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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



140
Aeschylus, Eumenides, 609-675
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Ζεύς, ὡς λέγεις σύ, τόνδε χρησμὸν ὤπασεCHORUS: Zeus, as you say, gave you this oracular command, to tell Orestes here to avenge his father's murder but to take no account at all of the honor due his mother?
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οὐ γάρ τι ταὐτὸν ἄνδρα γενναῖον θανεῖνAPOLLO: Yes, for it is not the same thing — the murder of a noble man, honored by a god-given scepter, and his murder indeed by a woman, not by rushing arrows sped from afar, as if by an Amazon, but as you will hear, Pallas, and those who are sitting to decide by vote in this matter. She received him from the expedition, where he had for the most part won success beyond expectation, in the judgment of those favorable to him; then, as he was stepping from the bath, on its very edge, she threw a cloak like a tent over it, fettered her husband in an embroidered robe, and cut him down. This was his death, as I have told it to you — the death of a man wholly majestic, commander of the fleet. As for that woman, I have described her in such a way as to whet the indignation of the people who have been appointed to decide this case.
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πατρὸς προτιμᾷ Ζεὺς μόρον τῷ σῷ λόγῳ·CHORUS: Zeus gives greater honor to a father's death, according to what you say; yet he himself bound his aged father, Cronus. How does this not contradict what you say? I call on you as witnesses turning to the judges to hear these things. APOLLO: Oh, monsters utterly loathed and detested by the gods! Zeus could undo fetters, there is a remedy for that, and many means of release. But when the dust has drawn up the blood of a man, once he is dead, there is no return to life. For this, my father has made no magic spells, although he arranges all other things, turning them up and down; nor does his exercise of force cost him a breath. CHORUS: See how you advocate acquittal for this man! After he has poured out his mother's blood on the ground, shall he then live in his father's house in Argos? Which of the public altars shall he use? What purification rite of the brotherhoods will receive him? APOLLO: I will explain this, too, and see how correctly I will speak. The mother of what is called her child is not the parent, but the nurse of the newly-sown embryo. The one who mounts is the parent, whereas she, as a stranger for a stranger, preserves the young plant, if the god does not harm it. And I will show you proof of what I say: a father might exist without a mother. A witness is here at hand, the child of Olympian Zeus, who was not nursed in the darkness of a womb, and she is such a child as no goddess could give birth to.
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ἐγὼ δέ, Παλλάς, τἄλλα θʼ ὡς ἐπίσταμαιFor my part, Pallas, as in all other matters, as I know how, I will make your city and people great; and I have sent this man as a suppliant to your sanctuary so that he may be faithful for all time, and that you, goddess, might win him and those to come after him as a new ally and so that these pledges of faith might remain always, for the later generations of these people to cherish. ATHENA: Am I to assume that enough has been said, and shall I now command these jurors to cast an honest vote according to their judgment? CHORUS: For our part, every bolt is already shot. But I am waiting to hear how the trial will be decided. ATHENA: Why not? As for you, [To Apollo and Orestes.] how shall I arrange matters so that I will not be blamed by you? APOLLO: You have heard what you have heard; and as you cast your ballots, keep the oath sacred in your hearts, friends.
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Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

7 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Deuteronomy, 18.10, 18.14 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

18.14. כִּי הַגּוֹיִם הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה יוֹרֵשׁ אוֹתָם אֶל־מְעֹנְנִים וְאֶל־קֹסְמִים יִשְׁמָעוּ וְאַתָּה לֹא כֵן נָתַן לְךָ יְהוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ׃ 18.10. There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, one that useth divination, a soothsayer, or an enchanter, or a sorcerer," 18.14. For these nations, that thou art to dispossess, hearken unto soothsayers, and unto diviners; but as for thee, the LORD thy God hath not suffered thee so to do."
2. Hebrew Bible, 2 Kings, 17.17 (8th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

17.17. וַיַּעֲבִירוּ אֶת־בְּנֵיהֶם וְאֶת־בְּנוֹתֵיהֶם בָּאֵשׁ וַיִּקְסְמוּ קְסָמִים וַיְנַחֵשׁוּ וַיִּתְמַכְּרוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהוָה לְהַכְעִיסוֹ׃ 17.17. and they caused their sons and their daughters to pass through the fire, and used divination and enchantments, and gave themselves over to do that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him;"
3. Aeschylus, Libation-Bearers, 552 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

552. γένοιτο δʼ οὕτως. τἄλλα δʼ ἐξηγοῦ φίλοις
4. Aeschylus, Eumenides, 18-19, 29, 445-452, 464-524, 526-531, 585, 594-595, 600, 604-606, 610-675, 679-681, 683, 689-706, 708-710, 723-728, 736-740, 762-774, 17 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

17. τέχνης δέ νιν Ζεὺς ἔνθεον κτίσας φρένα
5. Aeschylus, Suppliant Women, 265, 264 (6th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

264. τήνδʼ ἐκκαθαίρει κνωδάλων βροτοφθόρων
6. Euripides, Iphigenia Among The Taurians, 1250-1258, 711-714, 1249 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

7. Euripides, Orestes, 867-956, 866 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

866. I had just come from the country and was entering the gates, needing to learn what was decided about you and Orestes, for I was always well disposed to your father when he was alive, and it was your house that reared me


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
accused/defendant Riess, Performing interpersonal violence: court, curse, and comedy in fourth-century BCE Athens (2012) 45
adkins, a. w. h. Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
aeschylus Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153, 161; Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
agamemnon Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153
alexandra (lycophron), messenger structure Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
alexandra (lycophron) Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
antiphon Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
apollo Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153, 161
areopagus, homicide court Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 161
argos Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153
aristobulus Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
athena Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153, 161
athens Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 161
authority Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 140
binding hymn, of the erinyes Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153
blood, and miasma Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153
cassandra, and calmness Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
character, tragic Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 140
cult, in euripides Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 140
euripides Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
excess, of speech Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
ezekiel, tragedian, apollo Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
ezekiel, tragedian, euripides as model Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
ezekiel, tragedian, general profile Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
ezekiel, tragedian Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
homer, miasma in Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
homicide, justifiable Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 161
homicide law, athenian Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 161
io Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
judaism in egypt, ezekiel the tragedian Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
judaism in egypt Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
justice, and erinyes/semnai/in the oresteia Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 161
law and literature Gagarin and Cohen, The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Law (2005) 374
legal responsibility Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
madness, in the oresteia Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153
matricide, and pursuit by erinyes Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153, 161
mcnelis, charles Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
miasma Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
miscommunication, complexity and fragmentation Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
narrative (or retrospection) Marincola et al., Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones and Calum Maciver, Greek Notions of the Past in the Archaic and Classical Eras: History Without Historians (2021) 140
oracle of apollo Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
orestes Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153, 161
parker, r. Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
plato, on accidental death Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
present, past, future formula Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
proteus the seer Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
raguel (jethro) Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
responsibility (aitia), for accidents Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
responsibility (aitia), legal Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
sens, alexander Pillinger, Cassandra and the Poetics of Prophecy in Greek and Latin Literature (2019) 118
supplication, in the eumenides' Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153
thudippus Riess, Performing interpersonal violence: court, curse, and comedy in fourth-century BCE Athens (2012) 45
tragedy, and law Gagarin and Cohen, The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Greek Law (2005) 374
williams, bernard Wolfsdorf, Early Greek Ethics (2020) 133
zeus, apollo Potter Suh and Holladay, Hellenistic Jewish Literature and the New Testament: Collected Essays (2021) 8
zeus Petrovic and Petrovic, Inner Purity and Pollution in Greek Religion (2016) 153