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Tiresias: The Ancient Mediterranean Religions Source Database

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Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.



All subjects (including unvalidated):
subject book bibliographic info
decius Azar (2016) 95
Bremmer (2008) 181
Breytenbach and Tzavella (2022) 113, 312
Kahlos (2019) 25
Kitzler (2015) 65, 73, 106
Malherbe et al (2014) 757
McGowan (1999) 204
Mendez (2022) 7
Mitchell and Pilhofer (2019) 22, 24
Neusner Green and Avery-Peck (2022) 178
Stanton (2021) 175
Van Nuffelen (2012) 78
decius, baths of Lampe (2003) 60
decius, decius, publius mus Levine Allison and Crossan (2006) 387, 389
decius, decree/persecution of Dijkstra and Raschle (2020) 61, 180, 181, 183, 185, 186, 187, 188, 194, 195, 196, 198, 200
decius, edict of Moss (2012) 188
decius, emperor Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 361
Huttner (2013) 340
Iricinschi et al. (2013) 64
Levine Allison and Crossan (2006) 368
Marek (2019) 356, 536, 539
Yates and Dupont (2020) 51
decius, epistulae, letters, formal Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 361
decius, magius Augoustakis (2014) 271, 272, 276, 277, 279, 281, 285
Verhagen (2022) 271, 272, 276, 277, 279, 281, 285
decius, mundus Griffiths (1975) 318, 327
decius, mus, deuotio, devotio, of p. Davies (2004) 58, 93, 104, 110, 128
decius, mus, p. Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 89
Riess (2012) 207
Santangelo (2013) 71, 208
decius, mus, p., consul Bruun and Edmondson (2015) 55
decius, mus, publius Roller (2018) 102, 103, 104, 105, 108
decius, paulina, roman matron, wife of mundus Mueller (2002) 53, 54
decius, persecution by Bremmer (2017) 11, 240, 352
Moss (2012) 50, 65, 73
decius, roman emperor Maier and Waldner (2022) 87, 94, 108, 207

List of validated texts:
17 validated results for "decius"
1. Plato, Republic, None (5th cent. BCE - 4th cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 279; Verhagen (2022) 279

575a. ἀλλὰ τυραννικῶς ἐν αὐτῷ ὁ Ἔρως ἐν πάσῃ ἀναρχίᾳ καὶ ἀνομίᾳ ζῶν, ἅτε αὐτὸς ὢν μόναρχος, τὸν ἔχοντά τε αὐτὸν ὥσπερ πόλιν ἄξει ἐπὶ πᾶσαν τόλμαν, ὅθεν αὑτόν τε καὶ τὸν περὶ αὑτὸν θόρυβον θρέψει, τὸν μὲν ἔξωθεν εἰσεληλυθότα ἀπὸ κακῆς ὁμιλίας, τὸν δʼ ἔνδοθεν ὑπὸ τῶν αὐτῶν τρόπων καὶ ἑαυτοῦ ἀνεθέντα καὶ ἐλευθερωθέντα· ἢ οὐχ οὗτος ὁ βίος τοῦ τοιούτου;' '. None
575a. but the passion that dwells in him as a tyrant will live in utmost anarchy and lawlessness, and, since it is itself sole autocrat, will urge the polity, so to speak, of him in whom it dwells to dare anything and everything in order to find support for himself and the hubbub of his henchmen, in part introduced from outside by evil associations, and in part released and liberated within by the same habits of life as his. Is not this the life of such a one? It is this, he said. And if, I said, there are only a few of this kind in a city,' '. None
2. Cicero, On Divination, 1.51 (2nd cent. BCE - 1st cent. BCE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Mus, P. • Decius Mus, Publius

