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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



472
Anon., 1 Enoch, 108.3
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

51 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 5.10, 8.15, 11.11 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.10. Then Tobit said to him, "My brother, to what tribe and family do you belong? Tell me. 8.15. Then Raguel blessed God and said, "Blessed art thou, O God, with every pure and holy blessing.Let thy saints and all thy creatures bless thee;let all thy angels and thy chosen people bless thee for ever. 11.11. and took hold of his father, and he sprinkled the gall upon his fathers eyes, saying, "Be of good cheer, father.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 31.21, 33.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

31.21. וְהָיָה כִּי־תִמְצֶאןָ אֹתוֹ רָעוֹת רַבּוֹת וְצָרוֹת וְעָנְתָה הַשִּׁירָה הַזֹּאת לְפָנָיו לְעֵד כִּי לֹא תִשָּׁכַח מִפִּי זַרְעוֹ כִּי יָדַעְתִּי אֶת־יִצְרוֹ אֲשֶׁר הוּא עֹשֶׂה הַיּוֹם בְּטֶרֶם אֲבִיאֶנּוּ אֶל־הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבָּעְתִּי׃ 33.2. וַיֹּאמַר יְהוָה מִסִּינַי בָּא וְזָרַח מִשֵּׂעִיר לָמוֹ הוֹפִיעַ מֵהַר פָּארָן וְאָתָה מֵרִבְבֹת קֹדֶשׁ מִימִינוֹ אשדת [אֵשׁ] [דָּת] לָמוֹ׃ 33.2. וּלְגָד אָמַר בָּרוּךְ מַרְחִיב גָּד כְּלָבִיא שָׁכֵן וְטָרַף זְרוֹעַ אַף־קָדְקֹד׃ 31.21. then it shall come to pass, when many evils and troubles are come upon them, that this song shall testify before them as a witness; for it shall not be forgotten out of the mouths of their seed; for I know their imagination how they do even now, before I have brought them into the land which I swore.’" 33.2. And he said: The LORD came from Sinai, And rose from Seir unto them; He shined forth from mount Paran, And He came from the myriads holy, At His right hand was a fiery law unto them."
3. Hebrew Bible, Esther, 2.23, 6.1, 10.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.23. וַיְבֻקַּשׁ הַדָּבָר וַיִּמָּצֵא וַיִּתָּלוּ שְׁנֵיהֶם עַל־עֵץ וַיִּכָּתֵב בְּסֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ׃ 6.1. בַּלַּיְלָה הַהוּא נָדְדָה שְׁנַת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר לְהָבִיא אֶת־סֵפֶר הַזִּכְרֹנוֹת דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים וַיִּהְיוּ נִקְרָאִים לִפְנֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ׃ 6.1. וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ לְהָמָן מַהֵר קַח אֶת־הַלְּבוּשׁ וְאֶת־הַסּוּס כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ וַעֲשֵׂה־כֵן לְמָרְדֳּכַי הַיְּהוּדִי הַיּוֹשֵׁב בְּשַׁעַר הַמֶּלֶךְ אַל־תַּפֵּל דָּבָר מִכֹּל אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתָּ׃ 10.2. וְכָל־מַעֲשֵׂה תָקְפּוֹ וּגְבוּרָתוֹ וּפָרָשַׁת גְּדֻלַּת מָרְדֳּכַי אֲשֶׁר גִּדְּלוֹ הַמֶּלֶךְ הֲלוֹא־הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל־סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי מָדַי וּפָרָס׃ 2.23. And when inquisition was made of the matter, and it was found to be so, they were both hanged on a tree; and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king." 6.1. On that night could not the king sleep; and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles, and they were read before the king." 10.2. And all the acts of his power and of his might, and the full account of the greatness of Mordecai, how the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia?"
4. Hebrew Bible, Exodus, 15.11, 32.32 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

15.11. מִי־כָמֹכָה בָּאֵלִם יְהוָה מִי כָּמֹכָה נֶאְדָּר בַּקֹּדֶשׁ נוֹרָא תְהִלֹּת עֹשֵׂה פֶלֶא׃ 32.32. וְעַתָּה אִם־תִּשָּׂא חַטָּאתָם וְאִם־אַיִן מְחֵנִי נָא מִסִּפְרְךָ אֲשֶׁר כָּתָבְתָּ׃ 15.11. Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, among the mighty? Who is like unto Thee, glorious in holiness, Fearful in praises, doing wonders?" 32.32. Yet now, if Thou wilt forgive their sin—; and if not, blot me, I pray Thee, out of Thy book which Thou hast written.’"
5. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 1.2 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.2. וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלֹהִים יִשְׁרְצוּ הַמַּיִם שֶׁרֶץ נֶפֶשׁ חַיָּה וְעוֹף יְעוֹפֵף עַל־הָאָרֶץ עַל־פְּנֵי רְקִיעַ הַשָּׁמָיִם׃ 1.2. וְהָאָרֶץ הָיְתָה תֹהוּ וָבֹהוּ וְחֹשֶׁךְ עַל־פְּנֵי תְהוֹם וְרוּחַ אֱלֹהִים מְרַחֶפֶת עַל־פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם׃ 1.2. Now the earth was unformed and void, and darkness was upon the face of the deep; and the spirit of God hovered over the face of the waters."
6. Hebrew Bible, Hosea, 12.1 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

12.1. וְאָנֹכִי יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם עֹד אוֹשִׁיבְךָ בָאֳהָלִים כִּימֵי מוֹעֵד׃ 12.1. סְבָבֻנִי בְכַחַשׁ אֶפְרַיִם וּבְמִרְמָה בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוּדָה עֹד רָד עִם־אֵל וְעִם־קְדוֹשִׁים נֶאֱמָן׃ 12.1. Ephraim compasseth Me about with lies, And the house of Israel with deceit; And Judah is yet wayward towards God, And towards the Holy One who is faithful."
7. Hebrew Bible, Job, 5.1, 15.15 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

5.1. קְרָא־נָא הֲיֵשׁ עוֹנֶךָּ וְאֶל־מִי מִקְּדֹשִׁים תִּפְנֶה׃ 5.1. הַנֹּתֵן מָטָר עַל־פְּנֵי־אָרֶץ וְשֹׁלֵחַ מַיִם עַל־פְּנֵי חוּצוֹת׃ 15.15. הֵן בקדשו [בִּקְדֹשָׁיו] לֹא יַאֲמִין וְשָׁמַיִם לֹא־זַכּוּ בְעֵינָיו׃ 5.1. Call now; is there any that will answer thee? And to which of the holy ones wilt thou turn?" 15.15. Behold, He putteth no trust in His holy ones; Yea, the heavens are not clean in His sight."
8. Hebrew Bible, Leviticus, 19.18 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

