 20.5, 20.6, 20.7, 20.8, 21, 21.1, 21.2, 21.3, 21.4, 21.5, 21.6, 21.7, 21.8, 21.9, 21.10, 22, 22.1, 22.2, 22.3, 22.4, 22.6, 22.7, 22.8, 22.9, 22.10, 22.11, 22.12, 22.13, 22.14, 23, 23.1, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 30.1, 31, 31.1, 31.2, 32, 32.1, 32.2, 32.3, 32.6, 33, 33.3, 34, 35, 36, 52.1, 52.2, 52.3, 52.4, 60.2, 60.3, 60.4, 60.5, 60.6, 60.8, 60.23, 69.16, 69.17, 69.18, 69.19, 69.20, 69.21, 69.22, 69.23, 69.24, 69.25, 69.26, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 81, 81.2, 82, 82.4, 82.5, 82.6, 82.7, 82.8, 82.9, 82.10, 82.11, 82.12, 82.13, 82.14, 82.15, 82.16, 82.17, 82.18, 82.19, 82.20, 85, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 90.6, 90.7, 90.8, 90.9, 90.19, 90.20, 90.21, 90.22, 90.23, 90.24, 90.25, 90.26, 90.27, 90.28, 90.29, 90.30, 90.31, 90.32, 90.33, 90.34, 90.35, 90.36, 90.37, 90.38, 91.11, 91.12, 91.13, 91.14, 91.15, 91.16, 91.17, 92.5, 93.2, 93.3, 93.4, 93.5, 93.6, 93.7, 93.8, 93.9, 93.10, 94.6-95.2, 94.7, 94.9, 96.4, 96.7, 97.3, 97.4, 97.5, 97.7, 97.8, 97.9, 97.10, 98.3, 98.12, 99.3, 99.10, 99.11, 99.15, 99.16, 100.4, 100.5, 100.7, 100.9, 100.10, 102.3, 102.4, 102.4-104.8, 102.5, 102.6, 102.7, 102.8, 102.9, 103.2, 103.4, 103.5, 103.6, 103.7, 103.8, 103.9, 103.10, 103.11, 103.12, 103.13, 103.14, 103.15, 104.1, 104.2, 104.3, 104.4, 104.6, 106.19, 108.3, 108.4, 108.5 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1. The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be,living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is,for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,,And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, [And appear from His camp] And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.,And all shall be smitten with fear And the Watchers shall quake, And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.,And the high mountains shall be shaken, And the high hills shall be made low, And shall melt like wax before the flame,And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).,But with the righteous He will make peace.And will protect the elect, And mercy shall be upon them.And they shall all belong to God, And they shall be prospered, And they shall all be blessed.And He will help them all, And light shall appear unto them, And He will make peace with them'.,And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy all the ungodly:And to convict all flesh of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
11. Anon., Jubilees, 4.31-4.32, 22.16, 23.30-23.31, 31.12-31.17 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

4.31. and behold there he writeth down the condemnation and judgment of the world, and all the wickedness of the children of men. 4.32. And on account of it (God) brought the waters of the flood upon all the land of Eden; for there he was set as a sign and that he should testify against all the children of men, that he should recount all the deeds of the generations until the day of condemnation. 22.16. May nations serve thee, And all the nations bow themselves before thy seed. 23.30. and they will all perish together, beasts and cattle and birds, and all the fish of the sea, on account of the children of men. 23.31. And they will strive one with another, the young with the old, and the old with the young, the poor with the rich, and the lowly with the great, and the beggar with the prince 31.12. And Jacob went in to Isaac his father, to the chamber where he lay, and his two sons were with him 31.13. and he took the hand of his father, and stooping down he kissed him, and Isaac clung to the neck of Jacob his son, and wept upon his neck. 31.14. And the darkness left the eyes of Isaac, and he saw the two sons of Jacob, Levi and Judah, and he said: "Are these thy sons, my son? for they are like thee. 31.15. And he said unto him that they were truly his sons: "And thou hast truly seen that they are truly my sons. 31.16. And they came near to him, and he turned and kissed them and embraced them both together. 31.17. And the spirit of prophecy came down into his mouth, and he took Levi by his right hand and Judah by his left.
12. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 15.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

13. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 9.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

14. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 9.25 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

9.25. וְתֵדַע וְתַשְׂכֵּל מִן־מֹצָא דָבָר לְהָשִׁיב וְלִבְנוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם עַד־מָשִׁיחַ נָגִיד שָׁבֻעִים שִׁבְעָה וְשָׁבֻעִים שִׁשִּׁים וּשְׁנַיִם תָּשׁוּב וְנִבְנְתָה רְחוֹב וְחָרוּץ וּבְצוֹק הָעִתִּים׃ 9.25. Know therefore and discern, that from the going forth of the word to restore and to build Jerusalem unto one anointed, a prince, shall be seven weeks; and for threescore and two weeks, it shall be built again, with broad place and moat, but in troublous times."
15. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 12.14, 37.11-37.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

12.14. So no one will pity a man who associates with a sinner and becomes involved in his sins. 37.11. Do not consult with a woman about her rival or with a coward about war,with a merchant about barter or with a buyer about selling,with a grudging man about gratitude or with a merciless man about kindness,with an idler about any work or with a man hired for a year about completing his work,with a lazy servant about a big task -- pay no attention to these in any matter of counsel. 37.12. But stay constantly with a godly man whom you know to be a keeper of the commandments,whose soul is in accord with your soul,and who will sorrow with you if you fail.
16. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 10.3-10.4 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

10.3. But when an unrighteous man departed from her in his anger,he perished because in rage he slew his brother. 10.4. When the earth was flooded because of him,wisdom again saved it,steering the righteous man by a paltry piece of wood.
17. Philo of Alexandria, That The Worse Attacks The Better, 49, 71-72, 76-77, 48 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

48. And very reasonably may we attribute this to him. For the soul, which destroys out of itself the virtueloving and God-loving principle, has died as to the life of virtue, so that Abel (which appears a most paradoxical assertion) both is dead and alive. He is dead, indeed, having been slain by the foolish mind, but he lives according to the happy life which is in God. And the holy oracle which has been given will bear witness, which expressly says, that he cried out loudly, and betrayed clearly by his Cries what he had suffered from the concrete evil, that is from the body. For how could one who no longer existed have conversed? XV.
18. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 16-17, 25-29, 15 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

19. Anon., Testament of Abraham A, 12 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

20. Josephus Flavius, Jewish War, 3.375 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.375. while the souls of those whose hands have acted madly against themselves are received by the darkest place in Hades, and while God, who is their Father, punishes those that offend against either of them in their posterity?
21. Josephus Flavius, Against Apion, 2.218 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.218. but every good man hath his own conscience bearing witness to himself, and by virtue of our legislator’s prophetic spirit, and of the firm security God himself affords such a one, he believes that God hath made this grant to those that observe these laws, even though they be obliged readily to die for them, that they shall come into being again, and at a certain revolution of things shall receive a better life than they had enjoyed before.
22. New Testament, 1 John, 1.1, 2.7, 2.13-2.14, 2.24, 3.8, 3.11-3.12 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.1. That which was from the beginning, that which we have heard, that which we have seen with our eyes, that which we saw, and our hands touched, concerning the Word of life 2.7. Brothers, I write no new commandment to you, but an old commandment which you had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word which you heard from the beginning. 2.13. I write to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I write to you, young men, because you have overcome the evil one. I write to you, little children, because you know the Father. 2.14. I have written to you, fathers, because you know him who is from the beginning. I have written to you, young men, because you are strong, and the word of God remains in you, and you have overcome the evil one. 2.24. Therefore, as for you, let that remain in you which you heard from the beginning. If that which you heard from the beginning remains in you, you also will remain in the Son, and in the Father. 3.8. He who sins is of the devil, for the devil has been sinning from the beginning. To this end the Son of God was revealed, that he might destroy the works of the devil. 3.11. For this is the message which you heard from the beginning, that we should love one another; 3.12. unlike Cain, who was of the evil one, and killed his brother. Why did he kill him? Because his works were evil, and his brother's righteous.
23. New Testament, Apocalypse, 6.9, 8.1-8.3, 9.20-9.21, 14.13, 16.9, 16.11, 18.4, 20.4 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.9. When he opened the fifth seal, I saw underneath the altar the souls of those who had been killed for the Word of God, and for the testimony of the Lamb which they had. 8.1. When he opened the seventh seal, there followed a silence in heaven for about half an hour. 8.2. I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them. 8.3. Another angel came and stood over the altar, having a golden censer. Much incense was given to him, that he should add it to the prayers of all the saints on the golden altar which was before the throne. 9.20. The rest of mankind, who were not killed with these plagues, didn't repent of the works of their hands, that they wouldn't worship demons, and the idols of gold, and of silver, and of brass, and of stone, and of wood; which can neither see, nor hear, nor walk. 9.21. They didn't repent of their murders, nor of their sorceries, nor of their sexual immorality, nor of their thefts. 14.13. I heard the voice from heaven saying, "Write, 'Blessed are the dead who die in the Lord from now on.'""Yes," says the Spirit, "that they may rest from their labors; for their works follow with them. 16.9. People were scorched with great heat, and people blasphemed the name of God who has the power over these plagues. They didn't repent and give him glory. 16.11. and they blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores. They didn't repent of their works. 18.4. I heard another voice from heaven, saying, "Come forth, my people, out of her, that you have no participation in her sins, and that you don't receive of her plagues 20.4. I saw thrones, and they sat on them, and judgment was given to them. I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded for the testimony of Jesus, and for the word of God, and such as didn't worship the beast nor his image, and didn't receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand. They lived, and reigned with Christ for the thousand years.
24. New Testament, Luke, 6.20, 21.31 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

