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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



472
Anon., 1 Enoch, 100


nanAnd in those days in one place the fathers together with their sons shall be smitten And brothers one with another shall fall in death Till the streams flow with their blood.",For a man shall not withhold his hand from slaying his sons and his sons' sons, And the sinner shall not withhold his hand from his honoured brother: From dawn till sunset they shall slay one another.,And the horse shall walk up to the breast in the blood of sinners, And the chariot shall be submerged to its height.,In those days the angels shall descend into the secret places And gather together into one place all those who brought down sin And the Most High will arise on that day of judgement To execute great judgement amongst sinners.",And over all the righteous and holy He will appoint guardians from amongst the holy angels To guard them as the apple of an eye, Until He makes an end of all wickedness and all sin, And though the righteous sleep a long sleep, they have nought to fear.,And (then) the children of the earth shall see the wise in security, And shall understand all the words of this book, And recognize that their riches shall not be able to save them In the overthrow of their sins.,Woe to you, Sinners, on the day of strong anguish, Ye who afflict the righteous and burn them with fire: Ye shall be requited according to your works.,Woe to you, ye obstinate of heart, Who watch in order to devise wickedness: Therefore shall fear come upon you And there shall be none to help you.,Woe to you, ye sinners, on account of the words of your mouth, And on account of the deeds of your hands which your godlessness as wrought, In blazing flames burning worse than fire shall ye burn.,And now, know ye that from the angels He will inquire as to your deeds in heaven, from the sun and from the moon and from the stars in reference to your sins because upon the earth ye execute,judgement on the righteous. And He will summon to testify against you every cloud and mist and dew and rain; for they shall all be withheld because of you from descending upon you, and they,shall be mindful of your sins. And now give presents to the rain that it be not withheld from descending upon you, nor yet the dew, when it has received gold and silver from you that it may descend. When the hoar-frost and snow with their chilliness, and all the snow-storms with all their plagues fall upon you, in those days ye shall not be able to stand before them.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

43 results
1. Septuagint, Tobit, 1.3, 4.5-4.6 (10th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh. 4.5. Remember the Lord our God all your days, my son, and refuse to sin or to transgress his commandments. Live uprightly all the days of your life, and do not walk in the ways of wrongdoing. 4.6. For if you do what is true, your ways will prosper through your deeds.
2. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 6.5, 11.26-11.28, 30.15-30.20 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

6.5. וְאָהַבְתָּ אֵת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכָל־לְבָבְךָ וּבְכָל־נַפְשְׁךָ וּבְכָל־מְאֹדֶךָ׃ 11.26. רְאֵה אָנֹכִי נֹתֵן לִפְנֵיכֶם הַיּוֹם בְּרָכָה וּקְלָלָה׃ 11.27. אֶת־הַבְּרָכָה אֲשֶׁר תִּשְׁמְעוּ אֶל־מִצְוֺת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם הַיּוֹם׃ 11.28. וְהַקְּלָלָה אִם־לֹא תִשְׁמְעוּ אֶל־מִצְוֺת יְהוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וְסַרְתֶּם מִן־הַדֶּרֶךְ אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם הַיּוֹם לָלֶכֶת אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא־יְדַעְתֶּם׃ 30.15. רְאֵה נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַחַיִּים וְאֶת־הַטּוֹב וְאֶת־הַמָּוֶת וְאֶת־הָרָע׃ 30.16. אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ הַיּוֹם לְאַהֲבָה אֶת־יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ לָלֶכֶת בִּדְרָכָיו וְלִשְׁמֹר מִצְוֺתָיו וְחֻקֹּתָיו וּמִשְׁפָּטָיו וְחָיִיתָ וְרָבִיתָ וּבֵרַכְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר־אַתָּה בָא־שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ׃ 30.17. וְאִם־יִפְנֶה לְבָבְךָ וְלֹא תִשְׁמָע וְנִדַּחְתָּ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתָ לֵאלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וַעֲבַדְתָּם׃ 30.18. הִגַּדְתִּי לָכֶם הַיּוֹם כִּי אָבֹד תֹּאבֵדוּן לֹא־תַאֲרִיכֻן יָמִים עַל־הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה עֹבֵר אֶת־הַיַּרְדֵּן לָבֹא שָׁמָּה לְרִשְׁתָּהּ׃ 30.19. הַעִידֹתִי בָכֶם הַיּוֹם אֶת־הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֶת־הָאָרֶץ הַחַיִּים וְהַמָּוֶת נָתַתִּי לְפָנֶיךָ הַבְּרָכָה וְהַקְּלָלָה וּבָחַרְתָּ בַּחַיִּים לְמַעַן תִּחְיֶה אַתָּה וְזַרְעֶךָ׃ 6.5. And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might." 11.26. Behold, I set before you this day a blessing and a curse:" 11.27. the blessing, if ye shall hearken unto the commandments of the LORD your God, which I command you this day;" 11.28. and the curse, if ye shall not hearken unto the commandments of the LORD your God, but turn aside out of the way which I command you this day, to go after other gods, which ye have not known." 30.15. See, I have set before thee this day life and good, and death and evil," 30.16. in that I command thee this day to love the LORD thy God, to walk in His ways, and to keep His commandments and His statutes and His ordices; then thou shalt live and multiply, and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in the land whither thou goest in to possess it." 30.17. But if thy heart turn away, and thou wilt not hear, but shalt be drawn away, and worship other gods, and serve them;" 30.18. I declare unto you this day, that ye shall surely perish; ye shall not prolong your days upon the land, whither thou passest over the Jordan to go in to possess it." 30.19. I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that I have set before thee life and death, the blessing and the curse; therefore choose life, that thou mayest live, thou and thy seed;" 30.20. to love the LORD thy God, to hearken to His voice, and to cleave unto Him; for that is thy life, and the length of thy days; that thou mayest dwell in the land which the LORD swore unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, to give them."
3. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 3.15, 3.22, 5.21-5.24 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