19.18. לֹא־תִקֹּם וְלֹא־תִטֹּר אֶת־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְאָהַבְתָּ לְרֵעֲךָ כָּמוֹךָ אֲנִי יְהוָה׃ 19.18. Thou shalt not take vengeance, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD."
9. Hebrew Bible, Malachi, 3.16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.16. אָז נִדְבְּרוּ יִרְאֵי יְהוָה אִישׁ אֶת־רֵעֵהוּ וַיַּקְשֵׁב יְהוָה וַיִּשְׁמָע וַיִּכָּתֵב סֵפֶר זִכָּרוֹן לְפָנָיו לְיִרְאֵי יְהוָה וּלְחֹשְׁבֵי שְׁמוֹ׃ 3.16. Then they that feared the LORD Spoke one with another; and the LORD hearkened, and heard, and a book of remembrance was written before Him, for them that feared the LORD, and that thought upon His name."
10. Hebrew Bible, Numbers, 21.30, 24.30 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

21.30. We have shot at them—Heshbon is perished—even unto Dibon, And we have laid waste even unto Nophah, Which reacheth unto Medeba."
11. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 69.29, 89.6, 89.8 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

69.29. יִמָּחוּ מִסֵּפֶר חַיִּים וְעִם צַדִּיקִים אַל־יִכָּתֵבוּ׃ 89.6. וְיוֹדוּ שָׁמַיִם פִּלְאֲךָ יְהוָה אַף־אֱמוּנָתְךָ בִּקְהַל קְדֹשִׁים׃ 89.8. אֵל נַעֲרָץ בְּסוֹד־קְדֹשִׁים רַבָּה וְנוֹרָא עַל־כָּל־סְבִיבָיו׃ 69.29. Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, And not be written with the righteous." 89.6. So shall the heavens praise Thy wonders, O LORD, Thy faithfulness also in the assembly of the holy ones." 89.8. A God dreaded in the great council of the holy ones, And feared of all them that are about Him?"
12. Hebrew Bible, 1 Samuel, 4.9 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.9. הִתְחַזְּקוּ וִהְיוּ לַאֲנָשִׁים פְּלִשְׁתִּים פֶּן תַּעַבְדוּ לָעִבְרִים כַּאֲשֶׁר עָבְדוּ לָכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם לַאֲנָשִׁים וְנִלְחַמְתֶּם׃ 4.9. Strengthen yourselves and act like men, O Pelishtim, lest you fall slaves to the Hebrews, as they have been slaves to you: quit yourselves like men, and fight."
13. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 4.3, 19.7, 30.3, 65.14, 66.24 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.3. וְהָיָה הַנִּשְׁאָר בְּצִיּוֹן וְהַנּוֹתָר בִּירוּשָׁלִַם קָדוֹשׁ יֵאָמֶר לוֹ כָּל־הַכָּתוּב לַחַיִּים בִּירוּשָׁלִָם׃ 19.7. עָרוֹת עַל־יְאוֹר עַל־פִּי יְאוֹר וְכֹל מִזְרַע יְאוֹר יִיבַשׁ נִדַּף וְאֵינֶנּוּ׃ 30.3. וְהָיָה לָכֶם מָעוֹז פַּרְעֹה לְבֹשֶׁת וְהֶחָסוּת בְּצֵל־מִצְרַיִם לִכְלִמָּה׃ 30.3. וְהִשְׁמִיעַ יְהוָה אֶת־הוֹד קוֹלוֹ וְנַחַת זְרוֹעוֹ יַרְאֶה בְּזַעַף אַף וְלַהַב אֵשׁ אוֹכֵלָה נֶפֶץ וָזֶרֶם וְאֶבֶן בָּרָד׃ 65.14. הִנֵּה עֲבָדַי יָרֹנּוּ מִטּוּב לֵב וְאַתֶּם תִּצְעֲקוּ מִכְּאֵב לֵב וּמִשֵּׁבֶר רוּחַ תְּיֵלִילוּ׃ 66.24. וְיָצְאוּ וְרָאוּ בְּפִגְרֵי הָאֲנָשִׁים הַפֹּשְׁעִים בִּי כִּי תוֹלַעְתָּם לֹא תָמוּת וְאִשָּׁם לֹא תִכְבֶּה וְהָיוּ דֵרָאוֹן לְכָל־בָּשָׂר׃ 4.3. And it shall come to pass, that he that is left in Zion, and he that remaineth in Jerusalem, shall be called holy, even every one that is written unto life in Jerusalem;" 19.7. The mosses by the Nile, by the brink of the Nile, and all that is sown by the Nile, shall become dry, be driven away, and be no more." 30.3. Therefore shall the stronghold of Pharaoh turn to your shame, and the shelter in the shadow of Egypt to your confusion." 65.14. Behold, My servants shall sing For joy of heart, But ye shall cry for sorrow of heart, And shall wail for vexation of spirit." 66.24. And they shall go forth, and look Upon the carcasses of the men that have rebelled against Me; For their worm shall not die, Neither shall their fire be quenched; And they shall be an abhorring unto all flesh. "
14. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 4.24 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

4.24. רָאִיתִי הֶהָרִים וְהִנֵּה רֹעֲשִׁים וְכָל־הַגְּבָעוֹת הִתְקַלְקָלוּ׃ 4.24. I beheld the mountains, and, lo, they trembled, And all the hills moved to and fro."
15. Hebrew Bible, Ezekiel, 38.22 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

38.22. וְנִשְׁפַּטְתִּי אִתּוֹ בְּדֶבֶר וּבְדָם וְגֶשֶׁם שׁוֹטֵף וְאַבְנֵי אֶלְגָּבִישׁ אֵשׁ וְגָפְרִית אַמְטִיר עָלָיו וְעַל־אֲגַפָּיו וְעַל־עַמִּים רַבִּים אֲשֶׁר אִתּוֹ׃ 38.22. And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will cause to rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many peoples that are with him, an overflowing shower, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone."
16. Hebrew Bible, Ezra, 4.15 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

4.15. דִּי יְבַקַּר בִּסְפַר־דָּכְרָנַיָּא דִּי אֲבָהָתָךְ וּתְהַשְׁכַּח בִּסְפַר דָּכְרָנַיָּא וְתִנְדַּע דִּי קִרְיְתָא דָךְ קִרְיָא מָרָדָא וּמְהַנְזְקַת מַלְכִין וּמְדִנָן וְאֶשְׁתַּדּוּר עָבְדִין בְּגַוַּהּ מִן־יוֹמָת עָלְמָא עַל־דְּנָה קִרְיְתָא דָךְ הָחָרְבַת׃ 4.15. that search may be made in the book of the records of thy fathers; so shalt thou find in the book of the records, and know that this city is a rebellious city, and hurtful unto kings and provinces, and that they have moved sedition within the same of old time; for which cause was this city laid waste."
17. Hebrew Bible, Zechariah, 14.5 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