6.20. He lifted up his eyes to his disciples, and said, "Blessed are you poor, For yours is the Kingdom of God. 21.31. Even so you also, when you see these things happening, know that the Kingdom of God is near.
25. New Testament, Mark, 13.29 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

13.29. even so you also, when you see these things coming to pass, know that it is near, at the doors.
26. Anon., Genesis Rabba, 22.9 (2nd cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

22.9. רַבִּי יְהוֹשֻׁעַ דְּסִכְנִין בְּשֵׁם רַבִּי לֵוִי אָמַר, כְּתִיב (תהלים לז, יד): חֶרֶב פָּתְחוּ רְשָׁעִים וגו', חֶרֶב פָּתְחוּ רְשָׁעִים וְדָרְכוּ קַשְׁתָּם, זֶה קַיִן. (תהלים לז, יד): לְהַפִּיל עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן לִטְבוֹחַ יִשְׁרֵי דָרֶךְ זֶה הֶבֶל. (תהלים לז, טו): חַרְבָּם תָּבוֹא בְלִבָּם וגו', (בראשית ד, יב): נָע וְנָד תִּהְיֶה בָּאָרֶץ. (בראשית ד, ט): וַיֹּאמֶר ה' אֶל קַיִן אֵי הֶבֶל אָחִיךָ וגו', מָשָׁל לְאִיפַּרְכוֹס שֶׁהָיָה מְהַלֵּךְ בְּאֶמְצַע פְּלַטְיָא, מָצָא הָרוּג וְאֶחָד עוֹמֵד עַל גַּבָּיו, אָמַר לוֹ מִי הֲרָגוֹ, וַאֲמַר לֵיהּ אֲנָא בָּעֵי לֵיהּ גַּבָּךְ, וְאַתְּ בָּעֵי לֵיהּ גַּבִּי, אֲמַר לֵיהּ לֹא אָמַרְתָּ כְּלוּם, מָשָׁל לְאֶחָד שֶׁנִּכְנַס לְגִנָּה וְלִקֵּט תּוּתִין וְאָכַל, וְהָיָה בַּעַל הַגִּנָּה רָץ אַחֲרָיו אָמַר לוֹ מַה בְּיָדְךָ, אָמַר לוֹ אֵין בְּיָדִי כְּלוּם, אָמַר לוֹ וַהֲרֵי יָדֶיךָ מְלֻכְלָכוֹת. כָּךְ אָמַר לוֹ קַיִן לְהַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא (בראשית ד, ט): הֲשֹׁמֵר אָחִי אָנֹכִי, אָמַר לוֹ הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא הָא רָשָׁע (בראשית ד, י): קוֹל דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ צֹעֲקִים וגו', מָשָׁל לְאֶחָד שֶׁנִכְנַס לְמִרְעֶה וְחָטַף גְּדִי אֶחָד וְהִפְשִׁילוֹ לַאֲחוֹרָיו, וְהָיָה בַּעַל הַמִּרְעֶה רָץ אַחֲרָיו אָמַר לוֹ מַה בְּיָדְךָ, אָמַר לוֹ אֵין בְּיָדִי כְּלוּם, אָמַר לוֹ וַהֲרֵי הוּא מַפְעֶה אַחֲרֶיךָ. כָּךְ אָמַר הַקָּדוֹשׁ בָּרוּךְ הוּא לְקַיִן: קוֹל דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ וגו'. רַבִּי