3.15. וְאֵיבָה אָשִׁית בֵּינְךָ וּבֵין הָאִשָּׁה וּבֵין זַרְעֲךָ וּבֵין זַרְעָהּ הוּא יְשׁוּפְךָ רֹאשׁ וְאַתָּה תְּשׁוּפֶנּוּ עָקֵב׃ 3.22. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוָה אֱלֹהִים הֵן הָאָדָם הָיָה כְּאַחַד מִמֶּנּוּ לָדַעַת טוֹב וָרָע וְעַתָּה פֶּן־יִשְׁלַח יָדוֹ וְלָקַח גַּם מֵעֵץ הַחַיִּים וְאָכַל וָחַי לְעֹלָם׃ 5.21. וַיְחִי חֲנוֹךְ חָמֵשׁ וְשִׁשִּׁים שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד אֶת־מְתוּשָׁלַח׃ 5.22. וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנוֹךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים אַחֲרֵי הוֹלִידוֹ אֶת־מְתוּשֶׁלַח שְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה וַיּוֹלֶד בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת׃ 5.23. וַיְהִי כָּל־יְמֵי חֲנוֹךְ חָמֵשׁ וְשִׁשִּׁים שָׁנָה וּשְׁלֹשׁ מֵאוֹת שָׁנָה׃ 5.24. וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנוֹךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים וְאֵינֶנּוּ כִּי־לָקַח אֹתוֹ אֱלֹהִים׃ 3.15. And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; they shall bruise thy head, and thou shalt bruise their heel.’" 3.22. And the LORD God said: ‘Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil; and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever.’" 5.21. And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begot Methuselah." 5.22. And Enoch walked with God after he begot Methuselah three hundred years, and begot sons and daughters." 5.23. And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years." 5.24. And Enoch walked with God, and he was not; for God took him."
4. Hebrew Bible, Job, 30.14, 33.19 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

33.19. וְהוּכַח בְּמַכְאוֹב עַל־מִשְׁכָּבוֹ וריב [וְרוֹב] עֲצָמָיו אֵתָן׃ 33.19. He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, And all his bones grow stiff;"
5. Hebrew Bible, Proverbs, 2.8, 3.7, 5.5-5.6, 6.23, 7.4, 7.20, 7.27, 10.17, 16.31 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2.8. לִנְצֹר אָרְחוֹת מִשְׁפָּט וְדֶרֶךְ חסידו [חֲסִידָיו] יִשְׁמֹר׃ 3.7. אַל־תְּהִי חָכָם בְּעֵינֶיךָ יְרָא אֶת־יְהוָה וְסוּר מֵרָע׃ 5.5. רַגְלֶיהָ יֹרְדוֹת מָוֶת שְׁאוֹל צְעָדֶיהָ יִתְמֹכוּ׃ 5.6. אֹרַח חַיִּים פֶּן־תְּפַלֵּס נָעוּ מַעְגְּלֹתֶיהָ לֹא תֵדָע׃ 6.23. כִּי נֵר מִצְוָה וְתוֹרָה אוֹר וְדֶרֶךְ חַיִּים תּוֹכְחוֹת מוּסָר׃ 7.4. אֱמֹר לַחָכְמָה אֲחֹתִי אָתְּ וּמֹדָע לַבִּינָה תִקְרָא׃ 7.27. דַּרְכֵי שְׁאוֹל בֵּיתָהּ יֹרְדוֹת אֶל־חַדְרֵי־מָוֶת׃ 10.17. אֹרַח לְחַיִּים שׁוֹמֵר מוּסָר וְעוֹזֵב תּוֹכַחַת מַתְעֶה׃ 16.31. עֲטֶרֶת תִּפְאֶרֶת שֵׂיבָה בְּדֶרֶךְ צְדָקָה תִּמָּצֵא׃ 2.8. That He may guard the paths of justice, And preserve the way of His godly ones. ." 3.7. Be not wise in thine own eyes; Fear the LORD, and depart from evil;" 5.5. Her feet go down to death; Her steps take hold on the nether-world;" 5.6. Lest she should walk the even path of life, Her ways wander, but she knoweth it not." 6.23. For the commandment is a lamp, and the teaching is light, And reproofs of instruction are the way of life;" 7.4. Say unto wisdom: ‘Thou art my sister’, And call understanding thy kinswoman;" 7.20. He hath taken the bag of money with him; He will come home at the full moon.’" 7.27. Her house is the way to the nether-world, Going down to the chambers of death." 10.17. He is in the way of life that heedeth instruction; But he that forsaketh reproof erreth." 16.31. The hoary head is a crown of glory, It is found in the way of righteousness."
6. Hebrew Bible, Psalms, 1.6, 16.10-16.11, 120.7 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

1.6. כִּי־יוֹדֵעַ יְהוָה דֶּרֶךְ צַדִּיקִים וְדֶרֶךְ רְשָׁעִים תֹּאבֵד׃ 16.11. תּוֹדִיעֵנִי אֹרַח חַיִּים שֹׂבַע שְׂמָחוֹת אֶת־פָּנֶיךָ נְעִמוֹת בִּימִינְךָ נֶצַח׃ 120.7. אֲ‍נִי־שָׁלוֹם וְכִי אֲדַבֵּר הֵמָּה לַמִּלְחָמָה׃ 1.6. For the LORD regardeth the way of the righteous; but the way of the wicked shall perish." 16.10. For Thou wilt not abandon my soul to the nether-world; Neither wilt Thou suffer Thy godly one to see the pit." 16.11. Thou makest me to know the path of life; In Thy presence is fulness of joy, In Thy right hand bliss for evermore." 120.7. I am all peace; But when I speak, they are for war."
7. Hebrew Bible, Isaiah, 26.19, 40.12, 65.21 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