 Found in books: Mowat (2021) 157; Santangelo (2013) 71

1.51. At vero P. Decius ille Q. F., qui primus e Deciis consul fuit, cum esset tribunus militum M. Valerio A. Cornelio consulibus a Samnitibusque premeretur noster exercitus, cum pericula proeliorum iniret audacius monereturque, ut cautior esset, dixit, quod extat in annalibus, se sibi in somnis visum esse, cum in mediis hostibus versaretur, occidere cum maxuma gloria. Et tum quidem incolumis exercitum obsidione liberavit; post triennium autem, cum consul esset, devovit se et in aciem Latinorum inrupit armatus. Quo eius facto superati sunt et deleti Latini. Cuius mors ita gloriosa fuit, ut eandem concupisceret filius.''. None
1.51. And yet let me cite another: the famous Publius Decius, son of Quintus, and the first of that family to become consul, was military tribune in the consulship of Marcus Valerius and Aulus Cornelius while our army was being hard pressed by the Samnites. When, because of his rushing too boldly into the dangers of battle, he was advised to be more cautious, he replied, according to the annals, I dreamed that by dying in the midst of the enemy I should win immortal fame. And though he was unharmed at that time and extricated the army from its difficulties, yet three years later, when consul, he devoted himself to death and rushed full-armed against the battle-line of the Latins. By this act of his the Latins were overcome and destroyed; and so glorious was his death that his son sought the same fate.''. None
3. None, None, nan (1st cent. BCE - missingth cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius • Decius Magius • Decius Mus, P. • Decius Mus, Publius • Livy, and the devotiones of the Decii • deuotio (devotio) of P. Decius Mus

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 271, 279; Bowditch (2001) 87; Bremmer (2008) 181; Davies (2004) 58, 93, 104, 110, 128; Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 89; Mowat (2021) 157; Santangelo (2013) 71, 208; Verhagen (2022) 271, 279

4. Tacitus, Annals, 2.85 (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Mundus, Decius • Paulina (Roman matron, wife of Decius Mundus)

 Found in books: Griffiths (1975) 327; Mueller (2002) 53

2.85. Eodem anno gravibus senatus decretis libido feminarum coercita cautumque ne quaestum corpore faceret cui avus aut pater aut maritus eques Romanus fuisset. nam Vistilia praetoria familia genita licentiam stupri apud aedilis vulgaverat, more inter veteres recepto, qui satis poenarum adversum impudicas in ipsa professione flagitii credebant. exactum et a Titidio Labeone Vistiliae marito cur in uxore delicti manifesta ultionem legis omisisset. atque illo praetendente sexaginta dies ad consultandum datos necdum praeterisse, satis visum de Vistilia statuere; eaque in insulam Seriphon abdita est. actum et de sacris Aegyptiis Iudaicisque pellendis factumque patrum consultum ut quattuor milia libertini generis ea superstitione infecta quis idonea aetas in insulam Sardiniam veherentur, coercendis illic latrociniis et, si ob gravitatem caeli interissent, vile damnum; ceteri cederent Italia nisi certam ante diem profanos ritus exuissent.''. None
2.85. \xa0In the same year, bounds were set to female profligacy by stringent resolutions of the senate; and it was laid down that no woman should trade in her body, if her father, grandfather, or husband had been a Roman knight. For Vistilia, the daughter of a praetorian family, had advertised her venality on the aediles\' list â\x80\x94 the normal procedure among our ancestors, who imagined the unchaste to be sufficiently punished by the avowal of their infamy. Her husband, Titidius Labeo, was also required to explain why, in view of his wife\'s manifest guilt, he had not invoked the penalty of the law. As he pleaded that sixty days, not yet elapsed, were allowed for deliberation, it was thought enough to pass sentence on Vistilia, who was removed to the island of Seriphos. â\x80\x94 Another debate dealt with the proscription of the Egyptian and Jewish rites, and a senatorial edict directed that four thousand descendants of enfranchised slaves, tainted with that superstition and suitable in point of age, were to be shipped to Sardinia and there employed in suppressing brigandage: "if they succumbed to the pestilential climate, it was a cheap loss." The rest had orders to leave Italy, unless they had renounced their impious ceremonial by a given date. <''. None
5. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 277; Verhagen (2022) 277

6. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 1st cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 279; Verhagen (2022) 279

7. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 271, 272, 276, 277, 279, 281, 285; Verhagen (2022) 271, 272, 276, 277, 279, 281, 285

8. None, None, nan (1st cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 279, 281; Verhagen (2022) 279, 281

9. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - missingth cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius • Decius, decree/persecution of

 Found in books: Dijkstra and Raschle (2020) 183; Kitzler (2015) 73

10. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius • Decius, decree/persecution of • Decius, emperor

 Found in books: Dijkstra and Raschle (2020) 180; Malherbe et al (2014) 757; Marek (2019) 536

11. None, None, nan (2nd cent. CE - 2nd cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 277, 279; Verhagen (2022) 277, 279