יוּדָן וְרַבִּי הוּנָא וְרַבָּנָן. רַבִּי יוּדָן אוֹמֵר דַּם אָחִיךָ אֵין כְּתִיב כָּאן אֶלָּא דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ, דָּמוֹ וְדַם זַרְעִיּוֹתָיו. רַבִּי הוּנָא אָמַר (מלכים ב ט, כו): אֶת דְּמֵי נָבוֹת, דַּם נָבוֹת וְדַם בָּנָיו אֵין כְּתִיב כָּאן, אֶלָּא אֶת דְּמֵי נָבוֹת וְאֶת דְּמֵי בָנָיו, דָּמוֹ וְדַם זַרְעִיּוֹתָיו. רַבָּנָן אָמְרִין (דברי הימים ב כד, כה): וַיָּמָת בְּדַם יְהוֹיָדָע, אֵין כְּתִיב כָּאן, אֶלָּא בִּדְמֵי יְהוֹיָדָע, דָּמוֹ וְדַם זַרְעִיּוֹתָיו. אָמַר רַבִּי שִׁמְעוֹן בֶּן יוֹחָאי קָשֶׁה הַדָּבָר לְאָמְרוֹ וְאִי אֶפְשָׁר לַפֶּה לְפָרְשׁוֹ, לִשְׁנֵי אַתְּלִיטִין שֶׁהָיוּ עוֹמְדִין וּמִתְגּוֹשְׁשִׁים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ, אִלּוּ רָצָה הַמֶּלֶךְ פֵּרְשָׁן, וְלֹא רָצָה הַמֶּלֶךְ לְפָרְשָׁן, נִתְחַזֵּק אֶחָד עַל חֲבֵרוֹ וַהֲרָגוֹ, וְהָיָה מְצַוֵּחַ וְאָמַר מַאן יִבְעֵי דִּינִי קֳדָם מַלְכָּא, כָּךְ קוֹל דְּמֵי אָחִיךָ צוֹעֲקִים אֵלַי מִן הָאֲדָמָה, לַעֲלוֹת לְמַעְלָה לֹא הָיְתָה יְכוֹלָה שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא עָלְתָה לְשָׁם נְשָׁמָה, וּלְמַטָּה לֹא הָיְתָה יְכוֹלָה לַעֲמֹד שֶׁעֲדַיִן לֹא נִקְבַּר שָׁם אָדָם, וְהָיָה דָּמוֹ מֻשְׁלָךְ עַל הָעֵצִים וְעַל הָאֲבָנִים. 22.9. ... The voice of your brother’s bloods [are] screaming to me from [the surface of] the ground” [Gn 4:10]—[this means that] she (the voice of Hevel’s blood) could not go up above/l’ma`lah, for as yet no soul/n’shamah had gone up to there; and below/l’matah she could not stand (i.e., stay or sink into the ground), for as yet no adam had been buried there, and [so] “his blood was cast upon the trees and the stones."
27. Anon., 2 Enoch, 7.3-7.4, 10.1, 10.4

28. Anon., 3 Baruch, 4.4-4.5

29. Anon., 4 Ezra, 4.21

4.21. For as the land is assigned to the forest and the sea to its waves, so also those who dwell upon earth can understand only what is on the earth, and he who is above the heavens can understand what is above the height of the heavens.
30. Anon., Apocalypse of Zephaniah, 10.1