26.19. יִחְיוּ מֵתֶיךָ נְבֵלָתִי יְקוּמוּן הָקִיצוּ וְרַנְּנוּ שֹׁכְנֵי עָפָר כִּי טַל אוֹרֹת טַלֶּךָ וָאָרֶץ רְפָאִים תַּפִּיל׃ 40.12. מִי־מָדַד בְּשָׁעֳלוֹ מַיִם וְשָׁמַיִם בַּזֶּרֶת תִּכֵּן וְכָל בַּשָּׁלִשׁ עֲפַר הָאָרֶץ וְשָׁקַל בַּפֶּלֶס הָרִים וּגְבָעוֹת בְּמֹאזְנָיִם׃ 65.21. וּבָנוּ בָתִּים וְיָשָׁבוּ וְנָטְעוּ כְרָמִים וְאָכְלוּ פִּרְיָם׃ 26.19. Thy dead shall live, my dead bodies shall arise— Awake and sing, ye that dwell in the dust— For Thy dew is as the dew of light, And the earth shall bring to life the shades." 40.12. Who hath measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, And meted out heaven with the span, And comprehended the dust of the earth in a measure, And weighed the mountains in scales, And the hills in a balance?" 65.21. And they shall build houses, and inhabit them; And they shall plant vineyards, and eat the fruit of them."
8. Hebrew Bible, Jeremiah, 21.8 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

21.8. וְאֶל־הָעָם הַזֶּה תֹּאמַר כֹּה אָמַר יְהוָה הִנְנִי נֹתֵן לִפְנֵיכֶם אֶת־דֶּרֶךְ הַחַיִּים וְאֶת־דֶּרֶךְ הַמָּוֶת׃ 21.8. And unto this people thou shalt say: Thus saith the LORD: Behold, I set before you the way of life and the way of death."
9. Hesiod, Works And Days, 288-292, 287 (8th cent. BCE - 7th cent. BCE)

287. Perses, remember this, serve righteousne
10. Theognis, Elegies, 912-914, 911 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