14.5. וְנַסְתֶּם גֵּיא־הָרַי כִּי־יַגִּיעַ גֵּי־הָרִים אֶל־אָצַל וְנַסְתֶּם כַּאֲשֶׁר נַסְתֶּם מִפְּנֵי הָרַעַשׁ בִּימֵי עֻזִּיָּה מֶלֶךְ־יְהוּדָה וּבָא יְהוָה אֱלֹהַי כָּל־קְדֹשִׁים עִמָּךְ׃ 14.5. And ye shall flee to the valley of the mountains; For the valley of the mountains shall reach unto Azel; Yea, ye shall flee, like as ye fled from before the earthquake In the days of Uzziah king of Judah; And the LORD my God shall come, And all the holy ones with Thee."
18. Septuagint, Tobit, 5.10, 8.15, 11.11 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.10. Then Tobit said to him, "My brother, to what tribe and family do you belong? Tell me. 8.15. Then Raguel blessed God and said, "Blessed art thou, O God, with every pure and holy blessing.Let thy saints and all thy creatures bless thee;let all thy angels and thy chosen people bless thee for ever. 11.11. and took hold of his father, and he sprinkled the gall upon his fathers eyes, saying, "Be of good cheer, father.
19. Anon., 1 Enoch, 1.7, 1.9, 7.3, 7.4, 7.5, 8.4, 8.4-9.3, 9.3, 9.10, 10.6, 10.9, 10.12, 12.2, 12.6, 14, 14.22, 14.23, 14.25, 15.1, 15.2, 15.3, 15.4, 15.5, 15.6, 15.7, 15.9, 15.12, 18.8, 18.10, 18.11, 18.12, 18.13, 18.14, 18.15, 18.16, 21.1, 21.2, 21.3, 21.4, 21.5, 21.6, 21.7, 21.8, 21.9, 21.10, 22, 22.3, 22.5, 22.6, 22.7, 22.9, 22.10, 22.11, 22.12, 22.13, 27.2, 37, 38, 38.4, 39, 39.1, 39.4, 39.5, 40, 41, 41.2, 41.5, 42, 43, 43.2, 43.4, 44, 45, 45.3, 46, 46.8, 47, 47.2, 47.3, 48, 48.1, 48.7, 48.9, 49, 50, 50.1, 51, 51.2, 52, 53, 54, 54.1, 54.2, 54.6, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 60.4, 61, 61.4, 61.8, 61.10, 61.12, 62, 62.7, 63, 63.5, 63.7, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 69.13, 70, 71, 71.4, 71.9, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 79.6, 80, 80.1, 80.2, 80.3, 80.4, 80.5, 80.6, 80.7, 80.8, 81, 81.1, 81.2, 81.3, 81.5, 82, 82.1, 82.2, 83.1, 83.2, 83.3, 83.6, 83.7, 83.8, 85.5, 85.6, 85.7, 85.8, 85.9, 85.10, 90.6, 90.7, 90.8, 90.9, 90.10, 90.11, 90.12, 90.14, 90.19, 90.20, 90.21, 90.22, 90.23, 90.24, 90.25, 90.26, 90.27, 91.1, 91.2, 91.3, 91.4, 91.5, 91.6, 91.7, 91.8, 91.9, 91.10, 91.11, 91.12, 91.13, 91.14, 91.15, 91.16, 91.17, 91.18, 92.1, 93.1, 93.2, 93.6, 93.9, 93.10, 93.11, 94.1, 94.3, 94.5, 94.6, 94.7, 94.8, 94.9, 94.10, 95.3, 95.4, 95.5, 95.6, 95.7, 96.1, 96.4, 96.5, 96.6, 96.7, 96.8, 97.3, 97.4, 97.5, 97.6, 97.7, 97.8, 97.9, 97.10, 98.3, 98.7, 98.8, 98.10, 98.15, 99.2, 99.3, 99.5, 99.6, 99.7, 99.8, 99.9, 99.10, 99.11, 99.12, 99.13, 99.14, 99.15, 99.16, 100.5, 100.7, 100.8, 100.9, 102.3, 102.4, 102.4-103.4, 102.4-104.8, 102.5, 102.6, 102.7, 102.8, 102.9, 102.10, 102.11, 103.1, 103.2, 103.3, 103.4, 103.5, 103.6, 103.7, 103.8, 103.9, 103.9-104.6, 103.10, 103.11, 103.12, 103.13, 103.14, 103.15, 104.1, 104.2, 104.4, 104.6, 104.7, 104.8, 104.9, 104.13, 106, 106.1-107.3, 106.8, 106.9, 106.14, 106.19, 107, 108, 108.1, 108.2, 108.4, 108.5, 108.6, 108.7, 108.8, 108.9, 108.10, 108.11, 108.12, 108.13, 108.14, 108.15 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.7. And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).
20. Anon., Jubilees, 17.11, 31.14, 33.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

17.11. And Abraham rose up early in the morning and took bread and a bottle of water, and placed them on the shoulders of Hagar and the child, and sent her away. brAnd she departed and wandered in the wilderness of Beersheba 31.14. And the darkness left the eyes of Isaac, and he saw the two sons of Jacob, Levi and Judah, and he said: "Are these thy sons, my son? for they are like thee. 33.12. And again, it is written a second time: "Cursed he be who lieth with the wife of his father, for he hath uncovered his father's shame"; and all the holy ones of the Lord said "So be it; so be it.
21. Anon., Psalms of Solomon, 15.10, 17.7, 17.43 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

22. Dead Sea Scrolls, Damascus Covenant, 4.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

23. Dead Sea Scrolls, Pesher On Habakkuk, 8.10-8.11 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

24. Dead Sea Scrolls, War Scroll, 1.16, 10.11, 12.1, 12.7, 12.14-12.15, 16.11, 16.15, 17.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

25. Dead Sea Scrolls, (Cairo Damascus Covenant) Cd-A, 4.19 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

26. Dead Sea Scrolls, 4Q400, 0 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

27. Dead Sea Scrolls, Agescreat B, 1.4-1.6 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

28. Dead Sea Scrolls, Apgen, 2.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

29. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 8.7, 10.19, 11.7-11.8 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

30. Dead Sea Scrolls, Genesis Apocryphon, 2.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

31. Dead Sea Scrolls, Hodayot, 3.21-3.22, 4.24-4.25, 7.23, 10.35 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

32. Dead Sea Scrolls, Hodayot, 3.21-3.22, 4.24-4.25, 7.23, 10.35 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

33. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 3.15, 3.17, 3.20-3.23, 3.26, 7.9-7.10, 7.18, 12.1 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