12. Eusebius of Caesarea, Ecclesiastical History, 6.39.2, 6.41 (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius • Decius, decree/persecution of

 Found in books: Dijkstra and Raschle (2020) 187; Esler (2000) 246, 827; Mendez (2022) 7

6.39.2. In Palestine, Alexander, bishop of the church of Jerusalem, was brought again on Christ's account before the governor's judgment seat in Caesarea, and having acquitted himself nobly in a second confession was cast into prison, crowned with the hoary locks of venerable age." ". None
13. None, None, nan (3rd cent. CE - 4th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius (Roman emperor) • Decius, decree/persecution of

 Found in books: Dijkstra and Raschle (2020) 200; Maier and Waldner (2022) 108

14. Augustine, The City of God, 18.52 (4th cent. CE - 5th cent. CE)
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius • Decius, emperor

 Found in books: Marek (2019) 539; Van Nuffelen (2012) 78

18.52. I do not think, indeed, that what some have thought or may think is rashly said or believed, that until the time of Antichrist the Church of Christ is not to suffer any persecutions besides those she has already suffered - that is, ten - and that the eleventh and last shall be inflicted by Antichrist. They reckon as the first that made by Nero, the second by Domitian, the third by Trajan, the fourth by Antoninus, the fifth by Severus, the sixth by Maximin, the seventh by Decius, the eighth by Valerian, the ninth by Aurelian, the tenth by Diocletian and Maximian. For as there were ten plagues in Egypt before the people of God could begin to go out, they think this is to be referred to as showing that the last persecution by Antichrist must be like the eleventh plague, in which the Egyptians, while following the Hebrews with hostility, perished in the Red Sea when the people of God passed through on dry land. Yet I do not think persecutions were prophetically signified by what was done in Egypt, however nicely and ingeniously those who think so may seem to have compared the two in detail, not by the prophetic Spirit, but by the conjecture of the human mind, which sometimes hits the truth, and sometimes is deceived. But what can those who think this say of the persecution in which the Lord Himself was crucified? In which number will they put it? And if they think the reckoning is to be made exclusive of this one, as if those must be counted which pertain to the body, and not that in which the Head Himself was set upon and slain, what can they make of that one which, after Christ ascended into heaven, took place in Jerusalem, when the blessed Stephen was stoned; when James the brother of John was slaughtered with the sword; when the Apostle Peter was imprisoned to be killed, and was set free by the angel; when the brethren were driven away and scattered from Jerusalem; when Saul, who afterward became the Apostle Paul, wasted the Church; and when he himself, publishing the glad tidings of the faith he had persecuted, suffered such things as he had inflicted, either from the Jews or from other nations, where he most fervently preached Christ everywhere? Why, then, do they think fit to start with Nero, when the Church in her growth had reached the times of Nero amid the most cruel persecutions; about which it would be too long to say anything? But if they think that only the persecutions made by kings ought to be reckoned, it was king Herod who also made a most grievous one after the ascension of the Lord. And what account do they give of Julian, whom they do not number in the ten? Did not he persecute the Church, who forbade the Christians to teach or learn liberal letters? Under him the elder Valentinian, who was the third emperor after him, stood forth as a confessor of the Christian faith, and was dismissed from his command in the army. I shall say nothing of what he did at Antioch, except to mention his being struck with wonder at the freedom and cheerfulness of one most faithful and steadfast young man, who, when many were seized to be tortured, was tortured during a whole day, and sang under the instrument of torture, until the emperor feared lest he should succumb under the continued cruelties and put him to shame at last, which made him dread and fear that he would be yet more dishonorably put to the blush by the rest. Lastly, within our own recollection, did not Valens the Arian, brother of the foresaid Valentinian, waste the Catholic Church by great persecution throughout the East? But how unreasonable it is not to consider that the Church, which bears fruit and grows through the whole world, may suffer persecution from kings in some nations even when she does not suffer it in others! Perhaps, however, it was not to be reckoned a persecution when the king of the Goths, in Gothia itself, persecuted the Christians with wonderful cruelty, when there were none but Catholics there, of whom very many were crowned with martyrdom, as we have heard from certain brethren who had been there at that time as boys, and unhesitatingly called to mind that they had seen these things? And what took place in Persia of late? Was not persecution so hot against the Christians (if even yet it is allayed) that some of the fugitives from it came even to Roman towns? When I think of these and the like things, it does not seem to me that the number of persecutions with which the Church is to be tried can be definitely stated. But, on the other hand, it is no less rash to affirm that there will be some persecutions by kings besides that last one, about which no Christian is in doubt. Therefore we leave this undecided, supporting or refuting neither side of this question, but only restraining men from the audacious presumption of affirming either of them. ''. None
15. Valerius Maximus, Memorable Deeds And Sayings, 1.7.3
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Mus, P.