11. Xenophon, Memoirs, 2.1.29-2.1.34 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

2.1.29. And Vice, as Prodicus tells, answered and said: Heracles, mark you how hard and long is that road to joy, of which this woman tells? but I will lead you by a short and easy road to happiness. And Virtue said: 2.1.30. What good thing is thine, poor wretch, or what pleasant thing dost thou know, if thou wilt do nought to win them? Thou dost not even tarry for the desire of pleasant things, but fillest thyself with all things before thou desirest them, eating before thou art hungry, drinking before thou art thirsty, getting thee cooks, to give zest to eating, buying thee costly wines and running to and fro in search of snow in summer, to give zest to drinking; to soothe thy slumbers it is not enough for thee to buy soft coverlets, but thou must have frames for thy beds. For not toil, but the tedium of having nothing to do, makes thee long for sleep. Thou dost rouse lust by many a trick, when there is no need, using men as women: thus thou trainest thy friends, waxing wanton by night, consuming in sleep the best hours of day. 2.1.31. Immortal art thou, yet the outcast of the gods, the scorn of good men. Praise, sweetest of all things to hear, thou hearest not: the sweetest of all sights thou beholdest not, for never yet hast thou beheld a good work wrought by thyself. Who will believe what thou dost say? who will grant what thou dost ask? Or what sane man will dare join thy throng? While thy votaries are young their bodies are weak, when they wax old, their souls are without sense; idle and sleek they thrive in youth, withered and weary they journey through old age, and their past deeds bring them shame, their present deeds distress. Pleasure they ran through in their youth: hardship they laid up for their old age. 2.1.32. But I company with gods and good men, and no fair deed of god or man is done without my aid. I am first in honour among the gods and among men that are akin to me: to craftsmen a beloved fellow-worker, to masters a faithful guardian of the house, to servants a kindly protector: good helpmate in the toils of peace, staunch ally in the deeds of war, best partner in friendship. 2.1.33. To my friends meat and drink bring sweet and simple enjoyment: for they wait till they crave them. And a sweeter sleep falls on them than on idle folk: they are not vexed at awaking from it, nor for its sake do they neglect to do their duties. The young rejoice to win the praise of the old; the elders are glad to be honoured by the young; with joy they recall their deeds past, and their present well-doing is joy to them, for through me they are dear to the gods, lovely to friends, precious to their native land. And when comes the appointed end, they lie not forgotten and dishonoured, but live on, sung and remembered for all time. O Heracles, thou son of goodly parents, if thou wilt labour earnestly on this wise, thou mayest have for thine own the most blessed happiness. 2.1.34. Such, in outline, is Prodicus’ story of the training of Heracles by Virtue; only he has clothed the thoughts in even finer phrases than I have done now. But anyhow, Aristippus, it were well that you should think on these things and try to show some regard for the life that lies before you.
12. Septuagint, Tobit, 1.3, 4.5-4.6 (4th cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.3. I, Tobit, walked in the ways of truth and righteousness all the days of my life, and I performed many acts of charity to my brethren and countrymen who went with me into the land of the Assyrians, to Nineveh. 4.5. Remember the Lord our God all your days, my son, and refuse to sin or to transgress his commandments. Live uprightly all the days of your life, and do not walk in the ways of wrongdoing. 4.6. For if you do what is true, your ways will prosper through your deeds.
13. Anon., 1 Enoch, 1, 1.2, 1.3, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 8.1, 9, 10, 11, 12, 12.4, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62, 63, 64, 65, 66, 67, 68, 69, 70, 71, 72, 73, 74, 75, 76, 77, 78, 79, 80, 80.7, 81, 81.1, 81.1-82.4, 81.2, 81.3, 81.4, 81.5, 81.6, 82, 82.1, 83, 83.1, 84, 85, 85.1, 85.2, 85.3, 86, 87, 88, 89, 90, 90.6, 90.7, 91, 91.1, 91.2, 91.3, 91.4, 91.5, 91.6, 91.7, 91.8, 91.9, 91.10, 91.11, 91.12, 91.13, 91.14, 91.15, 91.16, 91.17, 91.18, 92, 92.1, 92.2, 92.3, 92.4, 92.5, 93, 93.1, 93.2, 93.3, 93.4, 93.5, 93.6, 93.7, 93.8, 93.9, 93.10, 93.11, 93.11-105.2, 93.12, 93.13, 93.14, 94, 94.1, 94.2, 94.3, 94.4, 94.5, 94.6-100.6, 94.6-95.2, 94.7, 94.8, 95, 95.3, 95.4, 95.5, 95.6, 95.7, 96, 96.1, 96.3, 96.5, 96.7, 96.8, 97, 97.4, 97.6, 97.10, 98, 98.1, 98.2, 98.3, 98.4, 98.12, 99, 99.7, 99.9, 99.10, 99.13, 99.14, 100.6, 101, 101.6, 102, 102.4-104.8, 103, 103.9, 103.10, 103.11, 103.12, 103.13, 103.14, 103.15, 104, 104.7, 104.9, 104.10, 104.11, 104.12, 104.13, 105, 105.1, 105.2, 106, 106.1-107.3, 106.19-107.1, 107, 108, 108.11 (3rd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1. The words of the blessing of Enoch, wherewith he blessed the elect and righteous, who will be,living in the day of tribulation, when all the wicked and godless are to be removed. And he took up his parable and said -Enoch a righteous man, whose eyes were opened by God, saw the vision of the Holy One in the heavens, which the angels showed me, and from them I heard everything, and from them I understood as I saw, but not for this generation, but for a remote one which is,for to come. Concerning the elect I said, and took up my parable concerning them:The Holy Great One will come forth from His dwelling,,And the eternal God will tread upon the earth, (even) on Mount Sinai, [And appear from His camp] And appear in the strength of His might from the heaven of heavens.,And all shall be smitten with fear And the Watchers shall quake, And great fear and trembling shall seize them unto the ends of the earth.,And the high mountains shall be shaken, And the high hills shall be made low, And shall melt like wax before the flame,And the earth shall be wholly rent in sunder, And all that is upon the earth shall perish, And there shall be a judgement upon all (men).,But with the righteous He will make peace.And will protect the elect, And mercy shall be upon them.And they shall all belong to God, And they shall be prospered, And they shall all be blessed.And He will help them all, And light shall appear unto them, And He will make peace with them'.,And behold! He cometh with ten thousands of His holy ones To execute judgement upon all, And to destroy all the ungodly:And to convict all flesh of all the works of their ungodliness which they have ungodly committed, And of all the hard things which ungodly sinners have spoken against Him.
14. Anon., Jubilees, 5.1-5.2, 5.6-5.11, 7.36, 10.1-10.14 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

5.1. And it came to pass when the children of men began to multiply on the face of the earth and daughters were born unto them 5.2. that the angels of God saw them on a certain year of this jubilee, that they were beautiful to look upon; and they took themselves wives of all whom they chose, and they bare unto them sons and they were giants. 5.6. And God looked upon the earth, and behold it was corrupt, and all flesh had corrupted its orders, and all that were upon the earth had wrought all manner of evil before His eyes. 5.7. And He said: "I shall destroy man and all flesh upon the face of the earth which I have created. 5.8. But Noah found grace before the eyes of the Lord. 5.9. And against the angels whom He had sent upon the earth, He was exceedingly wroth, and He gave commandment to root them out of all their dominion 5.10. and He bade us to bind them in the depths of the earth, and behold they are bound in the midst of them, and are (kept) separate. 5.11. And against their sons went forth a command from before His face that they should be smitten with the sword, and be removed from under heaven. 7.36. and now I fear on your behalf, that after my death ye will shed the blood of men upon the earth, and that ye, too, will be destroyed from the face of the earth. 10.1. And in the third week of this jubilee the unclean demons began to lead astray the children of the sons of Noah; and to make to err and destroy them. 10.2. And the sons of Noah came to Noah their father, and they told him concerning the demons which were, leading astray and blinding and slaying his sons' sons. 10.3. And he prayed before the Lord his God, and said: God of the spirits of all flesh, who hast shown mercy unto me, And hast saved me and my sons from the waters of the flood, And hast not caused me to perish as Thou didst the sons of perdition; 10.4. For Thy grace hath been great towards me, And great hath been Thy mercy to my soul; 10.5. Let Thy grace be lift up upon my sons 10.6. But do Thou bless me and my sons, that we may increase and multiply and replenish the earth. 10.7. And Thou knowest how Thy Watchers, the fathers of these spirits, acted in my day: 10.8. and as for these spirits which are living, imprison them and hold them fast in the place of condemnation, and let them not bring destruction on the sons of thy servant, my God; for these are maligt, and created in order to destroy. 10.9. And let them not rule over the spirits of the living; for Thou alone canst exercise dominion over them. And let them not have power over the sons of the righteous from henceforth and for evermore. 10.10. And the Lord our God bade us to bind all. 10.11. And the chief of the spirits, Mastêmâ, came and said: "Lord, Creator, let some of them remain before me, and let them hearken to my voice, and do all that I shall say unto them; 10.12. for if some of them are not left to me, I shall not be able to execute the power of my will on the sons of men; 10.13. for these are for corruption and leading astray before my judgment, for great is the wickedness of the sons of men. 10.14. And He said: "Let the tenth part of them remain before him, and let nine parts descend into the place of condemnation.
15. Anon., Testament of Asher, 3.2 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. CE)