3.15. כְּעַן הֵן אִיתֵיכוֹן עֲתִידִין דִּי בְעִדָּנָא דִּי־תִשְׁמְעוּן קָל קַרְנָא מַשְׁרוֹקִיתָא קיתרס [קַתְרוֹס] שַׂבְּכָא פְּסַנְתֵּרִין וְסוּמְפֹּנְיָה וְכֹל זְנֵי זְמָרָא תִּפְּלוּן וְתִסְגְּדוּן לְצַלְמָא דִי־עַבְדֵת וְהֵן לָא תִסְגְּדוּן בַּהּ־שַׁעֲתָה תִתְרְמוֹן לְגוֹא־אַתּוּן נוּרָא יָקִדְתָּא וּמַן־הוּא אֱלָהּ דֵּי יְשֵׁיזְבִנְכוֹן מִן־יְדָי׃ 3.17. הֵן אִיתַי אֱלָהַנָא דִּי־אֲנַחְנָא פָלְחִין יָכִל לְשֵׁיזָבוּתַנָא מִן־אַתּוּן נוּרָא יָקִדְתָּא וּמִן־יְדָךְ מַלְכָּא יְשֵׁיזִב׃ 3.21. בֵּאדַיִן גֻּבְרַיָּא אִלֵּךְ כְּפִתוּ בְּסַרְבָּלֵיהוֹן פטישיהון [פַּטְּשֵׁיהוֹן] וְכַרְבְּלָתְהוֹן וּלְבֻשֵׁיהוֹן וּרְמִיו לְגוֹא־אַתּוּן נוּרָא יָקִדְתָּא׃ 3.22. כָּל־קֳבֵל דְּנָה מִן־דִּי מִלַּת מַלְכָּא מַחְצְפָה וְאַתּוּנָא אֵזֵה יַתִּירָא גֻּבְרַיָּא אִלֵּךְ דִּי הַסִּקוּ לְשַׁדְרַךְ מֵישַׁךְ וַעֲבֵד נְגוֹ קַטִּל הִמּוֹן שְׁבִיבָא דִּי נוּרָא׃ 3.23. וְגֻבְרַיָּא אִלֵּךְ תְּלָתֵּהוֹן שַׁדְרַךְ מֵישַׁךְ וַעֲבֵד נְגוֹ נְפַלוּ לְגוֹא־אַתּוּן־נוּרָא יָקִדְתָּא מְכַפְּתִין׃ 3.26. בֵּאדַיִן קְרֵב נְבוּכַדְנֶצַּר לִתְרַע אַתּוּן נוּרָא יָקִדְתָּא עָנֵה וְאָמַר שַׁדְרַךְ מֵישַׁךְ וַעֲבֵד־נְגוֹ עַבְדוֹהִי דִּי־אֱלָהָא עליא [עִלָּאָה] פֻּקוּ וֶאֱתוֹ בֵּאדַיִן נָפְקִין שַׁדְרַךְ מֵישַׁךְ וַעֲבֵד נְגוֹ מִן־גּוֹא נוּרָא׃ 7.9. חָזֵה הֲוֵית עַד דִּי כָרְסָוָן רְמִיו וְעַתִּיק יוֹמִין יְתִב לְבוּשֵׁהּ כִּתְלַג חִוָּר וּשְׂעַר רֵאשֵׁהּ כַּעֲמַר נְקֵא כָּרְסְיֵהּ שְׁבִיבִין דִּי־נוּר גַּלְגִּלּוֹהִי נוּר דָּלִק׃ 7.18. וִיקַבְּלוּן מַלְכוּתָא קַדִּישֵׁי עֶלְיוֹנִין וְיַחְסְנוּן מַלְכוּתָא עַד־עָלְמָא וְעַד עָלַם עָלְמַיָּא׃ 12.1. יִתְבָּרֲרוּ וְיִתְלַבְּנוּ וְיִצָּרְפוּ רַבִּים וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ רְשָׁעִים וְלֹא יָבִינוּ כָּל־רְשָׁעִים וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יָבִינוּ׃ 12.1. וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יַעֲמֹד מִיכָאֵל הַשַּׂר הַגָּדוֹל הָעֹמֵד עַל־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְהָיְתָה עֵת צָרָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־נִהְיְתָה מִהְיוֹת גּוֹי עַד הָעֵת הַהִיא וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יִמָּלֵט עַמְּךָ כָּל־הַנִּמְצָא כָּתוּב בַּסֵּפֶר׃ 3.15. Now if ye be ready that at what time ye hear the sound of the horn, pipe, harp, trigon, psaltery, and bagpipe, and all kinds of music, ye fall down and worship the image which I have made, well; but if ye worship not, ye shall be cast the same hour into the midst of a burning fiery furnace; and who is the god that shall deliver you out of my hands?’" 3.17. If our God whom we serve is able to deliver us, He will deliver us from the burning fiery furnace, and out of thy hand, O king." 3.20. And he commanded certain mighty men that were in his army to bind Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, and to cast them into the burning fiery furnace." 3.21. Then these men were bound in their cloaks, their tunics, and their robes, and their other garments, and were cast into the midst of the burning fiery furnace." 3.22. Therefore because the king’s commandment was peremptory, and the furnace exceeding hot, the flame of the fire slew those men that took up Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego." 3.23. And these three men, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, fell down bound into the midst of the burning fiery furnace." 3.26. Then Nebuchadnezzar came near to the mouth of the burning fiery furnace; he spoke and said: ‘Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, ye servants of God Most High, come forth, and come hither.’ Then Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego, came forth out of the midst of the fire." 7.9. I beheld Till thrones were placed, And one that was ancient of days did sit: His raiment was as white snow, And the hair of his head like pure wool; His throne was fiery flames, and the wheels thereof burning fire." 7.10. A fiery stream issued And came forth from before him; thousand thousands ministered unto him, And ten thousand times ten thousand stood before him; The judgment was set, And the books were opened." 7.18. But the saints of the Most High shall receive the kingdom, and possess the kingdom for ever, even for ever and ever.’" 12.1. And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book."
34. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 21.9, 45.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

21.9. An assembly of the wicked is like tow gathered together,and their end is a flame of fire. 45.2. He made him equal in glory to the holy ones,and made him great in the fears of his enemies. 45.2. He added glory to Aaron and gave him a heritage;he allotted to him the first of the first fruits,he prepared bread of first fruits in abundance;
35. Septuagint, Judith, 11.1, 16.17 (2nd cent. BCE - 0th cent. CE)

11.1. Then Holofernes said to her, "Take courage, woman, and do not be afraid in your heart, for I have never hurt any one who chose to serve Nebuchadnezzar, the king of all the earth. 16.17. Woe to the nations that rise up against my people! The Lord Almighty will take vengeance on them in the day of judgment; fire and worms he will give to their flesh; they shall weep in pain for ever.
36. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 3.12, 3.17, 5.5, 10.10 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

3.12. Their wives are foolish, and their children evil; 3.17. Even if they live long they will be held of no account,and finally their old age will be without honor. 5.5. Why has he been numbered among the sons of God?And why is his lot among the saints? 10.10. When a righteous man fled from his brothers wrath,she guided him on straight paths;she showed him the kingdom of God,and gave him knowledge of angels;she prospered him in his labors,and increased the fruit of his toil.
37. Septuagint, 4 Maccabees, 9.9, 12.12, 16.21, 17.5 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

9.9. but you, because of your bloodthirstiness toward us, will deservedly undergo from the divine justice eternal torment by fire. 12.12. Because of this, justice has laid up for you intense and eternal fire and tortures, and these throughout all time will never let you go. 16.21. And Daniel the righteous was thrown to the lions, and Haiah, Azariah, and Mishael were hurled into the fiery furnace and endured it for the sake of God. 17.5. The moon in heaven, with the stars, does not stand so august as you, who, after lighting the way of your star-like seven sons to piety, stand in honor before God and are firmly set in heaven with them.
38. Anon., Sibylline Oracles, 2.303-2.305 (1st cent. BCE - 5th cent. CE)

