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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database



53
Aelian, Varia Historia, 12.43


nanI am informed that Darius son of Hystapes was quiver-bearer to Cyrus: The last Darius, who was vanquished by Alexander, was the son of a woman-slave; Archelaus King of the Macedonians was son of Simicha, a woman-slave: Menelaus grandfather of Philip was registered among the bastards; his son Amyntas was servant to Aerope, and believed to be a slave: Perseus, whom Paulus the Roman conquer'd, was by country Argive, the son of some obscure person: Eumenes is believed to have been son of a poor man, a piper at funerals: Antigonus, son of Philip, who had but one eye, whence surnamed Cyclops, was servant to Polysperchus and a robber: Themistocles, who overcame the barbarians at sea, and who alone understood the meaning of the oracle of the Gods, was son of a Thracian woman, his mother was called Abrotonos: Phocion, surnamed the Good, had for father a poor mechanick. They say that Demetrius Phalereus was a household-servant belonging to the families of Timotheus and Conon. Though Hyperbolus, Cleophon and Demades were chief men in the commonwealth of the Athenians, yet no man can easily say who were their fathers. In Lacedemonia, Callicratidas, Gylippus and Lysander were called mothaces, a name proper to the servants of rich men, whom they sent along with their sons to the places of exercise to be educated with them. Lycurgus, who instituted this, granted, that such of them as continued in the discipline of the young men should be free of the Lacedemonian commonwealth. The father of Epaminondas was an obscure person. Cleon tyrant of the Sicyonians was a pirate.


Intertexts (texts cited often on the same page as the searched text):

10 results
1. Hebrew Bible, Genesis, 16 (9th cent. BCE - 3rd cent. BCE)

2. Euripides, Suppliant Women, 453-455, 452 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3. Herodotus, Histories, 1.61.1-1.61.2, 3.1, 3.80.5 (5th cent. BCE - 5th cent. BCE)

3.1. Cyrus' son Cambyses was leading an army of his subjects, Ionian and Aeolian Greeks among them, against this Amasis for the following reason. Cambyses had sent a herald to Egypt asking Amasis for his daughter; he asked on the advice of an Egyptian, who advised it out of resentment against Amasis, that out of all the Egyptian physicians Amasis had dragged him away from his wife and children and sent him up to Persia when Cyrus sent to Amasis asking for the best eye-doctor in Egypt . ,Out of resentment, the Egyptian by his advice induced Cambyses to ask Amasis for his daughter, so that Amasis would either be wretched if he gave her, or hated by Cambyses if he did not. Amasis, intimidated by the power of Persia and frightened, could neither give his daughter nor refuse her; for he knew well that Cambyses was not going to take her as his wife but as his concubine. ,After considering the matter, he did as follows. There was a daughter of the former king Apries, all that was left of that family, quite tall and pretty, and her name was Nitetis; this girl Amasis adorned with clothes and gold and sent to Cambyses as his own daughter. ,But after a time, as he embraced her addressing her as the daughter of Amasis, the girl said to him, “O King, you do not understand how you have been made a fool of by Amasis, who dressed me in finery and sent me to you as his own daughter, when I am in fact the daughter of Apries, the ruler Amasis revolted from with the Egyptians and killed.” ,This speech and this crime that occurred turned Cyrus' son Cambyses, furiously angry, against Egypt . So the Persians say. 3.80.5. of all men he is the most inconsistent; for if you admire him modestly he is angry that you do not give him excessive attention, but if one gives him excessive attention he is angry because one is a flatter. But I have yet worse to say of him than that; he upsets the ancestral ways and rapes women and kills indiscriminately.
4. Plato, Gorgias, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

471a. Pol. Then this Archelaus, on your statement, is wretched? Soc. Yes, my friend, supposing he is unjust. Pol. Well, but how can he be other than unjust? He had no claim to the throne which he now occupies, being the son of a woman who was a slave of Perdiccas’ brother Alcetas, and in mere justice he was Alcetas’ slave; and if he wished to do what is just, he would be serving Alcetas and would be happy, by your account; but, as it is, he has become a prodigy of wretchedness
5. Theopompus Comicus, Fragments, 89 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

6. Theopompus Comicus, Fragments, 89 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

7. Theopompus of Chios, Fragments, 89 (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)

8. Pliny The Elder, Natural History, 35.9 (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)

9. Plutarch, Alexander The Great, 70 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

10. Pausanias, Description of Greece, 6.5.7 (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)

6.5.7. Dareius, the bastard son of Artaxerxes, who with the support of the Persian common people put down Sogdius, the legitimate son of Artaxerxes, and ascended the throne in his stead, learning when he was king of the exploits of Pulydamas, sent messengers with the promise of gifts and persuaded him to come before his presence at Susa . There he challenged three of the Persians called Immortals to fight him—one against three— and killed them. of his exploits enumerated, some are represented on the pedestal of the statue at Olympia, and others are set forth in the inscription.


Subjects of this text:

subject book bibliographic info
accident Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
aelian Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
aeschines Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 380
agathocles Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 380
agoracritus (politician) Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
amasis Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
antigonus monophthalmus Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
antipater Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131, 380
anytus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
appearance Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
archelaus of macedon Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
aristophanes Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 380
artaxerxes i Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
athens and athenians, and religious authority Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
athens and athenians, cults and cult places of Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
athens and athenians, marriage customs of Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
battle Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
beloch, karl julius Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
birth Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
blindness Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
cambyses Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
child Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
cleon Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
cleophon Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
concubines Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
darius ii Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
de sanctis, gaetano Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
deformity Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
demagoguery Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64, 131
demetrius of phalerum Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
demosthenes vii Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131, 380
diogenes laertius Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
egypt and egyptians Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
greek historiography Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
hannibal Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
harpalus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
herodotus, on tyranny Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
hyperbolus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64, 131
hyperides Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
idomeneus of lampsacus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
injury Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
körte, alfred Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 380
marriage customs, of athenians Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
marriage customs, of royalty Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
marriage customs, of tyrants Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
meletus Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
monophthalmi/monophthalmia Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
nothoi Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
pallakai and pallakides Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
peisistratus and peisistratids Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
philip of macedonia Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
phocion Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
pytheas (orator) Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
rhetoric (rhetorike) vi Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
rhetorical theory Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
sertorius Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
sphodrias Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 64
theramenes Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
theramenism Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
timaeus of tauromenium Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 380
treves, piero Amendola, The Demades Papyrus (P.Berol. inv. 13045): A New Text with Commentary (2022) 131
tyranny, greek attitudes towards Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
tyranny, metaphysics of Munn, The Mother of the Gods, Athens, and the Tyranny of Asia: A Study of Sovereignty in Ancient Religion (2006) 101
war Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242
wound' Laes Goodey and Rose, Disabilities in Roman Antiquity: Disparate Bodies (2013) 242