3.2. But from wickedness flee away, destroying the (evil) inclination by your good works; for they that are double-faced serve not God, but their own lusts, so that they may please Beliar and men like unto themselves.
16. Dead Sea Scrolls, Pesher On Habakkuk, 7.1-7.5, 7.13 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

17. Dead Sea Scrolls, Community Rule, 4.11-4.26, 9.12 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

18. Hebrew Bible, Daniel, 12.1-12.3 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

12.1. יִתְבָּרֲרוּ וְיִתְלַבְּנוּ וְיִצָּרְפוּ רַבִּים וְהִרְשִׁיעוּ רְשָׁעִים וְלֹא יָבִינוּ כָּל־רְשָׁעִים וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יָבִינוּ׃ 12.1. וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יַעֲמֹד מִיכָאֵל הַשַּׂר הַגָּדוֹל הָעֹמֵד עַל־בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְהָיְתָה עֵת צָרָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא־נִהְיְתָה מִהְיוֹת גּוֹי עַד הָעֵת הַהִיא וּבָעֵת הַהִיא יִמָּלֵט עַמְּךָ כָּל־הַנִּמְצָא כָּתוּב בַּסֵּפֶר׃ 12.2. וְרַבִּים מִיְּשֵׁנֵי אַדְמַת־עָפָר יָקִיצוּ אֵלֶּה לְחַיֵּי עוֹלָם וְאֵלֶּה לַחֲרָפוֹת לְדִרְאוֹן עוֹלָם׃ 12.3. וְהַמַּשְׂכִּלִים יַזְהִרוּ כְּזֹהַר הָרָקִיעַ וּמַצְדִּיקֵי הָרַבִּים כַּכּוֹכָבִים לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד׃ 12.1. And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall be a time of trouble, such as never was since there was a nation even to that same time; and at that time thy people shall be delivered, every one that shall be found written in the book." 12.2. And many of them that sleep in the dust of the earth shall awake, some to everlasting life, and some to reproaches and everlasting abhorrence." 12.3. And they that are wise shall shine as the brightness of the firmament; and they that turn the many to righteousness as the stars for ever and ever."
19. Septuagint, 1 Maccabees, 1.43, 1.47, 13.47 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.43. All the Gentiles accepted the command of the king. Many even from Israel gladly adopted his religion; they sacrificed to idols and profaned the sabbath. 1.47. to build altars and sacred precincts and shrines for idols, to sacrifice swine and unclean animals 13.47. So Simon reached an agreement with them and stopped fighting against them. But he expelled them from the city and cleansed the houses in which the idols were, and then entered it with hymns and praise.
20. Septuagint, 2 Maccabees, 12.40 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

12.40. Then under the tunic of every one of the dead they found sacred tokens of the idols of Jamnia, which the law forbids the Jews to wear. And it became clear to all that this was why these men had fallen.'
21. Septuagint, Ecclesiasticus (Siracides), 1.28, 5.14, 6.1, 15.11-15.20, 21.10, 28.9, 28.13, 33.7-33.15 (2nd cent. BCE - 2nd cent. BCE)

1.28. Do not disobey the fear of the Lord;do not approach him with a divided mind. 5.14. Do not be called a slanderer,and do not lie in ambush with your tongue;for shame comes to the thief,and severe condemnation to the double-tongued. 5.14. A faithful friend is a sturdy shelter:he that has found one has found a treasure. 15.11. Do not say, "Because of the Lord I left the right way";for he will not do what he hates. 15.12. Do not say, "It was he who led me astray";for he had no need of a sinful man. 15.13. The Lord hates all abominations,and they are not loved by those who fear him. 15.14. It was he who created man in the beginning,and he left him in the power of his own inclination. 15.15. If you will, you can keep the commandments,and to act faithfully is a matter of your own choice. 15.16. He has placed before you fire and water:stretch out your hand for whichever you wish. 15.17. Before a man are life and death,and whichever he chooses will be given to him. 15.18. For great is the wisdom of the Lord;he is mighty in power and sees everything; 15.19. his eyes are on those who fear him,and he knows every deed of man. 28.9. and a sinful man will disturb friends and inject enmity among those who are at peace. 28.13. Curse the whisperer and deceiver,for he has destroyed many who were at peace. 33.7. Why is any day better than another,when all the daylight in the year is from the sun? 33.8. By the Lords decision they were distinguished,and he appointed the different seasons and feasts; 33.9. some of them he exalted and hallowed,and some of them he made ordinary days. 33.11. In the fulness of his knowledge the Lord distinguished them and appointed their different ways; 33.12. some of them he blessed and exalted,and some of them he made holy and brought near to himself;but some of them he cursed and brought low,and he turned them out of their place. 33.13. As clay in the hand of the potter -- for all his ways are as he pleases -- so men are in the hand of him who made them,to give them as he decides. 33.14. Good is the opposite of evil,and life the opposite of death;so the sinner is the opposite of the godly. 33.15. Look upon all the works of the Most High;they likewise are in pairs, one the opposite of the other.
22. Septuagint, Wisdom of Solomon, 5.6-5.7 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)