2.303. of impious men. And Moses, the great friend 2.304. of the Most High, shall come enrobed in flesh 2.305. 305 Also great Abraham himself shall come
39. New Testament, 2 Peter, 3.10 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.10. But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in which the heavens will pass away with a great noise, and the elements will be dissolved with fervent heat, and the earth and the works that are in it will be burned up.
40. New Testament, Apocalypse, 2.10, 2.23, 3.5, 3.9, 3.12, 3.17, 3.21, 5.5, 9.2, 11.7, 12.11, 13.7-13.8, 15.2, 17.8, 20.12, 20.15, 21.27 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.10. Don't be afraid of the things which you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is about to throw some of you into prison, that you may be tested; and you will have oppression for ten days. Be faithful to death, and I will give you the crown of life. 2.23. I will kill her children with Death, and all the assemblies will know that I am he who searches the minds and hearts. I will give to each one of you according to your deeds. 3.5. He who overcomes will be arrayed in white garments, and I will in no way blot his name out of the book of life, and I will confess his name before my Father, and before his angels. 3.9. Behold, I give of the synagogue of Satan, of those who say they are Jews, and they are not, but lie. Behold, I will make them to come and worship before your feet, and to know that I have loved you. 3.12. He who overcomes, I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God, and he will go out from there no more. I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which comes down out of heaven from my God, and my own new name. 3.17. Because you say, 'I am rich, and have gotten riches, and have need of nothing;' and don't know that you are the wretched one, miserable, poor, blind, and naked; 3.21. He who overcomes, I will give to him to sit down with me on my throne, as I also overcame, and sat down with my Father on his throne. 5.5. One of the elders said to me, "Don't weep. Behold, the Lion who is of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome; he who opens the book and its seven seals. 9.2. He opened the pit of the abyss, and smoke went up out of the pit, like the smoke from a burning furnace. The sun and the air were darkened because of the smoke from the pit. 11.7. When they have finished their testimony, the beast that comes up out of the abyss will make war with them, and overcome them, and kill them. 12.11. They overcame him because of the Lamb's blood, and because of the word of their testimony. They didn't love their life, even to death. 13.7. It was given to him to make war with the saints, and to overcome them. Authority over every tribe, people, language, and nation was given to him. 13.8. All who dwell on the earth will worship him, everyone whose name has not been written from the foundation of the world in the book of life of the Lamb who has been killed. 15.2. I saw something like a sea of glass mixed with fire, and those who overcame the beast, and his image, and the number of his name, standing on the sea of glass, having harps of God. 17.8. The beast that you saw was, and is not; and is about to come up out of the abyss, and to go into destruction. Those who dwell on the earth will wonder, whose name has not been written in the book of life from the foundation of the world, when they see that the beast was, and is not, and will pe present. 20.12. I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and they opened books. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged out of the things which were written in the books, according to their works. 20.15. If anyone was not found written in the book of life, he was cast into the lake of fire. 21.27. There will in no way enter into it anything profane, or one who causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb's book of life.
41. New Testament, Hebrews, 12.23 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.23. to the general assembly and assembly of the firstborn who are enrolled in heaven, to God the Judge of all, to the spirits of just men made perfect
42. New Testament, Philippians, 4.3 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.3. Yes, I beg you also, true yoke-fellow, help these women, for they labored with me in the gospel, with Clement also, and the rest of my fellow workers, whose names are in the book of life.
43. New Testament, Romans, 8.18-8.22 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

8.18. For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worthy to be compared with the glory which will be revealed toward us. 8.19. For the creation waits with eager expectation for the sons of God to be revealed. 8.20. For the creation was subjected to vanity, not of its own will, but because of him who subjected it, in hope 8.21. that the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage of decay into the liberty of the glory of the children of God. 8.22. For we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now.
44. New Testament, Luke, 3.9, 3.17, 16.22-16.31 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.9. Even now the ax also lies at the root of the trees. Every tree therefore that doesn't bring forth good fruit is cut down, and thrown into the fire. 3.17. whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor, and will gather the wheat into his barn; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire. 16.22. It happened that the beggar died, and that he was carried away by the angels to Abraham's bosom. The rich man also died, and was buried. 16.23. In Hades, he lifted up his eyes, being in torment, and saw Abraham far off, and Lazarus at his bosom. 16.24. He cried and said, 'Father Abraham, have mercy on me, and send Lazarus, that he may dip the tip of his finger in water, and cool my tongue! For I am in anguish in this flame.' 16.25. But Abraham said, 'Son, remember that you, in your lifetime, received your good things, and Lazarus, in like manner, bad things. But now here he is comforted and you are in anguish. 16.26. Besides all this, between us and you there is a great gulf fixed, that those who want to pass from here to you are not able, and that none may cross over from there to us.' 16.27. He said, 'I ask you therefore, father, that you would send him to my father's house; 16.28. for I have five brothers, that he may testify to them, so they won't also come into this place of torment.' 16.29. But Abraham said to him, 'They have Moses and the prophets. Let them listen to them.' 16.30. He said, 'No, father Abraham, but if one goes to them from the dead, they will repent.' 16.31. He said to him, 'If they don't listen to Moses and the prophets, neither will they be persuaded if one rises from the dead.'
45. New Testament, Matthew, 3.10, 3.12, 13.41-13.43, 13.50, 25.41 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.10. Even now the ax lies at the root of the trees. Therefore, every tree that doesn't bring forth good fruit is cut down, and cast into the fire. 3.12. His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing floor. He will gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire. 13.41. The Son of Man will send out his angels, and they will gather out of his kingdom all things that cause stumbling, and those who do iniquity 13.42. and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be weeping and the gnashing of teeth. 13.43. Then the righteous will shine forth like the sun in the kingdom of their Father. He who has ears to hear, let him hear. 13.50. and will cast them into the furnace of fire. There will be the weeping and the gnashing of teeth. 25.41. Then he will say also to those on the left hand, 'Depart from me, you cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels;
46. Anon., Pistis Sophia, 1.33 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