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abel, soul of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223
abel, spirit of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223
abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149, 223, 224, 983
afterlife, eschatological punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 216, 311, 497, 536, 706
afterlife, resurrection Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497, 536
afterlife, reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216, 497
afterlife Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 534
age, present/eschatological Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
age/era, present Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 558
altar Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
angelification Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
angels, agents of judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
angels, angelus interpres interpreting angel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 706
angels, bearers of petition Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
angels, gabriel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
angels, mediators of revelation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
angels, michael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
angels, punishment of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 706
angels, raphael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
angels, witnesses of piety Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
angels, witnesses of sin Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 558
angels Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 42
ante-diluvian Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
anthropology Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
arrogance Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 534
ascend/ascension Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
babylon Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
balaam Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
blessing, covenant Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 534
blessing, eschatological Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216, 497, 534
blood of abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223, 983
body Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
books, prophetic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
burning, of the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536, 706
cain, death of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
cain, desire of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
cain, progeny of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
cain Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149, 223, 224; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
chains Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
children, devil, of the Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
children/offspring, humanity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
children/offspring, of noah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
cloud, vision of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 706
complaint Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 534, 558
cosmic Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144
cosmos Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 216, 241, 536
covenant, obedience/faithfulness/loyalty Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
cry Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 706
darkness, sheol Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 535, 536
day, of great judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 311
day, of punishment/visitation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
death, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223, 224, 983
death, cain, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
death, of sinners Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
death Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144, 147
deeds, wicked of humans Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216, 534, 682
devil, children of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
disclosure formulae Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
dualism Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
earth Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144, 147
embodiment Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144
enoch, vision of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
enoch literature, its motivation Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 42, 44
eschatology/eschatological, age of blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
eschatology/eschatological, judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
essenes, proto-essenes Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 42, 44
eve, dream of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
fire Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
flesh, human Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
flesh, of the giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
flesh Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
flood/deluge, great/noahs, destruction of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
flood Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
foundation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
fountain Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
gentiles Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
giants, hybrids Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
giants, punishment of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 311
glory Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 534
god, great one Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
god, inscrutability Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
goodness eschatological reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
groaning Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223
head Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
heaven, silence in Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
heavens, windows/gates of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 311
help, lack of for the righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 558
help Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 558
hills Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
hope/hopelessness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
house Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
human, life Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
human, nature Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
immortal Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
immortality Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144, 147
immortality of soul Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 44
jesus Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
journeys/voyages, heavenly, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 706
judgment Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
justice, divine Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
justice, petitions for Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 558, 706
justice Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216, 558
lament Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 706
life / afterlife, earthly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497, 534, 535
life / afterlife Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
luxury Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
memorial/remembrance Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
mercy Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
mountains Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 241, 534
murder Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 534, 558
murder of abel Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149, 223
nature, human Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
net/snare Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
noah, birth of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
noah, escape from/survival of the flood Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
noah, three sons Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
obedient Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144
oppressed ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 558
oppression Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216, 311
oppressors Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 311, 558, 706
pentateuch Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
petitions / prayers, by the oppressed Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 558
pharisee Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144
poor Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 534
power/prestige, social Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 558
prayer Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
prayers, of the righteous ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311, 558
progeny, cain, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
prophetic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
prophets, biblical Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
prophets Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
punishment of wrongdoers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 216, 311, 497, 534, 535, 536, 706
raphael Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223, 983
remember Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216
repentance, see also unrepentance Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
resurrection Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147
righteous, the Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144, 147
righteousness/piety/truth, generation of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
saints Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
seeds, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223, 224, 983
seeds, cain, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
seeds Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
sheol Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497, 534, 535, 536
sinner Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223
sinners, association with Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
sinners, fate of Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
sinners/wicked ones, gathering of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536
social injustice Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
soul, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223
soul Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144, 147
speech, prophetic Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
spirit, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223
spirit Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 147; Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 223, 983
spirits, demonic/giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497
stars, disobedient/wayward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536, 706
stars, fallen angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 536, 706
stones, foundation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
suffering of the righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 216, 497, 534, 558
suffering of the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 535
summons to flight Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
tablets, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 682
testament of eve Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 149
testimony Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 201
thrones, of god Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
tongue Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
tree Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
underworld Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
violence Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 558
vision, enoch, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 983
visions Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
voice, abel, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224, 983
voice Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224, 983; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 558
watchers/rebellious angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209, 311, 536, 558
watchers Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 144
waters Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 241
wealth/prosperity, unjust gain of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 534
wealth/prosperity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 497, 534
wickedness, life of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 224
wisdom, for/of the elect/righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 209
wrath divine' Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 311
zoroastrianism Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 44