5.6. So it was we who strayed from the way of truth,and the light of righteousness did not shine on us,and the sun did not rise upon us. 5.7. We took our fill of the paths of lawlessness and destruction,and we journeyed through trackless deserts,but the way of the Lord we have not known.
23. Philo of Alexandria, On The Life of Abraham, 204 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

204. nevertheless, though it belongs to me, I have no objection to those who deserve it enjoying a share of it. But who can be deserving to do so, save he who obeys me and my will? for to this man it shall be given to feel as little grief as possible and as little fear as possible, proceeding along that road which is inaccessible to passions and vices, but which is frequented by excellence of soul and virtue.
24. Philo of Alexandria, On Giants, 44 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

44. If therefore, O my soul, any one of the temptations of pleasure invites you, turn yourself away, and directing your views towards another point, look at the genuine beauty of virtue, and having surveyed it, remain, until a desire for it has sunk into you, and draws you to it, like a magnet, and immediately leads you and attaches you to that which has become the object of your desire. XI.
25. Philo of Alexandria, Allegorical Interpretation, 2.98 (1st cent. BCE - 1st cent. CE)

26. Anon., 2 Baruch, 50-51, 49 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

27. Anon., Epistle of Barnabas, 16.6, 18.1-18.2 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

16.6. But let us enquire whether there be any temple of God. There is; in the place where he himself undertakes to make and finish it. For it is written And it shall come to pass, when the week is being accomplished, the temple of God shall be built gloriously in the name of the Lord. 18.1. But let us pass on to another lesson and teaching. There are two ways of teaching and of power, the one of light and the other of darkness; and there is a great difference between the two ways. For on the one are stationed the light giving angels of God, on the other the angels of Satan. 18.2. And the one is the Lord from all eternity and unto all eternity, whereas the other is Lord of the season of iniquity that now is.
28. Anon., Didache, 1.1-6.3, 2.4, 4.4 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

29. Anon., The Life of Adam And Eve, 12.1, 28.4, 37.5, 43.2 (1st cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)

30. New Testament, 1 John, 2.7-2.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.7. Brothers, I write no new commandment to you, but an old commandment which you had from the beginning. The old commandment is the word which you heard from the beginning. 2.8. Again, I write a new commandment to you, which is true in him and in you; because the darkness is passing away, and the true light already shines.
31. New Testament, 1 Corinthians, 12.21, 15.35-15.57 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.21. The eye can't tell the hand, "I have no need foryou," or again the head to the feet, "I have no need for you. 15.35. But someone will say, "Howare the dead raised?" and, "With what kind of body do they come? 15.36. You foolish one, that which you yourself sow is not made aliveunless it dies. 15.37. That which you sow, you don't sow the body thatwill be, but a bare grain, maybe of wheat, or of some other kind. 15.38. But God gives it a body even as it pleased him, and to eachseed a body of its own. 15.39. All flesh is not the same flesh, butthere is one flesh of men, another flesh of animals, another of fish,and another of birds. 15.40. There are also celestial bodies, andterrestrial bodies; but the glory of the celestial differs from that ofthe terrestrial. 15.41. There is one glory of the sun, another gloryof the moon, and another glory of the stars; for one star differs fromanother star in glory. 15.42. So also is the resurrection of the dead.It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption. 15.43. It issown in dishonor; it is raised in glory. It is sown in weakness; it israised in power. 15.44. It is sown a natural body; it is raised aspiritual body. There is a natural body and there is also a spiritualbody. 15.45. So also it is written, "The first man, Adam, became a livingsoul." The last Adam became a life-giving spirit. 15.46. However thatwhich is spiritual isn't first, but that which is natural, then thatwhich is spiritual. 15.47. The first man is of the earth, made ofdust. The second man is the Lord from heaven. 15.48. As is the onemade of dust, such are those who are also made of dust; and as is theheavenly, such are they also that are heavenly. 15.49. As we haveborne the image of those made of dust, let's also bear the image of theheavenly. 15.50. Now I say this, brothers, that flesh and blood can'tinherit the Kingdom of God; neither does corruption inheritincorruption. 15.51. Behold, I tell you a mystery. We will not all sleep, but wewill all be changed 15.52. in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye,at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound, and the dead will beraised incorruptible, and we will be changed. 15.53. For thiscorruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put onimmortality. 15.54. But when this corruptible will have put onincorruption, and this mortal will have put on immortality, then whatis written will happen: "Death is swallowed up in victory. 15.55. Death, where is your sting?Hades, where is your victory? 15.56. The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. 15.57. But thanks be to God, who gives us the victory through our LordJesus Christ.
32. New Testament, 1 Thessalonians, 4.13-4.17 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

4.13. But we don't want you to be ignorant, brothers, concerning those who have fallen asleep, so that you don't grieve like the rest, who have no hope. 4.14. For if we believe that Jesus died and rose again, even so those who have fallen asleep in Jesus will God bring with him. 4.15. For this we tell you by the word of the Lord, that we who are alive, who are left to the coming of the Lord, will in no way precede those who have fallen asleep. 4.16. For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of the archangel, and with God's trumpet. The dead in Christ will rise first 4.17. then we who are alive, who are left, will be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air. So we will be with the Lord forever.
33. New Testament, 2 Peter, 2.15 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

2.15. forsaking the right way, they went astray, having followed the way of Balaam the son of Beor, who loved the wages of wrong-doing;
34. New Testament, 2 Corinthians, 5.1-5.11 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