47. Babylonian Talmud, Hagigah, None (3rd cent. CE - 6th cent. CE)

15b. לינוקא פסוק לי פסוקך א"ל (ירמיהו ד, ל) ואת שדוד מה תעשי כי תלבשי שני כי תעדי עדי זהב כי תקרעי בפוך עיניך לשוא תתיפי וגו',עייליה לבי כנישתא אחריתי עד דעייליה לתליסר בי כנישתא כולהו פסקו ליה כי האי גוונא לבתרא א"ל פסוק לי פסוקך א"ל (תהלים נ, טז) ולרשע אמר אלהים מה לך לספר חקי וגו' ההוא ינוקא הוה מגמגם בלישניה אשתמע כמה דאמר ליה ולאלישע אמר אלהים איכא דאמרי סכינא הוה בהדיה וקרעיה ושדריה לתליסר בי כנישתי ואיכא דאמרי אמר אי הואי בידי סכינא הוה קרענא ליה,כי נח נפשיה דאחר אמרי לא מידן לידייניה ולא לעלמא דאתי ליתי לא מידן לידייניה משום דעסק באורייתא ולא לעלמא דאתי ליתי משום דחטא אמר ר"מ מוטב דלידייניה וליתי לעלמא דאתי מתי אמות ואעלה עשן מקברו כי נח נפשיה דר' מאיר סליק קוטרא מקבריה דאחר,אמר ר' יוחנן גבורתא למיקלא רביה חד הוה ביננא ולא מצינן לאצוליה אי נקטיה ביד מאן מרמי ליה מאן אמר מתי אמות ואכבה עשן מקברו כי נח נפשיה דר' יוחנן פסק קוטרא מקבריה דאחר פתח עליה ההוא ספדנא אפילו שומר הפתח לא עמד לפניך רבינו,בתו של אחר אתיא לקמיה דרבי אמרה ליה רבי פרנסני אמר לה בת מי את אמרה לו בתו של אחר אני אמר לה עדיין יש מזרעו בעולם והא כתיב (איוב יח, יט) לא נין לו ולא נכד בעמו ואין שריד במגוריו אמרה לו זכור לתורתו ואל תזכור מעשיו מיד ירדה אש וסכסכה ספסלו של רבי בכה ואמר רבי ומה למתגנין בה כך למשתבחין בה על אחת כמה וכמה,ור"מ היכי גמר תורה מפומיה דאחר והאמר רבה בר בר חנה אמר רבי יוחנן מאי דכתיב (מלאכי ב, ז) כי שפתי כהן ישמרו דעת ותורה יבקשו מפיהו כי מלאך ה' צבאות הוא אם דומה הרב למלאך ה' צבאות יבקשו תורה מפיהו ואם לאו אל יבקשו תורה מפיהו,אמר ר"ל ר"מ קרא אשכח ודרש (משלי כב, יז) הט אזנך ושמע דברי חכמים ולבך תשית לדעתי לדעתם לא נאמר אלא לדעתי,רב חנינא אמר מהכא (תהלים מה, יא) שמעי בת וראי והטי אזנך ושכחי עמך ובית אביך וגו',קשו קראי אהדדי לא קשיא הא בגדול הא בקטן,כי אתא רב דימי אמר אמרי במערבא ר"מ אכל תחלא ושדא שיחלא לברא דרש רבא מאי דכתיב (שיר השירים ו, יא) אל גנת אגוז ירדתי לראות באבי הנחל וגו' למה נמשלו ת"ח לאגוז לומר לך מה אגוז זה אע"פ שמלוכלך בטיט ובצואה אין מה שבתוכו נמאס אף ת"ח אע"פ שסרח אין תורתו נמאסת,אשכחיה רבה בר שילא לאליהו א"ל מאי קא עביד הקב"ה א"ל קאמר שמעתא מפומייהו דכולהו רבנן ומפומיה דר"מ לא קאמר א"ל אמאי משום דקא גמר שמעתא מפומיה דאחר א"ל אמאי ר"מ רמון מצא תוכו אכל קליפתו זרק א"ל השתא קאמר מאיר בני אומר בזמן שאדם מצטער שכינה מה לשון אומרת קלני מראשי קלני מזרועי אם כך הקב"ה מצטער על דמן של רשעים ק"ו על דמן של צדיקים שנשפך,אשכחיה שמואל לרב יהודה דתלי בעיברא דדשא וקא בכי א"ל שיננא מאי קא בכית א"ל מי זוטרא מאי דכתיב בהו ברבנן (ישעיהו לג, יח) איה סופר איה שוקל איה סופר את המגדלים איה סופר שהיו סופרים כל אותיות שבתורה איה שוקל שהיו שוקלים קלין וחמורין שבתורה איה סופר את המגדלים שהיו שונין ג' מאות הלכות במגדל הפורח באויר,ואמר רבי אמי תלת מאה בעיי בעו דואג ואחיתופל במגדל הפורח באויר ותנן ג' מלכים וארבעה הדיוטות אין להם חלק לעולם הבא אנן מה תהוי עלן א"ל שיננא טינא היתה בלבם,אחר מאי זמר יווני לא פסק מפומיה אמרו עליו על אחר בשעה שהיה עומד מבית המדרש הרבה ספרי מינין נושרין מחיקו,שאל נימוס הגרדי את ר"מ כל עמר דנחית ליורה סליק א"ל כל מאן דהוה נקי אגב אימיה סליק כל דלא הוה נקי אגב אימיה לא סליק,ר"ע עלה בשלום וירד בשלום ועליו הכתוב אומר (שיר השירים א, ד) משכני אחריך נרוצה ואף רבי עקיבא בקשו מלאכי השרת לדוחפו אמר להם הקב"ה הניחו לזקן זה שראוי להשתמש בכבודי 15b. ba child: Recite your verse to me. He recited to him: “And you, spoiled one, what are you doing, that you clothe yourself with scarlet, that you deck yourself with ornaments of gold, that you enlarge your eyes with paint? In vain you make yourself fair”(Jeremiah 4:30)., bHe brought him to another synagogue, until he had brought him into thirteen synagogues,where ballthe children brecited to him similarverses that speak of the hopeless situation of the wicked. bAt the last one, he said to him: Recite your verse to me. He recited to him: “And to the wicked [ ivelerasha /i] God says, what is it for you to declare My statutes”(Psalms 50:16). The Gemara relates: bThat child had a stutter,so bit sounded as though he were saying to him: iVele’elisha /i,i.e., and to Elisha, bGod says.This made Elisha think the child was deliberately insulting him. bSome say iAḥer bhad a knife, and he torethe child bapart and sent him tothe bthirteen synagogues. And others saythat iAḥermerely bsaid: Had I a knife, I would have torn him apart. /b,The Gemara relates: bWhen iAḥer bpassed away,the Heavenly Court bdeclaredthat bhe should not be judged, nor brought into the World-to-Come. He should not be judgedin a manner befitting his deeds, bbecause he occupiedhimself bwith Torah,whose merit protects him. bAnd he should not be brought into the World-to-Come because he sinned. Rabbi Meir said: It is better that he be judgedproperly band be brought into the World-to-Come. When I dieI will request this of Heaven, band I will cause smoke to rise up from his grave,as a sign that he is being sentenced in Gehenna. The Gemara relates: bWhen Rabbi Meir passed away, smoke rose up fromthe bgrave of iAḥer /i,implying that Rabbi Meir’s wish was granted., bRabbi Yoḥa said:Was this ba mightydeed on Rabbi Meir’s part, bto burn his teacher?Was this the only remedy available? Can it be that there bwas oneSage bamong uswho left the path band we cannot save him? If we hold him by the hand, who will remove himfrom our protection; bwho?Rabbi Yoḥa continued and bsaid: When I die I will havethe bsmoke extinguished from his grave,as a sign that he has been released from the sentence of Gehenna and brought to the World-to-Come. Indeed, bwhen Rabbi Yoḥa passed away,the bsmoke ceasedto rise up bfromthe bgrave of iAḥer /i. A certain eulogizerbegan his eulogy of Rabbi Yoḥa with the following: bEven the guard at the entrance could not stand before you, our rabbi.The guard at the entrance to Gehenna could not prevent Rabbi Yoḥa from arranging the release of iAḥer /i.,The Gemara relates: bThe daughter of iAḥercame before RabbiYehuda HaNasi and bsaid to him: Rabbi, provide me with sustece,as she was in need of food. bHe said to her: Whose daughter are you? She said to him: I am the daughter of iAḥer /i. He said to her,angrily: bIs there still of his seedremaining bin the world? But isn’t it stated: “He shall have neither son nor grandson among his people or any remaining in his dwellings”(Job 18:19)? bShe said to him: Remember his Torah, and do not remember his deeds. Immediately, fire descended and licked RabbiYehuda HaNasi’s bbench. RabbiYehuda HaNasi bwept and said: IfGod protects the honor of bthose who treatthe Torah bwith contemptin bsucha manner, as iAḥerdespised the Torah and relinquished its teachings, bhow much more