 Found in books: Eidinow and Driediger-Murphy (2019) 89; Santangelo (2013) 71

1.7.3. Remarkable also was that dream, and clear in its outcome, which the two consuls P. Decius Mus and T. Manlius Torquatus dreamed, when they lay encamped not far from the foot of Mount Vesuvius, at the time of the Latin War, which was very fierce and dangerous. For a certain person foretold to both of them, that the Manes and Terra Mater claimed as their due the general of one side, and the whole army of the other side; but whichever general should assail the forces of the enemy, and devote himself as a victim for the good of his army, would obtain the victory. The entrails of the sacrifices confirmed this on the next morning to both consuls, who endeavoured either to expiate the misfortune, if it might be averted, or else resolved to undergo the decision of the gods. Therefore they agreed, that whichever wing should begin to give way, there the commander should with his own life appease the Fates; which while both undauntedly ventured to perform, Decius happened to be the person whom the gods required.''. None
16. Vergil, Aeneis, 1.731-1.734, 4.260-4.265, 10.270-10.277
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius Magius

 Found in books: Augoustakis (2014) 276, 277, 279; Verhagen (2022) 276, 277, 279

1.731. Iuppiter, hospitibus nam te dare iura loquuntur, 1.732. hunc laetum Tyriisque diem Troiaque profectis 1.733. esse velis, nostrosque huius meminisse minores. 1.734. Adsit laetitiae Bacchus dator, et bona Iuno;
4.260. Aenean fundantem arces ac tecta novantem 4.261. conspicit; atque illi stellatus iaspide fulva 4.262. ensis erat, Tyrioque ardebat murice laena 4.263. demissa ex umeris, dives quae munera Dido 4.264. fecerat, et tenui telas discreverat auro. 4.265. Continuo invadit: Tu nunc Karthaginis altae
10.270. Ardet apex capiti cristisque a vertice flamma 10.271. funditur et vastos umbo vomit aureus ignes: 10.272. non secus ac liquida siquando nocte cometae 10.273. sanguinei lugubre rubent aut Sirius ardor, 10.274. ille sitim morbosque ferens mortalibus aegris, 10.275. nascitur et laevo contristat lumine caelum. 10.276. Haud tamen audaci Turno fiducia cessit 10.277. litora praecipere et venientis pellere terra.''. None
1.731. “O Queen, who hast authority of Jove 1.732. to found this rising city, and subdue 1.733. with righteous goverce its people proud, 1.734. we wretched Trojans, blown from sea to sea,
4.260. an equal number of vociferous tongues, 4.261. foul, whispering lips, and ears, that catch at all. ' "4.262. At night she spreads midway 'twixt earth and heaven " '4.263. her pinions in the darkness, hissing loud, ' "4.264. nor e'er to happy slumber gives her eyes: " '4.265. but with the morn she takes her watchful throne
10.270. oft snow-white plumes, and spurning earth he soared 10.271. on high, and sped in music through the stars. 10.272. His son with bands of youthful peers urged on 10.273. a galley with a Centaur for its prow, ' "10.274. which loomed high o'er the waves, and seemed to hurl " '10.275. a huge stone at the water, as the keel 10.276. ploughed through the deep. Next Ocnus summoned forth 10.277. a war-host from his native shores, the son ''. None
17. None, None, nan
 Tagged with subjects: • Decius, ,persecution by • Decius, decree/persecution of • Decius, persecution by

 Found in books: Bremmer (2017) 352; Dijkstra and Raschle (2020) 196; Moss (2012) 73

Please note: the results are produced through a computerized process which may frequently lead to errors, both in incorrect tagging and in other issues. Please use with caution.
Due to load times, full text fetching is currently attempted for validated results only.
Full texts for Hebrew Bible and rabbinic texts is kindly supplied by Sefaria; for Greek and Latin texts, by Perseus Scaife, for the Quran, by Tanzil.net

For a list of book indices included, see here.