35. New Testament, James, 1.8, 4.8 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.8. He is a double-minded man, unstable in all his ways. 4.8. Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double-minded.
36. New Testament, Galatians, 5.16-5.26 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

5.16. But I say, walk by the Spirit, and you won't fulfill the lust ofthe flesh. 5.17. For the flesh lusts against the Spirit, and theSpirit against the flesh; and these are contrary to one other, that youmay not do the things that you desire. 5.18. But if you are led by theSpirit, you are not under the law. 5.19. Now the works of the fleshare obvious, which are: adultery, sexual immorality, uncleanness,lustfulness 5.20. idolatry, sorcery, hatred, strife, jealousies,outbursts of anger, rivalries, divisions, heresies 5.21. envyings,murders, drunkenness, orgies, and things like these; of which Iforewarn you, even as I also forewarned you, that those who practicesuch things will not inherit the Kingdom of God. 5.22. But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience,kindness, goodness, faithfulness 5.23. gentleness, and self-control.Against such things there is no law. 5.24. Those who belong to Christhave crucified the flesh with its passions and lusts. 5.25. If we liveby the Spirit, let's also walk by the Spirit. 5.26. Let's not becomeconceited, provoking one another, and envying one another.
37. New Testament, Philippians, 3.20-3.21 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

3.20. For our citizenship is in heaven, from where we also wait for a Savior, the Lord Jesus Christ; 3.21. who will change the body of our humiliation to be conformed to the body of his glory, according to the working by which he is able even to subject all things to himself.
38. New Testament, Luke, 1.79, 6.43, 10.18 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

1.79. To shine on those who sit in darkness and the shadow of death; To guide our feet into the way of peace. 6.43. For there is no good tree that brings forth rotten fruit; nor again a rotten tree that brings forth good fruit. 10.18. He said to them, "I saw Satan having fallen like lightning from heaven.
39. New Testament, Mark, 12.25, 13.24-13.27 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

12.25. For when they will rise from the dead, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are like angels in heaven. 13.24. But in those days, after that oppression, the sun will be darkened, the moon will not give its light 13.25. the stars will be falling from the sky, and the powers that are in the heavens will be shaken. 13.26. Then they will see the Son of Man coming in clouds with great power and glory. 13.27. Then he will send out his angels, and will gather together his elect from the four winds, from the ends of the earth to the ends of the sky.
40. New Testament, Matthew, 7.13, 22.30 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

7.13. Enter in by the narrow gate; for wide is the gate and broad is the way that leads to destruction, and many are those who enter in by it. 22.30. For in the resurrection they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are like God's angels in heaven.
41. Pseudo Clementine Literature, Homilies, 8.12-8.19, 18.20 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)

42. Anon., 2 Enoch, 11-23, 27, 3, 34, 7-10

43. Anon., 4 Ezra, 4.36-4.37, 7.129

4.36. And Jeremiel the archangel answered them and said, `When the number of those like yourselves is completed; for he has weighed the age in the balance 4.37. and measured the times by measure, and numbered the times by number; and he will not move or arouse them until that measure is fulfilled.'