sowould He do bfor those who treat it with honor. /b,The Gemara poses a question: bAnd Rabbi Meir, how could he learn Torah fromthe bmouth of iAḥer /i? But didn’t Rabba bar bar Ḥana saythat bRabbi Yoḥa said: What isthe meaning of that bwhich is written: “For the priest’s lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek Torah from his mouth; for he is an angel of the Lord of hosts”(Malachi 2:7)? The verse teaches: bIf the rabbi is similar to an angel of the Lord of hosts,perfect in his ways, bthey should seek Torah from his mouth; but if not, they should not seek Torah from his mouth. /b, bReish Lakish said: Rabbi Meir found a verse and interpreted it homiletically: “Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply your heart to My knowledge”(Proverbs 22:17). bIt does not state “to their knowledge,” but “to My knowledge.”In other words, one must listen to the words of bthe Sages,despite their flaws, provided that their opinion concurs with that of God., bRav Ḥanina saidthat one can find support for this idea bfrom here: “Listen, daughter and consider, and incline your ear; forget also your own people and your father’s house”(Psalms 45:11), which likewise indicates that one must listen to the words of a Sage while forgetting, i.e., ignoring, the faulty aspects of his teachings.,The Gemara asks: If so, bthe verses contradict each other,for one source states that one may learn only from a scholar who is perfect in his ways, while the other indicates that it is permitted even to learn from one whose character is flawed. The Gemara answers: This is bnot difficult. Thiscase, in which it is permitted to a flawed scholar, is referring bto an adult;whereas bthatcase, which prohibits doing so, is referring bto a minor,who should learn only from a righteous person, so that his ways are not corrupted by a teacher with flawed character., bWhen Rav Dimi camefrom Eretz Yisrael to Babylonia, bhe said: In the West,Eretz Yisrael, they bsay: Rabbi Meir ate a half-ripe date and threw the peel away.In other words, he was able to extract the important content from the inedible shell. bRava taught: What isthe meaning of that bwhich is written: “I went down into the garden of nuts, to look at the green plants of the valley”(Song of Songs 6:11)? bWhy are Torah scholars compared to nuts? To tell you: Just as this nut, despite being soiled with mud and excrement, its content is not made repulsive,as only its shell is soiled; bso too a Torah scholar, although he has sinned, his Torah is not made repulsive. /b,The Gemara relates: bRabba bar Sheila found Elijahthe prophet, who had appeared to him. He bsaid toElijah: bWhat is the Holy One, Blessed be He, doing?Elijah bsaid to him: He is stating ihalakhottransmitted by all of the Sages, but in the name of Rabbi Meir He will not speak. He said to him: Why?He replied: bBecause he learned ihalakhotfrom the mouth of iAḥer /i. He said to him: Whyshould he be judged unfavorably for that? bRabbi Meir found a pomegranateand bate its contentswhile bthrowing away its peel. He said to him:Indeed, your defense has been heard above. bNowGod bis saying: My son, Meir, says: When a person suffers,e.g., by receiving lashes or the death penalty at the hands of the court, bhow does the Divine Presence express itself? Woe is Me from My head, woe is Me from My arm,as God empathizes with the sufferer. bIf the Holy One, Blessed be He, suffersto bsuchan extent bover the blood of the wicked, how much more sodoes He suffer bover the blood of the righteous that is spilled. /b,The Gemara relates: bShmuel found Rav Yehuda leaning on the bar of the door, crying. He said to him: Long-toothed one [ ishina /i], what are you cryingfor? bHe said to him: Isit ba smallmatter, bthat which is written with regard to Sageswho have sinned: b“Where is he who counted, where is he who weighed? Where is he who counted the towers?”(Isaiah 33:18). He proceeded to explain: b“Where is he who counted”; for they would count all the letters of the Torah. “Where is he who weighed”; for they would weighand compare the bminor and majortransgressions bof the Torah. “Where is he who counted the towers”; for they would teach three hundred ihalakhot /iconcerning the details of tent impurity binvolvinga wooden bcloset floating in the air.If they studied a subject so removed from reality in such depths, how much more so did they analyze other issues., bAnd Rabbi Ami said: Doeg asked Ahithophel three hundred questions with regard to a closet floating in the air,as they were both great Torah scholars. bAnd we learnedin a mishna ( iSanhedrin90a): bThree kings and four commoners have no portion in the World-to-Come,a list that includes Doeg and Ahithophel. If such great Sages could sin and forfeit their share in the World-to-Come, bwe,who are less knowledgeable than they, bwhat will be of us? He said to him: Long-toothed one, there was mud [ itina /i] in their hearts,i.e., they had certain flaws that prevented their Torah learning from protecting them.,The Gemara explains: iAḥer /i, whatwas his failing? bGreek tunes never ceased from his mouth.He would constantly hum Greek songs, even when he was among the Sages. This shows that from the outset he was drawn to gentile culture and beliefs. Similarly, bthey said about iAḥer /i: When he would standafter learning bin the study hall, many heretical books,which he had been reading, would bfall from his lap.Therefore, he was somewhat unsound even when among the Sages.,The gentile philosopher, bNimos HaGardi, asked Rabbi Meir:Does ball wool that enters the cauldronto be dyed bemerge colored?In other words, do all those who learn Torah emerge as decent and worthy? bHe said to him: Whoever was clean whenhe was bwith his mother,from the outset, will bemergedecent and worthy, but ballthose who were bnot clean whenthey were bwith their motherwill bnot emergeworthy. One who approaches Torah study having been flawed from the outset will not be properly influenced by it.,§ The Gemara returns to the four who entered the orchard. It is stated above that bRabbi Akiva ascended in safety and descended safely. With regard to him, the verse states: “Draw me, we will run after you;the king has brought me into his chambers” (Song of Songs 1:4). The Gemara relates: bAnd even Rabbi Akiva, the ministering angels sought to pushhim out of the orchard. bThe Holy One, Blessed be He, said to them: Leave this Elder, for he is fit to serve My glory. /b
48. Anon., 2 Enoch, 7.3-7.5