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
1 enoch, aramaic fragments of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17
1 enoch, as collection Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17, 19
1 enoch, prehistory of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 19
afterlife, eschatological punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 3
afterlife, reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 3
afterlife Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 90
agrapha Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 338
alexander jannaeus Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
alexander of macedon Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
angelic sin, as epistemological transgression Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59, 72
angels, angel of darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
angels, angel of iniquity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
angels, angel of peace Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
angels, angel of righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
angels, melki-resha Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
angels, of satan/mastema Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
annianus, chronicles of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 13
anthropological Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
anthropology Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
antiochus iv epiphanes Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
apocalypse/apocalyptic Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92
apocalypse of weeks Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 53
apocalyptic literature, and book of daniel Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
apocalyptic literature, diaspora Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 303
apocalyptic literature, history of scholarship on Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
apocalypticism, christian Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 324
astray, to lead/go/wander Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
astronomical book Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 53
belial Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
blasphemy/blasphemers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
book of the watchers, authors/redactors of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
book of the watchers, redaction of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17
book of the watchers, textual identity of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17
books, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 14, 15, 188, 218, 591
books, epistle Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 188
books, of moses Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 15
build/building activity, by the wicked Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
build/building activity, eschatological temple Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
calculation Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114, 115
calendar Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 7
chester beatty-michigan papyrus xii Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 19, 72
children/offspring, as addressees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168, 250
children/offspring, humanity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 188, 218, 591
civilization, origins of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
codex panopolitanus Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 19
complaint Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 591
cosmic Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
cosmology Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248, 249
cosmos Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
creation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
curses Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
daniel Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 87, 88, 89
darkness, angel of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
darkness, paths of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
darkness, spirits of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
day, judgment, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
day, of great judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 204
day, resurrection, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
death, ways of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247
deception/deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167, 193, 248
deeds, of truth/righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
deeds, wicked of humans Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167, 193
diadochi Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
disease and pain Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
dualism/dualistic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248, 249
dualism Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
egypt Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
embodiment Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
enoch, and revealed knowledge Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
enoch, as prophet Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
enoch, enochic literature Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 338
enoch Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114, 115, 116
enoch literature, earliest Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 16
enochic literary tradition, eschatology in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
enochic literary tradition, place of book of dreams in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
enochic literary tradition, place of epistle of enoch in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
enochic literary tradition, social settings of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
enochic literature, collection of Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17, 19
enochic pentateuch Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 19
enochic testament Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 19
eschatology, and protology Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
eschatology/eschatological, judgement Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 188
eschatology/eschatological, temple Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
eschatology Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
ethiopia, enochic texts and traditions in Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17
ethnicity Ben-Eliyahu, Identity and Territory: Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity (2019) 62
eve, lament of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
evil inclinations Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
eye Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
ezra Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92
face, single-facedness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
face, two-faced Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
fear of god Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
flesh, adam, from Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
flood, as protological precedent to eschaton Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
flood/deluge, great/noahs, as punishment Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
flood/deluge, great/noahs, typology Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2, 3
foundation, of violence Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
foundation of injustice Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 115
fruit Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
generations Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114
genesis, and book of the watchers Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59, 72
glory Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
god, king Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
god, most high Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168, 193, 249
god, promise of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
gold Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
goodness eschatological reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
head Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
heart, evil Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
heart Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
hearts, double hearted Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167, 168
hearts, of deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
hearts, pure Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
hearts, whole Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
heavens, first Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
heavens, new Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
heavens Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 204
help, lack of for sinners Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
herod Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92
history historiography, universal Ben-Eliyahu, Identity and Territory: Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity (2019) 62
holiness Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
house, eschatological reward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
house Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
human, nature Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
idolatry Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
image of god Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
injustice, justice Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114, 116
instruction/teaching, by enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
instruction/teaching, ethical Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
instruction/teaching, paths of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
instruction/teaching Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
irony/ironical Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 204
israel, emergence Ben-Eliyahu, Identity and Territory: Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity (2019) 62
jerusalem Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 25
jesus Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
joy, paradise, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
justice, injustice Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114, 116
justice Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
knowledge, revealed Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59, 72
knowledge of good and evil Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 116
law/torah, mosaic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 14, 15
lies Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
life / afterlife Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
lights, mysteries of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
lights, paths of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
lights, prince of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
lights, versus darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
lights Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
lips Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
literary production Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59, 72
love, of god Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
love of, salvation Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247
maccabean revolt, and enoch tradition Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 90
maccabean revolt Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59, 72
martyrs, revolt Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
mas.hafa henok nabiy Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17
melchizedek Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 303
melito of sardis Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 19
mesopotamia Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
methuselah Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 1, 2, 3, 218, 250
milik j.t. Beckwith, Calendar, Chronology and Worship: Studies in Ancient Judaism and Early Christianity (2005) 16
mind, double-minded Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
moses Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92
murder Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
mystery/mysteries Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
narrative Ben-Eliyahu, Identity and Territory: Jewish Perceptions of Space in Antiquity (2019) 62
nature, human Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
neighbour, oppression of/wrong toward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
oppressed ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 212
oppressors Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132, 167
panodorus, chronicles of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 13
paul of tarsus Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 89
peace, activity of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 218
peace, angel of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
peace, enochic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 14
peace, for the righteous Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247, 591
peace, mosaic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 14, 15
periodization Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114, 115
persecution Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193, 212
pharisees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
philo Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 303, 324
physical Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
predestinarian/predeterminism Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
prophetic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
prophets, prophecy Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 72
pseudepigrapha Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 338
pseudepigraphic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 1
pseudepigraphon Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 13
pseudepigraphy Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 115, 116
ptolemy i soter Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
punishment of wrongdoers Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
pure Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
rebellion, animals, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
rebellion Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
remember Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
resurrection Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402, 737
righteousness/piety/truth, truth as righteousness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
sadducees Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 212
satan Levine Allison and Crossan, The Historical Jesus in Context (2006) 89; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
scribe, enoch Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 218
scriptures, false pericopae Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 338
second temple jewish Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
seleucus i Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 59
septuagint Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 338
seventh part Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
seventy, units of time Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 2
shema Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
sheol Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247
silver Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
sinai Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 115
sinner Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402
sins / iniquity, origin of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 249
sleep afterlife Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
soul Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
spirit Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
spirits, evil/of evil Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
spirits, of darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
spirits, of deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
spirits, of light Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
spirits, of truth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
spirits, righteous and good Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
spirits, two spirits Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247, 250
stars, disobedient/wayward Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
syncellus, chronography of Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 13
teaching (eschatology)' Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 324
temple, eschatological Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
temple, jerusalem, second Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 90
temple, jerusalem Collins, The Apocalyptic Imagination: An Introduction to Jewish Apocalyptic Literature (2016) 90
temple, place of divine glory/kingship/presence Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 132
temple Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92
testament literary genre Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 16
testamentary Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168, 250
textual transmission, premodern Reed, Fallen Angels and the History of Judaism and Christianity: The Reception of Enochic Literature (2005) 17, 19, 59, 72
theological anthropology/ies Garcia, On Human Nature in Early Judaism: Creation, Composition, and Condition (2021) 17
time Bakker, The Secret of Time: Reconfiguring Wisdom in the Dead Sea Scrolls (2023) 114, 115, 116
tongues, double-tongued Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
tree, life, of Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 402, 737
tree Levison, The Greek Life of Adam and Eve (2023) 737
truth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167
two spirits treatise Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
two ways instruction Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 167, 247
vision Grabbe, Introduction to Second Temple Judaism: History and Religion of the Jews in the Time of Nehemiah, the Maccabees, Hillel and Jesus (2010) 92
watchers (angels) Piovanelli, Burke, Pettipiece, Rediscovering the Apocryphal Continent: New Perspectives on Early Christian and Late Antique Apocryphal Textsand Traditions. De Gruyter: 2015 (2015) 338
ways/paths, of darkness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
ways/paths, of death Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247
ways/paths, of deceit Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
ways/paths, of goodness Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 168
ways/paths, of light Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 248
ways/paths, of righteousness/truth Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 168, 247, 248, 591
ways/paths, of wrongdoing/iniquity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
wealth/prosperity Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 193
wealthy/rich ones Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
wicked Smith and Stuckenbruck, Testing and Temptation in Second Temple Jewish and Early Christian Texts (2020) 39
wisdom, enochic Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3
wisdom Smith and Stuckenbruck, Testing and Temptation in Second Temple Jewish and Early Christian Texts (2020) 39; Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 3, 168
woman/women Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 247, 250
xenophon Stuckenbruck, 1 Enoch 91-108 (2007) 250