49. Anon., 3 Baruch, 4.16

50. Anon., 4 Ezra, 7.33, 7.36-7.38, 10.20-10.24

7.33. And the Most High shall be revealed upon the seat of judgment, and compassion shall pass away, and patience shall be withdrawn; 7.36. Then the pit of torment shall appear, and opposite it shall be the place of rest; and the furnace of hell shall be disclosed, and opposite it the paradise of delight. 7.37. Then the Most High will say to the nations that have been raised from the dead, `Look now, and understand whom you have denied, whom you have not served, whose commandments you have despised! 7.38. Look on this side and on that; here are delight and rest, and there are fire and torments!' Thus he will speak to them on the day of judgment -- 10.20. Do not say that, but let yourself be persuaded because of the troubles of Zion, and be consoled because of the sorrow of Jerusalem. 10.21. For you see that our sanctuary has been laid waste, our altar thrown down, our temple destroyed; 10.22. our harp has been laid low, our song has been silenced, and our rejoicing has been ended; the light of our lampstand has been put out, the ark of our covet has been plundered, our holy things have been polluted, and the name by which we are called has been profaned; our free men have suffered abuse, our priests have been burned to death, our Levites have gone into captivity, our virgins have been defiled, and our wives have been ravished; our righteous men have been carried off, our little ones have been cast out, our young men have been enslaved and our strong men made powerless. 10.23. And, what is more than all, the seal of Zion -- for she has now lost the seal of her glory, and has been given over into the hands of those that hate us. 10.24. Therefore shake off your great sadness and lay aside your many sorrows, so that the Mighty One may be merciful to you again, and the Most High may give you rest, a relief from your troubles.
51. Anon., Joseph And Aseneth, 12.11, 15.4



Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
abel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703
abraham Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
accursed/cursed Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
afterlife, eschatological punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335, 336, 419, 453, 494, 531, 690, 691, 692, 694, 699, 700, 703, 706, 708, 743
afterlife, reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 521, 531, 572, 690, 691, 701, 741, 743
afterlife Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 521, 692, 694
age/era, eschatological Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335
age/era, present Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314, 335, 572
angelic status Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 741
angelification Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
angels, angelus interpres interpreting angel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 690, 691, 706, 708, 741
angels, at mt. sinai Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
angels, holy angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 708
angels, holy ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
angels, mediators of revelation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 314
angels, punishment of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 706
angels, raguel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
angels, raphael Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
angels, scribes Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
angels, stars/heavenly bodies Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 741
angels, uriel/ouriel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 708
angels, witnesses of sin Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
angels Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
athens, citizenship Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 701
barrenness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
bitterness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
blessing, eschatological Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 743
blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521, 703, 743
books, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 690
books, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521, 743
books, holy Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521, 702
books, of deeds Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521
books, of life Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 701, 702
books, of memorial Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
books, of the holy ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314, 701, 702
books, of the living Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 699
build/building activity, by the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
burning, mountains Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
burning, of the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453, 699, 703, 706
burning, stars Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
cain Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703
chain of mediation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 692
chaos Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 708
children/offspring, dying without Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
children/offspring, of the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
cloud, vision of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 690, 691, 706, 743
complacency Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
complaint Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703
cosmos Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692
covenant, obedience/faithfulness/loyalty Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 741
covenant Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
creation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
cry Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 706, 708, 743
curses Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 701
darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 741, 743
day, of cursing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 494
day, of great judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 708
day, of punishment/visitation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 494
day, of turmoil and curse Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 701
death, of the righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
deception/deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
deeds, books of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521, 702
deeds, of humanity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521, 702
deeds, wicked of humans Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453, 700
deeds Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
deserted place Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 694, 699, 703
destruction of the temple Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
dew Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
disciples Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
dittography Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 699
dreams/dream visions Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
eschatology/eschatological, age of blessing Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 743
eschatology/eschatological, judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335, 531
eschatology/eschatological, punishment/destruction Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 531, 572, 692, 701, 708
eschatology/eschatological, reversal Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 531, 700
eschatology/eschatological, rewards Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521, 531, 701, 703, 741, 743
esotericism, esoteric Bull, Lied and Turner, Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices: Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty (2011) 88
fire Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 453, 699, 703, 708
flood/deluge, great/noahs, typology Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
foundation, of sin and deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 702
glory Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335
god, great one Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
god, holy great one Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
god, most high Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
gold Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130
hands Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
hearts Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
heaven Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
heavens, vision of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
heavens, windows/gates of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
hills Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 708
homoioteleuton Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 699
honour Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335
hope/hopelessness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572, 703, 743
humans Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
idolatry Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
inheritance Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
instruction/teaching Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
interpretation, angelic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 690
irony/ironical Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
israel x Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
jacob Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
journeys/voyages, heavenly, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 706, 708
journeys/voyages Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
justice, divine Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 690, 701, 702, 703, 741
justice, petitions for Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 706
kingdom of god Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
labour Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
lament Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703, 706
laodicea Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
life / afterlife, book of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 701, 702
life / afterlife, earthly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335, 494
lights, generation of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
lights, of heaven Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 572
lights, versus darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 743
lights Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 741
memorial/remembrance Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
methuselah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 1, 4, 690, 692
misinterpretation; see also interpretation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
mist Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
moon Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
mountains Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 708
murder Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419, 703
natural/meterological phenomena Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
neighbour, oppression of/wrong toward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
new jerusalem Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
noah, as an angel/angel-like Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
noah, birth of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
noah, contrasted with the giants Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
noah, interpretations of his name Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
obedience, covenant Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692, 694
obedience Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130
oppression Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 692
oppressors Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314, 706
parallels (between books) Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
persecution Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 419, 690, 701, 703
petitions / prayers, by the oppressed Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314, 703
petitions / prayers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 701, 702
poverty Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4, 335
power/prestige, social Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 700, 703
prayers, of the righteous ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 314
predestinarian/predeterminism Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521
prophetic Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
pseudepigraphic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 1
punishment of wrongdoers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335, 336, 419, 453, 494, 690, 691, 692, 699, 700, 703, 706, 708, 743
rain Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
record of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
reward Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
royalty, robert Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
salvation Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 4
secrecy Bull, Lied and Turner, Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices: Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty (2011) 88
secret Bull, Lied and Turner, Mystery and Secrecy in the Nag Hammadi Collection and Other Ancient Literature: Ideas and Practices: Studies for Einar Thomassen at Sixty (2011) 88
sectarian Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 521
servitude/slavery Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
shame Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 335, 572
shemoneh esreh Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 702
sheol Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419, 531
silver Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130
sinners, rich Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130
sinners/wicked ones, slaying of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
sins / iniquity, recording of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 521, 702
son of man Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
spirits, of abel Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 703
stars, disobedient/wayward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692, 700, 703, 706, 708
stars, fallen angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692, 703, 706
stars, righteous ones as Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 741
stars Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 453
suffering Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 130
suffering of the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 531
sun, as a heavenly body Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336, 453
sword Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 419
symbolic Allen and Dunne, Ancient Readers and their Scriptures: Engaging the Hebrew Bible in Early Judaism and Christianity (2022) 132
tablets, heavenly Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81, 521, 572
testamentary Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692
testing Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
thrones, of god Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 81
visions Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 700
watchers/rebellious angels Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692, 702
ways/paths, of righteousness/truth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 692, 741
wealth, metaphorical Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
wilderness/desert, place of punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 694, 699, 703
woman/women, handmaid Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 336
works Mathews, Riches, Poverty, and the Faithful: Perspectives on Wealth in the Second Temple Period and the Apocalypse of John (2013) 160
wrath divine' Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 701